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That thou liast practis'd on her with foul charms; That Rhodes is dress'd in: if we make thought of Abus'd her delicate youth with drugs, or minerals,

this, That waken motion : I'll have it disputed on ; We must not think, the Turk is so unskilful, "Tis probable, and palpable to thinking.

To leave that latest which contirms him first; I therefore apprehend and do attach thee,

Neglecting an atteinpt of ease, and gain, For an abuser of the world, a practiser

To wake, and wage, a danger profitless. Of arts inhibited and out of warrant :

Duke. Nay, in all confidence, he's not for Rhodes. Lay hold upon him; if he do resist,

off. Here is more news. Subdue him at his peril.

Enter a Messenger. Olh.

Hold your hands, Both you of my inclining, and the rest :

Mess. The Ottomites, reverend and gracious, Were it my cue to fight, I should have known it Steering with due course toward the isle of Rhodes, Without a prompter.

Where will you that I go Have there injointed them with an after sleet. To answer this your charge ?

1 Sen. Ay, so I thought : How many, as you Bra. To prison : till fit time

guess ? Of law, and course of direct session,

Mess. Of thirty sail : and now do they re-stem Call thee to answer.

Their backward course, bearing with frank appearOth.

What if I do obey ? How may the duke be therewith satisfied ;

Their purposes toward Cyprus.—Signior Montano, Whose messengers are here about my side,

Your trusty and most valiant servitor, Upon some present business of the state,

With his free duty, recomiends you thus, To bring me to him.

And prays you to believe him. off: 'Tis true, most worthy signior,

Drike. "Tis certain then for Cyprus. The duke's in council; and your noble self,

Marcus Lucchese, is he not in town? I am sure, is sent for.

1 Sen. He's now in Fiorence. Bra.

How! the duke in council ! Duke. Write from us; wish him post-post-haste : In this time of the night! – Bring him away :

despatch. Mine's not an idle cause : the duke himself,

1 Sen. Here comes Brabantio, and the valiant Or any of my brothers of the state,

Moor. Cannot but feel this wrong, as 'twere their own :

Enter BRABANTIO, OTHELLO, Laco, RODERIGO, For if such actions may have passage free,

and Officers. Bond-slaves, and pagans, shall our statesmen be.


Duke. Valiant Othello, we must straight employ

you SCENE III. The same.

A Council-Chamber. Against the general enemy Ottoman.

I did not see you ; welcome, gentle signior The Duke, and Senators, sitting at a table; Officers

{ To BRABANTIO. atiending.

We lack'd your counsel and your help to-night. Duke. There is no composition in these news,

Bra. So did I yours: Good your grace, pardon me; That gives them credit.

Neither my place, nor aught I heard of business, 1 Sen.

Indeed, they are disproportion d; Hath rais'd me from my bed; nor doth the general My letters say, a hundred and seven gallies. Duke. And mine, a hundred and forty.

Take hold on me, for my particular grief 2 Sen. And mine, two hundred :

Is of so flood-gate and o'erbearing nature, But though they jump not on a just account,

That it engluts and swallows other sorrows, (As in these cases, where the aim reports,

And it is still itself. "Tis oft with difference,) yet do they all confirm


Why, what's the matter? A Turkish fleet, and bearing up to Cyprus,

Bra. My daughter! O, my daughter ! Duke. Nay, it is possible enough to judgment;


Dead? I do not so secure me in the error,


Ay, to me; But the main article I do approve

She is abus'd, stol’n from me, and corrupted In fearful sense.

By spells and medicines bought of mountebanks : Sailor. [Within.) What ho! what ho! what ho ! For nature so preposterously to err,

Being not deficient, blind, or lame of sense,
Enter an Officer, with a Sailor.

Sans witchcraft could not off. A messenger from the gallies.

Duke. Whoe'er he be, that, in this foul proDuke. Now? the business?

ceeding, Sail. The Turkish preparation makes for Rhodes; Hath thus beguild your daughter of herself, So was I bid report here to the state,

And you of her, the bloody book of law By signior Angelo.

You shall yourself read in the bitter letter, Duke. How say you by this change?

