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associated themselves for mutual superintendence he prosecuted his conversation and assistance. On studies with a view to the ministry; one of these occasions Mr. Brainerd and in July 1742, was examined and two or three of his companions by the association of ministers at remaining in the Hall, where a Mr. Danbury, and licenced to preach. Whittelsey, one of the tutors, had In November of the same year, he just been praying with the scholars was requested by the Rev. Ebenin an unusually pathetic manner; ezer Pemberton, to proceed to one of Mr. B.'s friends asked him New York, and consult with himwhat he thought of Mr. Whittel- self and some other gentlemen of sey; to which Mr. B. replied New York, New Jersey, and

He has no more grace than this Pennsylvania, who were employed chair. This expression was over- by the Society established in Scotheard by a person without the land for the propagation of ChristHall, and reported to the rector, ian Knowledge, as agents in behalf by whom an inquiry was instituted, of the North American Indians. and the persons present compelled These gentlemen had previously to state what had past. Mr. B. induced Mr. Azariah Horton to was then required to make a pub- engage in this service; and his lic confession, and humble himself exertions had met with such before the whole college, as though encouragement, that they were he had been guilty of some open now desirous of obtaining an adnotorious crime. Declining to ditional labourer. Mr. Brainerd make this confession, and having proceeded accordingly to New gone once to a separate meeting York, and on this self-denying at Newhaven, he was expelled service being proposed to him, the college; about a year after in though deeply impressed with a consequence of his own applica- sense of his own insufficiency, and tion, and the intercession of some invited in other quarters to a comvaluable ministers, who felt that fortable and desirable settlement he had been most harshly treated, among the English, he deemed it the rector and trustees consented his duty to accede to the invitathat he might return; as however tion, and returned home to wait they declined allowing him to for spring, and employ the interval proceed to his degree at the in suitable preparations. Conceivusual time, and as a longer resi- ing that, now he was engaging in the dence in college would have work of a missionary, his necesinterfered with his other engage- sities would be supplied from other ments, Mr. B. declined availing sources, he determined to devote himself of the concession. In a his property to God's service; and subsequent part of his journal, Mr. accordingly having selected a suitBrainerd speaks with great hu- able person for the ministry, he mility of the rash judgment he had took upon himself the expenses formed of Mr. Whittelsey, and of of his education, and supported his insubordination in going to the him through college. meeting at Newhaven, but few, In April 1743, Mr. Brainerd we apprehend, will attempt to jus- proceeded to a place called Kautify the inquisitorial inquiry into a naumeek, about twenty miles from private conversation by the supe- Albany, in the province of New riors of the college, or the harsh York, where he laboured with and excessive penalty of expulsion many difficulties and much diswhich followed.

couragement for about a year. On leaving college, Mr. Brainerd There were however several on proceeded to the house of the Rev. whose consciences the word ap-. Mr. Mills of Ripton, under whose peared to make a serious impres

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sion. Some of whom came to Mr. have an interesting example in the Brainerd of their own accord, to exercises of his mind, one day soon converse with him about the things after his arrival in this part of the which belong to their eternal peace; country.

« This morning,' says he, several inquired, with tears in their I was greatly oppressed with a eyes, “ What they should do to be sense of guilt and shame, from a saved ?” He could not, indeed, view of my inward vileness and say that he had satisfactory evi- depravity. About nine o'clock, dence of the conversion of any of I withdrew to the woods for them, but there was a considerable prayer, but had not much comreformation of

among fort. I appeared to myself the them. Their idolatrous sacrifices meanest, vilest creature

upon were entirely abolished ; their earth: I thought I could scarcely heathenish dances were, in a great live with myself, and that Í degree, abandoned ; their habits should never be able to hold up of drunkenness were, in some mea- my face in heaven, if God, of his sure, corrected; and the observa- infinite mercy, should bring me tion of the Sabbath was established thither. Towards night, the burden among them and their children. of my mind respecting my work By his advice, most of them, after among the Indians began to inhe had spent about a year among crease, and was much aggravated them, removed to Stockbridge, by hearing several circumstances of which was only about twenty a discouraging nature, particularly, miles distant, and placed them- that they designed to meet togeselves under the care of the ex- ther next day, for an idolatrous cellent Mr. Sergeant.

feast and dance. My mind was In May 1744, Mr. Brainerd agonized at the prospect. I thought proceeded to the Forks of Dela- it would be my duty to endeavour ware, in the province of Pennsyl- to break up the assembly; but how vania. Here the number of his to do it, I knew not. In this dihearers was at first extremely lemma, I withdrew for prayer, small, often not exceeding twenty- hoping for strength from on high. five; and even afterwards, they While engaged in this exercise, seldom amounted to more than I was exceedingly enlarged: my forty. The Indians in this quarter soul was as much drawn out as I were now greatly diminished, most almost ever remember it to have of them being either dispersed, or been in my life. I was in such removed further back into the anguish, and pleaded with so much country.

