The Moral Foundations of Civil Society

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Transaction Publishers - 235 pagini

Roepke explores how nature, sex, religion, beauty and politics are all as meaningful as parts of the whole. Problems occur only when each segment attempts to become the whole of human existence. This volume combines distinct aspects of life. Half of the book is devoted to questions of economic and social life; the other half examines spiritual and natural life.

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Cuprins

MORAL FOUNDATIONS
44
THE PLACE OF SCIENCE IN THE CITY OF MAN
62
THE HEALTHY AND THE SICK GOVERNMENT
86
COUNTERWEIGHTS TO THE STATE
100
SPECIFIC COUNTERWEIGHTS TO THE POWER OF THE STATE
118
CONGESTION AND PROLETARIANISATION OF SOCIETY
132
DECONGESTION AND DEPROLETARIANISATION
153
THE DECENTRALISATION OF INDUSTRY
170
THE PEASANT CARE OF SOCIETY
183
THE ALLEVIATION OF BUSINESS CYCLE FLUCTUATIONS
197
ECONOMIC SYSTEM AND INTERNATIONAL NEW ORDER
225
INDEX
238
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Pagina 133 - And what is a still greater novelty, the mass do not now take their opinions from dignitaries in Church or State, from ostensible leaders, or from books. Their thinking is done for them by men much like themselves, addressing them or speaking in their name, on the spur of the moment, through the newspapers.
Pagina 130 - Strength should be lord of imbecility, And the rude son should strike his father dead : Force should be right ; or rather, right and wrong — Between whose endless jar justice resides — Should lose their names, and so should justice too. Then everything includes itself in power, Power into will, will into appetite ; And appetite, an universal wolf, So doubly seconded with will and power, Must make perforce an universal prey, And last eat up himself.
Pagina xxi - How well has he painted the man of system, and how many features of this portrait have we recognised in Mr. Bentham, and others of our day ! — " He is apt to be very wise in his own conceit, and is often so enamoured with the supposed beauty of his own ideal plan of government that he cannot suffer the smallest deviation from any part of it.
Pagina xix - Their humanity is at their horizon — and, like the horizon, it always flies before them. The geometricians and the chemists bring, the one from the dry bones of their diagrams, and the other from the soot of their furnaces, dispositions that make them worse than indifferent about those feelings and habitudes, which are the support of the moral world.
Pagina 133 - At present individuals are lost in the crowd. In politics it is almost a triviality to say that public opinion now rules the world. The only power deserving the name is that of masses, and of governments while they make themselves the organ of the tendencies and instincts of masses.
Pagina xxi - ... in the great chessboard of human society, every single piece has a principle of motion of its own, altogether different from that which the legislature might choose to impress upon it. If those two principles coincide and act in the same direction, the game of human society will go on easily and harmoniously, and is very likely to be happy and successful. If they are opposite or different, the game will go on miserably...
Pagina 35 - Such a spirit is Liberty. At times she takes the form of a hateful reptile. She grovels, she hisses, she stings. But woe to those who in disgust shall venture to crush her! And happy are those who, having dared to receive her in her degraded and frightful shape, shall at length be rewarded by her in the time of her beauty and her glory ! There is only one cure for the evils which newly acquired freedom produces; and that cure is freedom.
Pagina 130 - Take but degree away, untune that string, And hark, what discord follows ! each thing meets In mere oppugnancy : the bounded waters Should lift their bosoms higher than the shores, And make a sop of all this solid globe : Strength should be lord of imbecility...
Pagina xxi - ... seems to imagine that he can arrange the different members of a great society with as much ease as the hand arranges the different pieces upon a chess-board...
Pagina 40 - We all want efficient industrial growth and the advantages of mass production. No one suggests that we return to the hand loom or hand forge. A series of processes involved in turning out a given manufactured product may well require one or more huge mass-production plants. Modern efficiency may call for this. But modern efficient mass production is not furthered by a central control which destroys competition between industrial plants each capable of efficient mass production while operating as...

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