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ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION INTERNATIONAL HEALTH
“ Teaching by demonstration ” was the keynote of the Interna- tional Health Commission exhibit. Wax models, pictures, and other devices were used to show the ravages of hookworm disease and the campaign of eradication that has been waged. During the five-year campaign, according to statistics presented at the exhibit, more than half a million children of school age (6 to 18, inclusive) were examined for hookworm disease in 11 Southern States. As a result, 216,828, or 39 per cent, were found infected. In other words, two out of every five children of school age were found to be infected. It was pointed out that infection means: Impaired health; greater susceptibility to other diseases; stunted body; dulled mind; diminished results of teaching; blighted manhood and womanhood.
Other features of the exhibit illustrated the improvement in community well-being wrought by the substitution of sanitary conditions for insanitary.
The Smith College exhibit was designed to set forth the developments in higher education for women. Charts were presented to
show the increase in number of students, the ratio of elective to required work, the type of work offered, and work taken for 1914-15, and the geographical distribution of students. The distribution of subjects and subject hours was of special interest. The following
table shows the number of students in each of the four classes (1918, 1917, 1916, and 1915) taking each subject, with the average number of student hours taken by each:
Number of students taking the various subjects-Student hours taken by each class.
The map reproduced herewith shows the geographical distribution of Smith College students in 1914-15, the figures indicating the
Geographical distribution of Smith College students.
number of students from each State. In addition to those shown on the map, four came from the Territory of Hawaii, and one each from Ontario, Province of Quebec. British Columbia, China. and Turkey.
ST. LOUIS EDUCATIONAL MUSEUM.'
The exhibit of the St. Louis Museum was designed to show its work with the public schools. Typical exhibits furnished by the museum to the school were shown and a working model pictured the system of automobile deliveries between the museum and the school buildings.
The material in the museum is arranged and grouped in accordance with the course of study followed in the schools.
The material is sent to the schools by a large automobile truck in the service of the museum. The schools are divided into five sec
St. Louis Educational Museum. The moving automobile on the rear wall illustrated the
method of distributing museum material to the schools.
tions, each of which has a delivery day once a week. The principal of a school which has its delivery day on Monday asks his teachers on the preceding Friday to send him the numbers of all the collections in the museum catalogue they will need for the illustration of their lessons during the following week. These numbers he inserts in an order blank for the curator, and on the following Monday the wagon delivers the material at the school, taking back at the same time the collections used during the previous week.
The method is further described as follows in a pamphlet distributed at the exhibit:
1 The plan is described in detail in Bulletin, 1914, No. 48, of the Bureau of Education.
The material is not simply shown the children as new and extraordinary things to satisfy their curiosity. The specimens of mammals, birds, insects, etc., the minerals, the natural and manufactured products of a country, in geography, for instance, are placed before the children to verify what they themselves have discovered through their own observation and reasoning as to the animal and vegetable life, the soil products, and the occupations of the people. The objects are handled, observed, studied, compared with each other and with such as have been considered in connection with other countries, and generally discussed. The pupils determine how the products before them affect the life of the people, their industries and commerce, their intercourse with other nations, their place among the nations, etc. In many schools each child takes up one of the articles and by his reading gathers all the information he can regarding it and presents such information to the class. At the present time the museum is delivering from four to six loads of a 1-ton auto truck to the schools of St. Louis daily.
STANDARD COMMERCIAL SCHOOL.
The “Standard Commercial School " was a living exhibit of the methods and equipments of modern commercial education of second
ary grade. Forty students, selected by competitive examination from California high schools, took a regular six-months course of stenography, typewriting, and business methods in specially prepared rooms in the Palace of Education and were graduated at the close of the period with appropriate ceremonies. The object of the exhibit was to make it possible for school officials to see a standard school
actually at work and thereby gain suggestions on the organization and maintenance of a commercial department.
A view of the Standard Commercial School is given on page 107. The exhibit covered 3,000 square feet of space, marked off by glass partitions, with a balcony for visitors and a special booth for practice and training. The purpose of the exhibit was declared to be: "Not to show what a few sensational masters of shorthand and typewriting can do, but to point out the possibilities for young boys and girls of a thorough business training, if they have the necessary foundation for the work."