There were not more importunity, that when I rose, I than ten houses which continued to felt so extremely weak that I could be inhabited, and some of these scarcely walk; my joints were were several miles distant from the

the sweat ran down my others, so that it was very difficult body; nature seemed as if ready for his little congregation to assem

to dissolve. What I experienced ble together as often as he wished. was inexpressible. All earthly

Among these Indians Mr. Brai- things vanished from my sight: nerd pursued his labours with Nothing appeared of much importunwearied diligence and zeal ; but, ance me, except progress in as he was deeply sensible that no holiness, and the conversion of the human exertions could command Heathen to God. All my cares, success, he combined with his desires, and fears, which might be assiduous endeavours the most ear- considered as of a worldly nature, nest and affectionate supplications disappeared, and seemed of little for the Divine blessing upon them. more importance than a breath of Of his importunity in prayer, we wind. I longed exceedingly that


God would glorify his name among

no kind of shelter, and not being the Heathen. I appealed to him able to kindle a fire on account of with the greatest freedom, that he the rain, he resolved to prosecute knew I preferred him “above my his journey in the hope of finding chief joy.” Indeed, I had no idea some place of refuge, without of joy from this world : I cared which, he thought it was impossinot where or how I lived, or what ble he could survice the night. hardships I might have to endure, But, unfortunately, the horses, if I might only gain souls to both of Mr. Brainerd and of his Christ.'

interpreter, having eaten poison for Though Mr. Brainerd was now want of other food, now became settled at the Forks of Delaware, so sick, that our travellers could he by no means confined his labours neither ride nor lead them, but to the Indians in that part of the were obliged to drive them on country. Having heard of some before, and to walk themselves on of these poor people at a place foot. Providentially, however, in about thirty miles distant, he pro- the evening, they came to a bark ceeded to visit them; but as they hut, where they took up their lodwere then on the point of removing gings for the night. Having at to the river Susquehannah, he length_reached the Susquehannah, could only preach to them twice. Mr. Brainerd travelled about a In general, they appeared sober, hundred miles along that river, friendly, and attentive. Two or visited many of the Indian towns, three of them, indeed, suspected and preached the gospel to some he had some ill design upon of different tribes through the them, urging that the white people medium of interpreters. He was had maltreated them, and taken sometimes greatly disheartened by their lands from them : it was the opposition which they made to not reasonable, therefore, to think Christianity; and sometimes he they were concerned for was much encouraged by the distheir happiness, but rather that position which some of them manithey designed to make them slaves, fested to hear the word. He spent or to carry them on board their about a fortnight among the Indians ships, and cause them to fight with in this part of the country, during the people over the water, meaning which his health suffered greatly, the French and Spaniards. But from frequently sleeping on the notwithstanding these insinuations, cold ground, and sometimes in the most of them appeared to entertain no jealousy of Mr. Brainerd's de- After his return from the Susquesign, and invited him to visit them hannah, Mr. Brainerd was ready after their return home, and to to sink into the depths of despair. instruct them in the principles of As his body was extremely feeble, religion.

in consequence of his late illness, In May 1745, Mr. Brainerd, so his hopes of the conversion of agreeably to his promise, renewed the Indians were scarcely ever so his visit to the Indians on the river low. He even began to entertain Susquehannah, accompanied by his serious thoughts of relinquishing interpreter from the Forks of Dela- the undertaking ; not that he was

In travelling through the weary of the toils and trials of a wilderness, he suffered, as usual, missionary life, nor because he had excessive fatigues and hardships. freedom in his own mind to settle After lodging one night in the among the White people, but simwoods, he was overtaken by a ter- ply on account of the little hope rible storm, in which he was in he had of success among the Indanger of losing his life. Having dians. But as the night is darkest


open air.


before the dawn, so it was from the cumstance which may afford the midst of this thick cloud that the Christian missionary some consoprospect began to brighten around lation under the severest of all his him. Having heard of a number trials, the want of success ; for of Indians at a place called Cros- though no success should, for a weeksung, in New Jersey, about

