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Mr. BROWSELL. I did check into the records after that statement was made. That statement was made without prior consultation with me. There are no records in the Immigration Service that I can find that would support any such figures.

Now, while they are, ethically, of course, it is possible so long as there isn't airtight border patrol that subversives will come across, we do not believe that those figures are substantiated by any records of the Immigration Service.

Senator MicCARRAN. It was stated, Jr. Chairman, very emphatically a year ago when the drought was on in Texas and Arizona and New Mexico, that there were 200.000 Jesicans, wetbacks, that drifted into the Los Angeles region.

Now, of course, there could have been a great congregation of those people because they did not go into New Mexico. or Arizona or Texas on account of the drought that existed in that region.

But I think the number is high. I do not know whether it runs into a hundred thousand or what it runs into. I think from day to day it is high.

ALIEN REGISTRATION PROGRAM Senator DIRKSEN. What results have you had from the so-called alien registration program? Has it been going on effectively? I notice in different parts of the country that advertising signs in post offices and that sort of thing come as a reminder to the people. Has there been a sharp increase in the number of aliens registered?

Mr. BROWNELL. It has been pretty well stabilized. It has been in operation long enough so that we can tell what the registration will be in reasonable amount.

Senator Dirksex. Are there any figures set up in tabular form, useful as information?

Mr. BROWNELL. Yes.

Senator Dirksex. I suppose we might insert them in the record at this point.

(The information referred to follows:)

Aliens who reported under the alien address program, by nationality: 1 During 1953

[graphic]

492 1, 675 42, 694

32 3, 792

71

[ocr errors]

2, 443

302 2,658 1, 212 4,072 2, 274

207 1, 484

354 1, 676

Nationality

Asia-Continued

Pakistan
Palestine.
Philippines.
Saudi Arabia
Syria....

Thailand.
North America.

Canada.
Mexico
West Indies.

Cuba
Dominican Republic.

Haiti...
Central America

Costa Rica..
Guatemala,
Honduras
Nicaragua
Panama
Panama Canal Zone
Salvador

South America

Argentina
Bolivia.
Brazil.
Chile.
Colombia.
Ecuador
Paraguay
Peru.
Uruguay

Venezuela
Africa...

Egypt.
Ethiopia..
Liberia

Union of South Africa...
Australia...
United States possessions 2

United States.
American Samoa..
Guam..
Midway Island
Puerto Rico.
Virgin Islands.
United States possessions not

specified
Stateless...
Unknown and not reported.

18
100

88, 054 16, 624

1 Figures do not include 77,419 alien address reports that were incomplete and 110,250 aliens in the United States in temporary status.

* Persons who filed address reports because their citizenship status was in doubt.

[graphic]

Aliens who reported under the alien address program, by selected nationalities and States of residence, during 1953 1

State of residence

All nation

slities

Germany

2,348, 881

Total.
Alabama.
Arizona.
Arkansas.
California
Colorado.
Connecticut.
Delaware
District of Columbia.
Florida.
Georgia
Idaho
Illinois.
Indlana.
Iowa...
Kansas.
Kentucky
Louisiana.
Maine
Maryland.
Massachusetts
Michigan..
Minnesota
Mississippi..
Missouri.
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota.
Ohio.
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee

3,052
21, 447

2,776
348, 749
15,838
69, 682

2,967
9, 979
29, 125

930
3, 908
139, 001
22,863
11, 603
7, 183
3, 432
6, 929
18, 381
22, 251
128, 765
138, 214
22, 304

1, 545
16, 962
5,190
8, 451
2,914
10, 415
128, 668

6,728
532, 929

4,090
3, 324
95, 393

3,880
16, 872
109, 409
19, 452
2,001
2,049
3,121

500
8, 397

580
1. 137
8, 116

468
317
391
458

1,050
2, 201

607
137, 127

5, 666
24,029

921
5,300
12, 896
1,463
2, 277
63, 259
10, 228
5, 650
1, 813
1,456
3,313
2,568
8,320
50, 516
41.372
12,687

799
6,090
2,086
4,050
1, 453
2, 679
45, 683

827
213, 977

2,043
1, 458
47, 260

1, 364
7, 633
45, 673
7.066

857
1,161
1, 102

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1 Figures do not include 77,419 alien address reports that were incomplete and 110,250 aliens in the United States in temporary status.

Aliens who reported under the alien address program, by selected nationalities and

urban area and city: 1 During 1953

[blocks in formation]

1,384

Total

2, 348, 881 150, 956 203, 830 202, 312 233, 230108, 077 232, 320 301, 605 916, 551

Rural

295, 061 23, 970 26,828

Urban.

18, 423 22, 323 8,085 43, 033 44, 737 107, 662

699, 800 44, 332

62,37957, 325 56, 949 21,385 91, 471 138, 841 227, 118

City total..

1, 268, 992 81, 338 111,482 125, 357 153, 025 78, 013 | 94,162 115, 308 510, 307

Los Angeles, Calif... 81, 189 2, 550

Oakland, Calif.

