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from which alone they receive their whole Force and Efficacy, and are only by Virtue of that one Authority, made equally necessary and binding to us.

PROPOSITION III. WHOSOEVER affirms Baptism to be wholly Null and Invalid, by reason of the Omisfion either of Water, or of the form of administring in the Name of the Trinity, ought also for the same Reason to acknowledge, that

Baptism is as much Null and Invalid when it ei wants only the Divine Authority or Commission of the Administrator.

DEMON. This will follow from the Second Proposition of the Introduction.

FOR the only Reason why the Omission of cither Water, or the Form, makes such a Bapa tism Void, muft be, because such Omission is

Unlawful, or Contrary to the Institution of & Baptism (Axiom 4.) So that he must affirm ti such Baptism Null, because 'tis Administer'd

either with such Matter or Forni as the Institution has not appointed; or, because 'tis not Adminifter'd with such Matter or Form as the Institution requires. Now, forasmuchas Christ, who appointed the Water and the Form, appointed also the Person who should Adminifter both the one and the other: And since the Divine Authority of this Administrator is an Essential Part, and as much obliging


and necessary as Water and the Form, those Two other Essential Parts of the Institution, (by the ift and 2d Propositions ; ) it must necessarily follow, that the want of Divine Author rity in him who Administers,is equally a Breach of, or contrary to, the said Institution; and therefore, if the want of Water, or the Form, makes any Baptism to be wholly Null and Void, because contrary to the Institution; the want also of only the Divine Commission in the Administrator, must for the same Reason make that Baptism so Minister?d to be wholly Invalid, and of no Effect, being equally contrary to the fame Institution. And consequently, whoso. ever affirms Baptism to be wholly Nall and Invalid, by reason of the Omission either of Wa. ter or the Form, ought also for the same Rean son to acknowledge, that Baptism is as much Null and Invalid when it wants only the Divine Authority or Commission of the Adminiftra tor. l. E. D.


FROM this Proposition it undoubtedly follows, that the Invalidity of such Baptisms as are administer'd by Unauthoriz'd Persons, cannot be partial, but entire : For, if Baptism be wholly void for want of Water, or the Form of Administring in the Name of the Trinity, as the whole Church of Christ have constantly and with great Reafon afirm’d; it


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must be also (by this last Proposition) as entirely (and consequently not partially ) Invalid, for want of only the Divine Mision of the Administrator; and all this, by reason of the Equal Authority and Neceffity of every one of thefe Essential Parts.

I mention this, that there cannot be any Partial Invalidity, but it must be whole and entire] because I have heard from some, that the want of the Divine Miffion of the Admi. nistrator of Baptism, makes such a Baptism bosst. partially Invalid ; and that, provided the Person is Baptized by such a one with Water, and Pronouncing of [In the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, ] Impofation of the Bishop's Hand is fufficient to fupply the other Defect, and consequently to make such Baptism as Valid, as it would have been if adminifter'd by one divinely authoriz’d, that is, wholly and entirely Valid. But that this cannot be, is evident by the above-mention'd Corollary'; wherein 'tis plainly demonstrated, that if in this Case there be any Invalidity at all, it cannot be Partial but Entire. And as for the Virtue of such Imposition of Hands, 'tis utterly contrary to Axiom the 5th, which is a FIRST PRINCIPLE; Vię. That no Power or Authority on Earth, can by any AfterAct ( not appointed by God for that purpose) make that which beforeimas Invalid, to become as Valid, as Conforming to the Divine Institution it felf would have made it. So that, if by Ima


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position of Hands, they would make such Ims perfeå or Invalid Baptisms, to be as Valid as the Perfect ones perform'd according to the Institution; it lies upon them to demonstrate, that such Impofition of Hands was appointed by God himself, either in some Law, or by the Practice of the Holy Apostles, for such' a Purpose: But this I despair of ever seeing them do; because the Sacred Oracles gives

us not the least Encouragement, either in plain Words, or by good Inferences, ( to be drawn from such as are not so plain ) to believe that this Rite of the Imposition of Hands, with respect to Baptiz'd Persons, was ever Ordain'd, but to be perform'd on those only, who were before truly and validly Bapa tiz'd. There is not one Example of the Apo. ftles using this Ceremony to make up such Defects of Baptism, nor any thing like it: And if in After-Ages some us'd this Ordinance for that Purpose, (as 'tis afferted, tho' upon what good Evidence I know not, that they did ) they seem thereby to have difpens'd with a Divine Positive Institution, at the same time that it was binding and obliging ; which was taking to themselves an Authority that did not at all belong to them (by, Axiom 3.); I say, They dispens'd with a Divine Polítive Institution, when 'twas binding and obliging; because they allow'd of the Omission of the Divine Authority of the Administrator of Baptism, which might have been bad (and was


therefore binding and obliging,) at the same
time as they gave. Imposition of Hands to
such invalidly Baptized Perfons, who might
instead thereof; have been then Baptiz'd by
themselves or their Substitutes, who were
vefted with the Divine Authority for that
* As for the Church of England, she gives
us not the least Intimation of any Efficacy
in the Imposition of the Bishop's Hand, to
give Validity'to fuch Baptisms as are suppos'd
to be partly Invalid before : For, her Office of

Confirmation is made only for Persons validly 5 Baptized; and if they are not fo, the Use of e that Office upon their Account, will be a per- fect Contradiction : Because the Prayer of

the Bishop, before he blesses by Imposition of his Hands, asserts, : " That God has Regenera*

ted the Person by Water and the Holy Ghoft ;

and has given unto him Forgiveness of all his Sins; which takes in the whole Bene fit of Valid Baptism, and therefore cannot be

said, with any Sense, over a person whose E Baptism is suppos'd to be but parth Valid, and

consequently, to convey but Part of the Benefits of True Baptism. So little has she provided for any Method of giving Validity to partly Invalid Baptifms.

We have fome among usy who say," That the Ancient Churches, when they found " that Persons had been baptiz’d in or with Water, in the Name of the Father, and of


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