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21°.

16.

reasonably good color; that Style I, Designations

Brix measurements Whole, figs may be reasonably uniform

"Extra heavy sinup" or "Extra 26° or more but not more or fairly uniform in size; and may pos

heavily sweetened fruit than 35. sess a reasonably good character, if the juice(s) and water;" or total score is not less than 90 points.

"Extra heavily sweetened

fruit juice(s)". (b) “U.S. Grade B” or “U.S. Choice" "Heavy sirup;" or "Heavily 21. or more but less than is the quality of canned Kadota figs of sweetened fruit juice(s) and 26o. Style I, Whole, that possess similar va

water;" or "Heavily sweet

ened fruit juice(s)": rietal characteristics, that possess a "Light sirup;" or "lightly 16° or more but less than normal flavor and odor, that possess a

sweetened fruit juice(s) and

water;" or "Lightly sweetreasonably good color; that are reason

ened fruit juice(s)". ably uniform in size for Style I, Whole, "Slightly sweetened water;" 11° or more but less than figs; that are reasonably free from de- or "Extra light sirup;" or

"Slightly sweetened fruit fects, that possess a reasonably good

juice(s) and water;" or character, and that for those factors "Slightly sweetened fruit which are scored in accordance with juice(s)"

"In water"

Not applicable. the scoring system outlined in this

"In fruit juice(s) and water" Do. subpart the total score is not less than "In fruit juice(s)"

Do. 80 points: Provided, That Style I, "Artificially sweetened"

Do. Whole, figs may be fairly uniform in

[41 FR 15022, Apr. 9, 1976. Redesignated at 42 size, if the total score is not less than

FR 32514, June 27, 1977 and at 46 FR 63203, 80 points.

Dec. 31, 1981) (c) "U.S. Grade C” or “U.S. Standard” is the quality of canned Kadota 862.2825 Recommended fill of con

tainer. figs of any style that possess similar varietal characteristics, that possess a

The recommended fill of container normal flavor and odor, that possess a for canned Kadota figs is not incorfairly good color; that are fairly uni- porated in the grades of the finished form in size for style I, whole, figs; product since fill of container, as such, that are fairly free from defects, that is not a factor of quality for the purpossess a fairly good character, and poses of these grades. It is recthat for those factors which are scored

ommended that each container of in accordance with the scoring system

canned Kadota figs be as full of figs as outlined in this subpart the total score

practicable without impairment of is not less than 70 points: Provided,

quality and that the product (including That style I, whole, figs may vary in

liquid medium) occupy not less than 90 size if the total score is not less than 70

percent of the volume of the container. points.

852.2826 Recommended minimum (d) “Substandard” is the quality of drained weights. canned Kadota figs that fail to meet

(a) General. (1) The minimum drained the requirements of “U.S. Grade C” or weight recommendations in table I, for “U.S. Standard”.

all styles of canned Kadota figs, are

not incorporated in the grades of the LIQUID MEDIA, FILL OF CONTAINER,

finished product since drained weight, DRAINED WEIGHTS, AND FILL WEIGHTS

as such, is not a factor of quality for 852.2824 Liquid media and Brix meas

the purposes of these grades. urements.

(2) The recommended minimum

drained weights are based on equaliCut-out requirements for liquid

zation of the product 30 days or more media in Canned Kadota Figs are not after the product has been canned. incorporated in the grades of the prod- (b) Method for ascertaining drained uct since sirup or any other liquid me weights. The drained weight of canned dium, as such, is not a factor of quality Kadota figs is determined by emptying for the purpose of these grades. The the contents of the container upon a cut-out Brix measurements, as applica- U.S. Standard No. 8 circular sieve of ble, for the respective designations are proper diameter containing 8 meshes to as follows:

the inch (0.0937-in.13 percent, square

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openings) so as to distribute the prod- (d) Compliance with recommended
uct evenly, including the sieve slightly drained weights. A lot of canned Kadota
to facilitate drainage, and allowing to figs is considered as meeting the mini-
drain for two minutes. The drained mum drained weight recommendations
weight is the weight of the sieve and if the following criteria are met:
figs less the weight of the dry sieve. A

(1) The average of the drained sieve 8 in. in diameter is used for the

weights from all the sample units in equivalent of No. 3 size cans (404 x 414)

the sample meets the recommended and smaller, and a sieve 12 in. in diam

minimum average drained weight (deseter is used for containers larger than

ignated as “Xd" in table I); and

(2) The number of sample units which the equivalent of the No. 3 size can.

fail to meet the recommended drained (c) Definitions of symbols. (1) XThe

weight lower limit for individuals (desaverage drained weight of all the sam

ignated as “LL" in table I) does not exple units in the sample.

ceed the applicable acceptance number (2) LL-Lower limit for drained specified in the single sampling plan of weights of individuals sample units. table II.