After your own sense; yea, though our proper soni 1 Sen.

This cannot be, Stood in your action. By no assay of reason; tis a pageant,


Humbly I thank your grace. To keep us in false gaze : When we consider Here is the man, this Moor ; whom now, it seems, The importancy of Cyprus to the Turk;

Your special mandate, for the state affairs, And let ourselves again but understand,

Hath hither brought. That, as it more concerns the Turk than Rhodes, Duke of Sen. We are very sorry for it. So may be with more facile question bear it,

Duke. What, in your own part, can you say to For that it stands not in such warlike brace,


To OTHELLO. But altogether lacks the abilities

Bra. Nothing, but this is so.


Olh. Most potent, grave, and reverend signiors, ! And sold to slavery ; of my redemption thence, My very noble and approv'd good masters,

And portance in my travel's history : That I have ta'en away this old man's daughter, Wherein of antres vast, and desarts idle, It is most true ; true, I have married her;

Rough quarries, rocks, and hills whose heads touch The very head and front of my ofiending

heaven, Hath this extent, no more.

Rude am I in my It was my hint to speak, such was the process; speech,

And of the Cannibals that each other eat, And little bless'd with the set phrase of peace ; The Anthropophagi, and men whose heads For since these arms of mine had seven years' pith, Do grow beneath their shoulders. These things to Till now some nine moons wasted, they have us'd

hear, Their dearest action in the tented field;

Would Desdemona seriously incline : And little of this great world can I speak,

But still the house affairs would draw her thence ; More than pertains to feats of broil and battle ; Which ever as she could with haste despatch, And therefore little shall I grace my cause,

She'd come again, and with a greedy car In speaking for myself: Yet, by your gracious Devour up my discourse : Which I observing, patience,

Took once a pliant hour; and found good means I will a round unvarnish'd tale deliver

To draw from her a prayer of earnest heart, Of my whole course of love; what drugs, vlat That I would all my pilgrimage dilate, charms,

Whereof by parcels she had something heard, What conjuration, and what mighty magick, But not intentively: I did consent; (For such proceeding I am charg'd withal,)

And often did beguile her of her tears, I won his daughter with.

When I did speak of some distressful stroke, Bra.

A maiden never bold; That my youth suffer'd. My story being done, Of spirit so still and quiet, that her motion

She gave me for my pains a world of sighs : Blush'd at herself; And she, in spite of nature,

She swore,

In faith, 'twas strange, 'twas passing Of years, of country, credit, every thing,

strange ; To fall in love with what she fear'd to look on ? 'Twas pitiful, 'twas wondrous pitiful : It is a judgment maim'd, and most imperfect, She wish’d, she had not heard it; yet she wish'd That will confess — perfection so could err

That heaven had made her such a man : she thank'd Against all rules of nature; and must be driven

me ; To find out practices of cunning hell,

And bade me, if I had a friend that lov'd her, Why this should be. I therefore vouch again, I should but teach him how to tell my story, That with some mixtures powerful o'er the blood, And that would woo her. Upon this hint, I spake; Or with some dram conjur'd to this effect,

She lov'd me for the dangers I had pass'u; He wrought upon her.

And I lov'd her, that she did pity them. Duke.

To vouch this, is no proof; This only is the witchcraft I have us’d;
Without more certain and more overt test,

Here comes the lady, let her witness it. /
Than these thin habits, and poor likelihoods
Of modern seeming, du prefer against him.

Enter DESDEMONA, Iago, and Attendants. 1 Sen. But, Othello, speak;

Duke. I think, this tale would win my daughter Did you by indirect and forced courses

too. Subdue and poison this young maid's affections ? Good Brabrantio, Or came it by request, and such fair question Take

up this mangled matter at the best : As soul to soul affordeth ?

Men do their broken weapons rather use,
I do beseech you,

Than their bare hands.
Send for the lady to the Sagittary,


I pray you, hear her speak; And let her speak of me before her father :

If she confess, that she was half the wooer, If you do find me foul in her report,

Destruction on my head, if my bad blame The trust, the office, I do hold of you,

Light on the man ! - - Come hither, gentle mistress; Not only take away, but let your sentence

Do you perceive in all this noble company,
Even fall upon my life.

