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sen has transfused into his discussion all the fervour of his nation, and even where his method and his way of giving us the argument, are most unlike our own, he awakens our attention and commands our respect. The Divine Rule of Faith and Practice; or a Defence of the Catholic Doc

trine that Holy Scripture has been since the times of the Apostles the sole Divine Rule of Faith and Practice to the Church, against the dangerous errors of the Authors of the Tracts for the Times, and the Romanists, as particularly, that the Rule of Faith is “made up of Scripture and Tradition together;" &c. In which also the Doctrines of the Apostolical Succession, the Eucharistic Sacrifice, &c., are fully discussed. By William Goode, M. A. of Trinity College, Cambridge, Rector of St. Antholen, London. 2 volumes. Philad. Herman Hooker. 1842. pp. 494, 604.

It needs only a cursory examination of this work to shew, that it will more vex and harass the Tractators and their humble followers, than any thing which has been published. The latter, as we are informed, have already begun to sneer, and to enquire who this new disputant may be : they are like to know him, before long, as one whose blows will be remembered, who copes with them within their own lists, in their own armour, and with greatly more than their own straightforwardness and logic. It is a book which reminds us of the old-time argumentation, in which every point was proved, and every objection answered, with an overwhelming copiousness of reason and authority. But it is not possible to say, within a few pages, what would be just If we return to him, in a future number, it will be to exhibit his triumph over the semi-papists of Oxford. Episcopal Bishops the Successors of the Apostles. The Sermon preached in St. Paul's church, Detroit, on Sunday, February 13, 1842, at the ordination of the Reverend Montgomery Schuyler, to the Priesthood, and Sabin Hough and Edward Hodgkin, to the Deaconship. By the Right Reverend Samuel Allen McCoskry, D. D. Published by request. Detroit, 1842: pp. 43. 8vo.

The pious and amiable author of this sermon is “ episcopal bishop" of Michigan, and there is no man whom we should more cheerfully believe, if it were possible, when he assures us that, on this occasion, he has “shown that the Apostles received full power to rule and govern the church from Christ; that they very early transferred that power to others, and that the office was continued in the church ; that it was supreme ; and that they established two inferior grades in the ministry to which was given limited powers, derived entirely from the Apostles, and the Bishops, their succesors." The good Bishop adds, “ How any one can resist the testimony, I know not," He ought to know, however, that the power of resisting testimony" very much depends upon the relevancy, clearness, and conclusiveness of that which is “ resisted;" and that those who have been able to resist the learned and ingenious sophistry of “ Episcopacy tested by Scripture,” may without any superhuman power of resistance, be expected to withstand a paraphrastical abridgment of that celebrated tract, presented in the less imposing form of an

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ordination sermon at Detroit. That Bishop McCrosky's arguments are weak, and inconclusive, can occasion neither wonder nor regret on our part; but we do grieve to find such a man asserting as a truth which he “most fully believes,” that “ if the positions advanced (in this sermon) cannot be sustained, Christ has left no church on the earth and no ministry of reconciliation." That is to say, unless the Bible teaches that the twelve apostles were first ordained “to preach the gospel” and “ baptize;" then “ to bless the elements of bread and wine in remembrance” of Christ; and then“ were raised up to the very same office which Christ himself held,” “ in his human nature, as head and governor of the church”-unless the Bible teaches this it teaches nothing! It would be less absurd to say that unless the primacy of Peter can be proved, it never can be proved that there were any apostles. We can assure Bishop McCrosky that whatever the powers of the successors of the Apostles” (falsely so called) may be, they do not possess that of making the most clear and fundamental truths of scripture stand or fall with the puerile conceits of modern controversy. He may rely upon it, that the certain existence of a church on earth and of a “ministry of reconciliation,” will be known and believed in, as a truth of revelation and a ground of rejoicing, long after men have even ceased to inquire how many “commissions” the twelve received, and to make distinctions where nothing short of a creative power could ever make a difference.

The offensive feature of this sermon is not the use of “words calculated to irritate or wound Christians who hold different views;" for this the author has according to his promise, “ been most scrupulously careful to avoid,” Nor is it his maintaining paradoxical opinions by imaginary proofs; for this is an infirmity too common to provoke the slightest feeling of displeasure. But the crying sin of the performance is its popish tendency to place church government upon a level with the gospel, and to suspend the very offer of salvation, or at least the authority to make it on the petty details of a far-fetched hypothesis, which one generation of sane men after another have perused the scriptures without seeing there or dreaming of. Had Bishop M. confined his rash assertion to the fundamental principles of prelacy, it would have been enough, nay too much for a wise and good man; but the“ positions advanced," upon the truth of which the very being of a church and of a ministry depends, include the sickly dream of a triple ordination in the apostolic body and the impious dogma that “ episcopal bishops” are not only the successors of the twelve but of the Saviour ; that "every thing that could be performed by a mere human being was given by the Saviour.” “ He was, as the Apostle declares, the Head the body, consequently this headship was transferred, and, all the power necessary to preserve and regulate the body.” When the One Head of the Church, whom we believe in, has forsaken it, we shall be glad to have these substitutes, and not till then. Meditations and Addresses on the subject of prayer, by the Rev. Hugh White,




A. M., curate of St. Mary's parish, Dublin. First American, from the tenth Dublin edition. New York: Robert Carter, 58 Canal street : Pp. 237,

We cannot but think, that the religious public, and especially the Presbyterian church, in the United States, are laid under great obligations to Mr. Carter, of New York, for the many reprints of valuable European books, which he has edited in a cheap and neat form, suited to the wants of our country. But his publications are not all from writers of the Presbyterian denomination. The popular little volume, which we now notice, is from the pen of a pious minister of the established church of Ireland, who being prevented by infirm health from engaging in the active duties of his office, has been led to adopt the medium of the press, as a substitute for the ministrations of the palpit.' That the publication has been well received in the country where the author is known, needs no other evidence than that it has gone already through ten editions. And in our opinion, it deserves to be extensively circulated in this country. The subject of prayer is here treated as a spiritual exercise, and the sentiments of the author appear to us not only pious, but sound and judicious, and very seasonable in the state of religion among

We do, therefore, cordially recommend it to the perusal of all who desire to be instructed in the right manner of performing this important duty. The Works of the Right Reverend Father in God, Joseph Butler, D. C. L.,

late Lord Bishop of Durham. To which is prefixed an account of the character and writings of the author. By Samuel Halifax, D. D., late Lord Bishop of Gloucester. New York : Robert Carter, 58 Canal street.

While Bishop Butler's Analogy of natural and revealed religion is in the hands of almost all readers, and has become a text-book in many of our institutions of learning, the other works of this eminent author have not been in common circulation, in this country. We are pleased, therefore, to see his whole works collected in one handsome volume, printed in a good large type, and sold at a reasonable rate. It would be worse than superfluous to eulogize the writings of this extraordinary man. In some important respects, he stands pre-eminent and alone, as an author. In profundity and impartiality he has no superior. He possessed the rare power of collecting and concentrating the feeble and scattered rays of light which to most minds were invisible, or which they had not the power of so presenting, as to render them visible to others. And while we cannot concur in all his opinions, we believe that there are few books better adapted to discipline the inquisitive mind, and to habituate it to a patient and candid pursuit of truth. Comly's Spelling and Reading Book. With Notes for Parents and Teachers;

adapted to the use of Public Schools, and Private or Family instruction. Philadelphia : Thomas L. Bonsal, No.33 1-2 Market Street. 1842.





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