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315 Statement by the President Upon Establishing a Commission To

Study the Draft and Other Systems of National Service.

July 2, 1966 AFTER THE STUDY has been completed, Serve” (Government Printing Office, 1967, 219 pp.).

The President's statement was read by Bill D. my advisers and I will weigh its recom

Moyers, Special Assistant to the President, at his mendations very carefully in light of our news conference at 10 a.m. on Saturday, July 2, military requirements and the impact on 1966, at San Antonio, Texas. It was not made

public in the form of a White House press release. our young people and their families. We

On the same day, the White House made public will then offer to the American people that

the names of the following members of the Comcourse of action which we believe to be best mission: Burke Marshall, vice president and general designed to protect the Nation's freedom

counsel, IBM, Armonk, N.Y., Chairman; Kingman

Brewster, Jr., president, Yale University; Thomas S. with the least and most equitable burden on Gates, Jr., chairman of the board and chief execuour society.

tive officer, Morgan Guaranty Trust Co., New York,

N.Y.; Mrs. Oveta Culp Hobby, president and editor, NOTE: The President's statement accompanied the Houston Post; Mrs. Anna Rosenberg Hoffman, pubissuance of Executive Order 11289 “National Ad- lic and industrial relations consultant, New York, visory Commission on Selective Service," dated N.Y.; Paul J. Jennings, president, International Union July 2, 1966 (2 Weekly Comp. Pres. Docs., p. 894; of Electrical, Radio, and Machine Workers, AFL31 F.R. 9265; 3 CFR, 1966 Comp., p. 131).

CIO, New York, N.Y.; John A. McCone, investment The order directed the Commission to "consider banker and corporate director, San Marino, Calif.; the past, present and prospective functioning of James Henry McCrocklin, president, Southwest selective service and other systems of national serv- Texas State College, San Marcos, Texas; Rev. John ice” in the light of such factors as (1) fairness to all Courtney Murray, Jesuit priest, professor and author, citizens, (2) military manpower requirements, (3) Woodstock, Md.; Jeanne L. Noble, associate profesthe objective of minimizing uncertainty and inter- sor, Center for Human Relations Studies, New York ference with individual careers and education, (4) University; George E. Reedy, Jr., vice president, social, economic, and employment conditions and Struthers-Wells Co., New York, N.Y.; David Mongoals, and (5) budgetary and administrative con- roe Shoup, director, U.S. Life Insurance Co., Arlingsiderations.

ton, Va.; Fiorinda R. Simeone, professor of surgery, The Commission was also directed to make rec- Western Reserve University, Ohio; James A. Sufommendations on such matters as (1) methods of fridge, international president, Retail Clerks Interclassification and selection of registrants, (2) qualifi- national Association, Washington, D.C.; Frank cations for military service, (3) grounds for defer- Stanley Szymanski, judge of the probate court in ment and for exemption, (4) procedures for appeal Detroit, Mich.; Luther L. Terry, vice president, and protection of individual rights, and (5) organi- University of Pennsylvania; Warren G. Woodward, zation and administration of the selective service vice president of American Airlines, Los Angeles, system at the national, State and local levels.

Calif.; Vernon E. Jordan, Jr., project director, Voter The Executive order authorized the Commission Education Project, Southern Regional Council, Inc., to evaluate other proposals related to selective service Atlanta, Ga.; Daniel M. Luevano, director, Western “including proposals for national service." The Region, Office Economic Opportunity, Los AnCommission's final report was to be submitted on geles, Calif.; and John H. Johnson, president, Johnor about January 1, 1967. The report is entitled son Publishing Co., Chicago, Ill. (Ebony, Hue, Jet), "In Pursuit of Equity: Who Serves When Not All and trustee, Tuskegee Institute.

316

concern.

