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FOR THE MOTË SHALL EAT' THEM UP LIKE À GARMENT,
AND THE WORM SHALL EAT THEM LIKE WOOL : BUT MY RIGHTEOUSNESS SHALL BE FOREVER, AND MY SALVATION FROM GÉNERATION TO GENERATION.
THE design of this chapter is to comfort the church under her sufferings, and the persecutions of her enemies; and the are gument of consolation insisted on;is, the constancy and perpetuity of God's mercy and faithfulness towards her, which shall: be manifest in continuing to work salyation for her, protecting her against all assaults of her enemies, and carrying her safely through all the changes of the world, and finally crowning her with victory and deliverance.
In the text, this happiness of the church of God is set forth by comparing it with the contrary fate of her enemies that oppress her. And therein we may observe,
1. How short-lived the power and prosperity of the church's enemies.is:. The moth shall eat them up like a garment, and the worm shall eat them like wool; i; e. however great their prosperity is, and however. great their present glory, they shall by degrees consume and vanish away by a secret. curse of God, till they come to nothing ; and all their power and glory, and so . their persecutions, eternally cease, and they, be finally and irrecoverably ruined:: As the finest and most glorious apparel will in
time wear away, and be consumed by moths and rottenness; We learn who those are that shall thus consume away, by the foregoing verse, viz.those that are the enemies of God's people: Hearken unto me, ye that know righteousne88, the people in whose heart is my law, fear ye not the reproach of men, neither be ye afraid of their revilings.
2. The contrary happy lot and portion of God's church, expressed in these words, Myrighteousne88 shall be for ever, and my salvation
from generation to generation. Who are meant as those that shall have the benefit of this, we also learn by the precedir ing verse, viz. They that know righteousness, and the people in whose heart is God's law; or, in one word, the church of God. And concerning this happiness of theirs here spoken of, we may observe two things, viz. 1. Wherein it consists ; 2. Its continuance.
(1) Wherein it consists, viz. În God's righteousness and salvation toward them." By God's righteoụsness here, is meant his faithfulness in fulfilling his covenant promises to his church, or his faithfulness towards his church and people, in bestowing the benefits of the covenant of grace upon them; which benefits, though they are bestowed of free and sovereign grace, as being altogether' undeserved ; yet as
God has been pleased, by the promises of the covenant of grace, to bind himself to bestow them, so they are bestowed in the exercise of God's righteousness or justice. And therefore the apostle says, Heb. vi. 10. God is not unrightcoup, to forget your work and labor of love. And so i Jóhń i. '9. If we confess our sins, he is faithful
, and just'to forgive us vůr sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness. So the word righteousness is very often used in scripture for God's' covenant faithfulness; so it is used in Nehem.' ix."8: Troil hast performed thy words, for thou art righteous. So we are often to understand righteousness and covenant mercy for the same thing ; as Psal. xxiv. 5. He shall receive the blessing from the
Lord, and righteousness from the God of his salvátiön. Psal. Xxxvi., 10. Continue thy loving, kindness to them that know thee, and thy righteousness to the upright in heart. And Psal. li. 14. Deliver me from blood guiltiness, O God, thou God of my salva
tion; and my tongue shall sing aloud of thy righteousness. Dan. ix. 16. O Lord, according to thy righteousness, I beseech thee, let thine anger and thy fury be turned away.—And so in innumerable other places.
The other word here used is salvation. Of these two, God's righteousness and his salvation, the one is the cause, of which the other is the effect. God's righteousness, or covenant mercy, is the root of which his salvation is the fruit. Both of them relate to the covenant of grace. The one is God's covenant mercy and faithfulness, the other intends that work of God by which this covenant mercy is accomplished in the fruits of it. For salvation is the sum of all those works of God by which the benefits that are by the covenant of grace are procured and be stowed.
(2) We may observe its continuance signified here by two expressions ; for ever, and from generation to generation. The latter seems to be explanatory of the former. The phrase for ever, is variously used in scripture. Sometimes thereby is meant' as long as a man lives. So it is said, the servant that has his ear bored through with an awl to the door of his master, should be his for ever. Sometimes thereby is meant dur. ing the continuance of the Jewish state. So of many of the ceremonial and Levitical laws it is said, that they shoulą be statutes for ever. Sometimes it means as long as the world shall stand, or to the end of the generations of mėn. So it is said, Eccles. i. 4. « One generation passeth away, and another cometh ; but the earth abideth "for ever."
