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increasing export of grain, cattle, cheese, judge state that with the natural increase butter, and other farm products; while the population from Lake Superior to the mining and fishing are now carried on as Rocky Mountains will be 1,000,000 in ten regular and profitable industries. The years.

Even when this is the case, the fact that Fort William shipped three times extent of the country is so great that it as much Canadian wheat as the port of will still be but sparsely settled along a Montreal has at last caused easterners to few main lines of railway. Some of the wake up to seek to secure a portion of this most far-sighted men in Canada, and emivaluable trade, which has been reaching nent visitors from the United States and the sea through American channels. Then Great Britain, have predicted that in fifWinnipeg, probably the sixth city in size teen or twenty years the three great in Canada, and situated in the centre of cities of Canada will be Montreal, Van

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not more than 350,000 people, has risen to couver, and Winnipeg. Winnipeg is rapbe the third city in the Dominion in regard idly becoming an important railway cento bank clearings, customs returns, and tre, thirteen railways or branches radiatpostal business. The returns in these de- ing from it to all points of the compass, partments for the fiscal year 1897-98 are and these lines are constantly being exabout as follows: customs, $1,100,000; tended, opening up new districts west, inland revenue, $500,000; postal receipts north, and east of the city. In the last (city only), $110,000. The Winnipeg bank ten years more railway-building has been clearings in 1897 were $84,400,000 and in done in Manitoba than in all the other 1898 $90,600,000. And the point is that Provinces put together. Two roads—the these increases go on so rapidly that no Canadian Pacific and the Northern Pacific other city will overtake Winnipeg. Pop- railways-already connect it with Lake ulation is now pouring into this country at Superior, and the third is now under consuch a rate that persons well qualified to struction.

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There is a more important considera- ing the holder of the balance of power in tion in reference to this rapid increase, Canada, and what this means can be foreand that is the political one. The mari- seen when it is remembered that the West time provinces are practically standing is almost wholly engaged in the extractive still in the matter of population; Ontario industries, while the East is largely a manand Quebec are increasing only at the ufacturing country. One is the complerate of one and two per cent per annum; ment of the other, and in the recognition while on the other hand the West is going and proper legislative appreciation of this ahead by leaps and bounds that almost lies the hope of Canada's rapid and perdefy measuring by percentages.

The manent progress. once despised West is thus rapidly becom

WINNIPEG, MANITOBA. JAMES LAWLER.

THE BOYHOOD HOME OF ADMIRAL DEWEY

T

OWNS. like

individuals, sometimes given its society an intellectual and moral have greatness thrust upon them. standard which has not been surpassed by

Such has been the lot of Montpelier, that of any town or city in New England. Vermont, the birthplace of Admiral The location of the capital at MontpeGeorge Dewey. Until one day last sum- lier naturally was accomplished only after mer Montpelier was notable only as a neat a good deal of strife with other rival New England village, set amid some of towns. Among those who were most inthe most beautiful scenery of the Green strumental in securing the prize for MontMountain region. Not one in a thousand pelier was its schoolmaster and town of the inhabitants of the United States clerk, David Wing, Jr., of whom it is even had ever heard of it, and those who had now told that he named his eight children knew it only as the capital of its State. respectively Debby Daphne, Christopher In a night and a day all this was changed. Columbus, Algernon Sidney, Marcus TulThe battle of Manila was fought and won. lius Cicero, Maria Theresa, David Davis, The name of Dewey became familiar to Caroline Augusta, and Maximus Fabius. millions of people, and in the chorus of No wonder that Admiral Dewey, who eager inquiries about him and his life at- grew up a child in the same town, rejoices tention has been drawn to Montpelier, the that he has no middle initial and that his town in which he was born.

name is plain George Dewey. Montpelier was settled late in the last The first State capitol, a wooden buildcentury. From that time until its selection ing, was erected in 1808. This lasted until as the capital of the State, in 1805, its his- 1832, when it was replaced by a granite tory did not differ from that of hundreds building very similar in plan to the presof other New England towns. Since then ent structure. This building stood well the natural tendency of the most able pro- back from the street and some distance fessional life of a State, as well as of a above it. The broad walk from the State nation, to centre at the capital city, has House to the street is laid out irregularly in alternate terraces and flights of broad resided in Montpelier, where they have granite steps. George Dewey's home when been connected with the National Life a boy was just across the road from the Insurance Company. Dr. Dewey founded State House, and it is told of him that one this company about 1850, and was its of his favorite pastimes was to see how first president. He was succeeded in offast he could run from the State House fice in 1877 by his son Charles, who has down to the street, with his eyes shut, filled the position ever since. The Admiand not fall. The second State House ral's sister has lived away from Montpeendured until 1857, when it was destroyed lier much of her life, but since the death by fire. It was replaced by the present of her husband has returned there to structure, built, like the last, of Vermont reside. Dr. Dewey's wife died when granite. The building is a credit to the George was only five years old. From State, both as regards its architecture and that time until he went away to school its adaptation to the purposes for which the boy's favorite companion was this sisit was erected.

ter, to whom he was both protector and It is proposed to put a marble statue of playmate. The sympathy between them Admiral Dewey in the great marble por- has always been of the most intimate tico of the present State House, as a com- nature, and probably in nothing else panion piece to the statue of Ethan Allen, since the battle of Manila has his real Vermont's Revolutionary hero, already character been so truly revealed as in his there. The statue of Ethan Allen is of letters to her. It was in one of them, writmarble, more than life size, It was exe- ten a few weeks after the battle, that he

