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A unit room is 22 feet 10 inches by 29 feet 6 inches, and the cost of Building is on the unit plan, which allows for growth in attendance.

a unit room is $1,400.

PHILIPPINE PUBLIC SCHOOL SYSTEM

INTERMEDIATE

THREE YEARS

VOCATIONAL

30726 PUPILS

GRADES V-VI-VII

GENERAL

18869 PUPILS

TEACHING

4204 PUPILS

HOUSEKEEPING

AND

HOUSEHOLD ARTS

TRADES

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3234 PUPILS

2 SCHOOLS

3052 PUPILS

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226 STUDENTS

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FARMING

NAUTICAL

1367 PUPILS

I SCHOOL

25 STUDENTS

5 YEARS

FORESTRY

BSF SS STUDENTS

ENGINEERING

8 S..C.E

FINE ARTS

12 STUDENTS

CERTIFICATE 700 STUDENTS

One of the charts from the Philippine exhibit, showing the carefully worked out plan of differentiated courses that is a conspicuous feature of the Philippine school system.

PRIMARY

FOUR YEARS

GENERAL

413309 PUPILS

GRADES I-II-III-IV
CURRICULUM

GENERAL

LANGUAGE READING

NUMBERS ARITHMETIC

HYGIENE CIVICS GEOGRAPHY

MUSIC AND DRAWING

GOOD MANNERS AND RIGHT CONDUCT

PLAYS AND GAMES

PLAIN SEWING COOKING LACE
EMBROIDERY HATS MATS

BASKETRY WOODWORKING GARDENING

BAMBOO AND RATTAN FURNITURE

COURSES

224 SCHOOLS

36 SCHOOLS

72 SCHOOLS

40 SCHOOLS

14 SCHOOLS

to a chart shown at the exhibit. There are 7,452 teachers who receive are now 8,855 Filipino teachers and only 612 Americans, according to higher, intermediate, secondary, and supervisory work. There has been to develop native teachers and assign the American teachers An interesting development is in teacher training. The policy

yearly five weeks of specialized industrial training in 3t vocational normal institutes.

To indicate further the extent of the system, 417,150 Filipino pupils receive practical industrial training daily from 7,215 regular teachers and 699 special industrial instructors. Industrial education is supervised by 309 supervising teachers, 89 special industrial supervisors, 37 division superintendents, and 5 insular industrial inspectors.

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The exhibit also showed by charts and photographs the use of organized play and athletics and the force these have become in the educational work in the islands.

By way of summary one of the charts stated that:

In evolving a school system the Government profited by Spanish experience; studied the desires and needs of the Filipino people; made economic and educational surveys; consulted foreign countries having similar conditions; followed the best educational tradition; and made first-hand experiments in order to evolve a school system adapted to the needs of the Filipino people.

III. CITY EXHIBITS.

NEW YORK CITY.

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Models, photographs, and an unusually illuminating set of charts, all in the New York City building, set forth New York City's provision for education.

. The models included one of a typical playground, of which there are 94 in all; one of a recreation pier, of which there are 8; and typical school farm in the city. The school farm was that at Corlears Hook, with an area of three-fourths of an acre, divided into 400 separate plats, to which 800 children were assigned. In all there were 6 such school farms, with a total acreage of 7 acres. were grown and harvested each year, and 6,300 children were assigned to individual plats 4 by 8 feet. In these gardens 25,000 school children with their teachers pursue nature study, and material for classroom use is furnished by the gardens to various schools throughout the city. This work has aroused widespread interest—in 1914 the work was studied and investigated by representatives from 3 foreign countries, 32 States, and 100 cities.

The photographs shown included exterior and interior views of the College of the City of New York and of Hunter College; views of the high schools; activities of pupils in the grade schools, evening schools, vocational schools, and prevocational classes.