Where most you owe obedience ?
Fetch Desdemona hither. Des.

My noble father, Oth. Ancient, conduct them : you best know tie I do perceive here a divided duty :

place. [Ereune Laco and Attendants. To you, I am bound for life, and education ; And, till she come, as truly as to heaven

My life, and education, both do learn me I do confess the vices of my blood,

How to respect you; you are the lord of duty, So justly to your grave cars I'll present

I am hitherto your daughter: But here's my How I did thrive in this fair lady's love,

husband; And she in mine.

And so much duty as my mother show'd Duke. Say it, Othello.

To you, preferring you before her father, Oth. Her father lov'd me; oft invited me; So much I challenge that I may profess Still question’d me the story of my life,

Due to the Moor, my lord. Froin year to year; the battles, sieges, fortunes, Bra. God be with you! — I have done: That I have pass'd.

Please it your grace, on to the state affairs ;
I ran it througli, even from my boyislı days, I had rather to adopt a child, than get it.
To the very moment that he bade me tell it.

Come hither, Moor :
Wherein I spoke of most disastrous chances, I here do give thee that with all my heart,
Of moving accidents, by flood and field;

Which, but thou hast already, with all my heart Of hair-breadth scapes i' the imminent deadly breach; | I would keep from thee. - For your sake, jewel Of being taken by the insolent foc,

I am glad at soul I have no other child ;


For thy escape would teach me tyranny,

Vouch with me, heaven; I therefore beg it not, To hang clogs on them. I have done, my lord. To please the palate of my appetite ; Duke. Let me speak like yourself; and lay a Nor to comply with heat, the young affects, sentence,


my distinct and proper satisfaction ; Which, as a grise, or step, may help these lovers But to be free and bounteous to her mind : Into your favour.

And heaven defend your good souls, that you When remedies are past, the griefs are ended,

think By seeing the worst, which late on hopes depended. I will your serious and great business scant, To mourn a mischief that is past and gone,

For she is with me: No, when light-wing'd toys Is the next way to draw new mischief on.

Of feather'd Cupid seel with wanton dulness 1 What cannot be preserv’d when fortune takes, My speculative and active instruments, Patience her injury a mockery makes.

That my disports corrupt and taint my business, The robb’d, that smiles, steals something from the Let housewives make a skillet of my helm, thief;

And all indign and base adversities He robs himself, that spends a bootless grief. Make head against my estimation !

Bra. So let the Turk of Cyprus us beguile; Duke. Be it as you shall privately determine, We lose it not, so long as we can smile.

Either for her stay, or going : the affair cries He bears the sentence well, that nothing bears

haste, But the free comfort which from thence he bears : And speed must answer it; you must hence toBut he bears both the sentence and the sorrow,

night. That, to pay grief, must of poor patience borrow, Des. To-night, my lord ? These sentences, to sugar, or to gall,


This night. Being strong on both sides, are equivocal :


With all my heart. But words are words; I never yet did hear,

Duke. At nine i’the morning here we'll meet That the bruis'd heart was pierced through the ear.

again. I humbly beseech you, proceed to the affairs of state. Othello, leave some officer behind,

Duke. The Turk with a most mighty preparation And he shall our commission bring to you; makes for Cyprus : - Othello, the fortitude of the With such things else of quality and respect, place is best known to you : And though we have

As doth import you. there a substitute of most allowed sufficiency, yet


Please your grace, my ancient ; opinion, a sovereign mistress of effects, throws a A man he is of honesty, and trust : more safer voice on you : you must therefore be To his conveyance I assign my wife, content to-slubber the gloss of your new fortunes With what else needful your good grace shall think with this more stubborn and boisterous expedition.

To be sent after me. Oth. The tyrant custom, most grave senators,


Let it be so. Hath made the flinty and steel couch of war

Good night to every one. And, noble signior, My thrice-driven bed of down: I do agnize

[To BRABANTIO. A natural and prompt alacrity,

If virtue no delighted beauty lack, I find in hardness; and do undertake

Your son-in-law is far more fair than black. These present wars against the Ottomites.

