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more given to him than understand- depraved disposition and habit, we ing and will, commands, persua- have rendered ourselves incapable sions, invitations, and threatenings, of obeying the law of our Creator with freedom of choice, in order to and Governor, then he ceases to render him inexcusable, and there- have a claim to our obedience. fore justly punishable for not be- The other party object to the lieving the gospel. Both parties, election of individuals to faith, unless, through ignorance and the justification, and eternal life, as a imperfection of language, I do not doctrine contravening God's juscomprehend their meaning, express tice. What can they mean by this themselves just as if man's obliga- objection, but that since man is tion to conform all his thoughts, through his sinful nature and habit words, and actions to the Holy indisposed to do what God requires, Law of God, was in some degree therefore God is bound to remove lessened by that blindness, stupid- this indisposition, before man can ity, and indisposition to obedience, be accountable and punishable. If which is the effect of transgres- this be not meant, then they must sion. One party therefore speak acknowledge that when God reof a remedial law, as if God had moves this hindrance by regeneratlowered the standard which he ing any person, he performs a originally set to the actions of men, gracious act, that is, an act which and as if He would be tyrannical God might, without any injustice in requiring men unceasingly to done to his creature, have not perobey that law, which He required formed. 66 Therefore hath He Adam to obey, i.e. if any of God's mercy on whom He will." creatures impiously think them- Conceiving that these observaselves wiser than their Maker, by tions are not altogether undeserving supposing they shall benefit them- of the perusal of your readers, and selves through transgressing His that they have some bearing on the holy, just, and good command- object for which the Christian ment, then God must relax His Guardian is published, I submit requirements, and not expect from them to your judgment, and am, them all that which he did before.

Mr. Editor, Yours, &c. In other words, when through a



DEAR SIR, -Ireland owes a debt obliged to seek relief—the clergy of gratitude to England which she of the Established Church in Irecan never fully repay. Repeatedly land ;--and perhaps upon no occahas the distress of my countrymen sion has the cry of distress been been relieved promptly and mu- more cheerfully or kindly responded nificently by British liberality; to. They deeply feel the symand--what should not be forgotten pathy which has reached them and (however unfashionable it may their families in positive acts of appear to modern liberalism) -- Irish kindness, by which many have been Romanists have been preserved kept from enduring the pangs of from the horrors of starvation by actual want. To depict the disEnglish protestants. At this pre- tress of great numbers of them is sent moment another class of per- beyond my power. This is not my sons of a very different description, object in penning this letter, and to impelled by dire necessity has been do so would be quite unnecessary,

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for Christian benevolence is running take of his “comforts which can in a deep and rapid stream, and it refresh" the most sorrowful soul. requires not a fresh stimulus. May Pray that our faith, not standing all who have participated in it, be in the wisdom of man, but in the greatly humbled, and, under a grate- power of God, may be found unto ful sense of the loving kindness of praise, and honour, and glory ; so the Lord, be enabled to “ fulfil the that those who thirst for the entire ministry which they have received spoliation of our temporalities, and of the Lord Jesus, and to testify for the destruction of our church, the gospel of the grace of God.” may recognize in us the influence

But what are all our losses and pure and undefiled religion.” privations, as far as it respects Pray that “ patience may have its temporal things, when put in com

perfect work

in us, and that we petition with the establishment of a may never render “evil for evil, nor Board of Education, which, what- railing for railing, but contrari

be said to the contrary, wise, blessing.” Pray for us that directly opposes the general and

we may possess the love that castunrestricted circulation of God's eth out fear; and that with serenity word—the Bible; refuses aid to of mind we may look down as from the Protestants, without a sacri- a lofty eminence upon the mists and fice of their principles ; and alto- exhalations of the valley which gether shuts out the poor Roman extends below, while we ourselves Catholics from the book, which, breathe a pure air, and enjoy the thousands of them are anxious to light of an unclouded sun. possess. Even this is not sufficient.

that as our earthly props and stays We are now threatened with the are removed, we may lean with removal of ten of our bishops, constancy upon the almighty arm without even being asked a question of Jehovah; and remembering that upon the subject. Our judgments, we have no continuing city here, our feelings, and our experience

we may

“ arise and depart” in are alike disregarded. In this spirit, denying ourselves, taking up crisis, which is so awful and por- our cross, and following Jesus. tentous, we would say to Hitherto “ the Lord hath helped brethren and friends in England, us,” and as he is faithful and true, “ PRAY FOR us.” Pray that we we have no reason to doubt of the may stand in the evil day against continuance of his love ; but “the the assaults of every adversary. flesh is weak,” and in our weakPray that no terror may influence ness we feel solicitous that his us to deny our Lord, and that no “ strength may be perfected." I specious lure may induce us to would still urge the request upon betray the cause of truth. Pray the servants of Christ in England, that while we would " contend that when they approach the throne earnestly for the faith once deli- of grace, whether in secret-in the vered unto the saints," we may, family, in the social circle—or in upon all occasions, evince the pa- the congregation, they would retience and submission of those who member their Irish brethren, who serve a meek and lowly master, may truly be said to “sojourn in and are looking forward to “ the Mesech,” and to “ dwell in the glory which shall be revealed.” tents of Kedar.” Ps. cxx. 5. Pray that our sufferings may be Ever your’s, dear Sir, with true of the Lord's appointment, and not regard, of our own procuring. Pray that

PETER Roe. while in the furnace, we may enjoy

St. Mary's Glebe, Kilkenny, the presence of our Lord, and par- March 14, 1833.


