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each worthy of a place in this gallery of But the genius of the Admiral was as heroes: Prince Rupert, rash, fiery, brave nothing compared to the worth of the to a fault; and Cromwell's sturdy, high- man; his single-mindedness and purity, minded Admiral, Robert Blake. To the his modesty and courage, mark him one latter there is no finer tribute than Clar- of the greatest of Englishmen. endon's :

«He was jealous of the liberty of the sub He was the first man that declined the old ject and the glory of his Nation; and as ho Track, and made it apparent that the Sciences made use of no mean artifices to raise him. might be attained in less time than was imag- self to the highest command at Sea, so ha ined. He was the first man that brought ships needed no interest but his merit to sup

port him in it. He scorned nothing more than money, which, as fast as it came in, was laid out by him in the ser. vice of the State, and to shew that he was animated by that brave publick spirit which has since been reckoned rather romantick than heroick. And he was so disinterested that though no man had more opportunities to enrich himself than he, who had taken so many millions from the enemies of Eng. land, yet he threw it all into the Publick Treasury, and did not die five hundred pounds richer


left him.” to contemn Castles on shore, which had ever Blake is said to have been little of statbeen thought very formidable, but were discov- ure and to that circumstance owed his ered by him to make a Noise only and to fright failure to obtain a fellowship at Merton those who could rarely be hurt by them. He

College, — the Warden, Sir Henry Saville, was the first that infused that Proportion of

having a whimsical partiality for tall men. Courage into Seamen, by making them see by Experience what mighty Things they could do

The portrait in the Painted Hall tallies if they were resolved, and taught them to fight

well with the description of his features: in Fire as well as upon the Water; and, though prepossessing and manly, with a quick, he has been very well imitated and followed, lively, and intelligent eye. Like most was the first that gave the Example of that of his contemporaries he is represented kind of Naval Courage and bold and resolute clean shaven save for a small moustache, Achievements.”

which, when angry, he had a trick of This masterly picture is the more vivid twirling - or, as Dr. Johnson quaintly when we remember that Blake had no puts it, of curling his whiskers.” The training whatever for the sea. A brave particular instance was when the Bey of soldier, a skilful general, he had already Tunis sent an insolent defiance in reply to proved to be, but until nearly fifty years of his demand for the release of the English age he had no acquaintance with that ele- captives. But Tunisian, Dutchman, or ment for which he was so eminently fitted. *«Lives English and Foreign."


Spaniard, it was a bad lookout when Ad- ing England. One of which was, That the mismiral Blake began to curl his whiskers. eries they endur'd, meaning the Dissenters then, We may be very sure he did so when his were nothing to what he foresaw would attend arch-enemy, Van Tromp, went sailing

the Reign of a Popish successor; wherefore he through the Channel with a broom tied to

resolv'd to remove to Carolina. And he had so his masthead as a declaration that he

great an Interest among Persons of his princi

ples, I mean Dissenters, that many honest subwould sweep the seas clear of the English

stantial Persons engaged to go over with him. shipping.

I say the more of Mr. Blake, because his In Blake we see all that is best of the family is one of the most considerable in this Puritan spirit, with none of its disfiguring Province; where he arriv'd in the year 1683, qualities. Though a true Republican, and with several other families, the followers of opposed to the arbitrary government of the king, he yet condemned the vindictive spirit that brought him to trial and death. “The country's good” was Blake's one ideal — and he held rigidly aloof from the quarrels between Cromwell and the Parliament. It is not the business of a seaman to mind State affairs, but to hinder foreigners from fooling us,” and to that opinion he adhered to the end of his life.

Hitherto the English navy had been largely a matter of private venture; now it became a national institution, of which Blake laid the foundation and Nelson its topmost crown. But between these two great men came a long line of famous admirals, whose lives, one by one, made it strong, solid, and enduring: Their faces are pictured here; their names are known from sea to sea.

Students of early colonial history will remember another Blake, Governor of Carolina from 1695 to 1700, and who also took a hand in the suppression of piracy. That old chronicler, John Oldmixon, tells us: ('T was about this time,

ROBERT BLAKE, GENERAL OF THE FLEET 1683, that the Persecution raised by the Popish Faction and their ad- his fortune. What Estate he sold in England, herents in England was at the height; and he sold to carry the effects along with him; and no part of this Kingdom suffered more than though the sum was not many Thousands, if it Somersetshire. The Author of this History did at all deserve the plural Number; yet 't was liv'd at that time with Mr. Blake, brother to the all that his great Brother left him, though for famous General of that name, being educated several years he had commanded the British by his Son-in-law who taught School in Bridge- Fleet; and in a time when our Naval Arms water; and remembers, though then very young, were victorious, and the treasures of New Spain the reasons old Mr. Blake us’d to give for leav- seldom reached home.”

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ent mould, and his firm, vigorous rule soon became a terror to the gentry of the black flag. It is said that the year 1699 witnessed the hanging of seven, and, for some time after, their comrades in evil kept at a respectful distance from Charleston Harbor.



*« Historical Collections of South Carolina.”

To be concluded.)


In lands of palm and Southern pine ;

In lands of palm and orange blossom
Of limes and guavas, maize and vine."

- "After" TENNYSON.




