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appointed over them."

The company of prophets that we read of 1 Sam. X. 5, were the same. Afterwards we read of their being under Elijah.

Elisha was one of his sons ; but he desired to have a double portion of his spirit, as his suca cessor, as his first born, as the eldest son was wont to have a double portion of the estate of his father; and therefore the sons of the prophets, when they perceived that the spirit of Elijah rested on Elisha, submitted themselves to him, and owned him for their master, as they had done Elijah before him ; as you may see, 2 Kings ü. 15. “And when the sons, of the prophets which were to view at Jericho, saw him, they said, The spirit of Elijah doth rest on Elisha. And they bowa ed themselves to the ground before him."

And so after this, Elisha was their master or teacher ; he had the care and instruction of them ; as you may see, 2 Kings iv. 38. “ And Elisha came again to Gilgal, and there was a dearth in the land, and the sons of the prophets were sitting before him: And he said unto his servant, Set on the great pot, and seethe pottage for the sons of the prophets.” In Elijah's and Elisha's time, there were several places where there resided companies of these sons of the prophets ; as there was one at Bethel, and another at Jericho, and another at Gilgal, unless those at Gilgal and Jericho were the same : And possibly that which is called the college, where the prophetess Huldah resided, was another at Jerusalem ; see 2 Kings xxii. 14. It is there said of Huldah the prophetess, that she « dwelt in Jerusalem, in the college." They had houses built, where they used to dwell together; and therefore those at Jericho being multiplied, and finding their house too little for them, desired leave of their master and teacher Elisha, that they might go and hew timber to build a bigger; as you may see, 2 Kings vi. 1, 2.

At some times there were numbers of these sons of the prophets in Israel ; for when Jezebel cut off the prophets of the Lord, it is said, that Obadiah took an hundred of them, and hid them by fifty in a cave, 1 Kings xviii. 4.

These schools of the prophets being set up by Samuel, and afterwards kept up by such great prophets as Elijah and

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Elisha, must be of divine appointment; and accordingly we
find, that those sons of the prophets were often favored with
a degree of inspiration, while they continued under tuition in
the schools of the prophets; and God, commonly, when
he called any prophet to the constant exercise of the pro-
phetical office, and to some extraordinary service, took them
out of these schools ; though not universally. Hence the
prophet Amos, speaking of his being called to the propheti-
cal office, says, that he was one that had not been educated in
the schools of the prophets, and was not one of the sons of
the prophets, Amos vii. 14, 15. But Amos's taking notice of
it as remarkable, that he should be called to be a prophet that
had not been educated at the schools of the prophets, shows
that it was God's ordinary manner to take his prophets out of
these schools ; for therein he did but bless his own institution.

Now this remarkable dispensation of Providence that we are upon, viz. God's beginning a constant succession of prophets in Samuel's time, that was to last for many ages, and to that end, establishing a school of the prophets under Samuel, thenceforward to be continued in Israel, was a step that God took in that great affair of redemption that we are upon. For the main business of this succession of prophets was to foreshow Christ, and the glorious redemption that he was to accomplish, and so to prepare the way for his coming; as appears by that forementioned place, Acts üü. 24, and by Acts X. 43. “ To him give all the prophets witness;" and by Acts üi. 18. “ But those things which God before had shewed by the mouth of all his prophets, that Christ should suffer, he hath so fulfilled."

As I observed before, the Old Testament time, was like a time of night, wherein the church was not wholly without light, but had not the light of the sun directly, but as reflected from the stars. Now these prophets were the stars that reflected the light of the sun ; and accordingly they spoke abundantly of Jesus Christ, as appears by what we have of their prophecies in writing. And they made it very much their business, when they studied in their schools or colleges, and elsewhere, to search out the work of redemption ; agreeably

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to what the apostle Peter says of them, 1 Pet. i. 10, 11. “ of
which salvation the prophets have inquired, and searched
diligently, who prophesied of the grace that should come unto
you ; searching what, or what manner of time the spirit of
Christ that was in them did signify, when it testified before.
hand the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should fol.
low." We are told that the church of the Redeemer is built
on the foundation of the prophets and apostles, the Redeemer
himself being the chief corner stone, Eph. ii. 20.

