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should not be called a Tory for this opinion. He hoped the petition would be printed, as he considered the people of Birmingham had as much right to petition for a large creation of Peers, as the people of Preston had to petition against such a creation.

Sir Richard Vyvyan, in explanation, stated, that he would rather see riots in some parts of the country, than have the peace kept by means of unions, which were only instruments in the hands of demagogues.

Petition to be printed.

Mr. Cutlar Fergusson thought that all intercourse ought, at whatever risk, to be suspended between this country and Hamburgh. With respect to the Board of Health, he hoped that some of the members of that board would be persons who had possessed opportunities of witnessing the progress of the disease in foreign countries. There were many individuals in this country who had witnessed the progress of the Cholera in India. Amongst this number was Dr. Russell, who had been despatched to St. Petersburgh to obtain information respecting that formidable disease. He understood that Dr. Russell had returned to this country, and if that were the case, he hoped that his talents and experience would be put in requisition.

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CHOLERA MORBUS.] Sir Richard Vyvyan begged to ask the right hon. Gentleman, the Vice-President of the Board of Trade, whether any communications had been received from the Board of Health relating to the quarantine establishment? That Board was composed of persons illustrious for their knowledge and acquirements, but he feared their time was too much occupied by their own avocations, to allow them sufficient leisure to attend to the progress of that dreadful disease which was daily approaching nearer to us.

Mr. Poulett Thomson stated, that the Board of Health had devoted a great deal of attention to the subject of the Cholera Morbus, and he believed that their labours would be found beneficial to the country. The Board had received instructions to draw up a statement of the precautions most proper to be employed, in order to prevent the approach of the disease, and that statement would be published in the Gazette, and circulated through every town and village along the shore opposite infected places. He hoped that gentlemen who resided along the southern and eastern coast, but particularly the latter, would endeavour, by every means in their power, to explain to the poor people, who are usually engaged in smuggling transactions, the dreadful risk to which they exposed the whole community, and themselves in particular.

Mr. George Robinson begged to direct the attention of Ministers to the fact, that the number of deaths varied considerably in different places. He thought the Board ought to endeavour to ascertain whether this variation was attributable to difference of treatment, or to different local circumstances.

Mr. Leader said, the introduction of such a disease into Ireland, must be looked at with the greatest apprehensions, for it would prove especially dangerous to a population already in a morbid state.

Mr. Hume thought that this was a matter of the highest importance. A board should be constituted in which some of the members could devote their whole time and atMr. Warburton said, that he should tention to the duties of it. He would have been better satisfied to have heard much rather have a board composed of from the right hon. Gentleman, that Go-quarter-masters, who were accustomed to vernment had themselves adopted the organization, and would devote their whole most effectual means for preventing sur-time to the public service, than of medical reptitious intercourse with the countries men. He thought that all our spare where the disease was raging. He thought cruisers should be employed in stopping that some commercial men might be added the contraband trade. As to expense it was to the Board of Health with great advan- quite out of the question in an affair tage. such moment.

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Mr. Poulett Thomson begged to assure the House that Government had already made every exertion in its power to prevent smuggling with the places where the Cholera was raging. Fresh hands had been employed along the coast where they had been found necessary. The Board of Health was composed of medical men, and other persons best qualified for the task which they would have to execute. Dr. Russell had not yet returned to this country. When he should return he would be added to the Board.

925 Re-assembling of Parliament. {Oct. 20} Prorogation of Parliament.

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RE-ASSEMBLING OF PARLIAMENT.] cessful issue. He was enabled certainly Colonel Evans rose pursuant to notice to say, that the prorogation would be of which he had given of a Resolution re- that length which was found most conspecting the approaching Prorogation of ducive to the success of the great meaParliament. It had been said, that the sure of Parliamentary Reform. Ministers members of his Majesty's Government were pledged to that measure, or to one required repose it had also been said, that fully as efficient. Their labours were the Members of that House had some anxiously devoted to that end, and they claim to repose; but he would tell them would adhere strictly to those means most that the country required repose, and that calculated to ensure that end. nothing excepting a short Prorogation, the speedy assemblage of Parliament, and a settlement of the Reform question could give that repose to which the country was entitled. Under all ordinary circumstances he should, of course, not urge the re-assembling of Parliament before the usual time; but, under the present aspect of public affairs, he certainly should have deemed his Motion not improper, had he not heard from authority, on which he placed the fullest reliance, that the meeting of Parliament would not be postponed beyond the first week in December. He certainly had not received this communication officially, but he had it from authority in which he reposed the most entire confidence, and he, therefore, did not at that moment think himself warranted

Mr. Cutlar Fergusson was glad that the hon. Member had withdrawn his Motion. It would be inconsistent with the vote of confidence in Ministers which had been so recently agreed to.

