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arise out of the convention of April 19, 1850, commonly called the Clayton-Bulwer treaty, to the construction of such canal under the auspices of the Government of the United States, without impairing the “general principle” of neutralization established in Article VIII of that convention. Respectfully submitted.

JOHN HAY. DEPARTMENT OF STATE,

Washington, December 2, 1901.

The United States of America and His Majesty Edward the Seventh, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas, King, and Emperor of India, being desirous to facilitate the construction of a ship canal to connect the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, by whatever route may be considered expedient, and to that end to remove any objection which may arise out of the Convention of the 19th April, 1850, commonly called the ClaytonBulwer Treaty, to the construction of such canal under the auspices of the Government of the United States, without impairing the "general principle” of neutralization established in Article VIII of that Convention, have for that purpose appointed as their Plenipotentiaries:

The President of the United States, John Hay, Secretary of State of the United States of America;

And His Majesty Edward the Seventh, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas, King, and Emperor of India, the Right Honourable Lord Pauncefote, G. C. B., G. C. M. G., His Majesty's Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to the United States;

Who, having communicated to each other their full powers, which were found to be in due and proper form, have agreed upon the following Articles:

ARTICLE I.

The high contracting parties agree that the present treaty shall supersede the afore-mentioned convention of the 19th April, 1850.

ARTICLE II.

It is agreed that the canal may be constructed under the auspices of the Government of the United States either directly at its own cost, or by gift or loan of money to individuals or corporations, or through subscription to or purchase of stock or shares, and that, subject to the provisions of the present treaty, the said Government shall have and enjoy all the rights incident to such construction, as well as the exclusive right of providing for the regulation and management of the canal.

ARTICLE III.

The United States adopts, as the basis of the neutralization of such ship canal, the following rules, substantially as embodied in the Convention of Constantinople, signed the 28th October, 1888, for the free navigation of the Suez Canal, that is to say:

1. The canal shall be free and open to the vessels of commerce and of war of all nations observing these Rules, on terms of entire equality, so that there shall be no discrimination against any such nation, or its citizens or subjects, in respect of the conditions or charges of traffic or otherwise. Such conditions and charges of traffic shall be just and equitable.

2. The canal shall never be blockaded, nor shall any right of war be exercised nor any act of hostility be committed within it. The United States, however, shall be at liberty to maintain such military police along the canal as may be necessary to protect it against lawlessness and disorder.

3. Vessels of war of a belligerent shall not revictual nor take any stores in the canal except so far as may be strictly necessary; and the transit of such vessels through the canal shall be effected with the least possible delay in accordance with the Regulations in force, and with only such intermission as may result from the necessities of the service.

Prizes shall be in all respects subject to the same rules as vessels of war of the belligerents.

4. No belligerent shall embark or disembark troops, munitions of war, or warlike materials in the canal, except in case of accidental hindrance of the transit, and in such case the transit shall be resumed with all possible dispatch.

5. The provisions of this article shall apply to waters adjacent to the canal, within 3 marine miles of either end. Vessels of war of a belligerent shall not remain in such waters longer than twenty-four hours at any one time, except in case of distress, and in such case shall depart as soon as possible; but a vessel of war of one belligerent shall not depart within twenty-four hours from the departure of a vessel of war of the other belligerent.

6. The plant, establishments, buildings, and all works necessary to the construction, maintenance, and operation of the canal shall be deemed to be part thereof, for the purposes of this treaty, and in time of war, as in time of peace, shall enjoy complete immunity from attack or injury by belligerents, and from acts calculated to impair their usefulness as part of the canal.

ARTICLE IV.

It is agreed that no change of territorial sovereignty or of international relations of the country or counties traversed by the beforementioned canal shall affect the general principle of neutralization or the obligation of the high contracting parties under the present treaty.

ARTICLE V.

The present treaty shall be ratified by the President of the United States, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate thereof, and by His Britannic Majesty; and the ratifications shall be exchanged at Washington or at London at the earliest possible time within six months from the date hereof.

In faith whereof the respective plenipotentiaries have signed this treaty and hereunto affixed their seals.

Done in duplicate at Washington, the 18th day of November, in the year of our Lord one thousand nine hundred and one.

Jonx Hay.

(SEAL.] PAUNCEFOTE. (SEAL.]

RATIFICATION OF THE TREATY OF 1901.

IN EXECUTIVE SESSION, December 16, 1901. The Senate having under consideration the convention between the United States and Great Britain to facilitate the construction of a ship canal to connect the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, signed November 18,

1901,

Mr. Bacox proposed the following amendments:

In the preamble strike out all after the words "United States," in the tenth line, down to and including the word "convention," in line 11,

Strike out from Article II, in line 10, the following words: “Subject to the provisions of the present treaty."

