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in this classification, it is the first, the highest, and most honorable of all. The true and ideal wife and mother is the most beautiful and perfect creation of the Almighty. She is at once an inspiration and a Divine essence. What an insult it is, then, to Divine beneficence and purpose that the conjugal state, the domestic province, the home sphere, should be so Aagrantly demeaned by the unholy material views and estimates, caprices and desires, of frivolous and giddy-headed girls who have no adequate notions of what such sacred ties and obligations involve. The marriage state is not given to every woman, but the opportunity is afforded every true woman to fit herself for it as well as to pursue some rational calling by means of which she may ensure her independence and promote her own best interests. Not only is woman in full possession of her rights, but it is her bounden duty to promote and conserve her direct and positive interests. Of a truth, the young

woman who does thus fit herself, intelligently and adequately, for domestic duties and wifehood, no matter how humble or exalted her gifts, fits herself for every future emergency and may front with equanimity the most serious trials and obstacles. She may never be a wife and mother; she may never even be called upon to test and put in practice her acquired domestic accomplishments; but she will be happier, better, and more independent by virtue of her domestic training and efficiency. Rare indeed is now, and rarer still, it is to be feared, will be in the future, the domesticated and thoroughly feminine woman. It is there. fore of the highest importance that parents should pay more attention to the cultivation of the domestic virtues and duties by their daughters. Equally important is it that more heed should be attached to the sacredness of the home and to a sedulous cultivation of the home virtues.

EDWIN RIDLEY.

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THREE RECENT HISTORICAL NOVELS

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ISTORICAL novels have apparently come to stay. There is certainly no abatement in their production nor in their

eager reception by the public. Though many of the modern purpose-novels may be interesting and to some extent fascinating, good historical novels are infinitely more wholesome, and, to pastime readers especially, more satisfactory. Of recent historical fiction that has come under our notice there are three books which have greatly pleased us and which, we imagine, will equally please others. One is « The Black Douglas,” by S. R. Crockett;* the second, “A Gentleman Player,” by Robert Neilson Stephens; † and the third, “The Angel of the Covenant,” by J. Maclaren Cobban. The first mentioned is one of the best romances that Mr. Crockett has yet given us. The first half of the book only is devoted to the title-hero, who has been enticed into his enemies' camp and slain. Then the story moves from Scottish to French soil and deals with that fifteenth-century monster, Marshal Gilles de Retz, and the revengeful pursuit by Earl Douglas's retainers. Retz is the same hideous character that forms the subject of Alexandre Dumas' novel, « The Werwolf of Machecoul,» but Crockett's story, though equally exciting and gruesome, seems to us far better than Dumas'. The story is excellently told, the plot is well handled, and the interest in it never flags for a moment. It is certainly one of the few books that will stand re-reading.

The second book, “A Gentleman Player,” is of a much milder character, though by no means less interesting. It shows the same dash and spirit that mark all of this clever young writer's novels. There is a little more repose and perhaps not quite so much improbability in it, as, for instance, in his wildly rushing «Road to Paris,” and it certainly shows more maturity in style and handling of the plot than his previous novels. “A Gentleman Player ” is one of Shakespeare's own players -- the great poet himself being introduced in the opening chapter and repeatedly appearing or being alluded to thereafter. Harry Marryott,- the hero,finds himself after a drunken sleep, which had ended a revelry indulged in after the first performance of “Hamlet,» in Queen Elizabeth's garden. From here he is sent by the Queen on an errand to save one of her former favorites from arrest. She warns him before departing:

* New York: Doubleday & McClure Co. † Boston: L. C. Page & Co. | New York: R. F. Fenno & Co.

“Look for the unexpected! » And indeed the unexpected happens. And so much of it that the reader devours page after page, endeavoring to keep pace with the hero's mad ride through the country. It is a very lively bit of romance, with a good deal of fighting and lovemaking in it; the heroine being a high-spirited, daring young lady not unlike the Lady of Quality.” The clever introduction of Shakespeare and Queen Elizabeth, and the characteristic picture of the life of that fascinating age, make an attractive background for the story and increase its historic interest.