Review of Books.


12mo. Pp. 295. Glasgow, 1832.



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THE REPORT of the Select Committee of the House of Commons, on the

Observance of the Lord's Day: with the Substance of the Evidence. Nine

Tracts, in 1 vol. 8vo. Pp. 344. London, 1833. Sceleys. It is with peculiar satisfaction that tions, with regard to the better we notice another production of observance of a day which is at Dr. Wardlaw. Of all the subjects present so lamentably profaned. on which his pen has been em- Dr. Wardlaw's

Discourses ployed, to the edification and de- had their origin in the following light of the Christian public, we circumstances. Several successive could not point to any one of more meetings had been held in Glaslively interest, and of deeper im- gow, by a number of ministers portance than that which stands at and private Christians, for the the head of this article. The due purpose of conversing on the observance of the Sabbath lies at the subject of the profanation of the root of every other Christian duty sabbath, and of consulting as to and privilege; the spirit in which the most desirable means of counits holy exercises are entered on, teracting the progress of this growforms one of the most correct tests ing evil. Among other proposals by which we can judge of the pro- it was resolved, that the ministers gress of the divine life in the soul of Christ, of all denominations, of individual believers; while the in Glasgow and its neighbourhood, general laxity or strictness of its should be requested to call the celebration, is a never-failing indi- attention of their congregations to cation of the prevailing character the subject simultaneously, in order of national religion. In fact, the that by this concurrent and cotem

SABBATH is the fundamental re- poraneous testimony, a general 2 ligious institution of the patriarchal, impulse might be given to the

the Jewish, and the Christian dis- public mind. We should be glad pensation.

to find that a similar method of The subject derives an addi- exciting attention to the subject, tional interest at the present mo- were adopted in populous places in ment, from the circumstance that, England. during the last Session of Parlia- In his first discourse, Dr. Wardment, our legislators deemed it law enters on the question, Was advisable to appoint a select com- the sabbath merely a Jewish instimittee, 'to inquire into the laws tution, or was it a moral duty of and practices relating to the obser- universal and permanent obligavance of the Lord's Day, and to tion? In opposition to Dr. Paley, report their observations thereupon and other less eminent writers, he to the house. This is a very en- maintains, by incontrovertible arcouraging fact, and we think there guments, that the observance of a is good reason to hope that, while day of rest was a command given Parliament is engaged upon the to the progenitors of our race, and difficult, but important business of so obligatory on all the race, alike a Reform in the National Estab- in all succeeding generations. The lishment, it will not omit to enact only wonder is, that


other conthose regulations which are so ur- clusion should ever have been drawn gently needed, and so loudly called from the simple language of Scripfor by Christians of all denomina- ture, (Gen. ii. 1-3.) APRIL 1833.


The very

i. e.

nature of the thing, brings us to ample materials. We thankfully the same point-the sabbath being accept it, however, in the place expressly stated to be a day com- which the judgment of Dr. Wardmemorative of God's work of cre- law has assigned to it, and most ation. The same is implied in the earnestly recommend it to those language of the Apostle, (Heb. iv. of our readers, whose minds may 3–5.) language utterly inconsistent have been at all unhinged on the with any other hypothesis, than question, as the most valuable disthat the sabbath was instituted, cussion we have met with, in so when “ the works were finished,” comprehensive a form, on the im

“ from the foundation of the portant subject it embraces. world.” Subsidiary arguments We are brought back, in the are found in the septenary division third discourse, to the immediate of weeks, and in the terms in consideration of the law of the which the first mention of the sab- Sabbath in the fourth commandbath is made by the inspired his- ment; and here again Dr. Wardlaw torian of the Exodus, and by the is compelled to take up the matter divine lawgiver himself, in the as a controversialist, in opposition fourth precept of the decalogue. to those writers who—whilst they