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(c) Definitions of terms and symbols. “Subgroup” means a group of sample units representing a portion of a sample.

X'min means the minimum lot average fill weight.

LWL, means the lower warning limit for subgroup averages.

LRL, means the lower reject limit for sub group averages.

LWL means the lower warning limit for individual fill weight measurements.

LRL means the lower reject limit for individual fill weight measurements.

R' means a specified average range value.

Rmax means a specified maximum range for
a subgroup.
"Sampling allowance code" means a
code letter on the Sampling Allowance
Chart of the U.S. Standards for Inspec-
tion by Variables. This letter identifies
the appropriate line which gives the
amount of sampling allowance to be
applied to the specification average for
fill weights in order to determine com-

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852.2828 Ascertaining the grade.

(a) General. In addition to considering other requirements outlined in the standards the following quality factors are evaluated:

(1) Factors not rated by score points. (i) Varietal characteristics.

(ii) Flavor and odor.

(2) Factors rated by score points. The relative importance of each factor which is scored is expressed numerically on the scale of 100. The maximum number of points that may be given such factors are:

$ 52.2829 Ascertaining the rating for

the factors which are scored. The essential variations within each factor which is scored are so described that the value may be ascertained for each factor and expressed numerically. The numerical range within each factor which is scored is inclusive (for example, "18 to 20 points" means “18, 19, or 20 points”).

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852.2830 Color.

(a) (A) classification. Canned Kadota figs that possess a good color may be given a score of 18 to 20 points. “Good color” means a practically uniform, light amber or light greenish-yellow color that is bright and typical of properly processed canned Kadota figs; that not more than 5 percent, by count, of the figs may possess a reasonably good color; and that none of the figs possess a fairly good color.

(b) (B) classification. If the canned Kadota figs possess a reasonably good color, a score of 16 or 17 points may be given. “Reasonably good color" means a reasonably uniform and reasonably bright light green color that may lack a definite yellow cast but is typical of properly prepared and properly processed Kadota figs; and that not more than 10 percent, by count, of the figs may possess a fairly good color.

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(c) (C) classification. If the canned Kadota figs possess a fairly good color, a score of 14 or 15 points may be given. Canned Kadota figs that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U.S. Grade C or U.S. Standard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). “Fairly good color" means a fairly good color that may possess a green, slightly milky, or a light brown color and that the figs may vary moderately in such typical color, but not more than 5 percent, by count, of the figs may be off-color, or one unit in a container is permitted to be off-color if such unit exceeds the 5 percent allowance.

(d) (SStd) classification. Canned Kadota figs that fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (c) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 13 points and shall not be graded above Substandard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule).

whole fig by more than 75 percent; or, that in containers with 20 or more units, in 95 percent, by count, of the units that are most uniform in weight, the weight of the largest whole fig does not exceed the weight of the smallest whole fig by more than 75 percent.

(d) (C) classification. If canned Kadota figs of Style I, Whole, are fairly uniform in size, a score of 14 or 15 points may be given. “Fairly uniform in size" means that in containers with less than 20 units the weight of the largest whole fig may be not more than twice the weight of the smallest whole fig; or, that in containers with 20 or more units, in 95 percent, by count, of the units that are most uniform in weight, the weight of the largest whole fig may be not more than twice the weight of the smallest unit.

(e) (SStd) classification. Canned Kadota figs that fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (d) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 13 points and shall not be graded above U.S. Grade C or U.S. Standard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a partial limiting rule).

852.2831 Uniformity of size.

(a) General. The factor of uniformity of size for other than Style I, Whole, canned Kadota figs is not based on any detailed requirements and is not scored; the other three factors (color, absence of defects, and character) are scored and the total is multiplied by 100 and divided by 80, dropping any fractions to determine the total score.

(b) (A) classification. Canned Kadota figs of Style I, Whole, that are practically uniform in size may be given a score of 18 to 20 points. “Practically uniform in size" means that in containers with less than 20 units the weight of the largest whole fig does not exceed the weight of the smallest whole fig by more than 50 percent; or, that in containers with 20 or more units, in 95 percent, by count, of the units that are most uniform in weight, the weight of the largest whole fig does not exceed the weight of the smallest whole fig by more than 50 percent.