Mr. Ruthven said, he would rather place full confidence in the discretion and good faith of his Majesty's Ministers than agree to any such Motion as that of which the hon. and gallant Member had given notice. He hoped and trusted the country would feel no suspicion or mistrust of the Ministers. The assurance they had now received, ought to satisfy every reasonable friend of Reform.

Motion withdrawn.

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HOUSE OF LORDS,
Thursday, October 20, 1831.

in pressing his Motion. The deepest anxiety prevailed upon the subject-an anxiety increased by the constitutional anomaly of the differences subsisting between two branches of the Legislature. It was, therefore, with great satisfaction he found himself enabled to state, from a source on which he had full reliance, that

The Speaker, holding the Appropriation Bill in his hand, then addressed his Majesty as follows:-" May it please your Majesty

ament would meet as soon as possible. Lord Althorp thought it necessary to say one or two words. The hon. Member had stated, that he had heard, but not officially, that Parliament would re-assemble in the first week in December. On that subject he (Lord Althorp) had not any-We, your Majesty's most faithful Comstatement to make. He should not feel mons, of the United Kingdom of Great himself justified, as a Minister, in making Britain and Ireland, in Parliament asany statement. He hoped that all who sembled, attend your Majesty at the close felt anxious on the subject would do the of a Session unusually protracted; and, Ministers the justice to believe that none Sire, among difficulties and anxiety, both could feel more anxious than they did for within and without the walls of Parliathe settlement of that great question which ment, and labours unprecedented in any now occupied all men's minds; and he former Session, we presume to hope that trusted that the House and the country we have discharged our duties as faithful would place that confidence in Ministers Representatives of the people of these which they had done nothing to forfeit. realms, and as loyal and devotedly atHe hoped the country would recollect this tached subjects of your Majesty. Sire, -that the Ministers were entitled to the last bill which I have now to present credit for a sincere wish to bring the con- is entitled, An Act to apply the sum of templated measure of Reform to a suc- 1,800,000l. out of the Consolidated Fund,

PROROGATION OF PARLIAMENT.] His Majesty, accompanied by the usual Officers of State, proceeded to the House of Peers to Prorogue the Parliament.

The House of Commons having been summoned to wait upon his Majesty, the Speaker, accompanied by Lord Althorp, and several other Members of the House appeared at the Bar.

to the service of the year 1831, and to | Europe was threatened whilst this quesappropriate the supplies granted in this tion remained unsettled. Session of Parliament,' to which, with all humility, we pray your Majesty's royal assent."

The Royal Assent was then given to the bill brought up by the Speaker, and to Duties on Hops, the following Bills: Distillation of Spirits (Ireland), Valuation of Lands (Ireland), Military Accounts (Ireland), Embankment (Ireland), Bankruptcy Court Bill. Adverse Claims in Courts of Law, Select Vestries, and Enclosure of Crown Lands.

His Majesty then delivered the follow- economy. ing Speech:

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My Lords and Gentlemen;

"I am at length enabled to put an end to a Session of unexampled duration and labour, in which matters of the deepest interest have been brought under your consideration.

"Gentlemen of the House of Commons; "I thank you for the provision made for the future dignity and comfort of my Royal Consort, in the event of her surviving me, and for the supplies which you have granted for the service of the present year. You may be assured of my anxious care to have them administered with the strictest attention to a well considered

"I have felt sincere satisfaction in con

firming, by my Royal assent, Bills for the amendment of the Game Laws, and for the reduction of Taxes, which pressed heavily on the industry of my people; and I have observed with no less pleasure the commencement of important improvements in the Law of Bankruptcy, from which the most beneficial effects may be expected.

"I continue to receive the most gratifying proofs of the friendly disposition of Foreign Powers.

"The Conference assembled in London has at length terminated its difficult and laborious discussions, by an arrangement unanimously agreed upon by the Plenipotentiaries of the Five Powers, for the separation of the States of Holland and Belgium, on terms by which the interests of both, together with the future security of other countries, have been carefully provided for.