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est motives of her life. One winter, when was provided. It was in this building
they were both quite small children, a that Dewey received the now historic
book was given to her brother which con- thrashing from Principal Pangborn, now
tained an account of Hannibal crossing Major C. K. Pangborn, of New Jersey.
the Alps. The boy was strongly impressed Dewey as a boy was anxious to go to a
with the story, as, in fact, he seems to military school, and when he was fifteen
have been with almost
anything pertaining to
war. Just back of the
State House is a high
and very steep hill, at
that time probably bare
of houses, since even
now only a very few have
been able to perch upon
its slopes. Fitting him-
self and his sister out
with such impedimenta
as he thought suitable,
and naming the high hill
the Alps, young Dewey
started out to cross them,
he being Hannibal and
his sister the army. It
was cold, and the ground
was covered with deep
snow; but the endurance
of the army did not give
out until she had be-
come so chilled that she
was sick in bed for a
week afterward as a re-
sult.

The house in which Dr. Dewey lived, years old his father consented to his going and in which his children were born, was a to Norwich University. Dr. Dewey himcomfortable wooden building on State self was a thoroughly educated man, a Street, just opposite the State House. A graduate of the medical department of the few years ago this house was removed to University of Vermont. Norwich Univeranother site farther down the street, sity was founded in 1819, in the town of where it now stands, and a larger house, Norwich, Vermont, by an old West Point now occupied by the Admiral's brother, graduate. At that time the school reMr. Charles Dewey, was erected on the joiced in the name of “The American Litoriginal lot. Just behind the house rip- erary, Scientific, and Military Academy.” ples a shallow little river, which, with its Not many years after it was established many windings against the Green Moun- the University was removed to Northfield, tains as a background, does much to en- Vermont, a town about ten miles from hance the beauty of the surroundings of Montpelier. Dewey remained at this Montpelier. When the Admiral was a school about three years, but did not gradboy everybody called this Onion River, uate, as he was appointed to Annapolis because so many wild onions grew upon before he had quite completed the course. its banks. Since then it has been bap- Norwich University has always been a tized with a prettier Indian name, small school, but one which has done ex« Winooski,” said to mean «abundance of cellent work. It is required that the presonions.”

ident must always be an active or retired The building in which George Dewey officer of the army or navy. The present went to school when at Montpelier stands president, Commander Allan D. Brown, near the State House. It is used now as of the United States Navy, retired, is a a dwelling, having been sold by the town very capable man both as instructor and when a new and larger school building executive. Small as the school has been,

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THE HOUSE IN WHICH GEORGE DEWEY WAS BORN

it has had over five hundred graduates or because he would not live in it; he does not cadets in the army or navy.

It has never

want a statue, because he is not dead. If he had a cent of endowment up to this time,

were here and could see the situation he would but it looks now as if Admiral Dewey's

undoubtedly approve of Dewey Hall."

“During the session of the legislature I reconnection with the school and his inter

ceived a letter from the Admiral, in which he est in it might secure it a good new build

said: In my opinion results have shown the ing, to be known as Dewey Hall, and a

excellent training young men have received at fund. Captain Clark, the commander of

the Norwich University. That the University is the “Oregon,” who is also a Vermonter, a well worthy the fostering care of the State goes native of Bradford, on the first visit he without saying; and I trust the legislature may made home after his memorable cruise see its way clear to vote some substantial asaround Cape Horn, attended the founding

sistance. Nothing the State could do for me of Dewey Hall at Norwich, and turned

would give me greater pleasure.) the first shovelful of earth. The following

“After the adjournment of the legislature a

full and explicit account of the situation and of paragraphs are quoted from a statement

the several propositions was written to the which President Brown recently made in Admiral, and he was asked to express by cable the Vermonter) » in regard to Admiral

his approval or disapproval of the proposed Dewey's interest in the project:

Dewey Hall; to this he has replied expressing

his approval. The proposed Dewey Hall now “Some time in September last Mr. A. M.

stands, therefore, as having been stated by the Wright, a Vermonter resident in New York,

Admiral to be acceptable to himself.” sent a check to the editor of the (Vermont Phænis,' of Brattleboro, to start some sort of a

It is hoped that $100,000 may be contestimonial to Admiral Dewey; but just what tributed for the project, only a part form it should take was not clear in his mind. of which is to be used in the erection

of the building The Admiral's brother's remark about the sword and statue does not appear to have been heeded, since Congress has provided a

threethousand-dollar sword to be give en him when he reaches here, and, as I have said, steps are being taken to erect his statue in the State House portico.

One who goes THE BUILDING IN WHICH DEWEY WENT TO SCHOOL

to Montpelier to

study the history As soon as the fact was published the sugges- of the Dewey family cannot but be imtion was taken up by various papers in the pressed with the sterling worth and unState, and different propositions were made,

blemished reputation which its members such as a sword, a house in Montpelier, a

have borne for generations. That a famstatue, or a scholarship at this institution.

ily so suddenly subjected to the searchSome one knowing the needs of the University improved upon this latter suggestion by sug

light of intense public interest and curgesting that a building be erected here to bear iosity has been able to come through the the Admiral's name. This appeared to meet ordeal so well is something in which not with more approval than any of the other sug- only the family but the American nation gestions. As the Admiral's brother remarked to may well take a pardonable pride. me: He does not want a sword, because he has

MAX BENNETT THRASHER. three; he does not want a house in Montpelier,

WESTMORELAND, N.H.

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