Krause's Essential Human Histology for Medical Students

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Universal-Publishers, 2005 - 315 pagini
The format of Essential Human Histology departs considerably from that of the usual presentations on human tissue/organ biology. This presentation was not designed as a formal reference textbook but as a tool solely for students and is designed for rapid student learning as well as rapid review in preparation for USMLE examinations. Essential Human Histology focuses the beginning student's attention on the most important aspects of this discipline which are presented as a series of learning units. In general, the text follows the traditional and logical sequence of cells to tissues to organs, but within this sequence, the discussion on mitosis is presented immediately after the cell and discussion on meiosis just prior to a consideration of the reproductive systems. To understand human structural biology, it is essential to learn a specialized vocabulary and to assimilate a large body of facts. Learning, as distinct from memorization, depends to a great degree on repetition and reinforcement and is made easier if the material to be learned can be presented in discrete, manageable segments. The format of Essential Human Histology is designed specifically to meet these requirements and, if used properly, will enable the student to master this knowledge quickly and efficiently. Use of this Textbook: The subject matter is broken down into small learning units, each of which is introduced by a vocabulary appropriate to that unit. The vocabulary introduces the main features of the subject to be discussed and provides the basic vocabulary for that unit. As each segment is read, note the vocabulary words (identified by bold print) in the text and how they contribute to the discussion. After completing the narrative segment, return to the vocabulary words, using them as prompts to recall the details of the material just read. The vocabulary serves as a summary of the topic and provides a means for rapid review. If a vocabulary word fails to prompt a response, it and the associated text can be found quickly from the bold type in the appropriate segment. A segment entitled either Histogenesis or Organogenesis provides an introduction into the development of each tissue and/or organ and provides another means of reinforcement that contributes to an overall understanding of the tissue or organ being considered. Summaries briefly outline the structural/functional relationships and serve to draw the information together and to provide an additional review of the topic. During preparation of Essential Human Histology, three major considerations were kept in mind: (1) most curricula place considerable time constraints on the student; (2) function and structure are inextricably related; and (3) the learning process essentially is a matter of repetition and reinforcement. The narrative strives to present the vast amount of information available on this topic, in a concise and logical manner, without sacrificing the detail that is necessary for a basic understanding of human tissue and organ biology.
 

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Cuprins

Organogenesis
157
Summary
158
Respiratory System
160
Pharynx and Larynx
162
Intrapulmonary Air Passages
163
Respiratory Tissue
164
Pleura
166
Control of Respiratory Rate
167

Epithelium
32
Junctional Complexes
34
Specializations of Epithelial Membranes
37
Glandular Epithelium
39
Histogenesis
41
Summary
42
General Connective Tissue
43
Subtypes of Loose Connective Tissue
49
Dense Connective Tissue
50
Histogenesis
51
Special Connective Tissue Cartilage Bone and Joints Cartilage
52
Bone
53
Joints
56
Histogenesis Cartilage
59
Repair of Cartilage and Bone Cartilage
63
Summary
64
Special Connective Tissue Blood
67
Erythrocytes
68
Platelets
70
Leukocytes
71
Blood in Children
77
Special Connective Tissue Hemopoietic Tissue
79
Bone Marrow
80
Development of Erythrocytes
83
Development of Granular Leukocytes
84
Development of Platelets
86
Development of Monocytes
87
Interrelationships of Hemopoietic Cells
88
Muscle Tissue
89
Cardiac Muscle
97
Smooth Muscle
99
Histogenesis
101
Summary
102
Nervous Tissue
105
Neuroglia
113
Spinal Cord
115
Meninges
117
Histogenesis
118
Cardiovascular and Lymph Vascular Systems
120
Blood Vessels
123
Arteries
124
Capillaries
126
Veins
128
Special Circulations
130
Organogenesis
132
Lymphatic Tissues and Organs
134
Tonsils
137
Lymph Nodes
138
Spleen
140
Thymus
142
Organogenesis
145
Skin
149
Dermis
153
Summary
168
Digestive System
170
Salivary Glands
172
Major Salivary Glands
173
Teeth
174
Pharynx
176
Gastrointestinal mucus
191
Liver
192
Pancreas
197
Organogenesis
199
Summary
203
Urinary System
206
Extrarenal Passages
217
Organogenesis
218
Summary
219
Meiosis
222
Summary
223
Male Reproductive System
224
Seminiferous Tubules
225
Excretory Ducts
229
Accessory Sex Glands
231
External Genitalia
233
Organogenesis
235
Summary
236
Female Reproductive System
239
Oviducts
243
Uterus
244
Vagina
248
External Genitalia
249
Breasts Mammary Glands
253
Organogenesis
255
Summary
256
Endocrine Glands
258
Parathyroid Glands
259
Thyroid Gland
260
Adrenal Gland
262
Paraganglia
264
Hypophysis
265
Organogenesis
270
Summary
271
The Eye
273
Uveal Layer
275
Retina
277
Lens
281
Vitreous Body
282
Organogenesis
283
Summary
285
The Ear
287
Inner Ear
288
Organogenesis
293
Summary
294
INDEX
296
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