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A corner of the Utah exhibit, showing an effective display of school products.


The possibilities of consolidation were shown by a model of a consolidated school and grounds. It was stated that Utah has no rural one-room school problem, because the State has no one-room schools. It has the county-unit plan of school organization, and hopes thereby soon to reach the present ideal of public-school education—to place free elementary and free secondary schools within easy reach of all the children of all the people.

High schools.—Rapid growth in the development of high schools in Utah was shown by the exhibit. In a little more than 10 years


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Playground facilities of Salt Lake City, as shown in the Utah exhibit.

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enrollment in Utah high schools has increased from 100 to approximately 10,000, according to the charts displayed. In six years 25 new high-school buildings have been erected, varying in cost from substantial $10,000 structures to the magnificent half-million dollar East Side High School in Salt Lake City, each school with a curriculum that is rapidly adapting itself to the needs of the various communities in which the schools are situated.

Recreation in Salt Lake City.-Salt Lake City featured its recreational activities at the exposition in three ways—by a model of an elementary school playground in action, showing apparatus and arrangement of space, by sending 400 high-school cadets to the exposition for personal review, and by motion pictures and photographs illustrating Field Day, school festivals, and Governor's Day in the Salt Lake City public schools.


The Virginia building contained school exhibit material, designed chiefly to show recent improvements in education in Virginia. Pictures and charts of the State normal schools occupied a prominent place. The increase in number of high schools from 74 to 514 between 1904 and 1914 was pointed out. Other items in progress as described were:

Ten years of educational progress.

Increase in enrollment.

78, 345 Increase in average daily attendance

82, 345 Increase in State, county, and city appropriations.

$4, 025, 386 Increase in salaries of teachers..

$2, 080, 530 Number of new schoolhouses.

2, 412 Cost of new schoolhouses..

$6, 113, 189 Number of schoolhouses (consolidated)

572 New normal training schools.--.

3 New features introduced : School farms, school leagues, civic leagues, night schools, open-air schools, school wagons, industrial supervisors, domestic science, girls' canning clubs, boys' corn clubs, extension work, medical inspection, free lunches, industrial surveys, schools for adult illiterates, supervised school athletics, public playgrounds, literary leagues, debating societies, teachers' reading courses, and school gardens.

The following table was presented to show Virginia's school system as it is at present:

Virginia's school system.

Population of school age (7 to 20)
Number of schoolhouses.
Number of teachers...
Annual appropriation for schools.
Number of primary and grammar grade schools..
Number of high schools.-
Number of agricultural high schools.
Number of normal training schools.
Number of technical schools ---
Number of school leagues.-
Membership of school leagues.
Number of annual county school fairs-
Number of school wagons..
Membership of boys' corn clubs..
Membership of girls' canning clubs.

616, 168 445, 078

6, 753

12, 000 $6, 270, 101

6, 239 514 11 4

2 766 23, 846

55 258 2, 500 1, 200


Colleges for men..
Colleges for women

2 11 17


Extension education, continuation school work, and rural library development were emphasized in the Wisconsin education exhibit. An interesting fact about the entire exhibit is that it was in part made possible by penny contributions from the school children of the State, who donated $2,500 in this way.

Extension service.—How the extension service of the University of Wisconsin covers the State was shown by a large electric flashing map, different bulbs indicating respectively the following forms of extension service: Correspondence study, package libraries, lectures and concerts, general welfare service, classes organized.


The Wisconsin booth. The map was fitted with electric-flashing apparatus. The transparen

cies at the rear were especially effective.

Other maps of the State showed graphically the increase in the extension work for the two years, July, 1912, to July, 1914, as compared with the previous biennial period. Up to January 28, 1915, the total registration had been 18,529, this figure representing the total courses for which students had enrolled. On January 28, 1915, there was a total active registration of 7,113, and 6,099 courses had been completed.

The correspondence-study department enrolls two general types of students: (1) Those who are doing work for university credit to be applied toward a degree, and (2) those who are taking work for vocational purposes or for information only. In the university credit grade the number of registrations has been 3,076, and 1,205 courses have been completed. In the vocational courses 12,914 registrations have been made, and 4,496 courses have been completed.

The 2,731 new students who entered in 1912–13 and the 3,055 new students who entered in 1913–14 recorded as vocations pursued by them 317 different occupations, ranging from that of the apprentice boy cobbler and housemaid to business man, lawyer, and doctor.

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The department of library service has, in the past four years, lent on request 10,945 “ package libraries," containing approximately 437,800 classified articles, on 2,614 subjects, to 531 communities in Wisconsin. Each package contains up-to-date available material in the form of office-bound magazine or newspaper clippings, pamphlets, typewritten excerpts, or books. Between July, 1914, and January, 1915, some of the leading topics about which information was sought were international peace, disarmament, increase of Army and Navy,

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