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Gentlemen opposite knew the state of | petition should be rejected, for no one feeling in the country, they would rather had any such wish, but whether the House feel pleasure than regret that it vented would so far sanction the language which itself in this harmless way. If petitions the noble Lord (Althorp) had declared he of this kind were rejected on account of disapproved, as to direct it to be printed. strong language, depend on it the people There were many parts of the hon. would press round the throne and give Baronet's speech which he regretted, but expression to opinions much stronger. In he concurred with him in that where he fact, the petitions which had been pre- put forth the prerogatives of the Crown so sented by the people, proved the complete prominently. He was glad, also, to hear tranquillity of the country; and that it him speak of the Sovereign as the father was, he believed, at which hon. Gentle- of his people; but it did sometimes men opposite were so much disappointed. happen, that the fondest fathers mistook The country was, however, he was happy the passions of their children, and indulged to say, perfectly tranquil. He could speak those passions to the prejudice of their real more particularly of that part of the king- interests. dom with which he was more immediately Mr. James Johnstone congratulated the connected (Scotland); but he would not House on the state of tranquillity which say that that tranquillity would be perma- prevailed in that part of the empire (Scotnent, if the measure of Reform were unne- land) to which he belonged. He did not cessarily delayed-ultimately refused it think that the hon. Baronet opposite did could not be--but he could not look right in sneering at the Political Unions. without serious apprehension at the con- He begged to remind the hon. Baronet that sequences of any unnecessary delay. peace had been preserved in those places

Mr. George Bankes said, he must repel where Political Unions were established, with indignation the imputation of the and that riots and conflagrations had hon. Member who last addressed the taken place in those parts of the country House, that Members at that (the Oppo- where there existed no Political Unionssition) side were disappointed at the Nottingham and Derby, for instance. 150 tranquil state of the country. They had years ago, the people were little better never expected that the country would be than serfs, and were treated nearly the otherwise than tranquil, and therefore the same as slaves were now treated in the tranquillity which now prevailed was not West Indies, but the spread of intelligence matter of surprise, still less of disappoint- had given them a moral strength which ment, to them. They objected to such entitled them to a large increase of influlanguage as this petition contained, be- ence in the Constitution. He thought cause they expected that bodies who that the sooner the House met after the wished to be considered deliberative as- prorogation the better; and he believed semblies would use more caution than that if the present Ministers were to leave men who met only for one occasion. The office the whole country would be on fire. hon. Baronet had adverted to the Orange Mr. Hunt said, the hon. Member who and Brunswick clubs, which he assumed had just sat down, had made use of were founded on the principles of the stronger expressions than was contained Members on the Opposition side of the in any petition, but he merely wished to House; but what would the hon. Baronet remark, in reply to the hon. Baronet (Sir say, if petitions were presented from any Francis Burdett) opposite, who had said of those clubs, complaining of the selfish no person out of Bedlam could expect the obstinacy of Lord Grey and his colleagues, people to be wholly unanimous in favour of in sacrificing or endangering the interests Reform, that he (Mr. Hunt) believed they of the country, by persisting in a violent were nearly unanimous, but it was for a change of the Constitution ? Would the more extensive measure of Reform than hon. Baronet think that the House ought the late Bill. The hon. Baronet had also to sanction language of that kind by order- been pleased to insinuate, that those who ing the petition to be printed? He had would not receive the franchise under the no desire to reject the petitions of any Bill, would still receive some benefit from portion of the people, but he did desire its being extended ; why this sounded very that the petitions should be worded in like virtual representation. He must derespectful language. The question now clare that the Ministers were not entitled before the House was, not whether the to his confidence, although he hoped he should not be called a Tory for this opin- Mr. Cutlar Fergusson thought that all ion. He hoped the petition would be intercourse ought, at whatever risk, to be printed, as he considered the people of suspended between this country and HamBirmingham had as much right to petition burgh. With respect to the Board of for a large creation of Peers, as the people Health, he hoped that some of the memof Preston had to petition against such a 'bers of that board would be persons who creation.

had possessed opportunities of witnessing Sir Richard Vyvyan, in explanation, the progress of the disease in foreign stated, that he would rather see riots in countries. There were many individuals some parts of the country, than have the in this country who had witnessed the peace kept by means of unions, which progress of the Cholera in India. Amongst were only instruments in the hands of this nuinber was Dr. Russell, who had demagogues.

been despatched to St. Petersburgh to obPetition to be printed.