1 Sen. Adieu, brave Moor! use Desdemona well. Most humbly therefore bending to your state,

Bra. Look to her, Moor ; have a quick eye to I crave fit disposition for my wife; Due reference of place, and exhibition ;

She bas deceiv'd her father, and may thee. With such accommodation, and besort,

(Ereunt Dukk, Senators, Officers, fc. As levels with her breeding.

Oth. My life upon her faith. Honest lago, Duke.

If you please,

My Desdemona must I leave to thee;
Be't at her father's.

I pr’ythee, let thy wife attend on her ;
I'll not have it so.

And bring them after in the best advantage.
Oth. Nor I.

Come, Desdemona, I have but an hour Des.

Nor I; I would not there reside, of love, of worldly matters and direction, To put my father in impatient thoughts,

To spend with thee : we must obey the time. By being in his eye. Most gracious duke,

(Exeunt OTHELLO and DESDEMONA, To my unfolding lend a gracious ear;

Rod. Iago. And let me find a charter in your voice,

lago. What say'st thou, noble heart ? To assist my simpleness.

Rod. What will I do, thinkest thou ?
Duke. What would you, Desdemona ?

Jago. Why, go to bed, and sleep.
Des. That I did love the Moor to live with him, Rod. I will incontinently drown myself.
My downright violence and scorn of fortunes

Iago. Well, if thou dost, I shall never love thee
May trumpet to the world; my heart's subdued after it. Why, thou silly gentleman!
Even to the very quality of my lord :

Rod. It is silliness to live, when to live is a torI saw Othello's visage in his mind;

inent : and then have we a prescription to die, when And to his honours, and his valiant parts,

death is our physician. Did I my soul and fortunes consecrate.

Jago. O villainous! I have looked upon the So that, dear lords, if I be left behind,

world for four times seven years ! and since I could A moth of peace, and he go to the war,

distinguish between a benefit and an injury, I never The rights for which I love him, are bereft me, found a man that knew how to love biinself. And I a heavy interim shall support

I would say, I would drown myself for the love of By his dear absence: Let me go with him.

a Guinea-len, I would change my hạmanit Oth. Your voices, lords:--'bescech you, let her will with a baboon. Ilave a free way.

Rod. What should I do? I confess, it is

see ;


shame to be so fond; but it is not in virtue to Rod. Wilt thou be fast to my hopes, if I depend amend it.

on the issue? Iago. Virtue? a fig! 'tis in ourselves, that we Iago. Thou art sure of me;

Go, make

money: are thus, or thus. Our bodies are our gardens; to I have told thee often, and I re-tell thee again the which, our wills are gardeners : so that if we and again, I hate the Moor : My cause is hearted; will plant nettles, or sow lettuce; set hyssop, and thine hath no less reason : Let us be conjunctive weed up thyme; supply it with one gender of herbs, in our revenge against him : if thou canst cuckold or distract it with many; either to have it steril him, thou dost thyself a pleasure, and me a sport. with idleness, or manured with industry; why, the There are many events in the womb of time, which power and corrigible authority of this lies in our will be delivered. Traverse ; go; provide thy wills. If the balance of our lives had not one scale money. We will have more of this to-morrow. of reason to poise another of sensuality, the blood Adieu. and baseness of our natures would conduct us to Rud. Where shall we meet i’the morning ? most preposterous conclusions: But we have reason Iago. At my lodging.

to cool our raging motions, our carnal stings, our Rod. I'll be with thee betimes. I unbitted lusts; whereof I take this, that you call. Iago. Go to; farewell. Do you hear, Roderigo ? love, to be a sect or scion.

Rod. What

say you ? Rod. It cannot be.

Iago. No more of drowning, do you hear. Iago. It is merely a lust of the blood, and a per- Rod. I am changed. I'll sell all my land. mission of the will. Come, be a man : Drown thy- Iago. Go to; farewell! put money enough in self? drown cats and blind puppies. I have pro

your purse.

