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ILLUSTRATIONS.

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Page. Palace of Education and Social Economy, Panama-Pacific International Exposition.

6 Floor plan of the Palace of Education and Social Economy...

8 Interior view Palace of Education

10 Bureau of Education chart, showing educational progress since 1877..

11 Chart illustrating kindergarten work of the National Kindergarten Association and the Bureau of Education.

12 Chart illustrating work of the home education division of the Bureau of Education and the National Congress of Mothers...

14 Relative size of universities as shown in the Government education exhibit.

15 One of a series of charts emphasizing the money value of education..

18 Map of Alaska superimposed upon the United States... Comparative growth of libraries in the various States. Children's health conference in the exhibit of the Children's Bureau. Front of California motion-picture booth.. Interior motion-picture booth, California exhibit.

27 One side of the California motion-picture booth, showing types of buildings in photographs and

models.. Model of the Fresno open-air school.

30 The other side of the California motion-picture booth, showing Chico, Santa Barbara, and other normal schools.

31 A corner of the Illinois exhibit. Part of the Illinois exhibit, showing model under glass of the buildings of the University of Illinois.. 33 State administration of vocational education.

36 Conditions of State approval..

38 The New York State exhibit, showing the electric-flashing relief map and the model of the State

education building. A nearer view of the New York State education building.

42 The Oregon education exhibit..

43 Device used by Pennsylvania Department of Health to show the amount of physical defect in an average class in school....

45 A popular plan for Pennsylvania rural schools. General view of the Utah State exhibit..

48 A corner of the Utah exhibit, showing an effective display of school products.. Playground facilities of Salt Lake City, as shown in the Utah exhibit. The Wisconsin booth.....

52 Extension work in Wisconsin. A typical section of the Philippine exhibit, showing products in industrial training.

57 Philippine public-school system. Functional distribution of teaching force, Philippine public school-system. A work-study-and-play public school system for adulis. Charts illustrating the Gary plan, shown in the Gary exhibit. One of the entrances to the Argentine exhibit.

70 Various phases of secondary education, as shown in the Argentine exhibit.

72 A typical screen from the Argentine education exhibit.

73 A section of the Argentine exhibit... Arts and crafts work by orphans of the Zikawei Catholic Mission, Shanghai.

76 Part of the Chinese educational exhibit, showing work of secondary schools. The Tsing Hua College booth. The Uruguay exhibit in the Palace of Education Entrance of the American Library Association space. “Getting books to all the people's Children's corner in the American Library Association exhibit Publicity for the library.. State educational requirements preliminary to medical education. An attractive exhibit, free from sensational features, emphasizing the educational aspects of social hygiene....

88 The lise process. Two of the charts in the social hygiene exhibit The health challenge of the open-air school exhibit.

93 Open-air school exhibit of the Elizabeth McCormick Memorial Fund

91 Model of an open-air school built on the unit" plan...,

95 A nearer view of a portion of the open-air schools' exhibit. A corner of the art exhibit in the Palace of Education... Glass inclosure in which the Montessori demonstration class was held. Interior of the Montessori room..

99 General view of the exhibit of the N. W. Harris Public School Extension of the Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago..

100 Two of the cases of exhibits furnished by the Harris extension to the Chicago public schools.

101 A significant chart from the child-labor exhibit.

102 The value of continuation schools as set forth in the exhibit of the National Child Labor Committee.. 103 The Smith College exhibit...

104 Geographical distribution of Smith College students.

105 St. Louis Educational Museum.

106 The Standard Commercial School of the Panama-Pacific Exposition in session.

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LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL.

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR,

BUREAU OF EDUCATION,

Washington, October 7, 1915. Sir: Were it possible to print for distribution among those who are directly interested in education a complete account of all the education exhibits of the Panama-Pacific International Exposition, a distinct service might thereby be rendered to the cause of education. But this bureau has no funds with which to have such a report compiled, nor are funds available for printing it if it were compiled. I have, however, caused two brief reports to be made of some of the most interesting features of these exhibits—a brief general statement of the nature, purpose, and most striking features of the several exhibits, by W. Carson Ryan, editor in this bureau, and a more detailed report of the exhibits in agricultural education and rural schools, by Harold W. Foght, the bureau's specialist in rural school practice. Those who read these two reports will have a fairly good idea of the meaning of these exhibits. I recommend that both be published as bulletins of the Bureau of Education, and I am transmitting herewith the first of these reports for that purpose. Respectfully submitted.

P. P. CLAXTON,

Commissioner. The SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR.

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Palace of Education and Social Economy, Panama-Pacific International Exposition.

EDUCATION EXHIBITS AT THE PANAMA-PACIFIC

INTERNATIONAL EXPOSITION.

INTRODUCTORY NOTE.

The purpose of this bulletin is to present, for the benefit of school officials and others interested in education, a brief description of the education exhibits at the Panama-Pacific International Exposition, held in San Francisco during 1915. Exhibits described herein are almost entirely limited to those that are educational in the narrower sense of the word–having to do with schools or methods, processes, and systems of education. No attempt could be made to describe the exposition itself as an educational institution, however inviting such a task might be. Suffice it to say that no one could have attended the exposition without bringing something educational away from it, and certainly no school man or woman could have visited the fair without gaining new ideas of the progress of civilization and a corresponding stimulus for the work of education.

Most of the exhibits described in this bulletin were in the Palace of Education and Social Economy, situated at the extreme western end of the exhibit building area of the exposition. The space assigned to the different exhibitors may be seen from the floor plan of the Palace of Education, reproduced on page 8. About half the exhibits in this building were devoted to education. A few exhibits

A not relating wholly to education had educational aspects that have been discussed in part in this bulletin. Some of the States and foreign countries devoted space in their pavilions to school exhibits.

A unified display, rather than numerous exhibits, was the aim of the department of education of the exposition, and this was carried out consistently. The policy of the department is thus set forth by its chief, Mr. Alvin E. Pope:

Domestic exhibits were secured by invitation, the policy of the department being to request each exhibitor to contine his exhibit to one distinct system or process in which he excelled ; to some definite lesson which he was capable of teaching the world; to present complete information on his particular subject which would be of interest and benefit to the visitors to an international exposition. These invitations were restricted in order to avoid duplication, and the special exhibits were so assembled as to portray the salient features of modern American education. We have outgrown the old-style educational display, consisting of comprehensive, duplicate exhibits, composed chiefly of pupils' work; therefore it has been the aim and endeavor of the department to have each exhibitor deal with the fundamental principles of education, illustrating the means used to develop a child into the highest type of citizenship. Foreign countries and insular possessions have followed the general policy of the department in regard to the arrangement of exhibits.

The illustrations used in this bulletin were for the most part contributed by the various exhibitors. In selecting from the large

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Floor plan of the Palace of Education and Social Economy, showing space devoted to education exhibit.

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number of pictures available several principles were kept in mind: Some pictures were selected to help the reader visualize the exhibit as a whole; others in order that the special impression conveyed by a carefully prepared chart might be reproduced, at least in part; and a number of illustrations owe their inclusion to the hope that school men interested in the work of display in school exhibits may obtain some suggestion from the methods used at San Francisco.

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