Sometimes thereby is meant to all eternity. So it is said, “ God is blessed for ever," Rom. i. 25. And so it is said, John vi-51.*** any, man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever."..... And which of these senses is here to be understood, the next words determine, viz. to the end of the world, or to the end of the generations of men. It is said in the next words, "and my salvation from generation to generation." - Indeed the fruits of God's salvation shall remain after the end of the world, as appears by the 6th.verse : “ Lift up your eyes to the Heavens, and look upon the earth beneath: For the heavens shall vanish away like smoke, and the earth shall wax old like a garment,
arry on the
and they that dwell therein shall die in like manner, but my salvation shall bel for’ever; and my righteousness shall not be abolished:"-, But the work of salvation itself toward the church shall continue to be wrought till then : Till the end of the world God will go on to accomplish deliverance and salvation for the church, from all her enemies; for that is what the prophet is here speaking of; till the end of the world; till her enemies cease to be, as to any power to molest the church. And this expression, from generation to generation, may determine us as to the time whichi God continues to carry work of salvatiófi for his cħürch, both with respect to the beginningi afid' end." It is from generation to generation, i. e. throughout all generations; beginning with the generations of men on the earth, and not ending till these generations end, at the end of the world...And therefore we deduce from these words thisiiqii si Dovana: sit sert 0979603 i 720 -":nul SIONI
s! ***DOCTRINE: roqua: jo **** -Om te rinu? COURS ...)!!:: 1 :-220074 The Work of RÉDEMPTron is a work that GOD Carries" on from the fall of man to the end of the Teini 1,5rijruit (1.6 TI13gr. world.
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generations of mankind on the earth did not begin till after the fall. The beginning of the posterity of our first parents was after the fall for all their posterity, by ordinary generation, are partakers of the fall, and of the corruption of nature that followed from it, and these generations, by, which the human race is propagated, shall continue to the end of the world : So these two are the limits of the generations of men: on the earth; the fall of man, the beginning, and the end of the world, or the day of judgment the end. The same are: the limits of the work of redemption as to those progressive works of God, by which that redemption is brought about and, accomplished, though not as to the fruits of it ; for they, as was said before, shall be to all eternity,
in ?iii, The work of redemption and the work of salvation are the same thing. What is sometimes in scripture called God's
Hii 56:11:1,"in. saving his people is in other places called his redeeming them. So Christ is called both the Saviour and the Redeemer of his people.
BEFORE entering on the proposed History of the Work of Redemption, I would,
1. Explain the terms made use of in the doctrine ;...and,:
2. Show what those things are that are designed to be açcomplished by this great work of God.
First, I would show in what sense the terms of the doctripo are used......And, 1. I would show how I would be understood when I use the word redemption :.and, 2. how. I would be understood when I say, this work is a work of God carried on from the fall of man to the end of the world.
I. I would show how I would be understood when I use the word redemption......And here it may be observed, that the work of redemption is sometimes understood in a more limited for the purchase of salvation ; for so the word strict ly signifies, a purchase of deliverances and if we take the word in this restrained sense, the work of redemption was not solong in doing But it was begun and finished with Christ's humiliation. It was all wrought while Christ was upon earth. It was begun with Christ's incarnation, and carried on through Chřišt's life, and finished with his death of the time of his re maining under the power of death, Which ended in his resurrection: And so we say, that the day of Christ's resurrection is the day when Christ íflished the work of "Fedemption, 1.e then the purchase was finished, and the work itself, and all that appertailed to it; Vas dirflially done and finished, but, not
to cityti aut le OW 3 Bat then sometimes the work of redemption is taken more largely, including all that God Walks 2000
Works of accomplishes tending to this end, not only thie purchasing of ređemption, but also alø God's works that were properly preparatory to the purclasez ev tas applýing the purchase and accomplishing the success of it ; so that the whole dispensation, as it includes the preparation
are the purchase; anđ the application and success of Christ's redemption, is here called the work of redemption.