season, crown his labours in his eighty miles from the Forks of own neighbourhood, yet, perhaps, Delaware, he proceeded to visit some who have heard the gospel from them; but, on his arrival, he found his lips, may, in the meanwhile, them scattered in small settle- be instrumental in preparing the ments, at a considerable distance way for its introduction even among from each other, and not more than distant tribes. two or three families residing in After spending about a fortnight the same place. He preached, at Crosweeksung, Mr. Brainerd however, to the few he found, con- returned to the Forks of Delasisting only of four women and ware; and from this period these some children. So inconsiderable two places were alternately the was the congregation, and so inaus- principal scene of his labours. picious the spot which was soon to Soon after his arrival, he had the be the scene of a most remarkable pleasure of baptizing his interwork of divine grace. After hear- preter, together with his wife, the ing Mr. Brainerd, these poor peo- first of the Indians whom he reple set off and travelled ten or ceived into the bosom of the fifteen miles to give notice to their church. When Mr. Brainerd first friends that a minister had arrived employed him as his interpreter, among them, by which means their he was in some respects well qualittle company was in a few days lified for the office; as he was not increased to between forty and only acquainted with the Indian fifty, including both old and young. and the English languages, but had No objections, no cavilling, no a strong desire that his countrymurmur of opposition was heard men should abandon their heathenamong them, though in time past ish notions and practices, and should they had manifested as strong a adopt the manners and customs of dislike to the gospel as any Indians the white people, particularly as to whatever, and even lately several their mode of living. But he had of them had been much enraged at little or no impression of religion his interpreter for telling them on his mind, and on this account something about Christianity. Now, was very unfit for his work, being however, they were extremely incapable of communicating to anxious to obtain instruction; others many truths of the first imthey asked Mr. Brainerd to preach portance, for want of an experito them twice a day, that so they mental, as well as a more doctrinal, might learn as much as possible knowledge of the gospel. Now, during his stay: and they appeared however, there was a material imto listen to his discourses with the provement in his performances as utmost seriousness and attention. interpreter. Though it might naThis favourable disposition in these turally be supposed, that a disIndians he attributed to the exer- course, in passing to the audience, tions of one or two of their own through the medium of a second people, who having heard him person, would lose much of its some time before, at the Forks of force and meaning, yet Mr. BraiDelaware, had on their return en- nerd's sermons did not ordinarily deavoured to shew their friends the lose any thing of their original evil of idolatry, and of other prac- energy, unless it was sometimes tices common among them : a cir- owing to the want of suitable ex

pressions in the Indian language, a discourse, as he knew well, that no defect which his own knowledge sinner will come to the Saviour of it could not have supplied. His

unless he feel his need of him. interpreter addressed the Indians Still, however, the awakening with admirable fervency; he scarce among the Indians was not proknew when to give over; and duced by the terrors of the law; sometimes when Mr. Brainerd had but by the grace of the gospel. concluded his discourse, and was

Christ crucified was the grand returning home, he would stay be- theme of his preaching: this was hind to repeat and enforce what the point in which all his sermons had been spoken; nor did this

centred. It was often matter of appear to arise from spiritual pride, wonder to himself, that whatever or from an affectation of being a was the subject of discourse, he public teacher ; but from a spirit was naturally led, after having of faithfulness, and an honest icon- explained it, to speak of Christ cern for their souls. As his indif- Jesus, and of its relation to him. ference to religion was formerly a

If he treated of the existence and source of great distress to Mr. attributes of God, he took occaBrainerd, so now his zeal for the sion to represent Christ as the only salvation of his countrymen was no way to the Father. If he illussmall comfort to him.

trated the sinfulness and misery of On visiting the Indians at Cros- man, he proceeded to shew the weeksung, a second time, Mr. need we had of Christ, to atone for Brainerd was happy to find them our guilt, and to save us from evernot only still favourably disposed lasting woe. If he discoursed of toward Christianity, but a num

the law of God, he did not forget ber of them under serious con- to recommend Christ as “ the end cern for their souls, their convic

of the law for righteousness to every tion of their sinfulness and misery one that believeth." Sometimes having been much promoted by the when he designed to say only a labours of the Rev. William Ten- few words on a subject, he was nant, to whom he had advised insensibly led by the view of its them to make application. Scarcely connexion with Christ, to speak had he returned among them, when of his incarnation or satisfaction, these impressions increased and of his qualifications as a Saviour, spread in a surprising manner. In or of the gracious invitations which two or three days, the inquiry was he addresses to sinners, to general among them, “What they to him, and take of the water of should do to be saved.” Such life freely."

life freely." The awakening, in was their sensibility of heart, that short, was always most remarkable a few words concerning their souls when he discoursed of the condeswould make the tears flow in cension and love of a dying Restreams down their cheeks ; in their deemer; of the ample provision he public assemblies, a dry eye was

has made for the salvation of man, -scarcely ever to be seen ; it was

and of the free offers of mercy, astonishing how they were melted which he makes to guilty miserable with the love of the Redeemer,': creatures. and with the invitations of the gos

This was strikingly displayed pel, when not a word of terror was one day, when Mr. Brainerd, in spoken to

preaching on the parable of the It must not, however, be sup- Great Supper, exhibited to the Inposed that Mr. Brainerd neglected dians, with uncommon fervour and to instruct the Indians concerning freedom, the unsearchable riches their sinfulness and misery: this he of divine grace. During the serat first inculcated in almost every mon a deep concern was visible


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