This was the first thing of the nature that ever was done in
the world ; and it was a great thing that God did towards
further advancing this great building of redemption. There
had been before occasional prophecies of Christ, as was shown;
but now the time drawing nearer when the Redeemer should
come, it pleased God to appoint a certain order of men, in
constant succession, whose main business it should be to fore-
shew Christ and his redemption, and as his forerunners to
prepare the way for his coming; and God established schools,
wherein multitudes were instructed and trained up to that
end, Rev. xix. 10. 6.I am thy fellow servant, and of thy breth-
ren that have the testimony of Jesus ; for the testimony of
Jesus is the spirit of prophecy."

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From David to the Babylonish Captivity.

I COME now to the fifth period of the times of the Old
Testament, beginning with David, and extending to the Baby-
Icnish captivity ; and would now proceed to shew how the
work of redemption was carried on through this period also

And here,
1. The first thing to be taken notice of, is God's anointing
that person that was to be the ancestor of Christ, to be king
over his people. The dispensations of Providence that have
been taken notice of through the last period, from Moses

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to this time, respect the people whence Christ was to proteed.

But now the scripture history leads us to consider God's providence towards that particular person whence Christ was to proceed, viz. David. It pleased God, at this time, remarkably to select out that person of whom Christ was to come, from all the thousands of Israel, and to put a most honorable mark of distinction upon him, by anointing him to be king over his people. It was only God that could find him out. His father's house is spoken of as being little in Israel, and he was the youngest of all the sons of his father, and was least expected to be the man that God had chosen, by Samuel. God had before, in the former ages of the world, remarkably distinguished the persons from whom Christ was to come; as he did Seth, and Noah, and Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob. But the last that we have any account of God's marking out in

any notable manner, the yery person of whom Christ was to come, was in Jacob's blessing his son Judah ; unless we reckon Nahshon's advancement in the wilderness to be the head of the tribe of Judah: But this distinction of the person of whom Christ was to come, in David, was very honorable ; for it was Got's anointing him to be king over his people. And there was something further denoted by David's anointing, than was in the anointing of Saul. God anointed Saul to be king personally ; but God intended something further, by sending Samuel to anoint David, viz. to establish the crown of Israel in him and in his family, as long as Israel continued to be a kingdom ; and not only so, but 'what was infinitely more still, establishing the crown of his universal church, his spiritual Israel, in his seed, to the end of the world, and throughout all eternity.

This was a great dispensation of God, and a great step'taka en towards a further advancing of the work of redemption, according as the time drew near wherein Christ was to come. David, as he was the ancestor of Christ, so he was the greată est personal type of Christ of all under the Old Testament. The types of Christ were of three-sorts ; types of institution *or instituted types, and providential, and personal types. The ordinance of sacrificing was the greatest of the instituted VOL. II


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types; and the redemption out of Egypt was the greatest of the providential types; and David the greatest of the personal types.

Hence Christ is often called David. in the prophecies of scripture; as Ezek. xxxiv: 23, 24.“ And I will set up one shepherd over them, and he shall feed them, even my servant David :.....My servant David a prince among them ;" and so in many other places : And he is very often spoken of as the seed of David, and the son of David.

David being the ancestor and great type of Christ, his being solemnly anointed by God to be king over his people, that the kingdom of his church might be continued in his family forever, may in some respects be looked on as an anointing of Christ himself. Christ was as it were anointed in him ; and therefore Christ's anointing, and David's anointing are spoken of under one in scripture, as Psal. Ixxxix. 20. “ I have found David my servant; with my holy oil have I anointed him." And David's throne and Christ's are spoken of as one ; Luke i. 32. “ And the Lord shall give him the throne of his father David.” Acts ii. 30. “ David....knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him, that of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, he would raise up Christ to sit on his throne."

Thus God's beginning of the kingdom of his church in the house of David, was, as it were, a new establishing of the kingdom of Christ ; the beginning of it in a state of such vísibility as it thenceforward continued in. It was as it were God's planting the root, whence that branch of righteousness was afterwards to spring up, that was to be the everlasting king of his church ; and therefore this everlasting king is called the branch from the stem of Jesse. Isa. xi. 1." And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a branch shall grow out of his roots.” Jer. xxiii. 5. « Behold the days come, saith the Lord, that I will raise up unto David a righteous branch, and a king, shall reign and prosper." xxxiii. 15. 66 In those days and at that time, I will cause the branch of righteousness to grow up unto David, and he shall execute judgment and righteousness in the land.” So Christ in the New Testament, is called the root and offspring of David, Rev. xxii. 16.

So chap.

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