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SECTION II. On the Quotations from the Septuagint Version in the
I. Quotations agreeing verbatim with the Septuagint, or only changing the per-
son, number, &c. - II. Quotations taken from the Septuagint, but with some
Fariation. - III. Quotations agreeing with the Septuagint in sense, but not in
words.- IV. Quotations differing from the Septuagint, but agreeing exactly
or nearly with the Hebrew. - V. Quotations that differ from both the Septua-
gint and the Hebrew.- VI. Considerations on the probable causes of the
seeming discrepancies in the quotations from the Old Testament in the
SECTION III. On the Internal Form of Quotations, or the Mode in which
Citations from the Old Testament are applied in the Nero.
General observations on the Rabbinical and other modes of quoting the Old Tes-
tament. - Classification of the Quotations in the New Testament ;- I. Quo-
tations from the Old Testament in the New, in which the predictions are lite-
rally accomplished ; - II. Quotations, in which that is said to have been done,
of which the Seriptures have not spoken in a literal, but in a spiritual sense ;
- IL Quotations that are accommodated by the sacred writers to particular
events or facts; -IV. Quotations and other Passages from the Old Testament
which are alluded to in the New.
Section IV. Of Apocryphal Passages, supposed to be quoted in the
New Testament - Quotations from profane Authors.
CHAPTER X. On the Poetry of the Hebrews.
I. A large portion of the Old Testament proved to be poetical ; - Cultivation of
poetry by the Hebrews. - II. The sententious parallelism, the grand character.
istic of Hebrew Poetry. - Its origin and varieties. - 1. Parallel lines grada-
tional ;-2 Parallel lines antithetic ; - 3. Parallel lines constructive ; - 4.
Parallel lines introverted. - III. The poetical dialect not confined to the Old
Testament. - Reasons for expecting to find it in the New Testament. - Proofs
of the existence of the poetical dialect there; -1. From simple and direct
quotations of single passages from the poetical parts of the Old Testament; -
2. From quotations of different passages, combined into one connected whole;
-3. And from quotations mingled with original matter.- IV. Original pa-
rallelisms occurring in the New Testament : -- 1. Parallel Couplets ; — 2. Pa-
rallel Triplets ; - 3. Quatrains ; --- 4,5. Stanzas of five and six lines ; --- 6.
parallelism in the New Testament; - 1. Parallel lines gradational ; – 2. The
Epanodos. — VI. Different kinds of Hebrew Poetry: -1. Prophetic poetry ;-
2 Elegiac poetry; -3. Didactic poetry ;--- 4. Lyric poetry; - 5. The Idyl ;
-6. Dramatic poetry; -7. Acrostic or alphabetical poetry. - VII. General
observations for better understanding the compositions of the sacred poets. 446
CHAPTER XI. On Harmonies of Scripture.
I Occasion and design of Harmonies of the Scriptures. --- II. Works reconciling
alleged or seeming contradictions in the Sacred Writings. - III. Harmonies
of the Old Testament. — IV. Harmonies of the Four Gospels. – V. 1. Har-
monies of particular parts of the Gospels. -- 2. Harmonies of the Acts of the
Apostles and of the Apostolical Epistles. - VI. Observations on the different
schemes of harmonisers, and on the duration of the public ministry of Jesus
CHAPTER I. On the Sense of Scripture.
I. Of the Literal Sense. - II. Allegorical Sense. — III. Typical or Spiritual
Sense. - IV. Parabolic Sense. - V. Examination and vindication of the Spi-
ritual Sense. - VI. General rules for investigating the Sense of Scrip-
CHAPTER II. On the Signification of Words and Phrases.
I. General rules for investigating the meaning of words. — II. On emphatic
words. - III. Rules for the investigation of emphases.
CHAPTER III. On the subsidiary Means for ascertaining the Sense of
Section I. On the Cognate Languages.
Section II. On the Analogy of Scripture, or Parallel Passages.
I. Nature of Parallel Passages. - II. Verbal Parallelisms. - III. Real Parallel.
isms. - IV. Parallelisms of members, or poetical parallelisms. – V. Rules for
investigating parallel passages. - Helps for the investigation of parallel pas-
SECTION III. Scholiasts and Glossographers.
I. Nature of Scholia. - II. And of Glossaries. – III. Rules for consulting them
to advantage in the interpretation of the Scriptures.
Section IV. Of the Subject Matter.
1. The Context defined and illustrated. - II. Rules for investigating the Con
SECTION VI. On Historical Circumstances.
Historical Circumstances defined. - I. Order. - II. Title. - III. Author.-IV.
Date of the several books of Scripture. – V. The Place where written. - VI.
Chronology. - VII. Occasion on which they were written. - VIII. Scope or
design. - IX. Analysis of each book. — X. Biblical Antiquities, including 1.
