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former Times, since the Restoration, had favour'd his Opinion so far, as, at a private Consult, either at Lambeth, or any other Episcopal Palace; to give it under their Hands, that Unauthoriz’d Baptism when done with Water, and these Words, In the Name of the Father &c. is Good and Valid; Suppose he could shew us, or had Published (as I dare say He cannot) that they had Sign'd such their Opinion, drawn up in a Declaration to this Effect.
" Forasmuch as Sundry Persons have of late << by their Preaching, Writing, and Discours;
es possess’d the Minds of many People, with « Doubts and Scruples about the Validity of 6 their Baptism, to their great Trouble and
Dis. We, The Arch-Bishops, and Bishops, whose « Names are under-written, háve thought it 6 incumbent on us, to Déclare our several “ Opinions, in Conformity with the Judgment 6 and Practice of the Catholick Church, and “ of the Church of England in particular ; " That such Perfons as have been Baptiz'd in,
or with Water, in the Name of the Fa( ther, &c. Ought not to be Baptiz'd again. " And to prevent any such Practice in our “ Respective Diocéses, we do require our sea 66 veral Clergy, that they presume not to Baptize any adult person whatsoe
“ ver, without giving us timely Notice, as “ the 'Rubrick requires."
Even such an Instance as this, if he could produce it, would not Amount to the Judgment of the Church of England; sucho Private Subscriptions about Opinions, are not Our Churches Publick Acts; they can only be found in Her Determinati. ons, agreed on by a Lawful Convocation, And tho any particular Bifhop can enjoia his Clergy, not to Baptize Adult Persons ordinarily, without giving him timely Notice, as the Rubrick requires ; yet it is not to be suppos’d, that any Pious Bishop would lay this Injunction so strictly on his Cler, gy, as to hinder them from Baptizing an Adult without fuch Notice, in Articulo Mortis, when timely Notice cannot be given to the Bishop ; But as for the for mer part of such a suppos’d Declaration, of a Select Number of Bishops ; it is not to be imagin'd that a Lawful Convocation of the Clergy of our Church would af, firm, “ that such Perfons as have been Bapa
“'tiz'd in, or with Water, in the Name
“ of the Father, &c. Ought not to be Baptiz'd again: For this we all know is POPERY; such a Determination would infer, that not only Womens Baptism, but any other, tho' perform?d by a Boy or a
Girl ; a Stage-Player an Unbaptiz'd Jers or a Heathen, if with Water and the Forin of Words in the Name of the Trinity, is that One Baptism which Christ Inftituted for the Remission of Sins. Out Church, God be prais’d, and the Catholick Church too, have made no fuchi Latitudinarian Determinations as this would be; and we ought to pray, that the How ly Spirit of God may preferve all our S&cred Synods from making such Decrees ; 'tis (I believe) juft and reasonable for us to Hope, that the Piety and Wifdom of our Clergy is so great, as that we need not fear, their paffing such an Opinion into a Publick Act of our Chiurch, since their Zeal for the Authority of our Saviour's Institutions, will not suffer them to assert that which tends directly to the Destruction of their own Sacred Office, and consequently of even Christianity it felf.
As for Baptizing again ” 'tis not a Term to be allow'd; the Church always abhorr'd the Notion; when a first Baptism was false, 'twas not call’d Baptism, but a Prophane Washing; and when the Act of Wafhing was repeated, 'twas not call'd Rebaptization or " Btptizing again" ? but Chrifttan Baptifm, Chrift's aptifm,
7g ao be
or Inttituted Baptism. St. Cyprian con: ftantly adher'd to this, and hated the Term of Baptiz?d again, and so did the Catholick Church when they requir’d Persons to be Baptiz’d, who had only be fore been Wash'd with Water without the Form in the Name of the Trinity : The Reason is equally strong for Persons to be Baptiz'd by a Lawful Minister, who were only before Wash'd (tho' with the Form of Words in the Name of the Trinity) by Unauthoriz'd Hands, and such as Act in opposition to Episcopacy it self : With these latter Prophane Washings, the Ancient Church was not Exercis'd ; she never had them under her Consideration, and therefore a Declaration, as before supposed, could not be founded on the Judgment and Practice of the Catholick Church. But ’tiş time for me to Conclude,
XXVII. I humbly Hope, I have prov'd, that the Church has made such Articles, Canons and Rubricks, as do by necessary Consequence Null and Void un. authoriz'd Baptisms; the Consequence of this Nullity is, the necessity of Epifcopal Baptism to those who have been so Invalidly Baptiz'd; to Disprove this our Author must enter into the Merits of
the Cause, whether he will or no; because it is affirm'd, and endeavour'd to be proyed by the Author of Lay-Baptism Invalid, that Christ's Institution Nulls Unauthoriz'd Baptism; and now further, that the Church's Laws are made, to enforce our Obedience the Institution of Christ: So that, what Christ's. Institution Nulls and makes Void, the Church's Lays do also Inyalidate ; because they are made to Second the Design of his Institution ; the Adversary must either prove, that Christ's Institution does not Invalidate Lay-Baptism.; or if it do's, then he must prove if he-can, that the Church's Laws were not made to enforce Christ's Institution : This he must do to make good his Undertaking ; for throughout his whole Book he endeavours to perswade his Reader, that the Church's Laws do not Invalidate LayBaptism, And it is very Observable, that he do's not so much as attempt to prove this from any One Article of the Church of England; but brings Instances of particular Mens Actions and Opinions, with a Design to Palm them upon us for the
fudgment of the Charch: How fairly he deals with the World by so doing, let the Ynbyass'd Reader judge ; and I heartily