Imagini ale paginilor
PDF
ePub

SUNDAY-TRADING-SUPPRESSION SOCIETY.

We are happy to announce that a protect them in the exercise of that Society with the above title has been right which ought to be secured to recently established ; by which some every member of the commnnityvery valuable tracts have been pub- of discharging bis acknowledged lished, clearly evincing that the duty to Almighty God. TEMPORAL Interests of tradesmen From the report of the House of will be promoted by a legislative Commons, it clearly appears, that the enactment, enforcing the better ob- Trading Community of the Metroposervance of the Lord's Day.-Pe- lis and the United Kingdom at large, titions have also been preferred to groan under the oppression which Parliament on this important topic, they suffer from being driven to perand we cannot but hope that our vert the Sabbath into a day of toil in Legislature may be induced to com- their ordinary callings, by the dread ply with their prayer. The follow- of losing their business to those who ing extract from their address de- would persist in desecrating the serves serious attention.

Day. Ample and impressive testi· The founders of this Society are mony is given by competent witdeeply convinced, that every man on nesses, that the spirits and strength, earth to whom the Divine Revela- not only of man but of the brute tion comes, is therein taught and animals which he employs his commanded to separate the Sabbath- service, require for their renovation day to holy uses and ends; and, that Rest of the Seventh Day which that individuals, families, churches, God has mercifully appointed for and nations bring down on them- the refreshment of all labouring selves the favour or the displeasure beings, while He has graciously of Almighty God, as they obey or consecrated that portion of time to disobey this command.

the higher ends of promoting the • They rejoice, therefore, to witness salvation of His rational creatures. reviving zeal in behalf of the re- Nor is proof wanting, as appears ligious observance of the Lord's day: from the testimony of several of the and while they cordially agree in the said witnesses, that the Suppression opinion of the Bishop of London, of Sunday Trading directly tends delivered in his Lordship’s evidence to ease Parishes of part of the burbefore the Committee of the House den of the Poor Rates, by improving of Commons, that the enforcement the habits of the Labouring Classes: of religious duties by penalties is a such, in fact, was the case in one mistake in legislation ;' yet they of the Parishes of the Metropolis, earnestly hope, that Christian minis- where such Trading was, by the ters of every denomination will, at exertions of a Clergyman and his the present crisis especially, render friends, greatly suppressed for a their powerful aid to the great cause time ; during which period, one of the due observance of the Lord's of the witnesses attests, many of Day, by frequently enforcing it on those persons, who were in the habit their congregations, under both the of receiving parochial relief, did not awful and encouraging sanctions require that relief which they had supplied by the Holy Scriptures : been in the habit of receiving; and nor can the Committee abstain from this was attributed to the good conurging on all parents and heads of duct brought about in that district.' families, the duty of checking to the But these efforts, from want of geneutmost, in their respective house- ral co-operation, and from the inholds, that fearful desecration of the efficient state of the Law, could not Sabbath which is rapidly demoral- be sustained ; and the burden of the izing society.

Poor Rates has, in consequence, But, while the due observance resumed its accustomed pressure. of the Sabbath is to be urged on The Committee do, therefore, on religious grounds, it is incumbent these various grounds, request your on a Christian legislature to remove assistance and co-operation in pursuwhatever may obstruct the due ob- ing the objects of the Society; and, servance of that day. Christians especially, at the present time, in promay justly appeal to the law to moting Petitions to the Legislature.

The Imperial Parliament assembled according to Proclamation, on Tuesday, January 29.; and on the following Tuesday, Febrary 5, were addressed by his Majesty from the Throne, in a speech which adverts to the affairs of Portugal, Holland, and Belgium, with reference to which latter countries, negotiations are stated to be in progress; it then speaks of the good faith and honour of France, in its proceedings at Antwerp, &c. and after adverting to the approaching termination of the Charters of the Bank of England, and the East India Company, introduces the following paragraphs with reference to the Church of Ireland.

Your attention will also be directed to the state of the church, more particularly as regards its temporalities, and the maintenance of the clergy. The complaints which have arisen from the collection of tithes, appear to require a change of system, which, without diminishing the means of maintaining the established clergy in respectability and usefulness, may prevent the collision of interests, and the consequent disagreements and dissatisfactions which have too frequently prevailed between the Ministers of the Church and their parishioners.

'It may be also necessary for you to consider what remedies may be applied for the correction of acknowledged abuses, and whether the revenues of the Church may not admit of a more equitable and judicious distribution.

• In your deliberations on these important subjects, it cannot be necessary for me to impress upon you the duty of carefully attending to the security of the Church Establishment by law in these realms, and to the true interests of religion.

* In relation to Ireland, with a view of removing the causes of complaint which had been so generally felt, and which had been attended with such unfortunate consequences, an act was passed during the last Session of Parliament, for carrying into effect a general composition of tithes. To complete that salutary work, I recommend to you, in conjunction with such other amendments of the law as may be found applicable to that part of my dominions, the adoption of a measure by which, upon the principle of a just commutation, the possessors of land may be enabled to free themselves from the burden of an annual payment.

