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assistants. The youngest cardinal corridor runs along the whole deacon draws by lot the numbers length of the building, on the of the various lodgings in the con
second and third stories from clave from one urn, and the names which the apartments enter.
On of all the cardinals from another, this side lie the Pope's gardens, and thus the apartment of each is inclosed by a lofty wall, and fixed, and they immediately set from their size, and the form of to work to fit up and furnish their the ground, it is impossible that quarters according to their pleasure. any communication can take place Thirty-five domestics are appointed in this direction with the external to do the necessary work in the world without immediate disconclave ; and each cardinal is covery
On the other side, the allowed to take in with him two or windows look into the Via Pia, three attendants or conclavists, of and these are all carefully boarded whom one at least is an ecclesiastic, up outside to the top in such a who must be approved by two manner as to admit a little light, cardinals appointed for this pur
and yet effectually prevent the pose. Three cardinals are chosen view. The wing thus prepared is by ballot, to superintend the con- connected with the principal part clave, and especially the clausura, of the palace by means of a temor enclosure, so as to prevent all porary wooden gallery, by which intercourse betwixt those within the Cardinals
from their cells and those without the conclave. to what may be termed the public The conclave ought to assemble rooms of the conclave. These conwithin ten days after the Pope's sist of a large hall, several chapels, death, but it is not always possible and apartments for some of the to make the necessary preparations principal officers and the masters in so short a time, and accordingly of ceremonies, who are necessarily although Leo XII, died on Tues- present. day, February 10, the conclave The apartments allotted to the did not meet until Monday the Cardinals are very small, and in 23rd.
many of them the plastering, paperWhile the conclave
in ing, and painting was only finished preparation I went frequently to on the morning of the 23rd, so that examine the place. This was
of course they were most uncomin the Quirinal Palace, a large fortable. Those Cardinals who building one wing of which forms were created by the deceased Pope, the north side of a street called had the hangings of their apartthe Via Pia; and is usually ments purple, which is the papal divided into small apartments,
mourning; the others used furoccupied by persons of the lower niture of whatever colour they classes ; when a conclave is to be pleased. When all is prepared, held, these tenants remove and the every access to the place of conwhole is hastily fitted up for the clave is walled up, except two. accomodation of the cardinals. One of these is on the ground floor, The street is barricaded at each by which the Cardinal's provisions end and guards placed so that are introduced through a revolving there is no access to it-except cylinder, which conceals the intethrough the Palace; the lowest rior. The other is at the top of story is occupied by the servants the great staircase, by which the of the conclave and ihe second and Cardinals and the conclavists enter, third by the cardinals, and their and which is not opened from the conclavists. Each suit of apart
commencement of the conclave, ments contains at least three rooms, until the election of the Pope, and some four or five.
unless the death, or dangerous
sickness of any of those enclosed the Piazza di Monte Cavallo to make it necessary to allow them to the Palace, and the scene was go out under an oath of secresy; or
The crowd was unless an absent Cardinal arrive prodigious, and completely filled to take his place in the conclave. the Piazza, and
window and This door is guarded with great house-top which could command a care by Marischal of the con- view. The Cardinals, with few clave, a post of high honour, which exceptions, were very old and I believe is hereditary in the Chigi venerable men, apparently much family. When any of the ambas- exhausted by the unusual exertions sadors desire to have an audience of the last fortnight, and some of of the conclave, it takes place at them tottering on the brink of the this door ; but they are not ad- grave. They went in equals ; one mitted within the enclosure. Im- of them was to come out témporal mediately over the principal en- Lord of a beautiful kingdom and trance to the Quirinal Palace, spiritual ruler of the whole Roman there is on ordinary occasions a Catholic world. large window which is now built In the evening the Cardinals reup with brick, and a small tin ceive visits from the ambassadors chimney may be observed pro- and their private friends. Even jecting from the wall. Every thing heretics are allowed to pay
their being prepared, the Cardinals and
them whom Conclavists who were in Rome, they happen to know, and the assembled on Monday, the 23rd, strict shutting up of the Conclave in the church of St. Silvestro, very does not commence until after these near the Quirinal Palace. Hence visitors have taken their leave. they walked in procession along
respects to those
ON THE UNPARDONABLE SIN.