5,087

2, 212

3, 073 7, 742 32, 255 26,886

9, 618

717

Sacramento, Calif.

145 974
8, 679 276

1, 331 4, 945

492 77

San Diego, Calif.

146

630

6, 435

1,964
185 606

4,651

149 89
San Francisco, Calif..

77 941
40, 813

2, 725

1,971

1,663

3, 320 3, 179 626
Denver, Colo.

1,982 2, 136
7, 225

2, 929 24, 670
847 568 394 648 512 409

Bridgeport, Conn.

857

7, 376

2,990

195 535 1, 407 935 389 298

6

Hartford, Conn..
9, 330

3, 611
289 813 1, 559 1, 995 782

New Haven, Conn

1,105

8

5, 618 236

2, 779

425 1, 637 861

693

Washington, D, C.

310

9, 979

1, 456

653 1, 460 680 490

516

Miami, Fla.

781

99

10, 961

5,300

424 2, 667 188 299 231
Chicago, ni

1, 423 65
107, 142
8, 907

5, 664
4, 219 4, 764 25, 911
Baltimore, Md.

6, 718 2, 996
15, 714

5, 477 48, 150
1, 209 1,300 2, 299 2, 603
Boston, Mass.

1,913

575 23
29, 115

5, 762
586
2, 496
4,015

2, 231

Fall River, Mass.

2,124

5,764

48

5, 110 28

11, 851
201 76

Worcester, Mass.

524

100

597

5

5, 829

3, 579
104 332 459

838 265 717

Detroit, Mich.

9

74. 465 3, 190

3, 105

9, 146 4, 665

Minneapolis, Minn.

13, 845 4,166 18,428

7,939

1, 640

505

19, 385

407 34 922

St. Louis, Mo.

744 993 87

8, 293 1,178 470 1,171

4,447

954

577

Jersey City, N.J

229 165

6, 909

3, 549

516 569

Newark, NJ..

1, 274 1, 833 596 167

5

17, 213 936 1, 073

1, 949

3, 570 3, 279

Paterson, NJ

2,030 304

19

8, 032

6, 002

541 440

Buffalo, N. Y

2, 540

1, 101 557

23

18, 786 1, 227

2, 718

1, 577

New York, N. Y

1, 787 5, 113 1, 144 4,087 52

391, 640 29, 380

3, 799

43, 428 57, 681

Rochester, NY

47, 250 30, 101 10, 066

10, 810

1,304 172, 430

881

Syracuse, N. Y.

1, 049 2,104 1, 355 1, 002

1, 757

9

6, 364 390

2,653

520

Cleveland, Ohio.

1, 148 1, 205 514 884

15

40, 461

1, 688

Portland, Oreg.

2, 865 1, 747 3,069 6,981 2, 946 1, 365

120

8, 689 535

21, 368

838

380

Philadelphia, Pa.

192

384 2, 404

59

35, 809 2,874

3,897

3, 403

4, 271

Pittsburgh, Pa.

6,345 5, 132 814 106

10, 046 800

12, 864

898 1, 483

Providence, R. I.

1, 771 571 405 101

7, 297 200

4, 017

593

El Paso, Tex..

2, 227 573 420 656 15

19, 228

2, 613

165 152

50 34

Houston, Tex.

7 112

8, 506

18, 122 586

348 447 142 225

71

San Antonio, Tex.

368

26,163

5, 560

371

1, 345

401 107

Salt Lake City, Utah

156

36

6, 420

1,021

23, 463 1, 398

935

86

21

18

Seattle, Wash

341 164
19, 016

3, 834

654

Milwaukee, Wis.

1, 621 483 352 383 5, 751 82

13, 567 2, 948 616

9, 690

383

Other cities.

2, 270 495 494 372 5, 989
163, 206 10,930 15, 779 13, 303 16, 727 6, 423 16,796

16, 024

67, 224
Outlying territories and
possessions.

70, 050 387 1, 805 361

All other...

42

70

798 135

14, 978 929

66, 452
1, 336 846 891

524 2, 856

2, 584 5,012

112

Rural--population of less than 2,500. Urban-population of 2,500 to 99,999. Cities-population of
100,000 or over.

2 Does not include 77,419 alien address reports that were incomplete, and 110,250 aliens in temporary

status.

BORDER RECRUITING PROGRAM

Senator ELLENDER. In regard to this wetback problem in Mexico,
how much more money are you now asking to cope with this wetback
problem than you have in the past?

Mr. BROWNELL. We are not asking for any increase. We are not
asking for any decrease. We would like to reserve the right to come
back to you before the end of the session when we have had more
experience under this border recruiting program.

Senator ELLENDER. You are cognizant of the fact there was testi-
mony produced recently before the Agriculture Committee that the
number of wetbacks that came across has appreciably increased in
the last few years, even though we had this so-called Mexican labor
law which is supposed to be utilized to decrease the volume of illegal
entries.

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