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career, are obviously not a little overdrawn; but this does not spoil one's delight in reading, or rather we should say in devouring, the book. It will no doubt be most enjoyed by the fun-loving, manly youth who is not over-sensitive about his good-conduct record, and is, at times of promiscuous jollity, not afraid of doing things for which constituted authority prescribes caning” as a corrective. And yet there is much that is wholesome in subject-matter and tone in the book, even though the patriotism be that of the British schoolboy and the type rather insular of the youth in training. The chief difficulty among American readers will be that of understanding the English school jargon; but they will at least learn from the book that though their young cousins across the water have a good deal that is unregenerate about them, they do nothing mean or cowardly, and, when punished, they take their lickings” like men.

The unwritten constitution of the school, founded on the customs and methods of centuries of boy-education in the old foundation schools of England, will prove an additional puzzle to American readers whose notions of school discipline extend no further than the red-tape regulations of school-boards.

G. M. A.

will cause the little ones who find these books on their Christmas table to wonder whether they delight more in the curious stories or in the quaint pictures.

The same firm has also presented us with another book illustrated by Miss McManus, -a new edition of the venerable Mother Goose. To this excellent collection of 161 rhymes, which are given in their original form without alterations or additions, Miss McManus has added a very interesting historical introduction which will doubtless be greatly appreciated by those interested in folk-lore.

Mother Goose's rhymes were apparently insufficient for Mr. Frank Baum, of Chicago, or they made such a lasting impression upon him that he felt compelled to write some new rhymes which the George M. Hill Co., of Chicago, has published under the title «Father Goose: His Book.) The illustrations are by Mr. William W. Denslow, the clever cartoonist, and it seems as if old «Mother Goose › will find in “Father Goose » a dangerous rival for the little ones' favor. The rhymes are funny and amusing, and the pictures are fit companions of irresistible drollery.

The last book in this batch, "Indian Child Life,) * is a novelty throughout. It is an oblong folio with beautiful colored plates representing scenes from child life among the American Indians, after aquarelles by Edwin Willard Deming, and accompanied with charming stories by Therese O. Deming. The book presents many curious and amusing stories of Indian children, their squaw-mothers, and their pets. To parents in search of something for their children which is at once new and at the same time of genuine artistic and ethical value, we can heartily recommend this charming and quaint book.

E. A.

Selected Poems A daintier volume for lovers of by Keats

poetry could hardly be met and Shelley with than the selection from

the “Poems of Keats and Shelley,” illustrated by Edmund H. Garrett for Messrs. Little, Brown, & Co., of Boston. The examples given of the work of these highly gifted and imaginative writers include, in the main, the almost perfect lyrics, such as “The Cloud,» «The Skylark,) and “The West Wind » of Shelley, together with «The Sensitive Plant,” and “The Witch of Atlas," with its exquisite pictures of scenes and beings of superhuman and unearthly splendor.” The selection from Keats embraces « Isabella; or, The Pot of Basil," (Lamia,” « The Eve of St. Agnes,” and “La Belle Dame sans Merci.) The volume will be precious in the eyes of the devotees of verse, and is specially suitable as a birthday souvenir or a seasonable present for the approaching Christmas. G. M. A.

Wild Flowers Among gifts for ChristmasFrom

tide few can be more approPalestine priate than a little volume just

issued by Messrs. Dumas & Co., of Lowell, Mass., entitled “Wild Flowers from Palestine.» The collection, which is strikingly well-preserved in the natural state, has been gathered in the Holy Land, pressed, and mounted under the direction of the Rev. Harvey B. Greene, B.D.

It embraces some seventeen varieties of the floral wealth of Palestine, found by the highways, in the valleys, and on the hill-tops of Galilee, Samaria, and Judea. The chief interest centres in the fact that the flowers are all of Bible interest, culled from the haunts of the Christ when upon earth, and used by Him to illustrate some parable and enforce eternal truth. They include the Rose of Sharon (Crocus Gaillardotti), the Lily of the Field (Anemone Coronaria), Judean Clover, Cyclamen, the Carmel Daisy, Hemlock, Lentil, Flax, Anise, and Mustard.

