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as I take it, six French rapiers and poniards, with
Enter a Lord. their assigns, as girdle, hangers, and so: Three of Lord. My lord, his majesty commended him the carriages, in faith, are very dear to fancy, very to you by young Osrick, who brings back to him, responsive to the hilts, most delicate carriages, that you attend him in the hall: he sends to know, and of very liberal conceit.
5 lif your pleasure hold to play with Laertes, or that Hum. What call you the carriages!
you will take longer time. Hor. I knew, you must be edified by the mar- Hum. I am constant to my purposes, they folgent', ere you had done.
low the king's pleasure: if his fitness speaks, Osr. The carriages, sir, are the hangers. mine is ready; now, or whensoever, provided I
Ham. The phrase would be more germane? to 1o be so able as now. the matter, if we could carry a cannon by our Lord. The king, and queen, and all, are coming sides: I would, it might be hangers 'till then. down. But, on : Six Barbary horses against six French Ham. In happy time. swords, their assigns, and three liberal-conceited Lord. The queen desires you to use some gencarriages; that's the French bett against the Da- 15 tle entertainment“ to Laertes, before you fall to nish: Why is this impon’d, as you call it? play. Osr. The king, sir, hath lay'd, that in a dozen Hum. She well instructs me.
[Erit Lord. passes between yourself and him, he shall not ex- Hor. You will lose this wager, my lord. ceed you three hits: he hath lay'd on twelve for Ham. I do not think so; sinec he went into nine; and it would come to immediate trial, il 20 France, I have been in continual practice; I shall your lordship would vouchsafe the answer. win at the odds ?. But thou would'st not think, Hum. How if I answer, no?
how ill all's here about my heart: but it is no Osr. I mean, my lord, the opposition of your matter. person in trial.
Il r. Nay, good my lord, Ham. Sir, I will walk here in the hall: If it 25 llam. It is but foolery; but it is such a kind please his majesty, it is the breathing time of day of gain-giving", as would, perhaps, trouble a wowith me; let the foils be brought: the gentleman willing, and the king hold his purpose, I will win Hor. If your mind dislike any thing, obey it: for him, if I can; if not, I will gain nothing but I will forestall their repair hither, and say you are Dy shame, and the odd hits.
30 not fit. Osr. Shall I deliver you so?
Ham. Not a whit, we defy augury; there is Ham. To this effect, sir; after what flourish a special providence in the fall of a sparrow. If your nature will.
it be now, 'tis not to come; if it be not to come, Osr. I commend mydutyto your lordship.[Erit. it will be now; if it be not now, yet it will come:
Ham. Yours, yours.--He does well, to com-35|the readiness is all: Since no man knows aught mend it himself; there are no tongues else for 's of what he leaves, what is 't to leave betimes'?' turn.
Let be. Hor. This lapwing runs away with the shell on Enter King, Queen, Laertes, Lords, Osrick, and his head?
Attendants with foils, 8c. Ham. He did compliment with his dug, before 40 King. Come, Hamlet, come, and take this hand he suck'd it. Thus has he (and many more of the
from me. same breed, that, I know, the drossy age dotes [The King puts the land of Laertes into that on) only got the tune of the time, and outward
of Humlet. habit of encounter; a kind of yesty collection, Ham. Give me your pardon, sir: I have done which carries them through and through the most 45
you wrong; fond and winnowed opinions * ; and do but blow But pardon it, as you are a gentleman. [heard, them to their trial, the bubbles are out'.
|This presence knows, and you must needs have
? Dr. Warburton very properly observes, that in the old books the gloss or comment was usually printed on the margent of the leat. 2 More a-kin. 3 The meaning, Mr. Steevens believes, isThis is a forward fellow. * The meaning is, “ These men have got the cant of the day, a superficial readiness of slight and cursory conversation, a kind of frothy collection of fashionable pratde, which yet carries them through the inost select and approved judgements. This airy facility of talk sometimes imposes upon wise men.”. Si.e. These men of show, without solidity, are like bubbles raised froin soap and water, which dance, and glitter, and please the eye, but if you extend them, by blowing hard, separate into a mist: so if you oblige these specious talkers to extend their compass of conversation, they at once discover the tenuity of their intellects. 6 i. e, mild and temperate conversation. Hamlet means to say, I shall succeed with the advantage which I ain allowed, I shall make more than nine hits for Laertes' twelve. Gain-giving is the same as mis-giving.
Dr. Johnson comments on this passage thus: “Since no man knows aught of the state of life which ke leates, since he canot judge what other years may produce, why should he be afraid of leaving life betimes? Why should he dread an early death, of which he cannot tell whether it is an exclusion of happiness, or an interception of calamity? I despise the superstition of augury and omens, which has Ro ground in reason or piety; my comfort is, that I cannot full-but by the direction of Providence.”
How I am punish'd with a sore distraction.. Laer. Come, my lord.
