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rest and instruction as that to which this volume relates. Mr. Tracy has been so long known as a public writer, that his manner is no doubt familiar to most of our readers. They will find here the vivacious ease and fluency which are characteristic of his style; and a collection of documents relating to the Great Revival, which are no where else embodied. The work is therefore one of great interest and value. We are sorry and disappointed, however, to find that Mr. Tracy has not been able to rise above the prejudices of his education so as to furnish an impartial and discriminating history.

It is not indeed a mere partisan production; but still we think it is far from being just. It is too apologetic in relation to the friends the revival, and too condemnatory of those who opposed it. The views of the latter he often misconceives; and brings all men and all opinions to the tribunal of current formulas. He should remember that the gospel was not first discovered at Northampton a hundred years ago. Towards the members of the Presbyterian church, Mr. Tracy is singularly unjust. Some of the most violent opposers of the Revival in Scotland, who attributed it to a diabolical influence, are acknowledged to have been “ some of the most excellent men of the age in which they lived." He cannot withhold his tribute to the piety of many of the pastors in New England who closed their pulpits against Whitefield and protested against his doctrines, spirit, and measures; but the men in the Presbyterian church who protested against the same things and for the same reasons, are condemned without benefit of clergy. Some of the manifestations of this prejudice of the writer, are so extravagant as to be absurd. The Synod of Philadelphia, he tells us, was only saved by its union with that of New York, " from the dead sca of Arminian inefficiency,(?) and the bottomless gulfof Unirianism.” This is not the only instance in which Mr. Tracy claims the gift of prophecy, and not of prophecy merely, but of scientia media. This is not the place in which to expose the injustice of this condemnation. It is enough to say, that there is not one of the sweeping charges of Mr. Tracy against that synod, which is not refuted by the positive testimony of Gilbert Tennent. Were we to turn prophets too, we would venture to say, that the late Dr. James P. Wilson of Philadelphia would calmly have placed Mr. 'Tracy's book in the fire, had he lived to read its denunciations of a body of which his father, Matthew Wilson, was a leading member,

Manual of Sacred Interpretation : for the Special Benefit of Junior Theologi

cal Students, but intended also for private Christians in general. By Alex. McClelland, Professor of Biblical Literature in the Theological Seminary at New Brunswick. New York: Robert Carter. 1842. pp. 168. 12mo.

Dr. McClelland has succeeded in doing, what no other writer, within our knowledge, has accomplished; he has made a book on Hermeneutics, highly entertaining. Instead of its being a drudgery to read it, any one who begins it will not be likely to lay it down until he has reached the end. In some instances, we link, this vivacity is carried beyond the limits which the grave nature of the subjects discussed should have imposed. Still as the

Doctor has not made, what of all things he must most dislike, a dull book, he will bear patiently the complaint that he sometimes errs on the opposite extreme. The entertaining character of this book, however, is not its chief recommendation. It contains more matter, than many books on the same subject, of four times the size. All the leading principles of interpretation, are stated in their natural order, and illustrated copiously, variously and appositely. The number of passages of scripture embraced in these illustrations is so great, that there is room for considerable diversity of opinion as to the correctness of the exposition given of them. In the great majority of cases we think the true sense of the passages cited, is given; in a few we are obliged to dissent. The same remark might be made with respect to some of the principles of interpretation laid down; though here, we suspect our objections would touch rather the mode of statement, than the principles themselves. On the whole, we know no book which in the same compass, and in so pleasant a manner, gives the theological student so good a view of the general principles of biblical interpretation. It did not fall within Dr. McClelland's plan to present the moral qualifications for an interpreter of the Bible, nor to insist on the necessity of the humble docility to the teachings of the Holy Spirit, which after all is the best security against error and the best guide to truth. As we expect to see this book pass through many editions, we would suggest to the author a chapter on the subject last mentioned, which we are sure would in his own view as well as in that of others, add greatly to the value of his book. Discourses intended as a Keepsake for the family and friends of the Author.

By Jonathan Cogswell, D. D., Professor of Ecclesiastical History in the Theological Institute of Connecticut. Hartford. 1842. 8vo. pp. 201.

As this is a book designed for the family and friends of the author, it may not appear to be a proper subject for public criticism. There can be no harm, however, in congratulating Dr. Cogswell's friends on the possession of a volume in which there is so much sound doctrine, and so much pious sentiment presented in the clear and simple style which is best adapted for didactic composition. This volume is designed also to be a memorial of its author. We hope it will be long before it can be viewed in that light, and when that time shall come, its circulation we trust will not be restricted to the personal friends of the writer. A History of Baptism, both from the inspired and uninspired writings. By

Isaac Taylor Hinton. Philadelphia : American Baptist Publication and S. S. Society. pp. 372.

A work that does no credit to its author or to the Society under whose auspices it is given to the public. Had it not issued from the press of the American Baptist Publication and S. S. Society, we should have left altogether unnoticed the fact of its existence. And we now refer to it chiefly to express our regret and surprise, that a work abounding in gross personal abuse of a distinguished minister of the gospel in a sister church, should have met with the favour it has from the above named Society.






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Steubenville, Rev. Henry G. Comingo
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consin, and Iowa, J. F. Easton.






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