tain information respecting that formidable

disease. He understood that Dr. Russell CHOLERA MORBUS.] Sir Richard Vy- i had returned to this country, and if that vyan begged to ask the right hon. Gentle were the case, he hoped that his talents man, the Vice-President of the Board of and experience would be put in requisiTrade, whether any communications had tion. been received from the Board of Health Mr. Poulett Thomson begged to assure relating to the quarantine establishment? the House that Government had already That Board was composed of persons illus- made every exertion in its power to pretrious for their knowledge and acquire- vent smuggling with the places where the ments, but he feared their time was too Cholera was raging. Fresh hands had been much occupied by their own avocations, employed along the coast where they had to allow them sufficient leisure to attend | been found necessary. The Board of to the progress of that dreadful disease Health was composed of medical men, and which was daily approaching nearer to us. other persons best qualified for the task

Mr. Poulett Thomson stated, that the which they would have to execute. Dr. Board of Health had devoted a great deal Russell had not yet returned to this of attention to the subject of the Cholera country.

When he should return he Morbus, and he believed that their labours would be added to the Board. would be found beneficial to the country. Mr. George Robinson begged to direct The Board had received instructions to the attention of Ministers to the fact, that draw up a statement of the precautions the number of deaths varied considerably most proper to be employed, in order to in different places. He thought the Board prevent the approach of the disease, and ought to endeavour to ascertain whether that statement would be published in the this variation was attributable to difference Gazette, and circulated through every of treatment, or to different local circumtown and village along the shore opposite stances. infected places. He hoped that gentlemen Mr. Leader said, the introduction of who resided along the southern and eastern such a disease into Ireland, must be looked coast, but particularly the latter, would at with the greatest apprehensions, for it endeavour, by every means in their power, would prove especially dangerous to a poto explain to the poor people, who are pulation already in a morbid state. usually engaged in smuggling transactions, Mr. Hume thought that this was a matter the dreadful risk to which they exposed of the highest importance. A board should the whole community, and themselves in be constituted in which some of the memparticular.

bers could devote their whole time and atMr. Warburton said, that he should tention to the duties of it. He would have been better satisfied to have heard much rather have a board composed of from the right hon. Gentleman, that Go- quarter-masters, who were accustomed to vernment had themselves adopted the organization, and would devote their whole most effectual means for preventing sur time to the public service, than of medical reptitious intercourse with the countries men. He thought that all our spare where the disease was raging. He thought cruisers should be employed in stopping that some commercial men might be added the contraband trade. As to expense it was to the Board of Health with great advan- quite out of the question in an affair of tage.

such moment.

925 Re-assembling of Parliament. {Oct. 20} Prorogation of Parliament. 926

RE-ASSEMBLING OF PARLIAMENT.), cessful issue. He was enabled certainly Colonel Evans rose pursuant to notice to say, that the prorogation would be of which he had given of a Resolution re- that length which was found most conspecting the approaching Prorogation of ducive to the success of the great meaParliament. It had been said, that the sure of Parliamentary Reform. Ministers members of his Majesty's Government were pledged to that measure, or to one required repose : it had also been said, that fully as efficient. Their labours were the Members of that House had some anxiously devoted to that end, and they claim to repose; but he would tell them would adhere strictly to those means most that the country required repose, and that calculated to ensure that end. nothing excepting a short Prorogation, the Mr. Cutlar Fergusson was glad that the speedy assemblage of Parliament, and a hon. Member had withdrawn his Motion. settlement of the Reform question could It would be inconsistent with the vote of give that repose to which the country was confidence in Ministers which had been so entitled. Under all ordinary circum- recently agreed to. stances he should, of course, not urge the Mr. Ruthven said, he would rather re-assembling of Parliament before the place full confidence in the discretion and usual time; but, under the present aspect good faith of his Majesty's Ministers than of public affairs, he certainly should have agree to any such Motion as that of which deemed his Motion pot improper, had he the hon, and gallant Member had given not heard from authority, on which he notice. He hoped and trusted the country placed the fullest reliance, that the meet- would feel no suspicion or mistrust of the ing of Parliament would not be postponed Ministers. The assurance they had now beyond the first week in December. He received, ought to satisfy every reasonable certainly had not received this communi- friend of Reform. cation officially, but he had it from au- Motion withdrawn. thority in which he reposed the most entire confidence, and he, therefore, did not at that moment think himself warranted

HOUSE OF LORDS, in pressing his Motion.