[Exit RoderiGO. fessed me thy friend, and I confess me knit to thy Thus do I ever make my


my purse : deserving with cables of perdurable toughness; I For I mine own gain'd knowledge should procould never better stead thee than now. Put money

fane, in thiy purse; follow these wars; defeat thy favour | If I would time expend with such a snipe, with an usurped beard; I say, put money in thy | But for my sport and profit. I hate the Moor; purse. It cannot be, that Desdemona should long And it is thought abroad, that 'twixt my sheets continue her love to the Moor, — put money in thy He has done my office : I know not il't be purse ; - nor he his to her : it was a violent com

true; mencement, and thou shalt see an answerable se- But I, for mere suspicion in that kind, questration;- put but money in thy purse.

- These Will do, as if for surety.

He holds me well; Moors are changeable in their wills; - fill thy purse The better shall my purpose work on him. with money ; the food that to him now is as luscious

Cassio's a proper man: Let me see now ; as locusts, shall be to him shortly as bitter as colo- To get his place, and to plume up my will ; quintida. She must change for youth : when she A double knavery, How ? how ? Let is sated with his body, she will find the error of her choice. She must have change, she must : there- After some time, to abuse Othello's car, fore put money in thy purse. - If thou wilt needs That he is too familiar with his wife: damn thyself, do it a more delicate way than drown- He hath a person, and a smooth dispose, ing. Make all the money thou canst: If sancti. To be suspected; fram'd to make women false. mony and a frail vow, betwixt an erring barbarian The Moor is of a free and open nature, and a supersubtle Venetian, be not too hard for my That thinks men honest, that but seem to be so; wits, and all the tribe of hell, thou shalt enjoy her ; And will as tenderly be led by the nose, therefore make money. A pox, of drowning thy- As asses are. self! it is clean out of the way: seek thou rather to I have't; – it is engender'd : – Hell and night be hanged in compassing thy joy, than to be drowned Must bring this monstrous birth to the world's light. and go without her.





SCENE I. - A Sea-port Town in Cyprus. A The wind-shak'd surge, with high and monstrous Platform.


Seems to cast water on the burning bear,
Enter MONTANO and Two Gentlemen.

And quench the guards of the ever-fixed pole:
Mon. What from the cape can you discern at sea ? I never did like molestation view
I Gent. Nothing at all: it is a high-wrought On th' enchafed flood.


If that the Turkish fleet I cannot, 'twixt the heaven and the main,

Be not inshelter'd and embay'd, they are drown'u; Descry a sail.

It is impossible they bear it out.
Mon. Methinks, the wind hath spoke aloud at land;
A fuller blast ne'er shook our battlements :

Enter a Third Gentleman.
If it hath ruffian'd so upon the sea,

3 Gent. News, lord ! our wars are done ; What ribs of oak, when mountains melt on them, The desperate tempest hath so bang'd the Turks, Can hold the mortise ? what shall we hear of this? That their designment balts: A noble ship of Venice

2 Gent. A segregation of the Turkish fleet : Hath seen a grievous wreck and sufferance foto but stand upon the foaming shore,

On most part of their feet. chiding billow seems to pelt the clouds ;


How! is this true ?

3 Gent. The ship is here put in,

That he may bless this bay with his tall ship, A Veronese; Michael Cassio,

Make love's quick pants in Desdemona's arms, Lieutenant to the warlike Moor, Othello,

Give renew'd tire to our extincted spirits, Is come on shore : the Moor himself's at sea, And bring all Cyprus comfort ! - 0, behold, And is in full commission here for Cyprus. Mon. I am glad on't ; 'tis a worthy governor.

Enter DESDEMONA, Emilia, Lago, RODERIGO, and

Attendants. 3 Gent. But this same Cassio, – though he speak of comfort,

The riches of the ship is come on shore ! Touching the Turkish loss, - yet he looks sadly, Ye men of Cyprus, let her have your knees : And prays the Moor be safe ; for they were parted

Hail to thee, lady! and the grace of heaven, With foul and violent tempest.

Before, behind thee, and on every hand, Mon.

