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13. (If not examined, state why, and give the circumstances of your entry)

14. The person in the United States to whom I was coming was.

15. The place in the United States to which I was going was.

16. The names of some of the passengers or other persons I traveled with are

I have set forth below my answers to the following questions asked of me: 17. Have you been absent from the United States since the date of your arrival as stated on page 1 of this form

If so, state month and year you left

you returned

To what country did you go?

; month and year

For what reason?

Is this the only time you have been out of the United States?

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18. In what places in the United States have you resided?

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(City or town) (State)

(Month)

(Year)
(Year)

(Month)

(Year)

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19. What were the names and addresses of your employers during the five years immediately prior to the date of this statement?

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20. Do you understand the principles of government of the United States?____ 21. Do you fully believe in the form of government of the United States?_ 22. Are you ready to answer questions as to the principles and form of government of the United States?_

What have you done to prepare yourself for an examination on the Government of the United States?

23. Have you read the following oath of allegiance?

I hereby declare, on oath, that I absolutely and entirely renounce and abjure all allegiance and fidelity to any foreign prince, potentate, state, or sovereignty, and particularly to of whom (which) I have heretofore been a subject (or citizen); that I will support and defend the Constitution and laws of the United States of America against all enemies, foreign and domestic: that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; and that I take this obligation freely without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion: So help me God.

Are you willing to take this oath in becoming a citizen?

24. If necessary, are you willing to take up arms in defense of this country?

Did you claim exemption from the draft during the World War because you were an alien?

Did you surrender your declaration (first paper) at that time? 25. If not now married, have you ever been married?

vorced?

26. Are you a believer in anarchy?

Are you di

Do you belong to or are you

associated with any organization which teaches or advocates anarchy or the overthrow of existing government in this country?

27. Have you ever been an inmate of an insane asylum?

28. Have you ever been dependent upon public charity?

29. Have you ever been arrested or charged with violation of any law of the United States or State or any city ordinance or traffic regulation?

so, give full particulars.

If

30. (a) In what place in the United States did you meet for the first time your first witness named on the opposite page?

(City or town) (State)

(City or town) (State)

How often did you see this witness each month during the five years just before the date of this statement?

At what places?

(b) In what place in the United States did you meet for the first time your second witness named on the opposite page?

(City or town) (State)

How often did you see this witness each month during the five years just before the date of this statement?

At what places?

I certify that all the statements made by me in this application and form are true to the best of my knowledge and belief.

(Signature of applicant)

(Address at which applicant receives mail)

STATEMENT OF FACTS TO BE USED IN FILING MY PETITION FOR CITIZENSHIP

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4. I declared my intention to become a citizen (first paper) on

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I have

(County)

(State)

children, whose names, dates and places of birth, and

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The place where I took the ship or train which landed me in the United States

was

(City or town)

((Country)

7. The foreign country of which I am now a subject or citizen is_

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speak English.

8. I can
9. I have resided continuously in the United States since

(Month) (Day) (Year)

(Month)

I have resided continuously in the county where I now live since

(Day) (Year)

10. I have

If so, it was No.

on

previously made petition for citizenship (second paper).
made in the
Court at
(Name of court)
and was not granted because

(Month) (Day) (Year)

(City or town) (State)

(If you wish to have your name changed, give full name you desire___. (Give names, occupations, and addresses of two citizens you expect to bring with you as witnesses when you appear for examination to file your petition. These witnesses must have personal knowledge of your residence in the county at least, and of your character and other qualifications. A foreign-born witness must bring proof of his citizenship).

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I certify that the above statement of facts has been read by me and that the statement is true to the best of my knowledge and belief.

(Signature of applicant)

(Address at which applicant receives mail)

INSTRUCTIONS TO THE APPLICANT

(Pages 1, 2, and 3 of this form must be completely filled out, preferably on a typewriter)

Immigrant identification card: Every alien who entered the United States for permanent residence on the basis of an immigration visa on or after July 1, 1928, should be in possession of an immigrant identification card bearing a number in red ink. If you moved on or after the above date, you must attach such card to this application, inserting the number thereof in the appropriate blank space on the first page of this form. Your identification card will be returned to you, after it has served its purpose. If you arrived on or after July 1, 1928, and you do not have an immigrant identification card, either because it is lost or destroyed, or you did not receive such card, you should state the facts in Statement No. 10 on the first page.

Photographs: You are required to send with this application two photographs of yourself taken within 30 days of the date of this application. These photographs must be 21⁄2 by 21⁄2 inches in size, must not be pasted on a card or mounted in any other way, must be on thin paper, have a light background, and clearly show a front view of your face without hat. Snapshots, group of full-length portraits will not be accepted. Both of these photographs must be signed by you on the margin and not on the face or the clothing.

Money order: You must secure a United States postal money order in the sum of $5, payable to the order of the Commissioner of Naturalization, Washington, D. C. This money order, which is in payment for the issuance of a certificate of your arrival in the United States, must be attached to this application when you send or take it to the naturalization officer named on the first page of this form.