E ALL know something about St. noted in citrus fruits, vegetables, and

Augustine, and have admired everything else that is planted there.

its Ponce de Leon” hotel, its North of the Manatee River (named Alcazar, and the charming dames and after a sluggish, ungainly, porpoise-like, damsels who hie them there from the aquatic, herbivorous mammal now almost wintry blasts of Washington, New York, extinct, but that used much to affect these and farther north; we are not unfamiliar peaceful waters before steamboats, huntwith Palm Beach; and who has not received ers, and other irritants came to disturb pamphlet after pamphlet, each describing, its quiet)-virtually a salty inlet of the bay, in a little more flowery language than did some twelve miles long and a mile wide, the last, the wonderful advantages of an into which a main stream and many immediate investment in the Miami dis- branches flow — the soil is muck land, oritrict? To the average man there is noth- ginal jungle, whose centuries of tropical ing but the east coast to Florida. Had it growths have added their rich fertilization, not been for our recent war, the conse- and it is here that thrive the lettuce, quent camps at Tampa, and the departure celery, peas, beans, cucumbers, tomatoes, of the transports from that port, it might egg-plant, and melons that, in the order have been necessary to preface these re- mentioned, find their way to our Northern marks with the statement that Florida tables long before there is the tiniest really does have a west coast, a region as shoot of green stuff in our own fields. different in climate, soil, and other con- It is varied farming indeed, and there ditions as if it were a thousand instead of is but little time for loafing if the farmer barely one hundred and thirty miles from really and not merely figuratively wishes the Atlantic. Our fruit-buyers and com- to make hay while the sun shines.” For mission men, however, know this region instance, lettuce seedlings are prepared in well, particularly the fertile Manatee dis- August and are set out in October, the trict, whence they get their finest oranges product being gathered for the holiday and the earliest of the truck'-gardeners' market —some twenty thousand plants to products, and there may we well tarry for

the acre.

The field is turned up again two or three pages.

and seeded to corn, between whose rows Half a century or so ago great sugar are set the tomato plants, both crops maplantations flourished there and planters turing early in April; then the field is set waxed fat and merry; some of the old con- to sweet potatoes or to grass, either of crete mansions yet giving faded evidences which is ready for storing before the that those old-timers knew how to live and rainy season of July and August, when, enjoy life. The Seminole war drove many by the way, it does not rain in one steady away and the generation has died out; be- downpour, as is generally the case in the sides which politics has raised hob with tropics, but when there are numerous sugar. The people now there are new to thunder-storms with their attending showthe country and mostly hustling Northern- ers, and with days and days of brightest ers. To a degree it this thrift added to sunshine between storms. Some fertilizthe wonderful fertility of the soil that ing is done, of course, but it seems as if produces the astonishing results to be vegetables fairly jumped out of the soil


and took an interest in doing it quickly smaller growths there are found as many and largely. From the seed to luxuriant as two hundred to the acre.

An orange green scarcely two weeks elapse, and tree, fruit-bearing at five years of age, three and four crops of vegetables a year will produce a couple of hundred oranges, from one patch are not unusual, and in or about one boxful; then it doubles its quantities as surprising as the diversity product every year, fifteen hundred and Two hundred crates of tomatoes and a even two thousand fine oranges having hundred and fifty to two hundred bushels been seen on a single tree. of sweet potatoes shipped to market – Some growers pick the oranges green and leaving a fifth of the product for home ship them in that condition, but the fruit consumption, unfit for market, or over- really ripens about the beginning of Nolooked — are an average acre's yield. vember and is picked from then on to the

South of the Manatee it is mostly pine middle of January, during which period and scrub palmetto land, not so rich, but it is frequently kept in storage on the tree well suited for citrus fruits. The native so as not to glut the early market. No product is the wild Florida orange, still swaddling-clothes are necessary; no infound in remote districts, -a bitter, thin- dividual tents for the trees; no fires or skinned fruit, fit only for preserves, and other frost-fighting devices need be rethen only when well sugared. This stock, sorted to, as is necessary in other districts. by grafting and budding with imported In 1895 and again this year the citrus stock, has been brought up to its present crops of northern Florida - those not so perfect state. The parent-trees, from protected by their owners — were frozen which were budded most of the fine and turned out a complete failure. The Florida as well as California stocks of Manatee district, being south of the navel oranges, are to be seen in the ex- twenty-eighth parallel, escaped those chillperimental grounds of the Department of ing blights, and in fact as well as in Agriculture at Washington. - sturdy old theory it is in the frost-proof zone. grand-dads to the millions of luscious The county of Manatee comprises about beauties we have eaten or shipped away twelve hundred square miles, not over during the past ten years.

one hundred of which are under any kind Lemons and pomelos (or grape-fruit, as of cultivation, and from this latter area the pomelo is called, because it grows in 150,000 boxes of oranges were shipped grape-like bunches), with the oranges, are during the past season. The highest total the principal products of Manatee. Add to crop for Florida before the frost of 1894these limes, guavas, and persimmons, and 95 — since when it has never reached anyyou have the fruit-bearing trees of the where near that point — was 5,000,000 district. All of them, excepting the guava, boxes. This year scarcely more than yield single crops per year.

The gyava

1,500,000 boxes will be the output, so that is a spring and fall bearing dwarf, most this district alone will supply one tenth of prolific (in full fruit you can hardly see a

Florida's orange crop. leaf), and a fine jelly-maker.

We may here note the superiority of the Of oranges sixty-five to eighty trees are Florida orange over its California brother. set out to the acre; of guavas and the The latter ripens in January, February, and

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