* In the further reforms that may be necessary, you will probably find that, although the Established Church of Ireland is, by law, permanently united to that of England, the peculiarities of the respective circumstances will require a separate consideration. There are other subjects hardly less important to the general peace and welfare of Ireland, as affecting the administration of justice, and the local taxation of that country, to which your attention will be also required.

' But it is my painful duty to observe, that the disturbances in Ireland to wbich I adverted at the c'ose of the last session have greatly increased.

" A spirit of insubordination and violence has risen to the most fearful height, rendering life and property insecure, defying the authority of the law, and threatening the most fatal consequences, if not promptly and effectually repressed.

' I feel confident that to your loyalty and patriotism I shall not resort in vain for assistance in these afilicting circumstances, and that you will be ready to adopt such measures of salutary precautions, and to intrust to me such additional powers, as may be found necessary for controlling and punishing the disturbers of the public peace; and for preserving and strengthening the legislative union between the two countries, which, with your support, and under the blessings of Divine Providence, I am determined to maintain, by all the measures in my power, as indissolubly connected with the peace, security, and well-being of my people.'

This speech produced an animated debate in the House of Lords, in which the Earl of Aberdeen and the Duke of Wellington ably demonstrated the impolicy and injustice of our proceeding with reference to Belgium. In the House of Conimons the discussion occupied no less than four nights, when the Address proposed by the administration was carried by the majority of 388_-428 voting for the original address, and 40 for an amendment proposed by Mr. O'Connell, and seconded by Mr. Cobbett. We are not aware of so much time being occupied in discussing the King's speech on any previous occasion—the language used by some of the speakers appears from the newspaper reports to have been most violent and indecent, and it evidently required all the tact and firmness of Mr. Manners Sutton, who had been again chosen Speaker, to maintain order. Mr. O'Connell proceeded so far as to pronounce the King's speech brutal and bloody, and was in consequence called to order by Lord John Russell. The conservative party lent their undivided support to ministers in this debate, and the speech of Sir Robert Peel was especially distinguished for talent and manly independance.

A most melancholy view of the state of Ireland was given in the speech of Mr. Stanley. In the county of Kilkenny, he said there had been last year 32 murders, 34 cases of arson, 519 burglaries, 36 cases of hougbing cattle, and 178° illegal notices. In Queen's County there had been 60 attempts at or perpretations of murder, 626 burglaries, 115 cases of malicious destruction of property, and 209 of serious assault. Rewards had been offered for the detection of crimes, amounting to £12,000. yet only two had ever been claimed, so that Ireland must be regarded as in a state of civil war, calling for the most prompt and decisive measures.

On Feb. 12, Lord Althorp introduced the measures proposed by Government with reference to the Irish Church. He stated that the whole revenue of the Irish Church, including Bisboprics, &c. does not amount to £800,000. per annum; he proposes that in future there shall be only Two Archbishops and Ten Bishops; to abolish Deans and Chapters ; to relinquish Church Cess or Assessments ; to tax the Clergy on a graduated scale, and to place the proceeds in the hands of Commissioners to supply the repairs, &c. now provided for by the Church Cess, and to increase Small Livings, and to enable persons holding Beneficial Leases of Ecclesiastical property to purchase them in perpetuity, paying over the purchase money to Commissioners on the part of Government, who are to appropriate it in a way not yet stated. Lord A. calculates, that the graduated tax on the Irish Clergy will produce about £60,000. per annum ; and the changing the Beneficial Leases into perpetual possessions between two and three millions.

The propositions were received with rapturous satisfaction by Mr. O'Connell; and well they might—their direct and obvious tendency is to plunder the Protestant Church, and to relieve the Papists, even if the latter should obtain no portion of the produce of the Episcopal Leases. The abolition of the Church Cess throws the repairs of churches, the expences attending public worship, &c. upon the Clergy, and on the Clergy exclusively; while another fearful clause is added, enabling the Commissioners to extinguish livings where the service has been neglected for three years ; though the cause of that omission may bave been, as, alas! in several instances at the present moment, the being driven away through peril of assassination. It is impossible not to regard these measures, as they were ably demonstrated to be by Sir R. Peel, Sir H. Inglis, Mr. Goulburn, &c. as a serious diminution of the rights and privileges of the Irish Church. We fear, however, in the present state of things, these measures will be carried triumphantly.

Earl Grey proposed in the House of Lords, on Friday, Feb. 15, a Bill with respect to Ireland, which empowers the Lord Lieutenant to pronounce any district in a disturbed state, authorizes magistrates to interfere summarily in certain cases-prohibits inflammatory publications-suspends the Habeas Corpus Act-and directs offenders against the public peace to be tried by Court Martials, and, if convicted, transported for life. The necessity of these powerful and decisive measures was acknowledged generally on both sides of the house. Severe as they are, we are convinced that nothing less can preserve tranquillity in Ireland.

Notices and Acknowledgments. Received— PresbyteR-COUNTY OF SOUTHAMPTON-HEREFORD-AG. R.-J. R. L.JULIETTA.-C. S.