The Sabbatical law just men- do not question the permanence tioned, (Exod. xx. 3-11.) is de- of the moral law generally-are servedly considered as of sufficient disposed to regard the Sabbath as importance to form the subject of an exception to the general princidiscussion in a separate discourse. ple, and to consider it as belonging Dr. W. strenuously and success- to the class of positive (and therefully opposes the notion, (we can fore possibly temporary) institucall it by no better name) of some tions, rather than of moral precepts, writers, that the law of the two and therefore necessarily of pertables has no obligation under the manent obligation. This is Abp. Christian economy; a notion which, Whately's express assertion. It is we regret to say, has received a justly remarked, that the compopular currency from the loose mandment is of a mixed character. opinions on the subject recently It is a positive and arbitrary inpromulgated in the writings of the stitution, as respects the precise present Archbishop of Dublin. Mr. portion of time authoritatively Hallett, however, is the writer demanded for divine worship. God principally opposed by Dr. W. in might have created the world in this part of his treatise. Our seven, eight, nine,

other author abandons, for a time, the number of days, and have made exclusive consideration of the im- the succeeding day commemorative. mediate subject of his little work, But this admission cannot nullify and goes at considerable length into the moral nature of the precept; the discussion of the general ques- for the worship of God is the first tion respecting “the continued obli- and highest of our moral duties. gation of the decalogue.' This It is time, however, that we discussion is conducted with admi- should present our readers with a rable point, and an acuteness wor- specimen of Dr. Wardlaw's manner thy of the writer; to our minds it of treating this interesting subject. is most conclusive ; we ven The following extract will shew however, to think that it forms how beautifully he intermingles rather too long a digression (in so remarks of a spiritual character, small a volume) from the main with the controversial matter to topic, and might have been intro- which his discussion of necessity duced more appropriately into a conducts him. With reference to separate work, for which it affords those heartless professors of the

or any

Christian name, who endeavour to influence of the spirit of evangelical piety, shut


Sabbath duties in the can listen with complacency to reasonsmallest possible space, and who

ings that would deprive him of a portion fancy that the whole amount of of his spiritual enjoyment, and abridge

the instituted means of his advancement obligation connected with the Day of Rest consists in the duty of be

in grace,-' demands a doubt. I could

not desire a more convincing proof that a lievers to meet on that day for

man's heart is not right with God,—that worship in commemoration of the work of their Master, considering

there is a secret spiritual declension, a

leaving of the first love,” than the disthe remainder of the day as their covery of a disposition to insinuate doubts own, he observes :

about the obligation of the Sabbath, and Professors of the faith of Christ would

to do this with a listless sang-froid, and do well to examine closely the principle,

without any apparent shrinking or tremor the state of heart from which such a

bling of heart at the conclusion ; nor can sentiment springs,—the disposition by

I fancy a clearer evidence of a church which they are induced to argue away the

having a name to live while it is dead,” observance of the Sabbath as an entire day

or a more ominous symptom of its apof sacred rest and religious exercise. It is

proaching darkness and desolation, than true, that we live under a new and more the prevalence of such a spirit,—the rise spiritual dispensation. But surely, never

and progress of a tendency to speculate was implied argument more unfortunate

about the abrogation, or even about the and self-destructive-never were premises

curtailment of the Sabbath.-Pp. 94—96. more fatal to the conclusion they were

The duty of observing the brought to support. We live under a

Christian Sabbath is thus deduced spiritual dispensation : and is the secu

by Dr. Wardlaw, as by most larizing of the Sabbath more befitting a spiritual dispensation than the religious

writers on the subject; First, From observance of it?-more calculated to the primitive institution of the Day promote the divine life in the soul, than of Rest, at the creation, being the dedication of it to the exercises of necessarily of a permanent chardevotion and the means of heavenly acter; Secondly, From the conmindedness ? Is a spiritual dispensation, tinued obligation of the express a dispensation of release from spiritual law on the subject which forms the exercises ? Or is there any one divine

fourth precept of the Decalogue; institution more eminently fitted for the and Thirdly, From some passages advancement of spirituality of mind, than

in the New Testament, from which the day of God when duly observed ? ....

the fact of the celebration of the When I consider the spiritual constitution

Lord's Day may be inferentially of the Sabbath, and its adaptation to spiritual improvement, and the fearfully

gathered. Upon such grounds the

duty is most satisfactorily estabantiscriptural consequences of its cessation, I cannot bring myself to imagine

lished. Still it may be asked, is that such an institution should be ranked there no passage in the New Tesby the inspired Apostle among the worldly tament, in which the permanence rites of a transitory ceremonial....0! is of this institution under the gospel there a child of God that would feel this a dispensation is expressly stated or privilege?-a privilege to be released from recognized? He well remarks that, the duty of consecrating so large a por. ' although there were not, we should tion of his time as one day in seven to the not at all admit the conclusion service of God, to self-examination, and

itself to be the less valid, or the to the cultivation of fellowship with the

duty the less imperative.' He world to come!.... That a Christian

thinks, however, that we have a should be solicitous to add as much more of his time, for the cultivation of the preceptive injunction of an express principles and affections of godliness, as

and positive description, in Heb. he can redeem from the necessary engage.

iv. 9, 10; in which the privilege ments of the world, I can readily under

of the Christian Sabbath is stated, stand. But that a man under the full together with the additional ground

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