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of consideration at the next General Convention, and in the mean time that the several diocesan conventions will make provision for themselves as to the trial of Bishops; for there are those who doubt the power of the General Convention to legislate on the subject without an alteration of the Constitution. There is no department of our Church organization more defective at present than its judiciary. Uniformity is desirable in the mode of administering justice throughout all the dioceses; and if the General Convention does not now possess the power to establish uniformity, it is desirable that such power should be given. As the matter now stands, there will always be more or less of difference in the construction of the same canon in different dioceses; it may mean one thing in Georgia, and another in Maine, and still another in Maryland; and there is no supreme authority possessing appellate jurisdiction, and empow. ered conclusively to settle the true interpretation.
Good Bishop Otey was the pioneer of the Church in his diocese. He first raised the standard in Tennessee, and from the very first effort has had to encounter an opposition, of which, those who have seen the Church in some of the old Atlantic dioceses only, can form no very correct opinion. It is no holiday amusement to be the Bishop of Tennessee: in truth, we have no diocese in which the office is a sinecure; all our Bishops work, and work most assiduously; but prejudice is not so strong where the Church has existed for years, as it is in our newly settled congregations of the West.
Still, Bishop Otey has made progress, and will continue to do so if he can procure labourers. Clergymen are wanted to organize new Churches; of course, to work where no certain provision is made for support; so that the labourer, with very scanty means, must build up a church which is afterward to supply his support. But there is difficulty in procuring clergy for the parishes already existing; and yet we feel sure the Church will grow in Tennessee. We saw it when it had not an Episcopal Clergyman within its boundaries: we see it now with its bishop and presbyters. Why should we despair? It has been aided (as it deserved to be) by the Committee on Domestic Missions. We trust it will be still aided from the same source.
Bishop Otey has for some years been directing his attention to education as his chief resource in procuring clergymen. He has been desirous of founding, in conjunction with Mississippi, a college for both dioceses. Let this be done, and the fruits will soon be visible in an increase of the clergy.
MISSISSIPPI, ALABAMA, LOUISIANA, FLORIDA, AND THE FIELD of the MISSIONARY BISHOP.
For such information as we possess concerning these regions, we refer our readers to the Domestic department under our Missionary head.
The Missions of the Protestant Episcopal Church of this coun. try are conducted in the name and under the authority of the Church herself. Her General Convention, which meets once in three years, and is composed of the bishops, in one House, and clerical and lay Delegates from the several dioceses, in another House, is the source of authority. The Convention of 1835 enacted what for certain reasons was termed "the Constitution of the Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States." From the nature of its enactment this has the same binding force as a canon of the Church.
Under this legislation the "Board of Missions " is constituted, and is composed of all the Bishops of the Church, thirty members elected by the Convention, and certain other persons. The whole missionary work of the Church is in the hands of this Board when in session. But, their meetings being infrequent, there are created two standing committees; one, for Domestic Missions; the other, for Foreign Missions; to which the details and the immediate responsibility of the missionary work are confided. For each of these a Secretary and General Agent is appointed to collect information, conduct its correspondence, and, generally, to be its executive officer.
The proceedings of the Board have hitherto been chiefly of a supervisory character.
One of its most conspicuous acts at its last annual meeting, held in Baltimore, was the determination that it was expedient to have a Foreign Missionary Bishop, and the naming of Africa as his station.
Domestic Missions are those undertaken by the authority of the General Church within the geographical limits of the United States, and are under the care of the committee for that department.
At present there are fifty-six clergymen under appointment by this Committee as Missionaries, and six other persons or assistants at the Indian Mission stations.
The station among the Oneida Indians at Duck Creek, near Green Bay, has recently been visited by the Bishop of Michigan, when 57 of those native sons of the forest received the rite of confirmation.
An edition of the Prayer Book, in the language of the Six Nations, has been purchased by the Domestic Committee, and presented to the Oneidas. It has been received by them with great gratitude, and will probably be the means of much good among that tribe.
The Mission School at Green Bay has been reduced to about 35 scholars, and will soon be diminished still more. This has been done in consequence of the removal of some of the tribes, for whose 65
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benefit the school was established, beyond or in the region of the Mississippi River.
The Rev. Richard Barry, appointed a missionary under Bp. Kemper's jurisdiction, has been invited to the charge of Milwaukie, Wisconsin Territory. This place now contains about 3,000 inhabit ants it is a little more than two years since the settlement was begun.
Navarino, (Green Bay,) late the sphere of the Rev. Mr. Cadle's successful labours, is vacant, and desirous of obtaining the services of a clergyman. Efforts are making to build a church immediately, which shall cost $10,000.
Dubuque, a station on the Mississippi, containing nearly 2,000 inhabitants, is in great need of a missionary; as are also Mineral Point, Cassville, and Prairie du Chien.
Burlington, the temporary capital of the Territory, lying on the west side of the Mississippi, and containing more than 1,000 inha. bitants, ought soon to be supplied with a faithful missionary.
The number of missionaries in Michigan is eight, two of whom have been recently appointed. Churches are built at the stations of three of these missionaries, and are building at the stations of three others. Monroe will cease to be aided after the first of Janu
There are five missionaries in Ohio, most of them occupying fields of great usefulness.
Indiana, which is a part of the jurisdiction of the Rt. Rev. Jackson Kemper, D. D., Missionary Bishop, has had the benefit of services for some months past. Since April he has been engaged the greater part of his time in visiting the stations and exploring the state. The number of Missionaries in that state is eight, two of them recently appointed, and five or six more will be wanted the present autumn. The Bishop states, that with the aid of two or three thousand dollars, six or eight churches might be erected in Indiana before the meeting of the General Convention in Sept. 1838. Several are erecting.