A Few Pretty Among the numerous books for Books For children which make their ap

G. M. A.

pearance at this Christmas season

some recent publications are noteworthy as regards both their contents and their artistic make-up. Prominent among these are three classics of the nursery which appear in new festival garb. Lewis Carroll's inimitable «Alice in Wonderland) and «Through the Looking-Glass » are published by M. F. Mansfield and A. Wessels, of New York, and are illustrated with new pictures in colors by Miss Blanche McManus, whose bold originality, combined with an inexpressible charm,

the Little Ones

* New York: Frederick A. Stokes Company.

Ione March ) In his last book, Ione March,»*

Ву or «A Woman of Fortune ” as 8. R, Crockett it was called when it ran serially through an American magazine, Mr. S. R. Crockett enters upon a new field. While his other books were mostly stories of olden times, with their scenes laid in Scotland, this last one from his pen is a story of to-day and has for its heroine a highly educated, spirited, and beautiful American girl. The author has succeeded happily in portraying the characteristics of American travellers abroad, and the result is on the whole not unfavorable to our countrymen. The book is charmingly written and will no doubt find a host of pleased and appreciative readers. The characters are well drawn; the scenes of the story, Switzerland in the first part, and the city of London in the latter part, are both attractively and interestingly pictured; and the plot is well handled. A few improbabilities occur; the motive of the story - the sudden decision of the heroine, a high-minded American girl, daughter of a charming old American millionaire, to start out and earn her own living - is very insufficiently presented and is most improbable. All this, however, is scarcely noticed or is soon forgotten by the reader, who finds himself captivated by the fascinating style, and by the author's ability to enlist our interest and sympathies. The characters are mostly lovable, whom everyone would delight to meet and become acquainted with. The villain in the story is Kearney Judd, the son of an American millionaire, who belongs to that class of men of wealth who never refer to their grandfathers.”

It is a clever character study of a selfish, purse-proud, unprincipled cad. The story contains not a few exciting incidents, it does not lack the humorous element, and is altogether a pleasing and entertaining book.

E. A.

Words of Under the title of “Strength

Christian and Beauty,”+ Dr. J. R. Miller, Counsel and

of Philadelphia, has added anCheer

other volume to the series we owe to his pen of good counsel to the young, written with the inspiring idea of making them brave and strong for the battle of life. The author's message is very helpful, as well as attractive and full of good cheer. The following are among the subjects on which he wisely and optimistically discourses: «The Sacredness of Opportunity,» «The Beauty of the Imperfect,” « Things to Leave Undone, «Shallow Lives, «How to Meet Temptation,” “The Duty of Laughter, and « The Cure of Weariness. » They all illustrate the lesson, to quote the author's words, that we are in this world, not merely to get on, but to get upward.”

G. M. A. * New York: Dodd, Mead, & Co. + New York and Boston: Thomas Y. Crowell Co.

Books RECEIVED From The Macmillan Co., New York:

Sherwood, Margaret. « Henry Worthington, Idealist.» Castle, Egerton (author of « The Pride of Jennico »)

" Young April.” Wright, Mabel Osgood. «Wabeno the Magician: A

Sequel to · Tommy-Nune and the Three Hearts.' »

Illustrated. Gilbert, Dr. George H. «The Revelation of Jesus: A

Study of the Primary Sources of Christianity." Newbolt, H. (Editor). ^ Stories from Froissart.” Illus

trated.

From Little, Brown, & Co., Boston:
Daniels, Cora Linn. « The Bronze Buddha : A

Mystery.”
Hale, Edward Everett. «Ten Times One, and Other

Stories.” « The Brick Moon, and Other Stories.” Bourdillon, F. W. « The Night Has a Thousand Eyes:

Hymns.” Oxley, J. Macdonald. « Fife and Drum at Louis

bourg.” Illustrated by Clyde O. De Land. Bourget, Paul. « Pastels of Men. Translated by

Katharine Prescott Wormeley. Galdós, B. Pérez. « Saragossa : A Story of Spanish

Valor. Translated by Minna Caroline Smith. Smith, Mary P. Wells. « The Young Puritans in Cap

tivity." Illustrated by Jessie Willcox Smith.

From Dodd, Mead, & Co., New York:
Ford, Paul Leicester. « Janice Meredith: A Story of

the American Revolution.”
From George Routledge & Son, New York:

Hocking, Joseph. «The Scarlet Woman: A Novel.»