Sir,- The subject of the unpar- which is in its own nature unpardonable sin, which engaged our donable – that in consequence of conversation on the last evening we the commission of this sin, the were permitted to spend together, transgressor is given up to final has since much occupied my atten- obduracy-that it is therefore imtion ; and I would now therefore possible that he should afterwards forward a few observations which repent, and must necessarily theremay possibly not be altogether fore perish for ever. Some indeed uninstructive, though I can scarcely do not consider the unpardonable hope that they will afford full
sin as a distinct and peculiar transsatisfaction on this difficult subject. gression, but intimate, what is
The first point of inquiry is, indeed most true, that all sin which What saith the scriptures? And is not repented of, is in its own on turning to them, I find the nature unpardonable ; and that following passages which appear to therefore every one who perishes me to relate to this sin, and which has committǝd the unpardonable I would request you seriously to sin ; but I cannot say that such a peruse. Matt. xii. 31, 32. Mark view appears to me at all satisjji. 28-30. Luke xii. 10. Heb. factory.
Sinners in general are vi. 4–6; x.
26-29. 1 John v. obdurate and impenitent, and dying 16. Now these passages appear in that state must perish; but to me to prove, that there is a sin generally speaking, we may hope JULY 1833.
and expect that under the Divine heart may be forgiven thee; blessing, many of them may yet be exhortation which seems to imply renewed to repentance; but this is a doubt whether Simon had not, in impossible with those who have his degrading views of the Holy committed the unpardonable sin- Spirit's gifts, gone too far for and I therefore cannot but consider that sin as in its own nature more I consider therefore this sin as peculiarly awful and malignant. the determinate, wilful, intelligent
But what, it may be asked, is rebellion against, and rejection of the peculiar characteristic of this the authority, influence, and grasin ?' It is described by our Lord cious offers of the Holy Spirit. in the above passages as the blas- As a sin against clear light, dephemy against the Holy Ghost ;- cided evidence, and full conviction. and the precise nature of that As the sin of one who hates the blasphemy appears to be pointed light, determinately chooses darkout by St. Mark iii. 28—30, when ness, and wilfully brings forward he records, Because they said, He accusations against the clear manihath an unclean spirit ; and we festations of the Holy Spirit, may thence conclude that the though these manifestations are malignant, wilful imputation of the most evident and unquestionable. miracles wrought by the Redeemer The Pharisees were in danger of through the power of the Holy committing this sin when they said Ghost, to the agency of Beelzebub, of Christ, “ He casteth out devils is one manifestation of unpardon- through Beelzebub.”—Is there no able guilt. So again the Apostle danger of incurring the like guilt says in the epistle to the Hebrews, in malignantly attributing those x. 26–29.“ If we sin wilfully after decided conversions from sin to that we have received the know- holiness which sometimes take ledge of the truth, there remaineth place, even in modern times, to no more sacrifice for sins ;”-and corrupt agency. Or in caricathe cessation, so to speak, of the turing the language and conduct existence of the all-atoning sacri- of real Christians in order to fice in such cases does not arise bring the doctrine of the Holy from the failure or defect of the Spirit's influence into contempt and sacrifice itself, but from the im- ridicule? Nor would the pretenpossibility of renewing the apostate sions recently made to the gift of again to repentance, as appears tongues and other miraculous from Heb. vi. 4–6. and this im- gifts, be altogether void of this possibility arises from the with- danger did they proceed from drawing of the influence of the intelligent hostility to the Holy Holy Spirit, in consequence of his Ghost rather than, as appears to being grieved, vexed, quenched, me, from a deluded imagination. rebelled against, until he finally The whole subject of the undeparts from, and becomes the pardonable sin appears intended as enemy of the wretched and miser- a solemn warning against trifling able sinner; who may subsequently with conviction ; against indulgcry, like those spoken of in Prov. ing in levity, slanderous, or coni. 27–29. and howl in anguish of temptuous language, or even hasty spirit, as the wretched Spira is and inconsiderate expressions on said to have done, but cry and spiritual things. We may presume, howl in vain. This view of the and venture nearer and nearer, subject is materially strengthened until at length we put forth the by the language of St. Peter to hand and touch the ark, and are Simon, Acts viii. 22. “ Pray God smitten. 0 let us not trifle with if perhaps the thought of thine sin, with any sin.;- we know not what the result may be.