"A treaty, founded on this arrangement, has been presented to the Dutch and Belgian Plenipotentiaries, and I trust that its acceptance by their respective Courts, which I anxiously expect, will avert the dangers by which the peace of

"The state of Europe has made it necessary to incur, in the various establishments of the public service, an increased expenditure, which it will be my earnest desire to reduce whenever it can be done with safety to the interests of the country. In the meantime I have the satisfaction of reflecting that these demands have been provided for without any material addition to the public burthens.

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'My Lords and Gentlemen; "In the interval of repose which may now be afforded you, I am sure it is unnecessary for me to recommend to you the most careful attention to the preservation of tranquillity in your respective

counties.

"The anxiety which has been so generally manifested by my people for the accomplishment of a Constitutional Reform in the Commons House of Parliament will, I trust, be regulated by a due sense of the necessity of order and moderation in their proceedings.

"To the consideration of this important question the attention of Parliament must necessarily again be called at the opening of the ensuing Session; and you may be assured of my unaltered desire to promote its settlement, by such improvements in the Representation as may be found necessary for securing to my people the full enjoyment of their rights, which, in combination with those of the other orders of the State, are essential to the support of our free Constitution."

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The Lord Chancellor, by his Majesty's tranquillity and happiness of the country command, saiddepended on the speedy adjustment of the question of Reform, and Ministers, therefore, should not allow any motives of personal delicacy to interfere in the adjustment of a matter of such vital importance to the country.

"My Lords, and Gentlemen;
"It is his Majesty's royal will and
pleasure, that this Parliament be pro-
rogued to Tuesday the twenty-second day
of November next, to be then here holden,
and this Parliament is accordingly pro-
rogued to Tuesday, the twenty-second day
of November next."

States.

Sir Charles Forbes assured the hon. member for Middlesex, though agitation and intimidation seemed to be the order deterred from doing their duty, and enof the day, that honest men would not be deavouring to get the Bill lately before Parliament considerably modified. The hon. Member had alluded to Ministers retaining in office persons opposed to them. He did not think it was very just ground of complaint that the hon. Member's advice. had not been acted upon. On a late ocCasion, the Ministers had removed a high Officer in the Queen's Household (Earl Howe); and, if all they heard was to be Petitions Presented. By Mr. PROTHEROE, from the In- relied upon-he repeated, that if all they habitants of Bristol, in favour of the Rev. Robert Taylor. heard, and what had been stated, was to REFORM-PETITIONS.] Colonel Evans be relied upon, that removal was contrary presented a Petition from Mr. F. Clayton, to the declared wishes both of the King and praying that the House would vote an Queen, and had excited an extraordinary Address to the King, requesting his Ma- degree both of astonishment and disgust jesty to exercise his royal prerogative by wherever the circumstances were known. creating such a number of Peers as might He trusted that his Majesty's Ministers be thought requisite for the success of a would not act again upon a principle so new Reform Bill. The petitioner further disgraceful, and that they would not be prayed, that the Bishops might be dis-led away by the advice of the hon. memqualified from sitting as Spiritual Peers in ber for Middlesex, who, by his own conthe Upper House. The hon. and gallant fession, had advised his fellow parishioners Member expressed his concurrence in the to withhold the payment of their rates. sentiments avowed in the petition.

Colonel Trench thought the hon. mem Mr. Hume took this opportunity of ob- ber for Middlesex need have very little serving that, in his opinion, the slight dis-apprehension that his Majesty's Governtrust which, perhaps, was felt by a portionment would be deterred by any feelings of of the public towards his Majesty's Minis- delicacy or propriety from adopting any ters was occasioned, in no small degree, proceeding calculated to promote their by the circumstance of their retaining in own measures. With respect to the Reoffice men opposed to them in politics. form Bill, however, he contended that If his Majesty's Ministers would be guided that there was a reaction in the public by the opinion of so humble an individual mind. It was manifest, by the return of as himself, (for he considered the present his noble friend (Lord Ashley) for Dorsetwas a time for them to act with prompti- shire, by a large majority of freeholders. tude and energy) he did not hesitate to He had reason to believe that this reaction say that, if he were at the head of the was palpably manifesting itself throughout Government, forty-eight hours should not Ireland; and he hoped and trusted that pass before he would remove every Lord- the Bill would soon be as much in disfalieutenant of a county who opposed the vour as it had ever been in favour with the Reform Bill. He was prepared to recom- country. mend the utmost decision and energy, which he considered was necessary to break down a political party which had been in power for so many years. There must be no more attempts at conciliation. The VOL. VIII. Third Series

Sir Francis Burdett fully agreed with the hon. member for Middlesex, that, at a time like this, all ordinary considerations ought to be laid aside, and that his Majesty's Government ought not to hesitate 2 H

His Majesty retired, attended by Earl Grey, the Lord Chancellor, and the other officers of State; the Commons also retired from the Bar, and the Parliament separated.

