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in the travels and toils and perils of his extraordinary career. The gratitude and responsive love awakened in the hearts of apostles and primitive Christians, by contemplating the stupendous love and mercy of God, in the full provisions of the atonement for a dying world, became the great master-passion of their souls. This kindled the quenchless fires of their zeal and “burnt in upon” their hearts the invincible purpose of living for the conversion of the world. For the atainment of this great object yet held out to the hopes and efforts of the church, we must return to apostolic views and emotions in reference to the atonement. Sanctified genius must yet learn to "glory in nothing save in the cross of Christ Jesus the Lord.” The whole intellect of the church must gather round Calvary and tax its gigantic energies in grasping the magni. tude and tracing the relations of that one offering for sin which the Son of God made of himself there..

It is no presumption to suppose that that transaction may have influences and bearings on the character and destinies of the race, which have hitherto been but partially understood and as partially applied in the great work of saving the world. Is it an unreasonable conjecture that there are yet some "hidings of the power” of eternal love in the atonement, which shall be sought and found and brought out in their sway upon the hearts of apostate men for their salvation--that there are yet the reserved glories of infinite mercy there, which some mind favored of God shall discover and disclose to the world when its vision is sufficiently pure and piercing to behold them? Is it too much to hope for, that under the power of that Spirit which "searcheth all things, yea, the deep things of God" the intellect of the church will yet be trained to see the atonement of Christ in a new and celestial light, and in new and mightier relations to earth and to the universe! It

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must be admitted that the system of rerealed truth is com plete, and that no new disclosures of inspiration are to be expected. But this does not prove that the human mind has yet contemplated all the truths of that system in all their great and more extended relations. The system of the material creation was as perfect when God spake it into being and pronounced it very good as it is now. And like the system of revealed truth, its obvious facts and their immediate relations were known as soon as there was an intelligent mind on earth to contemplate them. But this does not prove that Adam, Noah, or Abraham was as great an astronomer as Isaac Newton, or that either of them ever saw or understood many of the laws and relations of matter which were perfectly familiar to this prince of science.

The primary and fundamental truths of revealed religion, and their proximate relations have been known to men in all ages-and being necessary to salvation, must be such in their very nature that the great mass of mind can comprehend them without learned effort. But this does not prove that there are not more remote and farreaching relations of divine truth, which are legitimately the subject of investigation and discovery through every age till the end of time.

There is an obvious difference between a revealed fact and the relations of that fact to other facts or things in the universe. The fact itself may be manifest to the understanding of a child. The relations of that fact may be sufficiently great and extended to employ the powers of an angel.

Now whether we consider the atonement in its origin in the counsels of the trinity, and in the depths of infinite and everlasting love, or as a measure of that moral government which Jehovah will extend over man and other in

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telligences through eternity, it seems reasonable to suppose that it must have numerous, widely extended, and remote relations.

The characteristic peculiarity of this work is the extended view which the author takes of the relations of the atonement. The volume presents nothing striking or original in any other respect; nay, it contains many remarks on the subject of divine justice, law, penalty, moral government, &c. which to most American readers will appear quite common, compared with the comprehensive and masterly discussions of the same topics by our own Edwards, Bellamy, Dwight, Beecher, and others. Still, as a treatise on the grand relations of the atonement, it is a book which may be emphatically said to contain "the seeds of things”—the elements of mightier and nobler combinations of thought respecting the sacrifice of Christ than any modern production.

A mere glance at the titles of some of the chapters will amply attest the truth of this remark. Nor are they empty titles. They are sustained from the commencement to the close of the various chapters which they characterize, by highly original and dense trains of thought, which make the reader feel that he is holding communion with a mind that can "mingle with the universe."

The author, in tracing these vast and sublime relations, takes occasion to refute triumphantly the dogma of a limited atonement, and to establish with an irresistible force of conviction the opposite doctrine. We consider this volume as setting the long and fiercely agitated question of the extent of the atonement, completely at rest. Posterity will thank the author till the latest ages

for his arguments and illustrations, founded on the following propositions respecting the atonement. “The extent of the atonement illustrated by its relation to the divine attri

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butes." "If the atonement consists in the substitute's
suffering the identical penalty due to a limited number of
offenders, and in suffering it for that number only, to the
exclusion of all the lost. Such an atonement mars the
character of every attribute of God.” It “dishonors the
infinite veracity of God,"—it "exhibits infinite mercy as
inadequate, restrained, and exclusive,"_"infinite justice
has its glory obscured by a commercial and limited atone
ment." “The hypothesis of a commercial and limited
atonement destroys the glories of free and sovereign grace
in dispensing pardon.” “The honors of infinite benevo-
lence are disparaged by this commercial redemption."
"The wisdom of God shows us all the dishonor which a
commercial and limited atonement, casts upon the other
perfections of God." These in the hands of our author
are not bare assertions or meagerly substantiated pro-
positions. They are confirmed by a train of clear,
cogent argument as we think absolutely irrefutable.

His next topic is, “The extent of the atonement ex-
plained by the character of the divine purposes." We
would recommend all those who have adduced the decree
of election and other divine purposes as their great argu.
ment for a limited atonement to read this Sec. of Chap.
IV. and show us the fallacy of the author's reasoning.
When he has done this he may then take hold of the fol-
lowing proposition and dispose of it—"The extent of the
atonement illustrated by its relation to the universe."
After a careful perusal, let any gainsay it who can. He
goes on to state and prove these remaining propositions-
“A limited atonement inconsistent with a moral govern-
ment”—“A limited atonement inconsistent with the prov-
idence of God"--"Particular atonement inconsistent with
the substituted sufferings of Christ'--"The universality
of the atonement consistent with the limited promulgation

of the gospel.” On all these propositions a candid perusal will convince the religious community, that the author has opened a vast and rich mine of thought connected with the atonement, where the improved mental machinery of the age may ply its powers with prodigious effect. We rejoice that the book is to be republished in this country. We believe that its influence on the opinions of theological students and ministers will be great and salutary beyond computation. The grandeur with which it invests the Son of God, and the glories of his sacrifice which it displays as shedding their light and influence over the whole extended empire of Jehovah, give it an extraordinary claim upon the attention of the reading community. We think it not improbable that this volume will prove a star in the east to guide "the wise men” again to the incarnate suffering Redeemer, and to bring back the genius of this apostate world to pay its homage and yield its richest contributions of thought to the theme of the crucifixion

D. L. C.

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