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SECTION II. On the Quotations from the Septuagint Version in the

Greek Testament.

I. Quotations agreeing verbatim with the Septuagint, or only changing the per-

son, number, &c. - II. Quotations taken from the Septuagint, but with some

Fariation. - III. Quotations agreeing with the Septuagint in sense, but not in

words.- IV. Quotations differing from the Septuagint, but agreeing exactly

or nearly with the Hebrew. - V. Quotations that differ from both the Septua-

gint and the Hebrew.- VI. Considerations on the probable causes of the

seeming discrepancies in the quotations from the Old Testament in the


Page 386

SECTION III. On the Internal Form of Quotations, or the Mode in which

Citations from the Old Testament are applied in the Nero.

General observations on the Rabbinical and other modes of quoting the Old Tes-

tament. - Classification of the Quotations in the New Testament ;- I. Quo-

tations from the Old Testament in the New, in which the predictions are lite-

rally accomplished ; - II. Quotations, in which that is said to have been done,

of which the Seriptures have not spoken in a literal, but in a spiritual sense ;

- IL Quotations that are accommodated by the sacred writers to particular

events or facts; -IV. Quotations and other Passages from the Old Testament

which are alluded to in the New.


Section IV. Of Apocryphal Passages, supposed to be quoted in the

New Testament - Quotations from profane Authors.


CHAPTER X. On the Poetry of the Hebrews.

I. A large portion of the Old Testament proved to be poetical ; - Cultivation of

poetry by the Hebrews. - II. The sententious parallelism, the grand character.

istic of Hebrew Poetry. - Its origin and varieties. - 1. Parallel lines grada-

tional ;-2 Parallel lines antithetic ; - 3. Parallel lines constructive ; - 4.

Parallel lines introverted. - III. The poetical dialect not confined to the Old

Testament. - Reasons for expecting to find it in the New Testament. - Proofs

of the existence of the poetical dialect there; -1. From simple and direct

quotations of single passages from the poetical parts of the Old Testament; -

2. From quotations of different passages, combined into one connected whole;

-3. And from quotations mingled with original matter.- IV. Original pa-

rallelisms occurring in the New Testament : -- 1. Parallel Couplets ; — 2. Pa-

rallel Triplets ; - 3. Quatrains ; --- 4,5. Stanzas of five and six lines ; --- 6.
Stanzas of more than six parallel lines. - V. Other examples of the poetical

parallelism in the New Testament; - 1. Parallel lines gradational ; – 2. The

Epanodos. — VI. Different kinds of Hebrew Poetry: -1. Prophetic poetry ;-

2 Elegiac poetry; -3. Didactic poetry ;--- 4. Lyric poetry; - 5. The Idyl ;

-6. Dramatic poetry; -7. Acrostic or alphabetical poetry. - VII. General

observations for better understanding the compositions of the sacred poets. 446

CHAPTER XI. On Harmonies of Scripture.

I Occasion and design of Harmonies of the Scriptures. --- II. Works reconciling

alleged or seeming contradictions in the Sacred Writings. - III. Harmonies

of the Old Testament. — IV. Harmonies of the Four Gospels. – V. 1. Har-

monies of particular parts of the Gospels. -- 2. Harmonies of the Acts of the

Apostles and of the Apostolical Epistles. - VI. Observations on the different

schemes of harmonisers, and on the duration of the public ministry of Jesus


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SECTION IX. On Commentaries.

I. Different classes of Commentaries. — II. Nature of Scholia. — III. Of Coni-

mentaries strictly so called. - IV. Paraphrases. - V. Collections of observa-

tions on Holy Writ. — VI. The utility and advantage of Commentaries. --

VII. Design to be kept in view, when consulting them. – VIII. Rules for con-

sulting Commentaries to the best advantage.

Page 563

CHAPTER IV. On the Historical Interpretation of the Scriptures.

I. Historical Interpretation defined. - Rules for the historical interpretation of

the Scriptures. — II. On the interpretation of Scripture miracles. 571

CHAPTER V. On the Interpretation of the Figurative Language of



SECTION I. General Observations on the Interpretation of Tropes and



SECTION II. On the Interpretation of the Metonymies occurring in the


Nature of a Metonymy. - 1. Metonymy of the cause. - 2. Metonymy of the

effect.-3. Metonymy of the subject. --4. Metonymy of the adjunct, in which

the adjunct is put for the subject.


Section III. On the Interpretation of Scripture Metaphors.

Nature of a Metaphor. - Sources of Scripture Metaphors. - I. The works of

nature.- II. The occupations, customs, and arts of life. - III. Sacred topics,

or religion and things connected with it. - IV. Sacred history.


Section IV. On the Interpretation of Scripture Allegories.

The Allegory defined. - Different species of Allegory. — Rules for the interpre-

tation of Scripture Allegories.


Section V. On the Interpretation of Scripture Parables.

1. Nature of a Parable. – II. Antiquity of this mode of instruction. - III. Rules

for the interpretation of Parables. - IV. Parables, why used by Jesus Christ.

- V. Remarks on the distinguishing excellence of Christ's parables, compared

with the most celebrated fables of antiquity.


SECTION VI. On Scripture Proverbs.

I Nature of Proverbs. - Prevalence of this mode of instruction. - II. Different

kinds of Proverbs. — III. The Proverbs occurring in the New Testament, how

to be interpreted.


SECTION VII. Concluding Observations on the Figurative Language

of Scripture.

I. Synecdoche. - II. Irony.- HI Hyperbole.


CHAPTER VI. On the Spiritual Interpretation of the Scriptures. 630

CHAPTER VII. On the Interpretation of the Scripture Prophecies.

SECTION I. General Rules for ascertaining the Sense of the Prophetic



SECTION II. Observations on the Accomplishment of Prophecy in ge-




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