Strike out all of Articles III and IV.

Mr. CULBERSON proposed the following amandment:
Insert at the end of section 5, Article III, the following:

It is agreed, however, that none of the immediately foregoing conditions and stipulations in sections Nos. 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 of this article shall apply to measures which the United States inay find it necessary to take for securing hy its own forces the defense of the United States and the maintenance of public order.

Mr. McLAURIN, of Mississippi, proposed the following amendment: Strike out of Article III the following: Substantially as embodied in the convention of Constantinople, signed the 28th October, 1888, for the free navigation of the Suez Canal.

The question being on agreeing to the amendments proposed by Mr. Bacon, it was determined in the negative--yeas 18, nays 60.

Those who voted in the affirmative are Massrs. Bacon, Bate, Berry, Blackburn, Carmack, Clark of Montana, Clay, Culberson, Dubois, Harris, Heitfeld, McLaurin of Mississippi, Mallory, Money, Simmons, Taliaferro, Teller, Tillman.

Those who voted in the negative are Messrs. Aldrich, Allison, Bard, Beveridge, Burnham, Burrows, Burton, Clapp, Clark of Wyoming, Cockrell, Cullom, Deboe, Dietrich, Dillingham, Dolliver, Fairbanks, Foraker, Foster of Louisiana, Foster of Washington, Frye, Gallinger, Gamble, Gibson, Hale, Hansbrough, Hawley, Hoar Jones of Arkansas, Kean, Kearns, Kittredge, Lodge, McComas, McCumber, McEnery, McLaurin of South Carolina, McMillan, Martin, Mason, Millard,

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Mitchell, Morgan, Nelson, Penrose, Perkins, Pettus, Platt of Connecticut, Platt of New York, Pritchard, Proctor, Quarles, Scott, Simon, Spooner, Stewart, Turner, Vest, Warren, Wellington, Wetmore.

Pairs were announced as follows:,
Mr. BAILEY in the affirmative with Mr. Elkins in the negative.
Mr. Rawlins in the affirmative with Mr. Hanna in the negative.

The question being on agreeing to the amendment proposed by Mr. CULBERSON, it was determined in the negative-15 yeas, 62 nays.

Those who voted in the affirmative are Messrs. Bacon, Bate, Berry, Blackburn, Carmack, Culberson, Dubois, Heitfeld, McLaurin of Mississippi, Mallory, Money, Simmons, Taliaferro, Tillman, Vest.

Those who voted in the negative are: Messrs. Aldrich, Allison, Bard, Beveridge, Burnham, Burrows, Burton, Clapp, Clark of Montana, Clark of Wyoming, Clay, Cockrell, Cullom, Deboe, Dietrich, Dillingham, Dolliver, Fairbanks, Foraker, Foster of Louisiana, Foster of Washington, Frye, Gallinger, Gamble, Gibson, Hale, Hansbrough, Harris, Hawley, Hoar, Jones of Arkansas, Kean, Kearns, Kittredge, Lodge, McComas, McCumber, McEnery, McLaurin of South Carolina, McMillan, Martin, Mason, Millard, Mitchell, Morgan, Nelson, Penrose, Perkins, Pettus, Platt of Connecticut, Platt of New York, Pritchard, Proctor, Quarles, Scott, Simon, Spooner, Stewart, Turner, Warren, Wellington, Wetmore.

Pairs were announced as follows:
Mr. BAILEY in the affirmative with Mr. Elkins in the negative.
Mr. RAWLINS in the affirmative with Mr. HANNA in the negative.

The question being on agreeing to the amendment proposed by Mr. McLAURIN of Mississippi, it was determined in the negative.

The question being on agreeing to the final resolution of ratification, it was determined in the affirmative--72 yeas, 6 nays.

Those who voted in the affirmative are Messrs. Aldrich, Allison, Bard, Bate, Berry, Beveridge, Burnham, Burrows, Burton, Carmack, Clapp, Clark of Montana, Clark of Wyoming, Clay, Cockrell, Cullom, Deboe, Dietrich, Dillingham, Dolliver, Dubois, Fairbanks, Foraker, Foster of Louisiana, Foster of Washington, Frye, Gallinger, Gamble, Gibson, Hale, Hansbrough, Harris, Hawley, Heitfeld, Hoar, Jones of Arkansas, Kean, Kearns, Kittredge, Lodge, McComas, McCumber, McEnery, McLaurin of Mississippi, McLaurin of South Carolina, McMillan, Martin, Mason, Millard, Mitchell, Money, Morgan, Nelson, Penrose, Perkins, Pettus, Platt of Connecticut, Platt of New York, Pritchard, Proctor, Quarles, Scott, Simmons, Simon, Spooner, Stewart, Taliaferro, Turner, Vest, Warren, Wellington, Wetmore.

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