Statement by the President Upon Signing the “Freedom of

Information Act.” July 4, 1966 THE MEASURE I sign today, S. 1160, re- nize these important interests and intend to vises section 3 of the Administrative Proce- provide for both the need of the public for dure Act to provide guidelines for the public access to information and the need of Govavailability of the records of Federal depart- ernment to protect certain categories of inments and agencies.

formation. Both are vital to the welfare of This legislation springs from one of our our people. Moreover, this bill in no way most essential principles: A democracy works impairs the President's power under our best when the people have all the informa- Constitution to provide for confidentiality tion that the security of the Nation permits. when the national interest so requires. No one should be able to pull curtains of There are some who have expressed concern secrecy around decisions which can be re- that the language of this bill will be convealed without injury to the public interest. strued in such a way as to impair GovernAt the same time, the welfare of the Nation

ment operations. I do not share this or the rights of individuals may require that some documents not be made available. As I have always believed that freedom of long as threats to peace exist, for example, information is so vital that only the national there must be military secrets. A citizen security, not the desire of public officials or must be able in confidence to complain to private citizens, should determine when it his Government and to provide information, must be restricted. just as he is—and should be—free to confide I am hopeful that the needs I have menin the press without fear of reprisal or of tioned can be served by a constructive apbeing required to reveal or discuss his proach to the wording and spirit and sources.

legislative history of this measure. I am Fairness to individuals also requires that instructing every official in this administrainformation accumulated in personnel files tion to cooperate to this end and to make be protected from disclosure. Officials information available to the full extent conwithin Government must be able to commu- sistent with individual privacy and with the nicate with one another fully and frankly national interest. without publicity. They cannot operate I signed this measure with a deep sense of effectively if required to disclose information pride that the United States is an open soprematurely or to make public investigative ciety in which the people's right to know is files and internal instructions that guide cherished and guarded. them in arriving at their decisions.

NOTE: As enacted, S. 1160 is Public Law 89–487 I know that the sponsors of this bill recog- (80 Stat. 250).

The statement was released at San Antonio, Texas.

317 Statement by the President Announcing the Establishment of a

Special Task Force on Handicapped Children and Child

Development. July 4, 1966 HEALTH SURVEYS indicate that many children, I have directed the Secretary of children in our Nation have serious physical Health, Education, and Welfare to establish handicaps. Over 400,000 children have a special task force on handicapped children epilepsy, over 500,000 have a hearing loss, and child development. This group will nearly 3 million have speech defects, and review all existing programs and recom10 million have eye conditions requiring mend to the Secretary, for my consideration, specialist care.

legislation for the next Congress. Other children will join the ranks of the There has been very little attempt to deI million school dropouts each year or be- tect and correct problems that might cause come juvenile delinquents. Many other children to fail in later life. If the resources children have special health, education, and of the school and the community can be welfare needs.

brought to bear on these problems before There are more than different

programs they become damaging, the child and the in the Department of Health, Education, Nation will be greatly benefited. We must and Welfare which relate to the needs and expand our national resources to help the problems of handicapped youth.

handicapped and to prevent "failures" In order to better develop more compre

among our children. hensive health and education programs for

NOTE: The statement was released at San Antonio,

50

Texas.

318 Statement by the President Upon Signing the Federal Employees

Compensation Act Amendments of 1966. July 4, 1966 FIFTY YEARS AGO a landmark piece of accompanies work injuries and fatalities. social legislation was enacted: the Federal I am proud that the Federal Government Employees Compensation Act of 1916. To is taking this forward step on behalf of its day I am happy to sign the Federal Em- own employees, but the great majority of ployees Compensation Act Amendments of the Nation's workers are not covered by this 1966, which modernize and strengthen this law. They are covered instead by 50 State historic measure.

workmen's compensation laws. Many of These amendments, the most significant these were modeled

upon the original Fedimprovement in the law in nearly 20 years, eral Employees Compensation Act-but will provide expanded benefits for Federal they have fallen behind. employees who are disabled in the line of As I sign this act, I strongly urge each duty.

State, in the light of these new Federal This law represents important progress in amendments, to examine its workmen's our national effort to provide working compensation law and act to assure that Americans and their families better protec

workers disabled by work injuries are proption against the economic hardship which erly compensated for the loss of their

American workers.

earnings.

We want not only the best system to compensate our Federal employees injured on duty-we want an adequate system for all

NOTE: As enacted, the Federal Employees Compensation Act Amendments of 1966 is Public Law 89488 (80 Stat, 252).

The statement was released at San Antonio, Texas.