The deepest

Thursday, October 20, 1831. anxiety prevailed upon the subject-an anxiety increased by the constitutional PROROGATION OF PARLIAMENT.] His anomaly of the differences subsisting be- Majesty, accompanied by the usual Offitween two branches of the Legislature. cers of State, proceeded to the House of It was, therefore, with great satisfaction he Peers to Prorogue the Parliament. found himself enabled to state, from a The House of Commons having been source on which he had full reliance, that summoned to wait upon his Majesty, the Parliament would meet as soon as possible. Speaker, accompanied by Lord Althorp,

Lord Althorp thought it necessary to and several other Members of the House say one or two words. The hon. Member appeared at the Bar. had stated, that he had heard, but not The Speaker, holding the Appropriation officially, that Parliament would re-as- Bill in his hand, then addressed his Majesty semble in the first week in December. On as follows :-" May it please your Majesty that subject he (Lord Althorp) had not any - We, your Majesty's most faithful Comstatement to make. He should not feel mons, of the United Kingdom of Great himself justified, as a Minister, in making Britain and Ireland, in Parliament asany statement.

He hoped that all who sembled, attend your Majesty at the close felt anxious on the subject would do the of a Session unusually protracted ; and, Ministers the justice to believe that none Sire, among difficulties and anxiety, both could feel more anxious than they did for within and without the walls of Parliathe settlement of that great question which ment, and labours unprecedented in any now occupied all men's minds; and he former Session, we presume to hope that trusted that the House and the country we have discharged our duties as faithful would place that confidence in Ministers Representatives of the people of these which they had done nothing to forfeit. realms, and as loyal and devotedly atHe hoped the country would recollect this tached subjects of your Majesty. Sire, --that the Ministers were entitled to the last bill which I have now to present credit for a sincere wish to bring the con- is entitled, “An Act to apply the sum of templated measure of Reform to a suc-'1,800,0001. out of the Consolidated Fund, to the service of the year 1831, and to Europe was threatened whilst this quesappropriate the supplies granted in this tion remained unsettled. Session of Parliament,' to which, with all humility, we pray your Majesty's royal

Gentlemen of the House of Commons; assent.'

“ I thank you for the provision made The Royal Assent was then given to the for the future dignity and comfort of my bill brought up by the Speaker, and to the following Bills: – Duties on Hops, Royal Consort, in the event of her surDistillation of Spirits (Ireland), Valuation viving me, and for the supplies which you of Lands (Ireland), Military Accounts (Ire have granted for the service of the present land), Embankment (Ireland), Bankruptcy year. You may be assured of my anxious Court Bill. Adverse Claims in Courts of

care to have them administered with the Law, Select Vestries, and Enclosure of

strictest attention to a well considered Crown Lands.

His Majesty then delivered the follow- economy. ing Speech

The state of Europe has made it ne

cessary to incur, in the various establishMy Lords and Gentlemen ;

ments of the public service, an increased “ I am at length enabled to put an end expenditure, which it will be my earnest to a Session of unexampled duration and desire to reduce whenever it can be done labour, in which matters of the deepest with safety to the interests of the country. interest have been brought under your con- In the meantime I have the satisfaction of sideration.

reflecting that these demands have been “I have felt sincere satisfaction in con- provided for without any material addition firming, by my Royal assent, Bills for the to the public burthens. amendment of the Game Laws, and for the reduction of Taxes, which pressed

My Lords and Gentlemen; heavily on the industry of my people; and

“In the interval of repose which may I have observed with no less pleasure the

now be afforded you, I am sure it is uncommencement of important improve necessary for me to recommend to you ments in the Law of Bankruptcy, from the most careful attention to the preserwhich the most beneficial effects may be vation of tranquillity in your respective expected.

counties. “I continue to receive the most grati

“ The anxiety which has been so genefying proofs of the friendly disposition of rally manifested by my people for the acForeign Powers.

complishment of a Constitutional Reform “ The Conference assembled in London in the Commons House of Parliament has at length terminated its difficult and will, I trust, be regulated by a due sense laborious discussions, by an arrangement of the necessity of order and moderation unanimously agreed upon by the Plenipo- in their proceedings. tentiaries of the Five Powers, for the se

"To the consideration of this imporparation of the States of Holland and tant question the attention of Parliament Belgium, on terms by which the interests must necessarily again be called at the of both, together with the future security opening of the ensuing Session ; and you of other countries, have been carefully may be assured of my unaltered desire to provided for.

promote its settlement, by such improve“A treaty, founded on this arrangements in the Representation as may be ment, has been presented to the Dutch found necessary for securing to my people and Belgian Plenipotentiaries, and I trust the full enjoyment of their rights, which, that its acceptance by their respective in combination with those of the other Courts, which I anxiously expect, will orders of the State, are essential to the avert the dangers by which the peace of support of our free Constitution."