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HOUSE OF COMMONS,
Thursday, October 20, 1831.
MINUTES.] Returns ordered. On the Motion of Mr. GEORGE

ROBINSON, of the Duties payable on the principal articles

of British Produce in the Ports of Europe and the United

in removing any persons from office who I have taken his seat in that House as memmight evince a disposition to retard the ber for Dorsetshire, had the Assessor imsuccess of the great measure of Reform. partially done his duty. Such an assumpWith respect to the sneer of the hon. and tion, he could assure him, was most ungallant Member (Colonel Trench) as to the reasonable and unjust, as it happened to want of propriety and delicacy on the part be entirely destitute of foundation in fact. of his Majesty's Government, he could He was sure, upon cooler reflection, (if only say, that Ministers, in his opinion, the hon. Baronet would pardon a much would be only doing that which was most younger man for making such an observaconducive to the weal of the realm, if they tion) the hon. Baronet himself would regret acted on all occasions precisely contrary that he had indulged in such a remark. It to the advice of Gentlemen opposite. The was impossible for him not to contend that remarks of the gallant Member, and of a reaction had taken place in the public the hon. Baronet were so discreet and mind. If there had not been such a rewell-timed as to remind him forcibly of action, how happened it that, though he the proverb-"Protect me from my friends, started only on the Wednesday, and apand I will defend myself against my ene-peared at the hustings on the Friday, and mies." No Reformer could have made ob- though his opponent (Mr. Ponsonby) had servations more injurious to the Anti-started fourteen days before, he (Lord reform party. The hon. and gallant Ashley) polled as many voters during the Member had alluded to the Dorsetshire first two days as Mr. Bankes had done in election, for instance, and designated the preceding election in six? If there the majority by which the noble Lord had not been a reaction, how could it (Ashley) was returned as a large majority. have happened that he received 500 votes If he was well informed, if there had more than Mr. Calcraft had received at the been another Assessor, the noble Lord former election? There were many freewould, in all probability, have had no ma-holders, who had walked twenty miles to jority; and, as it was, the majority was the hustings and twenty miles back again, very small. He repeated, that his Ma- to poll for him, when they heard the cause jesty's Government should sacrifice every on which he had started, without the feeling for the promotion of the great slightest hope of remuneration. The Yeomeasure of Reform; and if it was thought manry of the county told him they would necessary to reassemble Parliament again be his agents, and, in point of fact, they very soon, he hoped the importance of the had been his agents. Many of the electors measure to be brought forward would in- stated at the hustings-" We voted for duce the Irish Members, to whom the the Reform candidate on the former occountry owed so much for their diligent casion, but we are now satisfied the Bill attendance during the present Session, to was a great humbug." In illustration of sacrifice their personal convenience, and this, he might state, that the inhabitants appear again in their places on the first of the Isle of Portland, which island conday of the ensuing Session of Parliament. tained many freeholders, who had held Lord Ashley said, he did not expect their freeholds for a number of years, met that it would have been necessary for him to the number of 100, and agreed to petito address the House so soon after taking tion the Lords against the Bill. The pehis seat; still less did he anticipate that he tition had been forwarded to the Duke of should have been called upon to defend the Wellington, and it contained these reAssessor,at the late election for Dorsetshire.markable words-"We were deceived into He did not think it becoming of the hon. the support of the Bill, in the first inBaronet, considering his station, and ex-stance, by the abuse of the King's name." perience, and his constitutional knowledge, So far was the hon. Baronet from being to get up in his place, and throw out an correct in ascribing his success to the deinsinuation on the character of the As-cisions of the Assessor, that he could insessor at a contested election, from whose form the hon. Baronet, that his majority decision there could be an appeal. In in fact would have amounted to more than effect, the hon. Baronet brought the con 100, had no votes on either side been reduct of that Gentleman before the bar of ferred to his adjudication. He should that House although he did not summon not have trespassed on the House with him thither personally. The hon. Baronet these observations but for what had fallen seemed to insinuate, that he would not from the hon, Baronet.

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