[They play. What I have done,
Laer. Well, again,-
is thine; Who does it then? His madness: If’t be so, Here's to thy health.—Give him the cup. Hamlet is of the faction that is wrong'd;
[Trumpets sound, shot goes off. His madness is poor
Ham. I'll play this bout first, set it by a while. Sir, in this audience,
[They play. Let my disclaiming from a purpos'd evil Come, another hit; What say you? Free me so far in your most generous thoughts, Laer. A touch, a touch, I do confess. That I have shot my arrow o'er the house, 15 King. Our son shall win. And hurt my brother.
Queen. He's fat, and scant of breath.Laer. I am satisfy'd in nature,
Here, Hamlet, take my napkin, rub thy brows: Whose motive, in this case, should stir me most The queen carouses to thy fortune, Hamlet. To my revenge: but in my terms of honour Ham. Good madam,I stand aloof; and will no reconcilement, 20 King. Gertrude, do not drink. Till by soine elder masters, of known honour, Queen. I will, my lord ;-I pray you, pardon me. I have a voice and precedent of peace,
King. It is the poison’d cup; it is too late. [ Aside. To keep my name ungor'd: but, 'till that time, Ham. I dare not drink yet, madam; by-and-by. I do receive your offer'd love like love,
Queen. Come, let me wipe thy face. And will not wrong it.
Lacr. My lord, I'll hit him now. Ham. I embrace it freely;
King. I do not think't. And will this brother's wager frankly play
Laer. And yet it is almost against myconscience. Give us the foils; come on.
[Aside. Laer. Come, one for me.
[rance Ham. Come, for the third, Laertes: You do Ham. I'll be your foil, Laertes; in mine igno-30 but dally; Your skill shall, like a star i’ the darkest night, I pray you, pass with your best violence; Stick fiery off indeed.
I am afraid, you make a wanton * of me. Laer. You mock me, sir.
Laer. Say you so? come on.
[Play. Ham. No, by this hand. [Cousin Hamlet, Osr. Nothing neither way.
King. Give them the foils, young Osrick.-35 Laer. Have at you now. You know the wager?
[Laertes wounds Hamlet; then, in scuffiina, Ham. Very well, my lord;
they change rapiers, and Hamlet twounds Your grace liath laid the odds o*the weaker side.
Laer. This is too heavy, let me see another. Osr. Look to the queen there, ho!
(The Queen falls. length ? [They prepure to play. Hor. They bleed on both sides : How is it, Osr. Ay, my good lord. King. Set me the stoups? of wine upon that 45 Osr. How is 't, Laertes?
Laer. Why, as a woodcock to my own springe, If Hamlet give the first, or second hit,
I am justly kill'd with mine own treachery. Or quit in answer of the third exchange,
Ham. How does the queen? Let all the battlements their ord’nance fire;
King. She swoons to see them bleed. The king shall drink to Hamlet's better breath; 50 Queen. No, no, the drink, the drink,-0 my And in the cup an union shall he throw,
dear Hamlet!Richer than that which four successive kings The drink, the drink;—I am poison'd In Denmark's crown have worn: Give me the
[The Queen dies. And let the kettle to the trumpet speak, [cups; Ham. O villainy !--Ho! let the door be lock'd: The trumpet to the cannoneer without, 55 Treachery! seek it out.
(slain; The cannons to the heavens, the heavens to earth, Laer. It is here, Hamlet: Hamlet, thou art Now the King drinks to Hamlet.-Come, begin; No medicine in the world can do thee good, And you, the judges, bear a wary eye.
In thee there is not half an hour's life; Ham. Come on, sir.
The treacherous instrument is in thy hand, ' A stoup is a flaggon, or bowl. 2 An union is the finest sort of pearl, and has its place in all crowns and coroncts. • Under pretence of throwing a pearl into the cup, the king may be supposed to drop some poisonous drug into the wine. Hamlet seems to suspect this, when lie afterwards discovers the effects of the poison, and tauntingly asks him,- Is the union here? A wanton was a man fceble and effeninate.
Unbated, and envenom'd: the foul practice Enter Fortinbras, the English Embassadors, and Hath turn'd itself on me; lo, here I lie,
others. Never to rise again: Thy inother's poison'd;
For. Where is this sight?
5 If aught of woe, or wonder, cease your search. Then, venom, to thy work. [Stabs the King. Fort. This quarry cries on havock!--O proud All. Treason! treason!
10 So bloodily hast struck? Drink off this potion :- Is the union here?
Emb. The sight is dismal;
And our affairs from England come too late: Laer. He is justly serv'd;
The ears are senseless, that should give us hearing, It is a poison temper'd by himself.
To tell him, his commandment is fulfill’d, Exchange forgiveness with me, noble Hamlet: 115 That Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are dead: Mine and my father's death come not upon thee;
Where should we have our thanks? Nor thine on me!
[Dies. Hor. Not from his mouth, Ham. Heaven make thee free of it! I follow Had it the ability of life to thank you; thee.
