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Page The third Branch of Divinity, according to the

system adopted in these Lectures, relates to the Authenticity and Credibility of the Bible. Defnition of these terms. Reasons for making the two subjects, though distinct in themselves, to constitute only one branch of Divinity. Authenticity must be first considered. The Authenticity of the New Testament, the subject of the present, and three following Lectures. Influence of this inquiry of the Divine Origin of Christianity. Authenticity of the New Testament to be proved, both by external, and by internal evidence. The external evidence for the Authenticity of the New Testament to be examined, before the internal. The several parts of which external evidence consists, usually arranged in chronological order. Difficulties attending this arrangement in regard to the New Testament : and the author's reasons for inverting the usual order.


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Testimony of the principal Greek and Latin Fathers

to the Authenticity of the New Testament, beginning with the end of the fourth century, and ascending to the age, which was next to the Apostolic. The Fathers, whose testimony is here produced, are, Jerom, Gregory of Nazianzum, Epiphanius, Athanasius, Eusebius, Origen, Tertullian, Clement of Alexandria, and Irenæus.


Result of the inquiries instituted in the preceding

Lecture. Another view may be taken of the sub-
ject, in which it will appear, that we may obtain
a result, which is still more decisive. This result
is obtained by arguing from the statement of Eu-
sebius, respecting those books of the New Testament,
which had been universally received. The argu-
ment applied to the Epistles of St. Paul. The
same argument applied to the four Gospels, the
Acts of the Apostles, and the other books, which
had been universally received. Of the books, which
had not been universally received. Each of these
books considered separately : and their authenticity
confirmed by arguments specially applying to them.
Of the Apostolic Fathers, and the proper mode of
applying their testimony to the authenticity of the
New Testament. Testimony of Papias. Remarks
on Justin Martyr. Conclusion to be drawn from
the external evidence in favour of the New Testa-
ment ...


a similar manner. Proof of authenticity, appli-
cable to the New Testament in general, deduced
from the peculiar Greek dialect, in which the
several books are composed. Further proof from
the style, the manner, und the character of the
several writers. All these internal marks of
authenticity, combined with the external evidence,
are decisive in favour of the New Testament. . ... 69



he system of Theology adopted in these Lectures consists of seven branches ; namely, the Criticism of the Bible, the Interpretation of the Bible, the Authenticity and Credibility of the Bible, the Divine Authority of the Bible, the Inspiration of the Bible, the Doctrines of the Bible, and the History of those Doctrines with Ecclesiastical History in general.

The two first Branches, having been already considered, we now enter on the third Branch, which relates to the Authenticity and Credibility of the Bible. And it is hardly possible, that these important questions should be examined at a period more seasonable than the present, when every effort has been made to shake the fabric of Christianity to its very basis. If it could be proved, that the Bible were not authentic, the foundation itself would be destroyed, on which we build our faith in this life, and our hopes of


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