319 Letter to Secretary Gardner on the Opening of the First

Educational Laboratories for the Improvement of the

Nation's School Systems. July 5, 1966 Dear Mr. Secretary:

the Government, on the goals, priorities and I am pleased today to be able to announce accomplishments of these enterprises. that your Department is awarding contracts I look to these laboratories: for the operation of educational laboratories, -To stress putting into practice what we a major new kind of institution to demon- already know. The increase of knowlstrate and bring to the Nation's schools the edge through research must proceed at best that we know in education. I am grate- a rapid pace. But we have an even ful to you for your efforts to implement this

greater obligation to overcome the lag program inasmuch as these laboratories were between discovery and use, and to cona key element of the Administration's edu- vert the results of years of research into cation proposals to the Congress last year. application in the classroom. This

I hope you will continue to press forward process will be speeded by establishment with the development of these laboratories to of extensive experimental schools and assist in improving our school systems. We pilot projects showing educational insimply cannot allow the school children of novation in real situations that can be this country to find their education frustrat- seen and understood by administrators, ing, unrelated to life, or inadequate to their teachers, and school boards. needs in our increasingly complex world. -To deal with the highest priority com

The laboratories should be large and mon problems of education with which significant enterprises, equal in size and every community struggles and in doing scope to the major tasks they seek to accom- so to contribute to a general elevation plish. They ought to be conceived as com

of the quality of education everywhere. parable in their way to the large-scale Each laboratory, with unique talents, laboratories of the Defense or Atomic resources, and focal points, should, thereEnergy establishments. Nothing less will fore, be broadly concerned with educado. Their missions are equally important.

tion in the whole Nation, I share with you the great hopes for these -To involve outstanding scholars, exlaboratories. But it is a crucial question how perts, and artists in the development of they are to be transformed from a grand con- new educational programs so as to ascept to a vital, practical force for change in sure that better methods of instruction the educational system. It is important, in are accompanied by improved content. this regard, that we continue to seek the --To be a part of community life, drawing advice of experts, both within and outside out public support and involvement in innovation in education and calling on the resources of the community and industry for planning and operation. - To build links with other Federal programs so that every approach to educational improvement is explored and enhanced. Thus the laboratories should be related to the supplementary centers provided for in the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, to the teacher training programs of the Office of Education and the National Science

Foundation, to appropriate activities of the Office of Economic Opportunity

and the National Institutes of Health. I congratulate you and those who helped you develop the concept of these laboratories and request that you give continuing attention to their effective development. Sincerely,

LYNDON B. JOHNSON
[Honorable John W. Gardner, Secretary of Health,
Education, and Welfare, Washington, D.C.]
NOTE: The text of the letter was released at San
Antonio, Texas.

320 The President's News Conference at the LBJ Ranch.

July 5, 1966 THE PRESIDENT. Good afternoon, ladies and to the Governors on the progress that is gentlemen:

being made to achieve a better life among

the South Vietnamese people. I consider REPORT ON ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL PROGRESS this “other war” as crucial to the future of IN VIETNAM

South Vietnam and Southeast Asia as the

military struggle. [1.] Governor John Reed of Maine, who Already American assistance has added is Chairman of the National Governors' some 600,000 acres of irrigated land to the Conference, has requested that I send a team agriculture of South Vietnam. It has vastly of U.S. officials to brief the Governors on increased crop yields in that country. current developments in Vietnam. He sent Under new land reform measures, a half me a wire last evening to which I have million acres of land are being sold now to already responded.

small farmers

easy terms. Another I am asking Ambassador Averell Har

700,000 acres of State-owned land will soon riman, Gen. Andy Goodpaster of the Joint be distributed, I am told, to landless refugees Chiefs of Staff, and Mr. Walt Rostow of the from areas that have been controlled by the White House to go to Los Angeles for that Vietcong. purpose. They will stop here Wednesday Fish production has been more than doufor an overnight stay before going to Los bled in the past 5 years. Angeles.

Almost 13,000 village health stations have I also asked General Goodpaster to talk to been established and stocked with medicine President Eisenhower and to give him a full from the United States. report on current developments in Vietnam. We are helping to build a medical school He has just informed me that he has done which will graduate as many doctors every that this afternoon.

year as now serve the entire civilian populaI am asking this team to report in detail tion of that area of 14 million people.

on

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