Imagini ale paginilor
PDF
ePub

Chronological ages.

TABLE 28.-Distribution, by chronological and mental ages, of 10 children who skipped grades.

[merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors]

89

62

64

[ocr errors]

73

72 74

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

84 92 94 102 104 112 114 dren.

3 31

BGBGBGBGBGBG BG BG BG BGBG BG BGBGB GBGBGBGBGBGBGBGBGBGBG

6 to 61.

6 to 7.. 7 to 72.

7 to 8..

8 to 84.

8 to 9.. 9 to 94.

63 7

9 to 10.

10 to 10.

10 to 11.

11 to 11.
11 to 12..
12 to 12..

Total.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small]
[ocr errors]
[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

Mental ages.

Over age.

Total number at

Total

11-11 12

[ocr errors]

Under age.

[ocr errors]

[ocr errors]

Chronological ages.

53

6- 63

7

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

9- 93

10- 103

54 62 64 72 74 82

84 92

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

94 102 104 112 114 122

BGBGBGBGBGBGBGBGBGBGBGBGBGBG B G

1 age. Total. }

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small]
[merged small][ocr errors][merged small]
[merged small][merged small][subsumed][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

1373

7 11

[blocks in formation]
[blocks in formation]

1

11

13 7 5 8 6 9 1

7 4 2 211 5 1

[ocr errors]

13716 9 3 4 2

31 610 1 1 3 5.

9 to 10.

:::

TABLE 29.-Distribution, by chronological and mental ages, of 289 children who have not repeated grades.

of chil-
dren.

141 148 72 60 52 57 35 42 811 6 3 3 1 17 31 10 17 5 7

10 to 104.

10 to 11.
11 to 11.
11 to 12..

Total..

::19

125 14 14 22 40 40 10 14 13 18 6 10 8 4 5 41217 7 4 1

12 to 121.

124 to 13.
13 to 131.
13 to 14..
14 to 144..

:

2

B G B G B G

B G B G

G

B G

B G

B G

B

G

B

G B G B G

B G

B G

:

B

:

27

4

3

3

23132

42

5

[blocks in formation]

3

2

2

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][subsumed][merged small][subsumed][subsumed][merged small][merged small][merged small][subsumed][merged small][merged small][subsumed][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][subsumed][merged small][merged small][merged small][subsumed][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][subsumed][merged small][subsumed][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][subsumed][subsumed][merged small][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

Total.

2

2

3

26

15

16 15 50

42

35

261

23

21

23

8

28

13 14

12

24

29

7

5

3

TABLE 30.-Distribution, by chronological and mental ages, of 444 children who have repeated grades.

Mental ages.

Total
number
of chil-
dren.

Chronological ages.

53-54

6-62

63-64

7-72

73-74

8-82

8a-84

9-92

93-94

10-102 103-104 11-112 113-114 12-122

6 to 61.

6 to 7. 7 to 7.

7 to 8.

8 to 8

8 to 9. 9 to 94

94 to 10.

10 to 10.

10 to 11.

11 to 11.

11 to 12.

12 to 124.
124 to 13.
13 to 134.
13 to 14.
14 to 14.
14-15..

253 191

6

TABLE 30.-Distribution, by chronological and mental ages, of 444 children who have repeated grades-Continued.

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors]

:

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors]

BGBGBGBGBGBGBGBGBGBGBGBGBGBGBGBGBGBGBG

Chronological ages.

Total at age.

Total.

9

3

20 16

8

13 13

3

10

2

8

17

5

4

10 11

[blocks in formation]

6 to 61

to 7.

7 to 7.

7 to 8. 8 to 8

8 to 9. 9 to 94

91 to 10.

10 to 10.

10 to 11.

11 to 11

113 to 12.

12 to 12.

12 to 13.

13 to 13.

13 to 14.
14 to 141
14 to 15.

Total..

90 66 24 10 19

[blocks in formation]
[merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors]

31 30 42 139 115 31 30 42 41 18 10 23 12 9 5

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small]

The results of this test used to examine these 743 children are given in Tables 28, 29, and 30 in terms of mental and chronological ages. The units used for scoring the chronological ages are half years; the units used for scoring the mental ages are slightly different. For example, children are divided into groups as follows: 7 years to 72 years, which would include all those children who are 7 years mentally, 74 years mentally, and 7 years mentally; the next unit is 73 to 74.

71 It is seen, then, that one unit contains three-fifths, while the next contains only two-fifths. This was the best simple classification into half years which the Binet-Simon tests offered. The total percentages, however, are in whole-year units instead of half-year units, as it was thought the results in such percentages would be of more service for comparison. The totals for the accelerated group were not put into percentages on account of the small number of individuals.

By combining the totals of the three groups of children—those who are accelerated, those who have repeated, and those who have not repeated—the following percentages are secured: At age, 39.2 per cent; over age, 19.6 per cent; under age, 41.2 per cent.

By a comparison of the percentages of the children who are of normal age, under age or accelerated, and over age or retarded, according to their chronological ages, with the percentages of the same children who are at age, over age, and under age, according to their mental ages, the following data are secured: Chronological agesNormal, 48 per cent; accelerated, 16 per cent; retarded, 36 per cent. Mental ages-At age, 39.2 per cent; over age, 19.6 per cent; under

, age, 41.2 per cent.

From an analysis of these data it is seen that the percentage of children who are of normal age chronologically is larger than the percentage of children testing at age mentally. Furthermore, 16 per cent of these children are under age or accelerated on the chronological-age basis, while in relation to their mental ages, 19.6 per cent are over age or capable of doing more advanced work; likewise, 36 per cent of these children are over age or retarded on the chronological-age basis, while in relation to their mental ages, 41.2 per cent

, are under age. Manifestly, then, if the Binet-Simon test is a reliable criterion, a large number of these children are misplaced on the chronological-age basis. Some are capable of doing more advanced work and are not placed high enough, while there are others who can not do the work where they are placed. They ought to be in special classes.

If these 743 children are divided according to normal, precocious, retarded, and deficient mentality, the following classification is secured: Precocious, 1.7 per cent; normal, 81.8 per cent; retarded, 13.7 per cent; mentally deficient, 2.8 per cent.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
« ÎnapoiContinuă »