'Pray heaven he be; Enwheel thee round! For I have serv’d him, and the man commands


I thank you, valiant Cassio. Like a full soldier. Let's to the sea-side, ho! What tidings can you tell me of my lord ? As well to see the vessel that's come in,

Cas. He is not yet arriv'd ; nor know I aught As to throw out our eyes for brave Othello; But that he's well, and will be shortly here. Even till we make the main, and the aerial blue,

Des. O, but I fear ; -- How lost you compan An indistinct regard.

Cas. The great contention of the sea and skies 3 Gent. Come, let's do so;

Parted our fellowship: But, hark ! a sail. For every minute is expectancy

[Cry within, A sail, a sail! Then guns heurei. Of more arrivance.

2 Gent. They give their greeting to the citadel;

This likewise is a friend.
Enter Cassio.


See for the news. -Cas. Thanks to the valiant of this warlike isle,

[Exit Gentleman. That so approve the Moor; 0, let the heavens Good ancient, you are welcome ; Welcome, misGive him defence against the elements,

tress :

[To Emilia. For I have lost him on a dangerous sea!

Let it not gall your patience, good lago, Mon. Is he well shipp'd ?

That I extend my manners ; 'tis my breeding Cas. Ilis bark is stoutly timber'd, and his pilot That gives me this bold show of courtesy. Of very expert and approv'd allowance ;

[Kissing her. Therefore my hopes, not surfeited to death,

Iago. Sir, would she give you so much of her lips, Stand in bold cure.

As of her tongue she oft bestows on me,
A sail, a sail, a sail !

You'd have enough.

Alas, she has no speech.
Enter another Gentleman.

Iago. In faith, too much ; Cas. What noise ?

I find it still, when I have list to sleep: 4 Gent. The town is empty; on the brow o'the sca Marry, before your ladyship, I grant, Stand ranks of people, and they cry

She puts her tongue a little in her lieart, Cus. My hopes do shape him for the governor. And chides with thinking. 2 Gent. They do discharge their shot of courtesy: Emil.

You have little cause to say so.

[Guns heurd. Iago. Come on, come on ; you are pictures out Our friends, at least.

of doors, Cas.

I pray you, sir, go forth, Bells in your parlours, wild cats in your kitchens, And give us truth who 'tis that is arriv'd.

Saints in your injuries, devils being offended, 2 Gent. I shall.

(Erit. Players in your housewifery, and housewives in Mon. But, good lieutenant, is your general wiv’d?

Cas. Most fortunately : he hath achiev'd a maid Des. O, fye upon thee, slanderer! That paragons description, and wild fame ;

Iago. Nay, it is true, or else I am a Turk ; One that excels the quirks of blazoning pens, You rise to play, and go to bed to work. And in the essential vesture of creation,

Emil. You shall not write my praise. Does bear all excellency. - How now? who has put Jago.

No, let me not. in ?

Des. What would'st thou write of me, if thou

should'st praise me? Re-enter Second Gentleman.

Ingo. O gentle lady, do not put me to't ; 2 Gent. 'Tis one Iago, ancient to the general. For I am nothing, if not critical. Cas. He has had nost favourable and happy Des. Come on, assay: - There's one gone to the speed :

harbour? Tempests themselves, high seas, and howling winds, Iago. Ay, madam. The gutter'd rocks, and congregated sands,

Des. I am not merry; but I do beguile Traitors ensteep'd to clog the guiltless keel,

The thing I am, by seeming otherwise. -As having sense of beauty, do omit

Come, how would'st thou praise me? Their mortal natures, letting go safely by

Iago. I am about it; but, indeed, my invention The divine Desdemona.

Comes from my pate, as birdlime does from frize, Mon. What is she?

It plucks out brains and all : But my muse labours, Cas. She that I spake of, our great captain's | And thus she is deliver'd. captain,

If she be fair and wise, — fairness, and wit, Left in the conduct of the bold lago;

The one's for use, the other useth it. Whose footing here anticipates our thoughts,

Des. Well prais'd! How if she be black and witt, A se'nnight's speed. Great Jove, Othello guarı, Iago. If she be black, and thereto have a wit, And swell his sail with thine own powerful brcatlı ; She'll find a white that shall her blackness fil.

-a sail.

your beds.

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