He never gave cominandment for their death. I am dead, Horatio :-Wretched queen, adieu! 20 But since, so jump upon this bloody question, You that look pale and tremble at this chance, You from the Polack wars, and you from England That are but mutes or audience to this act, Are here arriv’d; give order, that these bodies Had I but time, (as this fell serjeant, Death, High on a stage be placed to the view; Is strict in his arrest) O, I could tell you, And let me speak, to the yet unknowing world, But let it be:-Horatio, I am dead;
25 How these things came about: So shall you hear Thou liv'st; report me and my cause aright Of cruel, bloody, and unnatural acts; To the unsatisfied.
Of accidental judgements, casual slaughters; Hor. Never believe it ;
Of deaths put on by cunning, and forc'd cause; I am more an antique Roman than a Dane, And, in this upshot, purposes mistonk Here's yet some liquor left.
30 Fall'n on the inventors' heads: all this can I Ham. As thou ’rt a man,
And call the noblest to the audience. Things standing thus unknown, shall live behind For me, with sorrow I embrace my fortune; me?
35 I have some rights of memory in this kingdom, If thou didst ever hold me in thy heart,
Which now to claim, my vantage doth invite me. Absent thee from felicity a while,
Hor. Of that I shall have also cause to speak, And in this harsh world draw thy breath in pain, And from his mouth whose voice will draw on To tell my story:
more: [March afar off, and shout within. 40 But let this same be presently perform’d, What warlike noise is this?
Even while men's minds are wild ; lest more Osr. Young Fortinbras, with conquest come
mischance from Poland,
On plots, and errors, happen. To the embassadors of England gives
Fort. Let four captains This warlike volley.
45 Bear Hamlet, like a soldier, to the stage; Ham. O, I die, Horatio ;
For he was likely, had he been put on, The potent poison quite o'er-grows my spirit; To have prov'd most royally: and, for his passage, I cannot live to hear the news from England : The soldiers' music, and the rites of war, But I do prophesy, the election lights
Speak loudly for him.On Fortinbras; he has my dying voice; 50 Take upthe bodies :
-Such a sight as this So tell him, with the occurrents", more or less, Becomes the field, but here shews much amiss. Which have solicited?, The rest is silence. Go, bid the soldiers shoot.
[Dies. Hor. Now cracks a noble heart:-Good night,
[Ereunt: after which, a peal of ordnance is sweet prince;
551 And flights of angels sing thee to thy rest!-Why does the drum come hither?
'i.e. incidents. The word is now disused. ? Solicited, for brought on the event. ii.
0 T H E L L O'.
Montano, the Moor's Predecessor in the Go
vernment of Cyprus. Clown, Sertant to the Moor. Herald.
Duke of VENICE.
DESDEMONA, Daughter to Brabantio, and Wife
Officers, Gentlemen, Messengers, Musicians, Sailors, and Attendants.
A CT I.
Evades them, with a bombast circumstance,
Horribly stuff'd with epithets of war;
And, in conclusion,
Non-suits my mediators; for, certes ?, says he,
5 I have already chosen my officer.
And what was he?
One Michael Cassio, a Florentine,
A fellow almost damn’d in a fair wife !; As if the strings were thine,-should'st know of 10 That never set a squadron in the field, this.
Nor the division of a battle knows lago. But you'll not hear me:
More than a spinster; unless the bookish theorico, If ever I did dream of such a matter, abhor me. Wherein the toged consuls can propose Rod. Thou told'st me, thou didst hold him in As masterly as he: mere prattle, without practice, thy hate.
[of the city, 15 Is all his soldiership. But he, sir, had the election: Iago. Despise me if I do not. Three great ones And I,-of whoin his eyes had seen the proof, In personal suit to make me his lieutenant, At Rhodes, at Cyprus; and on other grounds Off capp'd to him; and, by the faith of man, Christian and heathen,must be be-lee'd and calm'd I know my price, I am worth no worse a place: By debtor and creditor, this counter-caster“; But he, as loving his own pride and purposes, 120 He, in good time, must his lieutenant be, 'The story is taken from Cynthio's Novels. ? i. e. certainly, in truth. Obsolete.
3 On these lines Dr. Johnson observes, “This is one of the passages which must for the present be resigned to corruption and obscurity. I have nothing that I can, with any approach to confidence, propose. -Mr. Tyrwhitt ingeniously proposes to read, “ damn'd in a fair life;" and is of opinion, that Shakspeare alludes to the judgement denounced in the Gospel against those of whom all men speak well." He adds, that “the character of Cassio is certainly such, as would be very likely to draw upon him all the peril of this denunciation, literally understood. Well-bred, easy, sociable, good-natured ; with abilities enough to make him agreeable and useful, but not sufficient to excite the envy of his equals, or to alarm the jealousy of his superiors. It may be observed too, that Shakspeare has thought it proper to make Jago, in several other passages, bear his testimony to the amiable qualities of his rival.” Theoric, for theory.
Consuls, for counsellors. ! It was anciently the practice to reckon up sums with counters, 3 X 2