Petitions Presented.

The Lord Chancellor, by his Majesty's tranquillity and happiness of the country command, said

depended on the speedy adjustment of the My Lords, and Gentlemen; question of Reform, and Ministers, there“It is his Majesty's royal will and fore, should not allow any motives of perpleasure, that this Parliament be pro- sonal delicacy to interfere in the adjustrogued to Tuesday the twenty-second day ment of a matter of such vital importance of November next, to be then here holden, to the country. and this Parliament is accordingly pro

Sir Charles Forbes assured the hon. rogued to Tuesday, the twenty-second day member for Middlesex, though agitation of November next."

and intimidation seemed to be the order His Majesty retired, attended by Earl deterred from doing their duty, and en

of the day, that honest men would not be Grey, the Lord Chancellor, and the other deavouring to get the Bill lately before Parofficers of State; the Commons also retired liament considerably modified. The hon. from the Bar, and the Parliament separated. Member had alluded to Ministers retaining

in office persons opposed to them. He HOUSE OF COMMONS,

did not think it was very just ground of Thursday, October 20, 1831.

complaint that the hon. Member's advice

had not been acted upon. On a late ocMinutes.] Returns ordered. On the Motion of Mr. George casion, the Ministers had removed a high

Robinson, of the Duties payable on the principal articles of British Produce in the Ports of Europe and the United officer in the Queen's Household (Earl

Howe); and, if all they heard was to be By Mr. Protheror, from the In: relied upon—he repeated, that if all they habitants of Bristol, in favour of the Rev. Robert Taylor, heard, and what had been stated, was to

Reform-Petitions.] Colonel Evans be relied upon, that removal was contrary presented a Petition from Mr. F. Clayton, to the declared wishes both of the King and praying that the House would vote an Queen, and had excited an extraordinary Address to the King, requesting his Ma- degree both of astonishment and disgust jesty to exercise his royal prerogative by wherever the circumstances were known. creating such a number of Peers as might He trusted that his Majesty's Ministers be thought requisite for the success of a would not act again upon a principle so new Reform Bill. The petitioner further disgraceful, and that they would not be prayed, that the Bishops might be dis- led away by the advice of the hon. memqualified from sitting as Spiritual Peers in ber for Middlesex, who, by his own conthe Upper House. The hon. and gallant fession, had advised his fellow parishioners Member expressed his concurrence in the to withhold the payment of their rates. sentiments avowed in the petition.

Colonel Trench thought the hon, mem Mr. Hume took this opportunity of ob- ber for Middlesex need have very little serving that, in his opinion, the slight dis- apprehension that his Majesty's Governtrust which, perhaps, was felt by a portion ment would be deterred by any feelings of of the public towards his Majesty's Minis- delicacy or propriety from adopting any ters was occasioned, in no small degree, proceeding calculated to promote their by the circumstance of their retaining in own measures. With respect to the Reoffice men opposed to them in politics. form Bill, however, he contended that If his Majesty's Ministers would be guided that there was a reaction in the public by the pinion of so humble an individual mind. It was manifest, by the return of as himself, (for he considered the present his noble friend (Lord Ashley) for Dorsetwas a time for them to act with prompti- shire, by a large majority of freeholders. tude and energy) he did not hesitate to He had reason to believe that this reaction say that, if he were at the head of the was palpably manifesting itself throughout Government, forty-eight hours should not Ireland ; and he hoped and trusted that pass before he would remove every Lord- the Bill would soon be as much in disfalieutenant of a county who opposed the vour as it had ever been in favour with the Reform Bill. He was prepared to recom- country: mend the utmost decision and energy,

Sir Francis Burdett fully agreed with which he considered was necessary to break the hon. member for Middlesex, that, at a down a political party which had been in time like this, all ordinary considerations power for so many years. There must be ought to be laid aside, and that his Mano more attempts at conciliation. The jesty's Government ought not to hesitate VOL. VIII. {Series}

2 H

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