(c) (B) classification. If the canned Kadota figs of Style I, Whole, are reasonably uniform in size, a score of 16 or 17 points may be given. “Reasonably uniform in size" means that in containers with less than 20 units the weight of the largest whole fig does not exceed the weight of the smallest

852.2832 Absence of defects.

(a) General. The factor of absence of defects refers to the degree of freedom from harmless extraneous material (such as leaves, stems); from split (or broken) figs including severed figs; from figs blemished with scab, scars, bruises, discoloration; from caprified figs; and from figs damaged by mechanical, pathological, insect injury, or similar injury.

(b) Definitions of defects. Figs that are blemished with scab, scars, bruises, discoloration, or other abnormalities or injury are considered under the classification of possessing "insignificant", “minor", or "major" defects.

(1) Insignificant defects. "Insignificant defects" include:

(i) Very light color surface scars of any size that blend with the color of the fig; and

(ii) Surface blemishes that are lighter than dark brown and that in the aggregate, singly or in combination on a unit, are less than the area of a circle one-fourth inch in diameter.

(2) Minor defects. "Minor" defects include:

(i) Surface blemishes that are lighter than dark brown and that equal or exceed in the aggregate, singly or in combination on a unit, the area of a circle one-fourth inch in diameter but do not exceed in the aggregate the area of a circle one-half inch in diameter;

(ii) Dark brown or black surface blemishes which in the aggregate, singly or in combination on a unit, are less than the area of a circle one-fourth inch in diameter; and

(iii) Slight insect injury that is not serious.

(3) Major defects. “Major" defects include:

(1) Caprified figs;

(ii) Surface blemishes that are lighter than dark brown and that exceed in the aggregate, singly or in combination on a unit, the area of a circle one-half inch in diameter;

(iii) Blemishes that extend into the fruit, worm holes, serious insect damage, or similar injury, regardless of the area; and

(iv) Dark brown or black surface blemishes which in the aggregate, singly or in combination on a unit, equal or exceed the area of a circle onefourth inch in diameter but do not seriously affect the appearance of the unit.

(4) Split (or broken) fig; severed sig. A "split (or broken) fig" is one that is open to such an extent that the seed cavity is exposed, the shape of the fruit may be distorted, and the fruit may or may not be broken apart into entirely separate pieces. A "severed fig" is a split (or broken) fig which has been broken apart into entirely separate pieces. A fig that is only slightly cracked and retains its natural conformation without exposing the interior is not considered a split (or broken) fig.

(5) Unit. A “unit” or “unit of fig" in canned Kadota figs, for the purposes of ascertaining compliance with percentage allowances in this section means a “whole" fig; a split fig (or broken fig) which is not broken apart into entirely separate pieces; or portions of severed figs which are the approximate equivalent of a whole fig.

(c) (A) classification. Canned Kadota figs that are practically free from defects may be given a score of 27 to 30 points.

(1) To score in this classification, not more than 10 percent, by count, of the units may be split (or broken); Provided, That none are severed figs.

(2) “Practically free from defects" means that units which possess insignificant, minor, and major defects may be present which do not more than slightly affect the appearance of the product but that there may be present:

(i) Not more than 1 tough woody stem per 30 oz of total contents and no other harmless extraneous material; and

(ii) Not more than a total of 10 percent, by count, of the units may possess “minor" and "major" defects: Provided, That not more than 5 percent, by count, of the units may possess "major" defects. One unit in a container is permitted to possess “minor" or “major" defects; if such unit exceeds the respective allowances of 10 percent, or 5 percent, by count: Provided, That in all containers comprising the sample such units possessing “minor" and "major" defects do not exceed an average of 10 percent of the total number of units including not more than an average of 5 percent of the total number of units that may possess “major" defects.

(d) (B) classification. If the canned Kadota figs are reasonably free from defects, a score of 24 to 26 points may be given. Canned figs that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U.S. Grade B, or U.S. Choice, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule).

(1) To score in this classification not more than 15 percent, by count, of the units may be split (or broken): Provided, That not more than 3 percent, by count, of the units may be severed figs. One unit in a container is permitted to be severed if such unit exceeds the 3 percent allowance: Provided, That in all containers comprising the sample such units do not exceed the average of 3 percent of the total number of units.

(2) “Reasonably free from defects” means that units which possess insigo nificant, minor, and major defects may be present which do not materially affect the appearance of the product but that there may be present:

(i) Not more than 2 tough woody stems per 30 ounces of total contents

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