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all to the glory of God." The Apostles preached in many cities, and places, no mention of breaking bread, but in the three places as quoted; which bear no reference to the Supper, candidly considered. To proclaim the Gospel is the entire object.
In Acts xiii. mention is made of preaching on two Sabbaths, and the whole doctrine of the Gospel of Christ set forth in much wisdom-no Supper, or breaking of bread, or any forms, or ceremonies alluded to. See also xvi. 4, 5. In the xviith 1-4, for three Sabbath days Paul preached in Thessalonica; but not the most distant allusion to the Supper-to proclaim the Gospel, or repentance unto life by believing in Jesus, he is alone devoted.
Four Apostles wrote to various churches and nations, they never mention the Supper; and the Chosen Vessel of the Gentiles, who wrote fourteen epistles to various churches and nations, mentions it only to one, and that one, the most idolatrous nation in existence; who easily fell into the error, because it suited with their idol offerings in the temple. They had wholly misunderstood the subject, which Paul endeavours to explain, 1 Cor. xi. From the seventeenth verse to the twenty-second is censure-twenty-third, he says, "For I have received of the Lord, that which also I delivered unto you;" not telling them to do any thing, but showing what the Lord had done for them. Then he begins-"That the Lord Jesus, the same night in which he was betrayed,
took bread: and when he had given thanks, he brake it, and said, Take eat; this is my body, which is broken for you this do in remembrance of me. After the same manner, also, he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the New Testament in my blood : this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me." See John, vi. 53-54, 26th verse. He again addresses them in his own words. "For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do show the Lord's death till he come. Wherefore, whosoever shall eat this bread, and drink this cup of the Lord unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord. But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread and drink of that cup. For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord's body." Proving, that to receive the Lord Jesus, is an act of faith; then adds; "For this cause many are weak and sickly among you, and many sleep. For if we would judge ourselves, we should not be judged. But when we are judged we are chastened of the Lord, that we should not be condemned with the world. Wherefore, my brethren, when ye come together to eat, tarry one for another. And if any man hunger, let him eat at home, that ye come not together unto condemnation." They are "not to turn to weak and beggarly elements" which produce bondage, sickness, and death-" Christ must be formed in them :" --then concludes the last verse with-"And the rest
will I set in order when I come." The customs of a nation are difficult to abolish; yet when he came, he would prove it was idolatrous, and to be done away. After reading this chapter carefully, no one can say, Paul has ordered the Corinthians to continue the Supper; it must be admitted it was suspended until his presence. As no further mention is made of the subject, we are justified by this, and his subsequent mode of dealing with the other churches, to conclude it ceased with our Lord.
1 Cor. x. 15, &c. Although the words of "Communion, &c." at first sight may seem to bear upon the subject, yet Paul is only here proving union to Christ, and to preserve the Corinthians from idolatrous worship. He explains the sixteenth verse by the seventeenth ; that the people, or the church, are the "one bread:"this is the communion, not the partaking of bread and wine as an ordinance. Nineteenth and twentieth verses he explains by the twenty-first; that if they will serve the devil under idol forms, they cannot receive Salvation, or serve the Lord, or be partakers at his table; or, in the Saviour's words-"Ye cannot serve God and mammon." It is an act of faith to partake of the Altar, and eat of the sacrifice, which bread and wine are wholly inoperative to convey; for "Except ye eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, ye have no life in you:"-this is "the gift of God," known only to those who are "born again."
In 1 Cor. xv. 11, &c. Paul is clearly stating the whole Gospel-"That Christ died for our sins, &c." but not a word of the Supper being instituted. We learn the Gospel was before preached unto Abraham; and they who then believed, ate the flesh and drank the blood of Jesus, by faith, as believers now do. There was always life in the blood of "the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world." Abel brought no less a sacrifice than Jesus; and we can bring no more. David said, "He would take the cup of Salvation, and call upon the name of the Lord;"-yet no Supper was instituted. See Luke, ii. 29, 30. Under the Levitical Sacrifices the priests are said "to eat the bread of their God," as well as "to offer the bread of their God." Lev. xxi. 21, 22. Ezek. xliv. 7, calls "the fat and the blood-offering bread." Jesus says, "The bread of God is he which cometh down from heaven and giveth light unto the world." John's silence upon this subject so long after, with his decision of the true bread, not its elements, as found in his sixth chapter, demonstrate the Supper to be a human ordinance, and powerfully prove the necessity of the immediate, continual, secret, spiritual presence of the Most High, by faith in the heart of every believer. "It is the Spirit that quickeneth, the flesh profiteth nothing."
Paul's beautiful charge to Timothy, in which nothing is wanting to form a most excellent, devoted Minister, and faithful Servant of God; there is no mention of the
Supper-this could not be an omission, it would be inexcusable even in Paul-the types had ceased, and "touch not, taste not, handle not, which all are to perish with the using,” could not then, now, or ever, content the immortal soul, whose "life is hid with Christ in God." Bread and wine were brought to Abraham by Melchizedek, King of Salem, King of Righteousness, and King of Peace. This Paul mentions to the Hebrews, without the slightest allusion to the Supper.
The church of Rome administers but one kind-the bread-"man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God."-She styles herself the mother church! "But where shall
wisdom be found?"
A young dying Christian refused the Supper, saying, "He would not drink of the fruit of the Vine until he drank it new in his Father's kingdom." "Blessed is he who shall eat bread in the kingdom of God." Numbers of believers die that taste not these elements. Many are circumstanced by distance, or other causes, that they cannot receive; others very rarely-now such must live in direct disobedience to the command, if the supper be commanded. Does the Lord command, and place his children under impossibilities? No, he does not-the command cannot be found. This subject has caused more bloodshed, according to history, than any other religious difference; and decidedly more division in the now existing church.