There are four Missionaries in Illinois; one of whom is just ap. pointed. The Episcopalians of that state are making an effort to establish a college under their influence to be located on Rock Island, in the Mississippi, about 300 miles above St. Louis. Chicago and Jacksonville, once missionary stations, have now parishes able to support their own rectors. Three churches are built in the state, and two are building.
Missouri has four Missionaries; Kentucky, four; Tennessee, seven; Georgia, one; Florida, one.
Three of the stations in Tennessee will not be aided after the first of January next, when, according to report, they will be able to sustain their own pastors. Memphis, an important post on the Mississippi river, is suffering for the want of a clergyman. Athens and
Knoxville, in East Tennessee, are in great need of missionary ser
St. Augustine, Florida, has ceased to be a station. There are five Missionaries in Alabama. Two of them have churches erected at their stations; and at the stations of two others places of worship are begun.
Montgomery will cease to be a station in December. A recent letter from its missionary states that the congregation will probably be the largest of any name in the vicinity. Letters have recently been received from the Bishop of South Carolina and others, calling for a missionary. for Lowndes County, in the name of Episcopalians resident there.
The number of Missionaries in Mississippi is three. The Rev. Mr. Fish is labouring with success to revive the Church at Woodville. During the winter and spring the number of baptisms was about twenty. The Rev. Mr. Ranney, the Missionary at Grand Gulf, has made visits to the interior of the state, and reports various places as offering inviting fields for the services of the clergy.
A church is erecting at Columbus, and another at Vicksburgh. This latter place is no longer a missionary station. The Rev. H. I. Leacock has been invited to the charge of the parish.
The State of Louisiana has no clergyman at this time. The Rev. Mr. Wheat has resigned his office as Missionary in the Upper Fauxbourg of New Orleans, and removed into Tennessee. St. Francisville is a vacant station, which greatly needs a clergyman. The church has been several months awaiting consecration. Alexandria, Opelousas, and Natchitoches are places which have never been visited by a clergyman; but which, if accounts are to be relied on, call loudly for ministerial services.
Foreign Missions are those undertaken by the Church without the geographical limits of the United States and her territories and are under the care of the committee for that department.
There are TEN clergymen under appointment by this committee, as missionaries, five of whom are married. There are FIVE other persons employed as teachers or assistants at the different stations, and one printer at the station on the island of Syra.
Four great mission fields have, in the providence of God, been assumed, viz: GREECE, the MOHAMMEDON COUNTRIES, CHINA, and WESTERN AFRICA; in each of which any number of stations may eventually be formed, as the Lord of the harvest shall send forth labourers. In the FIRST, the Committee cannot suppose that the mission was ever intended to be limited to the country bearing the name of Greece, and containing less than 700,000 inhabitants. Taking that mission as an instrument for the revival of pure religion throughout the Oriental or Greek Church in all its branches, the committee are prepared to extend a chain of Missionary stations
along the Levant. Besides the older stations at Athens and Syra, Crete is already occupied. Salonica is constituted a station; another has been proposed, and inquiries are making as to the extending the influence of this branch of our missions to the Greeks of Constantinople. It is true, however, that sound Christian wisdom may at present limit our means to education and the press, for we seek not to overthrow present religious institutions, but to introduce an influence which, under God, shall purify and revive them.
The SECOND Mission field stands in close connexion with the first; and if our missionary find truly, as we have reason to think, that the grasp of the Mohammedan error is relaxing-that an inquiring spirit is abroad among the followers of Mohammed-and that a more liberal policy is commencing in a body consisting of 150 millions of our race; in short, that the way is opening for the introduction of a Christian influence; who shall estimate the glorious results of thus directing the attention of the Christian world to a field hitherto scarcely trodden by a missionary?
The THIRD field is neither to be hastily entered or hastily abandoned. With regard to China, we have much to learn and much to contend with. Still it is compassed by the power and promises of God, and the offer of a third missionary for that field is, we hope, evidence that God is with us in the work. The FOURTH field is Western Africa, acknowledged even in the lispings of our missionary accents as possessing peculiar claims upon the American Church.
In the MISSION TO GREECE, there are four stations, as follows: 1. Athens, supplied by Rev. J. H. Hill, Mrs. Hill, Misses Elizabeth and Frederick Mulligan, and Mary B. Baldwin.
2. Syra, supplied by Rev. J. J. Robertson, D. D., Mrs. RobertMr. C. R. Lincoln, printer, and Mrs. Lincoln.
3. Crete, supplied by Rev. George Benton, Mrs. Benton. 4. Salonica, which is at present vacant.
In the Mission to the MOHAMMEDAN COUNTRIES of the East, and PERSIA in particular, there are no stations yet assigned. The Rev. H. Southgate, Jun. is now engaged in an exploring tour through Persia and parts adjacent.
In the MISSION TO CHINA no permanent station is yet fixed on. The Rev. Messrs. F. R. Hansen and H. Lockwood are at present residing at Batavia, principally engaged in acquiring the language. The Rev. W. B. Boone, who sailed in July last, is instructed to proceed to Singapore for the same purpose.
In the MISSION TO WESTERN AFRICA there is one station at Cape Palmas, supplied by the Rev. T. S. Savage, M. D., Rev. L. B. Minor, Rev. John Payne, and Mrs. Payne.
Besides the above, the Foreign Committee have contemplated the establishment of a Mission to TEXAS, but no measures have yet been taken to establish stations in that country.