The charts displayed gave a concise statement of New York's school system (1911). In the elementary schools, according to these charts, the enrollment was 804,237; the average attendance was 634,515; and the number of teachers was 18,000. The elementary schools include 17 open-air classes for children with pulmonary tuberculosis; 46 classes for anemic children; 102 open-air classes for normal children; 189 ungraded classes for mental defectives, with 2,972 pupils; 16 classes for blind children, with 194 pupils; 31 classes for the deaf, with 284 pupils; and 41 classes for crippled children, with 766 pupils enrolled. High-school opportunities were set forth in a separate series of charts, part of which described in some detail the proposed cooperative high-school courses.

Of special interest were charts descriptive of the work of the prevocational and vocational schools. Five elementary schools are especially equipped with shops for prevocational instruction to pupils of the seventh and eighth grades.

Shop activities are made the centers about which the academic work in arithmetic, English, history, and geography is grouped and developed. It is proposed to give pupils an opportunity to find their abilities by providing varied industrial work—a real advance in vocational guidance. For boys, electric wiring and installation, machine-shop practice, printing, plumbing, sheetmetal work, and trade drafting are offered; for girls, novelty work, dressmaking, millinery, power-machine operating, home making, free-hand drawing. In the morning the pupils carry on regular work in academic subjects, so that at any time they may be transferred from the prevocational classes to the regular classes of the school without suffering any loss of time. In the afternoon they carry on the work of these special courses. All pupils electing prevocational work spend nine weeks in each of the special courses. The six courses are covered in about a year and a half. It is the plan, at the expiration of this period, to have each pupil select, under the supervision of the teacher, one of the lines of special work as his vocation, to continue it through the school and later in one of the regular vocational schools.

Under “Wider use of school plant," the following summary was presented:

(1) EVENING SCHOOLS.

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Motion pictures showing the work of the school boys' athletic league, school farm work, and many interesting features of educational work were shown in the auditorium of the New York City building.

GARY.

The Gary (Ind.) exhibit was devoted to an explanation of the school arrangement that has made Gary known everywhere alike for efficient utilization of school plant and complete education of children in accordance with modern demands. In the center of the booth was a large model of the Froebel school showing cut sections, and prominently displayed were charts and legends portraying the double system whereby all kinds of activities are made possible in connection

A Work-Study-and-Play Public

School System for Adults

Building open thru calendar year for academic, industrial, physical,
recreational and social purposes. Saturday all departments are avail.
able and Sunday the playgrounds, swimming pools and auditoriums.

Two groups of Evening School Students are in each Building.
The First group attends classes 7 to 9 p.m. Mondays and Thursdays.
The Second attends classes 7 to 9 p.m. Tuesdays and Fridays.

Men from Local Industries consti-
tute 60 percent of Evening School
Enrollment

A Work-Study-and-Play School Plant is well adapted for adult use when the children do not need it.

STATISTICS
Beginning September Ist, 1914; ending April Ist, 1916
Total Adult Enrollment

6,166
Average Monthly Enrollment

2,472 Average Nightly Attendance

1,391
Total Student Hours, actual class work 147,577

Instruction $.114
Cost per Student Hour

Operation .033
Total

$.147
COMPARED WITH DAY SCHOOL
Day School Total Enrollment

5,200
Day School Average Monthly Enrollment 4.600
Day School Average Daily Allendance 4,200
Cost per Student Hour

$.035
Evening School Cost is 10 percent of Total Day School Cost
One hour of adult instruction supplementing the personal efforts at sell education on the part of the
adult and growing out of his vocational activities and needs is worth several hours of insiruction with
children in the regular day school and is a good investment for the community, even though the adult
hour costs $147 and the day school pupil hour costs $035.

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Features of the Gary plan.

with the school without additional building space. Every part of the school plant is in use practically all the time. The following brief description of the Froebel school and its environment is taken from charts shown at the exhibit:

1. The school building accommodates 2,000 pupils in the kindergarten, common school, and high school. The building contains 2 kindergarten rooms. 24 classrooms, 5 science laboratories, 3 music and expression studios, 8 workshops, an auditorium seating 900, 2 gymnasiums, and 2 swimming pools.

2. The public parking in front of the school building is owned and controlled jointly by the park board and the school. The botany department of the school supervises the care of the lawns, trees, and shrubbery of the park.

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