The political, ecclesiastical, and civil state ; -2. Sacred and profane History;
— 3. Geography; – 4. Genealogies ; — 5. Natural History; and 6. Philo-
sophical seets and learning of the Jews and other nations mentioned in the
I. The Scope defined. Importance of investigating the scope of a book or pas-
sage of Scripture. - II. Rules for investigating it.
SECTION VIII. Of the Analogy of Faith.
I. The Analogy of faith defined and illustrated. - II. Its importance in studying
the Sacred Writings. - III. Rules for investigating the analogy of faith. 557
I. Different classes of Commentaries. — II. Nature of Scholia. — III. Of Coni-
mentaries strictly so called. - IV. Paraphrases. - V. Collections of observa-
tions on Holy Writ. — VI. The utility and advantage of Commentaries. --
VII. Design to be kept in view, when consulting them. – VIII. Rules for con-
sulting Commentaries to the best advantage.
CHAPTER IV. On the Historical Interpretation of the Scriptures.
I. Historical Interpretation defined. - Rules for the historical interpretation of
the Scriptures. — II. On the interpretation of Scripture miracles. 571
CHAPTER V. On the Interpretation of the Figurative Language of
SECTION I. General Observations on the Interpretation of Tropes and
SECTION II. On the Interpretation of the Metonymies occurring in the
Nature of a Metonymy. - 1. Metonymy of the cause. - 2. Metonymy of the
effect.-3. Metonymy of the subject. --4. Metonymy of the adjunct, in which
the adjunct is put for the subject.
Section III. On the Interpretation of Scripture Metaphors.
Nature of a Metaphor. - Sources of Scripture Metaphors. - I. The works of
nature.- II. The occupations, customs, and arts of life. - III. Sacred topics,
or religion and things connected with it. - IV. Sacred history.
Section IV. On the Interpretation of Scripture Allegories.
The Allegory defined. - Different species of Allegory. — Rules for the interpre-
tation of Scripture Allegories.
Section V. On the Interpretation of Scripture Parables.
1. Nature of a Parable. – II. Antiquity of this mode of instruction. - III. Rules
for the interpretation of Parables. - IV. Parables, why used by Jesus Christ.
- V. Remarks on the distinguishing excellence of Christ's parables, compared
with the most celebrated fables of antiquity.
SECTION VI. On Scripture Proverbs.
I Nature of Proverbs. - Prevalence of this mode of instruction. - II. Different
kinds of Proverbs. — III. The Proverbs occurring in the New Testament, how
SECTION VII. Concluding Observations on the Figurative Language
I. Synecdoche. - II. Irony.- HI Hyperbole.
CHAPTER VI. On the Spiritual Interpretation of the Scriptures. 630
CHAPTER VII. On the Interpretation of the Scripture Prophecies.
SECTION I. General Rules for ascertaining the Sense of the Prophetic
SECTION II. Observations on the Accomplishment of Prophecy in ge-
Section III. Observations on the Accomplishment of Prophecies con-
cerning the Messiah in particular.
CHAPTER VIII. On the Interpretation of Types.
1. Nature of a Type. - II. Different species of Types. - 1. Legal Types. - 2.
Prophetical Types. — 3. Historical Types. - III. Rules for the Interpretation
of Types. - IV. Remarks on the Interpretation of Symbols.
CHAPTER IX. On the Doctrinal Interpretation of the Scriptures. 658
CHAPTER X. On the Interpretation of the Moral Parts of Scrip-
CHAPTER XI. On the Interpretation of the Promises and Threaten-
CHAPTER XII. On the Inferential and Practical Reading of Scrip-
Section I. On the Inferential Reading of the Bible.
1. General rules for the deduction of Inferences. - II. Observations for ascer-
taining the sources of Internal Inferences. — III. And also of External Infe-
SECTION II. On the Practical Reading of Scripture.
No. I Account of the principal Hebrew and Chaldee Grammars.
Section 1. Hebrew Grammars, with Points.
Section II. Hebrero Grammars, without Points.
Section III. Hebrew Grammars, with and without Points. 701
SECTION IV. Chaldee Grammars..
SECTION I. Hebrew Lexicons, with Points.
Section II. Hebrew Lexicons, without Points.
Section III. Lericons to the Greek Testament and to the Septuagint
III. A Notice of the principal Lexicons and Grammars of the
SECTION I. Lexicons of the Kindred Languages.
Section II. Syriac Grammars and Lexicons.
SECTION III. Arabic Grammars and Lericons.
Section IV. Ethiopic Grammar and Lexicons.
SECTION V. Egyptian Grammar and Lericon.
Section VI. Persian Grammars and Lexicons.
No. IV. A List of the principal Writers on the Criticism and Inter-
No. V. List of the principal Writers, who have treated on the Anti-
Chronology, Geography, and other Historical Circumstances
Section I. Principal Writers on Biblical Antiquities.
SECTION II. Sacred and Profane History.
SECTION III. Principal Writers on Sacred Chronology.
SECTION IV. Principal Writers on Sacred Geography.
SECTION V. Principal Writers on the Natural History of the Bi-