Security Classification Reform: Hearings Before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, Ninety-third Congress, Second Session, on H.R. 12004 ... July 11, 25; and August 1, 1974
United States. Congress. House. Committee on Government Operations. Foreign Operations and Government Information Subcommittee
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1974 - 756 pagini
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action activities addition administration agency appear apply Assistant authority basis believe bill Chairman classified information clearance Commission Committee concerning Confidential Congress constitutional continuing contract contractor court decision declassification Department of Defense designated determine Directive Director disclosure documents downgrading effective established executive branch Executive Order 11652 exemption facility Force foreign Freedom going Government House ICRC implementation individual Industrial Security intelligence interest involved issued legislation limited marking material matter McCLOSKEY ment military Moss national defense national security Office Operations original particular period person present President problem procedures proposed protection question reason records referred regard regulations relations release request respect responsibility Restricted result secrecy Secretary of Defense security classification Services specific staff statement subcommittee tion Top Secret United
Pagina 602 - Restricted Data" means all data concerning (1) design, manufacture, or utilization of atomic weapons; (2) the production of special nuclear material; or (3) the use of special nuclear material in the production of energy, but shall not include data declassified or removed from the Restricted Data category pursuant to section 142.
Pagina 278 - When the legislative and executive powers are united in the same person, or in the same body of magistrates, there can be no liberty; because apprehensions may arise lest the same monarch or senate should enact tyrannical laws, to execute them in a tyrannical manner.
Pagina 20 - A vacancy in the Commission shall not impair the right of the remaining members to exercise all the powers of the Commission and three members of the Commission shall at all times constitute a quorum.
Pagina 323 - The President, both as Commander-in-Chief, and as the Nation's organ for foreign affairs, has available intelligence services whose reports are not and ought not to be published to the world. It would be intolerable that courts, without the relevant information, should review and perhaps nullify actions of the Executive taken on information properly held secret.
Pagina 319 - ... operate on those persons whether they are actuated by mercenary or friendly motives; and there doubtless are many of both descriptions who would rely on the secrecy of the President, but who would not confide in that of the Senate and still less in that of a large popular assembly. The Convention have done well, therefore, in so disposing of the power of making treaties that although the President must, in forming them, act by the advice and consent of the Senate, yet he will be able to manage...
Pagina 278 - Legislative power, as distinguished from executive power, is the authority to make laws, but not to enforce them or appoint the agents charged with the duty of such enforcement. The latter are executive functions.
Pagina 281 - The President is the sole organ of the nation in its external relations, and its sole representative with foreign nations.
Pagina 515 - ... it is essential to the due administration of the government that the boundaries fixed by the constitution between the different departments should be preserved; a just regard to the constitution, and to the duty of my office, under all the circumstances of this case, forbid a compliance with your request.
Pagina 691 - Secret" classification shall be whether its unauthorized disclosure could 'reasonably be expected to cause exceptionally grave damage to the national security. Examples of "exceptionally grave damage" include armed hostilities against the United States or its allies; disruption of foreign relations vitally affecting the VOL 37.