Date of your arrival: If you do not know the exact date of your arrival in the United States, or the name of the vessel or port, and you can not secure this information by consulting your family or friends who came over with you, give the facts of your arrival as you remember them in the appropriate blank

spaces on the first page of this form. If you have a passport, ship's card, or baggage labels, they may help you to answer these questions.

Race and nationality: In furnishing information as to your race in Statement No. 3, page 3, "race is to be determined from the original stock or blood of your ancestors and the language you speak, as distinguished from "nationality," which means the country of which you are a citizen or subject. For instance, a person may be of French blood or stock but owe allegiance to Great Britain. In that case "race" would be French and "nationality" British. There follows a list of races or peoples:

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The term "Cuban " refers to the Cuban people (not Negroes); "West Indian refers to the people of the West Indies other than either Cubans or Negroes; "African (black)" refers to the African Negro, whether coming from Cuba or other islands of the West Indies, North or South America, Europe, or Africa. Any alien with admixture of blood of the African Negro will be classified under this heading. "Italian (North)" refers to people who are native to the basin of the River Po in northern Italy (i. e., Departments of Piedmont, Lombardy, Venetia, and Emelia) and their descendants, regardless of place of last foreign residence. "Italian (South)" refers to people who are native to that portion of Italy south of the basin of the River Po (i. e., Departments of Liguria, Tuscany, the Marches, Umbria, Rome, the Abruzzi and Molise, Campania, Apulia, Basilicata, Calabria, Sicily, and Sardinia) and their descendants, regardless of place of last foreign residence.

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Mr. GRIFFIN. The last part of question 23 asks "Are you willing to take this oath in becoming a citizen?" Ninety-nine times out of a hundred or nine hundred and ninety-nine times out of a thousand the applicant answers in an offhand way that he is willing to take that oath, but the heckler, representing the Bureau of Naturalization, with this form before him, then begins the heckling process. Continuing, he asks, question 24, "If necessary, are you willing to take up arms in defense of this country?" That is a gratuitous, unwarranted, unauthorized interpolation. It is not called for by law or by the oath. The answer simply calls for an opinion. It is not an opinion as to what a person will do now, but what he thinks he will do at some future time in a contingency.

Mr. JENKINS. Do you agree that such is a proper question to put to a young man of military age?

Mr. GRIFFIN. Yes; for a young man, but not for a young woman, because we are not going to call women into the combatant service.

Mr. JENKINS. The next question is whether you would have two different questions for different peoples.

Mr. GRIFFIN. I presume the thing could be modified so as to bring about a condition of rationality instead of absurdity.

The question has been asked whether I want to amend the regulations. My answer is that I do not. Do I want to amend the oath? No; I do not. Do I want to amend the law? Yes; I do. In what respect? I want to amend it so as to prevent an interpretation of the oath, which permits the Bureau of Naturalization to ask these unwarranted and unnecessary questions.

Mr. DICKSTEIN. I understood you to say a moment ago that you had no objection to the oath prescribed. The questionnaire is made out before an applicant applies for citizenship, and when the applicant appears before the court he is asked whether he is willing to take the oath of allegience and a representative of the Government, either of the Bureau of Naturalization or the United States Attorney's office, follows the questions and answers as they are read from the questionnaire.

Mr. GRIFFIN. Yes.

Mr. DICKSTEIN. And if the answer is contrary to what the Government representative wants, the representative objects to the admission of the applicant to citizenship.

Mr. GRIFFIN. Yes; it may be an old woman who says that she will not bear arms.

Mr. JENKINS. Is this questioning not to determine the attitude of the applicant toward the Constitution?

Mr. GRIFFIN. Yes.

Mr. JENKINS. Then why not allow the Bureau of Naturalization to ask those questions to determine the attitude of applicants for citizenship?

Mr. GRIFFIN. Probably that is the intent. I think that is probably the intent, but they go around it the wrong way. Why not ask the simple question, what is your attitude with respect to military service in time of war? That would determine the attitude of an applicant better than asking him if he is willing to take up arms, to cut throats, and so forth, as some examiners have asked certain applicants concerning whom I will read.

They have asked a woman whether she would be willing to kill. They asked Doctor McIntosh that. The paradox of the situation is this: It only traps the most intelligent and the most conscientious. Take the riffraff or the illiterates. When they are asked if they are ready to take the oath of allegiance, they immediately reply in the affirmative. When they are asked if they are willing to bear arms in defense of country, they make the simple answer, "Sure." As a matter of fact, they will say they are willing to do anything in order to become citizens. The reflecting individual, the man or woman of education and refinement, with a delicate sensibility of obligation, of religion, wants to tell the truth. They do not want to tell an untruth and therefore they pause in answering those questions. In the case of a woman, she may say that she will not be called upon to bear arms. She may answer that question in that way. In fact, some of them have done so. Some judges have insisted upon an answer to that question without any reservation.

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