cleanseth from all sin.” To that hold, these three years, I come fountain they may fly. To those seeking fruit on this fig-tree_CUT healing streams they are to be IT DOWN.” They especially are directed—and there, in rivers better in danger of this sin who have been than Abana, Pharpar, Jordan, or familiar with sacred things from all the waters of Israel, they may early infancy; and yet remain wash and be clean. light, trifling, and obdurate. There 0 let us ever remember, that are those who are first that shall whether we understand aright the be last. There is a road to hell meaning of those passages which hard by the gates of heaven. treat of the unpardonable sin or
I think we may confidently no ; all sin which is unrepented assert that those persons have not of is unpardonable : the grand committed this sin, who are most question therefore is—Are we, with distressed and alarmed about it. true repentance and godly sorrow, Their deep concern, their serious drawing near to Christ, and emanxiety, their lively apprehensions, bracing the blessed hopeof everlasttheir overwhelming convictions, are ing life which is set before us in him. decisive symptoms of that very All other questions are indeed of renewal to repentance which can trifling importance in comparison never take place in those who have with this, " What shall I do to thus blasphemed against the Holy be saved ?” Lord, help us to beGhost. Their conduct may have
lieve on Jesus Christ to the salvabeen base, ungrateful, malignant ; tion of our souls. but still “ the blood of Jesus Christ
choice of · John the Blacksmith'-peared in your work.two or three the chief leader—while the tune papers relative to Congregational is left to the decision of a little singing in church. What effect group, who, during prayers, are those remarks may have had, touch- very busy whispering and debating its improvement generally, I ing, not so much what tune is am not able to decide; but if I the most suitable to the words, might judge from my own know- but what part each shall take in ledge, I should say there is still order to make a little display; and much room for amendment. Our who, now and then, by way of treat, own church is indeed an exception, give us what they call a® • Piece,' an advantage for which we or • Anthem.' Surely it is one duty chiefly indebted to a late excellent of the officiating clergyman, before Vicar, who was not only truly the worship begins, to choose the orthodox, in the proper sense of psalms, and, if competent, to give the expression, but possessed of directions also about the tunes. real judgment and taste in poetry But while I admit that
in and music.
our assemblies are prevented from I apprehend the practice of con- taking their part in singing by these gregational singing has grown into improprieties, I by no means intend disuse, partly from the incongruity to extenuate the indolence and of some of our tunes, and partly paltry excuses of those who often from the injudicious selection of the tell us, “I would, but cannot sing.' psalms. In many
of our churches, Now, is not this untrue ? Surely the four stanzas are left to the your catches and glees,'--your
“trios and duets,' shew that it is. vate use, yet surely such intimaHow is it, ye daughters of Miriam, tions of high attainment are not that in accompanying your pianos, correct in a mixed congregation of you almost enchant us with your five or six hundred persons; for strains of elegance and melody, in the first place a part perhaps and yet at church you tell us that do not believe it, and smile at the you really cannot sing.' Is not word experience ; more still do not the plain English of your conduct understand it; and few, very few, this, that either you are ashamed, enjoy it; why then are words put or that it is not fashionable, or into their mouths, which may both.
induce them to sing what is not Our tongues were made to praise true? At all events I am most the Lord, and surely those who can intimately acquainted with one who sing, ought to sing in his house, cannot and will not join, in such and to the glory of his name. language; but the height of whose Some indeed object to join in the ambition is expressed in the folpsalmody, on the ground that most lowing stanza. of the selections in general use are “My God, my Father-blissful name ! more or less exceptionable; psalms O may I call thee mine! and hymns ought to be always in
May I with sweet assurance claim the language of praise or prayer,
A portion so divine ? and chiefly the former ; for a mere How often again are we called sentiment of belief, however cor- upon to adopt the following verses rect, is not the thing intended : as of Brady and Tate. well might we call the creed a " I'll wash my hands in innocence, hymn or prayer. It may by some
And bring a heart so pure, be thought little better than treason
That when thine altar I approach,
My welcome shall secure." to dare to question the talent and wisdom of our most eminent com
“ Sin shall to sin their steps betray, pilers : yet as, in this blessed land
Till they to truth have lost their way; of privilege, we are allowed the
From life Thou shalt exclude their soul, liberty of " calling no man mas- Nor with the just their names enrol.” ter," I claim that liberty “as using it, though not abusing it;" I will
“Let death in haste upon them fall, therefore in the first place, point And send them quick to hell; out what I disapprove, by taking For mischief doth abide in all or two from hymns in
The places where they dwell.”
Now the first of these seems to “ Let worldly minds the world pursue, carry with it in some sort the idea What are its charms to me?
of merit, a very inappropriate chaOnce I admired its trifles too, But grace has set me free.
racter truly for a sinner; and though
the others are doubtless correct in Its pleasures now no longer please, No more content afford,
the mouth of David prophetically Far from my heart be joys like these, considered, yet are they most unNow I have known the Lord.”
suitable to those who are assembled Again ;
to sing the praises of that eternal "Is there a thing than life more dear?
Jehovah, who reveals himself as a A thing, from which we cannot part ?
Father delighting in mercy. WE CAN! we now consent to tear
But I come at last to a greater The idol from our bleeding heart.”
than Brady and Tate, who was Now however truly these ex- indeed “a servant of Jesus Christ, pressions may apply to the expe- separated unto the Gospel of God :" rience of that Christian who and who yet has thought proper to more excellent than his neighbour," bring forward such verses as the and however well fitted for his pri- following :