From Doubleday & McClure Co., New York:
Eaton, Seymour (Editor). «First Course in Mathe-

matics for Mechanics and Engineers » (Home Study

Circle). Tilton, Howard W.: "Lay Sermons." From Thomas Y. Crowell & Co., New York and Boston : Powers, George W. " Important Events: A Book of

Dates.
« What is Worth While Series."

Dougherty, J. M. « Opportunities for Self Culture.»
Thwing, C. F., LL.D. « The Choice of a College.”
Low, Seth, LL.D. * The Trend of a century.”
Murdock, Mrs. E. H. « Rational Education for Girls.»

From Carter and Brother, New York:
Carter, John Henton. « The Impression Club: A

Novel.”

From The Editor Publishing Co., Cincinnati, O.: Ferguson, Emma Henry. "Courage and Loyalty: A

Novel.»

From The Acme Publishing Co., Morgantown, W. Va.: « Mark Ellis ; or, Unsolved Problems: A Story of the

Day.”

From Watch Tower Bible & Tract Society, Alleghany, Pa.: Russell, Chas. T. « Millennial Dawn, Vol. V.: The

At-one-Ment between God and Man." From William Briggs, Toronto, Canada: O'Hagan, Thomas. « Songs of the Settlement and

Other Poems.

From Eaton & Mains, New York:

Waters, Robert. « John Selden and His Table Talk."

From the Dominion of Canada (Statistical Branch), De

partment of Agriculture, Ottawa : « The Statistical Year Book of Canada for 1898." From Longmans, Green, & Co., London, Bombay, and

New York : Lecky, W. E. H. « The Map of Life: Conduct and

Character."

EDUCATE THE MASSES

T

of genius to effort, -- feeble at first, but, as the years go by, gathering strength and knowledge from the failures and successes of preceding generations, until results have been attained that astonish the world.

Our American people are unwilling to spend a lifetime making one small part of a machine, but they eagerly grasp the principles applied in the construction of the completed article until they have mastered the whole.

The time, money, and sacrifice if need be, required to secure even a practical education, will certainly prove a safe investment. Benjamin Franklin once said, “If a man empties his purse in his head, no one can take it from him.” It is the educated workman who commands the

best wages.

he history of American colonies from the

earliest feeble beginning has ever been a theme of intense interest. The major

ity of those people who laid the foundation of our civilization were self-imposed exiles from their native lands, preferring to brave the hardships and privations of a new world rather than submit to oppressions which became unbearable.

We sometimes forget or fail to comprehend what those people have done for us, or to realize the almost miraculous development of educational interests since Dec. 22, 1620, when the Pilgrims passed through the awful experience of that first winter on a bleak coast, struggling with cold, disease, and death. With grim fortitude they dug graves in the frozen earth for half of their number. When Governor Winthrop joined the colonists in 1630, with a thousand recruits, he found them subsisting on shellfish and acorns. A day was appointed for fasting and prayer, which turned into feasting by the arrival of a ship heavily loaded with provisions. Thus the first Thanksgiving Day was observed in November, 1631.

Seven years later an old man, the Rev. John Harvard, established the first school in America, which still bears his name, and from that date until now education has been considered of vital importance. Time or money has not been spared in establishing well-equipped schools within the reach of every child.

It is true we sometimes hear old pioneers say that education is of small account, for they prospered with little or no schooling, -even accumulated riches without being able to read or write. While this statement might hold true when spoken from the wilderness, it is most emphatically past considering to-day.

Why is it essential that the pioneer's son should receive a more thorough education than his father ? Because, instead of two millions of indifferently educated people, he has eight millions of skilled workmen and carefully trained scholars to cope with. It is an irreparable wrong to neglect training the child for a fair start in life. And it is indeed a blessing that the States have assumed a share of the responsibility, so that no person shall be robbed of his educational birthright.

No longer can the laboring man's sonthough a mere child - be found in the factory by the side of his father, stunting his growth intellectually and physically, to increase the family income. But a fair education is given to all, thereby frequently rousing a latent spark

Once the simple fact of existing comfortably without fear of foe or famine satisfied the most ambitious. Not so now. The problem which confronts each one early in life is how to prepare for something higher and nobler than a mere existence. Some one has truthfully said that great care should be shown in the education of the youth, for education comprehends the preparation we make in our youth for the sequel of our lives.

