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The facsimile opposite shows the cast which performed Johnson's adaptation of 'As You Like It' in 1723, and suggests the nature of the alterations made by Johnson. (See Appendix B for further details.) The title-page mentions neither Shakespeare's name nor that which he gave the comedy. It runs as follows: 'LOVE in a FOREST. A COMEDY. As it is ACTED at the THEATRE ROYAL in Drury-Lane, By His Majesty's Servants. . . By Mr. Johnson .. 1723.'
The Prologue, spoken by Wilks, closes with the following lines:
'Now,-As you like it, judge the following Play,
Frederick, the ufurping Duke,
Amiens,} two Friends to Alberto, }
Adam, an old Servant to Orlando,
Lords, Forefters, Gentlemen, Guards, Singers and
SCENE, Liege, and the Foreft of Arden.
DUKE SENIOR, living in exile
FREDERICK, brother to Duke Senior, and usurper of his dukedom
AMIENS, Lords attending upon Duke Senior in his JAQUES, S banishment
LE BEAU, a courtier attending on Frederick
OLIVER, eldest son to Sir Rowland de Boys, who had formerly been a servant of Duke Senior
younger brothers to Oliver
ADAM, an old servant of Sir Rowland de Boys, now following the fortunes of Orlando
DENNIS, servant to Oliver
CHARLES, a wrestler, and servant to the usurping Duke Frederick
TOUCHSTONE, a clown attending on Celia and Rosalind
CORIN, } Shepherds
WILLIAM, a clown in love with Audrey
ROSALIND, daughter to Duke Senior
CELIA, daughter to Frederick
PHEBE, a shepherdess
AUDREY, a country wench
Lords belonging to the two Dukes, with Pages, For
esters, and other Attendants
The scene lies first near Oliver's house, and afterwards partly in the Duke Frederick's court, and partly in the Forest of Arden.]
D. P. First given by Rowe, ed. 1709
As You Like It
[An Orchard near Oliver's House]
Enter Orlando and Adam.
Orl. As I remember, Adam, it was upon this fashion bequeathed me by will but poor a thousand crowns, and, as thou sayest, charged my brother on his blessing, to breed me well: and there begins my sadness. My brother Jaques he keeps at school, and report speaks goldenly of his profit: for my part, he keeps me rustically at home, or, to speak more properly, stays me 8 here at home unkept; for call you that keeping for a gentleman of my birth, that differs not from the stalling of an ox? His horses are bred better; for, besides that they are fair with their feeding, they are taught their manage, and to that end riders dearly hired: but I, his brother, gain nothing under him but growth, for the which his animals on his dunghills are as much bound 16 to him as I. Besides this nothing that he so plentifully gives me, the something that nature gave me his countenance seems to take from
2 Cf. n. poor a: i.e., a beggarly
5 Jaques; cf. n.
6 at school: at college
7 rustically: i.e., without opportunity to see the world
8 stays: detains
13 manage: action and paces to which a horse is trained.
19 countenance: favor, patronage
me: he lets me feed with his hinds, bars me the place of a brother, and, as much as in him lies, mines my gentility with my education. This is it, Adam, that grieves me; and the spirit of my father, which I think is within me, begins to mutiny against this servitude. I will no longer endure it, though yet I know no wise remedy how to avoid it.
Adam. Yonder comes my master, your brother. Orl. Go apart, Adam, and thou shalt hear how he will shake me up.
Oli. Now, sir! what make you here?
Orl. Nothing: I am not taught to make anything.
Oli. What mar you then, sir?
Orl. Marry, sir, I am helping you to mar that which God made, a poor unworthy brother of yours, with idleness.
Oli. Marry, sir, be better employed, and be naught awhile.
Orl. Shall I keep your hogs, and eat husks with them? What prodigal portion have I spent, that I should come to such penury? Oli. Know you where you are, sir? Orl. O! sir, very well: here in your orchard. Oli. Know you before whom, sir?
Orl. Ay, better than him I am before knows me. I know you are my eldest brother; and, in the gentle condition of blood, you should so
20 hinds: servants
27 S. d.; cf. n.
22 mines: undermines 31 make you: are you doing
35 Marry: an oath derived from the name of Saint Mary
38 be naught: efface yourself, withdraw 41 prodigal portion; cf. n. 48 gentle condition of blood: kind disposition caused by relationship