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not of the Essence of the Sacrament. Orra. ther (if he means any thing at all to the purpose) That the Minister is not Essential to the administration of the Sacrament. This is the full Scope of all that he says :- And to this I Answer, The Church put in these Distinguishing Words of Essential parts of Baptism, concerning Water, and the Form in the Name of the Trinity, to oppose the Herefy of some who deny'd the necessity of Water; and of the Socinians, and other Hereticks, who deny'd the Doctrine of the Trinity, and refus'd to Baptise in that Name; and this she did, not with a design to exclude the necessity of the Lawful Minister.
But further, I affirm, That the Inference he draws, viz. That in the Judgment of the Church of England, there is nothing else Essential to the Ministration of Baptism; and therefore that the Lamful Minister is not Essential to thc Ministration thereof, is a false Conclusion ; because, the Church in this Office, does not pronounce those two things to be the Only Essentials relating to the Sacrament; which she must have done, if The design'd by this Office to have excluded the Minister from having any Essential Relation thereto; her calling those two, by the Name of some Thing's Essential to this Sacrament, or in other Words, Essential parts of Baptism, Plainly leaves room for the Com
mission's Officer, who is the Person Effenti ally related thereto; they, are the Essential parts of the Thing to be administred; and he is the Essential Officer who is to admin nister it; for, if the Church did here defign to exclude the Minister from being Essential to the administration of the Sacra ment, she would contradiet her own Articles, which teach, That he is the Essential Administrator ; arid we must not allow that the Church is contradictious to her self.
The Church in her zoth Article, speaking of both Kinds, viz. The Bread and Wine in the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper, calls them “ Both the Parts of the Lord's “ Sacrament; Will our Author from hence infer, that Bread and Wine given seriously in a Religious manner by a Lay-man or Woman, as the Lord's Sacrament, is therefore the Lord's Sacranient? Will he say, that the Priest is not as nearly related to the Administration of this Sacrament, as the Bread and Wine are to the Sacrament it self? For the Church here, calls nothing but Bread and Wine the Parts of this Sacrament; but in other of her Laws she makes the Lawful Minister, Essential to the Ministration of those Parts; and therefore Bread and Wine are not all the Essentials relating to the Sacrament, tho' this 30th Article Mentions no
more than Bread and Wine. Suppose a particular Law should say, that Signing and Sealing a Covenant for Example, are Essential Parts of the Covenant, would any One who knew the Nature of a Covenant, from hence conclude, that the Law meant thereby, that there is nothing else that has any Elfential Relation to the Covenant? Do's not every Body that knows what a Covenant is, agree, that notwithstanding this mode of speaking, another Law rerequires, that the signing and Sealing must be by a proper Person, and that therefore, this other Law, makes that proper Perfon an Essential Relation to the Covenant, insomuch, as that it is Void by Law, if not Sign'd and Seal'd by him? This is a very familiar Instance, and exa&tly agreeable to the Case before us; for the Church by these Rubricks says, That Water and the Form in the Name of the Trinity, are Essential parts [of the Covenant] of Baptism; but every one who knows the Church's Laws concerning this Covenant, knows, that the do's not hereby say, that there is nothing else that has any Essential Relation to Baptism; for, notwithstanding this way of speaking in her Rubricks, [ Essential parts of Baptism] there are other Laws of hers that require these Essential parts of
Baptism to be apply'd by an authoriz'd Person, and that do therefore make this Authoriz'd Person, to be an Essential Relation to this Covenant of Baptism; insomuch, as that it is. Void by those other Laws, if not performed by him. This is evident by the Church's own Publick Acts; for in her 23d, 26th, 27th, and 37th Articles of Religion, &c. founded upon Christ's Institution of Baptism, which is the Only Original Law by which she, and all others can judge what are the Essentials of Baptism, and of the Administration thereof; I fay, 'tis certain from these, and I hope I have prov'd it, that our Church has pronounced and determined, That the Lawful Minister is Essential to the Administration of Baptism ; and because he is Esfera tial to the administration of it, therefore she secures to us, that he shall administer it, by her 69th Canon, and by these Rubricks, as I have before observ'd. This being done, the Church had no need then, to make further Enquiry into the Essential of the Administration, because her preceeding Rubricks, and the true Answer to the first Question, “ By whom was this Child Bape tiz'd, had already satisfied the Laws of Christ and his Church, concerning the ElJential Administrator ; and all Occasion of
further Enquiry concerning him was taken away, and therefore no need of any express Rule for Conditional Baptism, upon fupposition of the want before, of à lawful Minister; but if ever such an Accident as the want of a lawful Minister should happen,
the Church has provided also for that, in a more general Rubrick of this Office, as I have before observ'd in my XVIJÍth Section: To which I add, that the Minister of the Parish is not bound to ask any Questions at all concerning the Child's previous Baptism, if it was not baprized by a Lawful Minister; for, the Rubrick says, “ But if the Child were Baptiz'd " by any other Lawful Minister, then the Miu nister of the Parish Mall Examine and
try u whether the Child be Lawfully Baptized or
no. He is Then, when the Child has been Baptiz'd before by a lawful Minister, to try and Examine ;--- Therefore not oblig'd to try or Examine any thing about it, when 'tis pretendedly Baptiz'd by an Unauthoriz'd Person ; for that saves him the Enquiry, whether 'twas Lawfully, because 'twas Unlawfully Baptiz'd : So careful is the Church to secure the Baptism by a lawful Minister, because her Articles make him Essential to the administration of Baptism. Her Business was next to secure the Essen