CHRISTIAN GUARDIAN,

AND

Church of England Magazine.

APRIL 1833.

MEMOIR OF THE REV. DAVID BRAINERD.

The success with which the un- instrument, whose ministratious, wearied labours of the apostolic though only continued for a few Eliot were accompanied, did not years, were yet crowned with surterminate with his life : but was, prising success; and whose exalted through the divine mercy, instru- piety, devoted zeal, and extensive mental in exciting others to engage usefulness, may instruct, stimulate, in the same glorious work. He and encourage ministers and miswas succeeded in the more espe

sionaries in every age. cial scene of his own labours, by David Brainerd, third son of Messrs. Peabody, T. E. and J. Hezekiah Brainerd, Esq. one of Mayhew, Bourne, Sergeant, Jona- his Majesty's council for the colony than Edwards, West, and some of Connecticut in New England, native teachers, through whose was born at Haddam, in the county instrumentality the divine work of Hartford, in that colony, April was carried on with various suc- 20, 1718. He appears to have cess, until the Indians became been carefully trained up by his either gradually connected with the excellent parents in the knowledge colonists, or migrated to distant and practice of true religion ; and parts, and consequently though he was deprived of his reduced to a small number of father when only nine years

of

age, individuals, retaining few traces and of his mother also when about of their original character. The fourteen, their pious instructions remaining tribes suffered much in were not lost, but sunk deep into the American war, and were sub- his heart, and brought forth corsequently removed to a place called responding fruit. When only seven New Stockbridge, about three hun- or eight years of age, he became dred and fifty miles from Boston, alarmed at the thoughts of death, where they possess a territory six and concerned for the welfare miles square, on which in 1812, of his soul; and though these there were four hundred and seven- impressions wore off after a time, ty-five Indians, most of whom yet they were eventually renewed, professed Christianity, though their partly by the perusal of that religion did not appear in a lively valuable work, 'Janeway's Token and flourishing state.

for Children,' but more especially While however the work of God on the death of his mother. He was thus carrying on in the scene now became frequent and constant of Eliot's labours, it pleased Him in private prayer, felt much deadwho doeth all things well, to raise ness to the world, and anxiously up another eminently distinguished concerned to secure salvation. For

APRIL 1833.

R

6

some years, however, he was im- lived from day to day; sometimes peded in his spiritual course by there appeared mountains before various temptations, and especially me, to obstruct my hopes of mercy; by giving way to company and and the work of conversion apamusements. “I was not,' says he, peared so great, I thought I should

exceedingly addicted to company, never be the subject of it; but but this I know, that I never used however to pray, and cry to returned with so good a conscience God, and perform other duties as I went with ; it always added with great earnestness, and hoped new guilt to me, made me afraid by some means to make the case to come to the throne of grace,

better.' and spoiled those good frames I In these painful conflicts, of was wont sometimes to please which a detailed account is given myself with.'

in President Edward's Life of In 1737, when nineteen years of Brainerd, Mr. B. continued for a age, Mr. Brainerd entered on his considerable time; until at length, farm, and continued engaged in when almost sinking in despair, it agricultural pursuits for about a pleased God to speak peace to his year, though very desirous of ob- soul, and fill him with such distaining a more liberal education coveries of the way of salvation, and employment. At the close of by the righteousness of Christ, as the year he relinquished his farm, removed at once all his alarm and and determining to devote him- apprehension, and filled him with self to the work of the ministry, joy and peace in believing. This he parted with his young compa- sweet composure of mind, and this nions, and went to reside with the abundance of peace and consolaRev. Mr. Fiske, at East Haddam, tion continued with him for some with whom he continued till Mr. time, and though occasionally inFiske's death, Here he expe- terrupted, appears to have refreshed rienced for some time great per

and cheered him all his journey plexity and distress of mind. It through. pleased God,' he says, on one In September 1739, Mr. Braioccasion, to give me on a sudden nerd proceeded to Yale College, such a sense of my danger and Newhaven, from which he was the wrath of God, that I stood compelled in the following January amazed ; my

former good frames to return to Haddam, in that I had pleased myself with, quence of being severely attacked all presently vanished; and from by the measles, from which he the view that I had of my sin and soon recovered and resumed his vileness, I was much distressed, studies at college, with such closefearing the vengeance of God ness of application, as brought on would soon overtake me.

an alarming degree of weakness, much distressed, and kept much spitting of blood, &c. which comalone, and sometimes begrudged pelled him again to return home. He the birds and beasts their happi- however returned to college again ness, because they were not ex- in the following November, and posed to eternal misery, as I evi- continued there till about September dently saw I was. And thus I 1741, when circumstances arose * Life of Brainerd, by President Ed

which finally terminated his collewards; from this valuable work we shall giate residence, and which deserve have occasion to extract largely. Many a distinct notice. interesting facts and observations will also

There appears about this time be taken from the Life of Brainerd, in the

to have been a considerable revival Church Missionary Register for 1816, 17, and from Brown's History of the Propaga. of religion in Newhaven, and many tion of Christianity.

of the students at Yale College

6

conse

I was

« ÎnapoiContinuați »