It is generally admitted that education of the people is essential to the well-being and progress of a nation. This statement was fully indorsed by such men as Edward Everett and Burke : one having said, « Education is the chief defence of nations; » the other, «Education is a better safeguard of liberty than a standing army. If we retrench the wages of the schoolmaster we must raise that of the recruiting-sergeant.”

A prominent statesman has said:

« Be it, then, our duty and our encouragement to live and to labor, ever mindful of the future; but let us not forget the past. All ages have lived and labored for us. From one has come art, from another jurisprudence, from another the compass, from another the printingpress; from all have proceeded priceless lessons of truth and virtue.

« The earliest and most distant times are not without a present influence on our daily lives. Amid the disappointments which may attend individual exertions, amid the universal agitations which now surround us, let us recognize this law, confident that whatever is just, whatever is humane, whatever is good, whatever is true, according to an immutable ordinance of Providence, in the golden light of the future, must prevail. With this faith let us place our hands - as those of little children in the great Hand of God. He will ever guide and sustain us, through pains and perils, it may be, in the path of progress toward which nothing can add greater strength than to educate the masses."

H. MERTON CLARK. LANSING, Mich.

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W

Hen the arbiter of the destinies of crushers which crunch through the floes,

the realm of ice and snow makes slowly tearing through the barriers or

his annual descent from the breaking them down with their immense north, nowhere does he wrap his frost- weight. fringed mantle more closely around a new- Few persons who live at a distance from found domain than in the region of the the lakes have any appreciation of how Great Lakes. To the people thus envel- much real enjoyment these vast bodies of oped the annual visit means much of water afford to the millions of inhabitants shivering discomfort, but it also holds of the five large cities and innumerable a compensation in pleasurable possibili- smaller ones which line their shores at ties denied to the inhabitants of sunnier intervals. Indeed we may seriously surclimes.

mise if the measure of their enjoyment is The great inland seas, holding more not greater than that which comes to than a third of the fresh water on the dwellers on ocean-washed beaches. In globe, are usually closed to navigation the summer, manifestly, the honors are early in December, and it is late in April nearly equal, for everywhere the provbefore they are released from the bondage ince of the regions of water and sky is to of the ice. Within that period the vast serve as common host for the work-worn area of unsalted water is traversed only drudgers from inland habitations. by the occasional ice yachts which skim The householder on the ocean shore over the frozen surface, or mayhap in cer- must needs merge his search for recreatain quarters by the many-funnelled ice- tion with that of the vacation tourist Copyrighted, icoo, by THE WERNER COMPANY. All rights reserved.

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throng, but the resident of the Great Lake district, if he find little enjoyment in the general play-time, may still make reparation for the omission by the fullest indulgence in the pastimes of the snowy season. The advantage to the young people of the lake cities is manifest; for not only have they recourse to the tobogganing, snowshoeing, and tandem-driving which constitute the chief joys of their brothers and sisters in other northern cities, but skating and ice-yachting on the lakes are also possible adjuncts to the winter programme.

Between the periods of summer indulgences and winter sports there are intervals in the spring and autumn. The passenger steamers which ply up and down the lakes have, as a rule, been retired to winter quarters fully a month

With vesselmen receiving anywhere from $6,000 to $16,000, according to the size of the craft, for bringing a cargo down the thousand-mile stretch of the lakes, and with the expenses of the trip amounting to only $1,000 to $2,000, it is only natural that they should strive to keep their boats in service as long as possible. And so ofttimes in the early winter the freighters come into port with every spar and rope sheathed in many coatings of ice, and with the prow piled high with a great glistening mass, its bulk increasing as the spray from each wave is dashed against it.

You can even find old mariners who can regale you with tales of a Christmas spent on the lakes with their good ship poking her nose into a snow-laden blizzard and the sailors crawling about in oilskins

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before any signs of a shimmering coating frozen to armor-like rigidity. Sometimes, appear upon the water, and they do not as in the winter of 1898, a whole fleet of venture out in the spring until many vessels, scurrying homeward from a final weeks after the hardy freight-carrying trip, is caught and held fast for days in steamers emerge, resplendent in a new the clutches of a great field of ice. Then dress of paint, for their season's work. it is that decisive action and quick work

These selfsame cargo-carriers consti- is necessary. Ice-crushing steamers and tute, in their late fall trips, one of the a mosquito fleet of whistling, snorting most picturesque phases of lake navigation. tugs must be hired, perhaps at an ex

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