The last mentioned book, “The Angel of the Covenant,” is, as the title indicates, a story of the Scottish Covenant during the reign of Charles I. It is one of the best historical novels that has appeared in many a month. While it is of a solid quality, it is by no means the less captivating; it is in fact absorbingly interesting from beginning to end, not only by virtue of its genuine historical character, but also on account of the beauty of style and easy flow of narrative, notwithstanding the numerous characters, and the use of a good deal of old Scotch dialect, which, however, does not mar the pleasure of its reading in the least, but rather enhances its peculiar charm. The book gives a vivid picture of Scotland during the first half of the sixteenth century. It is all the more interesting as it treats the movement against the threatened Romanizing of the Scottish kirk by King Charles I and his counsellor, Archbishop Laud, from a Scotch standpoint, differing somewhat from the usual conception of this partly religious, partly feudal conflict. The hero is a young Scottish nobleman of the following of the Marquis of Montrose, who was some time in the service of the Scotch Guards in France, where he met the famous Monsieur d'Artagnan, and who, upon his return to Scotland in company with Montrose, became implicated in the Scotch covenant. The real thread of the story is a love-romance between the hero and the young Lady Balgownie, and closely connected therewith is the pathetic story of Montrose's sister Katherine, who had been abducted by her brother-in-law. The culmination of the novel is a trial for witchcraft, which claimed Maudlin Balgownie, the Angel of the Covenant,” for its victim (who, however, was saved by Lady Katherine sacrificing herself in Maudlin's place), the marvellous rescue of the hero from the scaffold, and his happy reunion with his love.

E. A.

THE WORLD IN PICTURES: A SERIES OF ILLUSTRATIVE TOURS

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HROUGH the courtesy of the publishers and whatever there is that gives it either artis(The Werner Company, Akron, O.) SELF tic or historic interest. In the case of pictures CULTURE is in receipt of the five attrac- illustrative of one's native country, there is the

tive art volumes which portray, by further advantage of stimulating patriotism by means of the camera and half-tone reproduc- having the volume or volumes before one to tions, the pictorial journeyings through the con over and to delight at once the eye and the North American continent and in foreign lands mind. undertaken by Mr. F. G. Lamprey and the well- The Stoddard series embraces four volumes, known traveller and lecturer, Mr. John L. Stod- each having on the average 128 illustrations. dard. Few educational advantages better than One consists of views of the American contia study of these volumes are available to the nent From Atlantic to the Pacific)); another untravelled reader who desires to extend the treats of the Famous Parks and Public Buildrange of his geographical knowledge and at ings of America.” The remaining two deal with the same time fire the imagination with the pictorial journeys through tropical countries in beauties of nature and the world's masterpieces the Eastern Hemisphere, “Sunny Lands of the of art. In these panoramic pages the great Eastern Continent,” and with "A Tour Through sights of the world, in almost every clime, are Northern Europe,” in which are presented views brought as it were to the fireside of every of the famous cities, parks, buildings, and palhome and made to impress the onlooker with aces of the upper section of the European contheir varied majesty and beauty. When one tinent. Mr. Lamprey's volume is the record of talks to an acquaintance of sights seen an independent tour by an intelligent observer,

broad, of striking features of landscape, of and embraces views of the more attractive some triumph of architectural or engineering scenery of all the principal States in both the skill, or of some scene of old-time historic in- Old and the New World, including the islands terest, it is often exceedingly difficult to convey of Oceanica. If one desires the possession of a in words any adequate conception of the charm single volume only that will cover all the main of the spectacle or the thrilling effect the scene paths of the world's travel and furnish the most has had upon the beholder. With such volumes striking views of city, tower, and hamlet or of at hand as these of Mr. Stoddard, with the de- nature's attractive aspects in the solitudes of scriptive account appended to each picture, the earth, we would commend Mr. Lamprey's one has the veritable scene before him and can most interesting and instructive volume. realize for himself the attractions of the place

G. M. A.

Napoleon, Much has been written about
Lover and Napoleon's military career.
Husband »

His political achievements were of such a giant nature that they almost overshadow his human personality. Therefore, while everybody knows something about his wars and conquests, comparatively little is known about Napoleon the man, and few are acquainted with his private life,-a life that is no less interesting and fascinating than is his public career.

"If women had played no rôle in his life, Napoleon would cease to be the amazing example of masculine genius that he is, and would become a sexless being without interest to humanity because not subject to the failings and passions of other men, uninfluenced by the traditions which sway them, possessed of no sentiment common to mankind.

As it was, this man, whose genius was astounding, who, served by an unpar led fortune, accomplished the greatest task that mortal ever undertook, was precisely the man to whom no emotion was a stranger.

* It is human to be influenced by, to believe in, and to love woman, to experience by her and for her all the sensations and emotions which she inspires, and in that respect, as in all others, Napoleon was superior to mankind."

The foregoing words, with which Frédéric Masson concludes his interesting memoir of «Napoleon, Lover and Husband” (Akron, O.: The Werner Company), form the keynote of the book and fully indicate its character. It is one of the few works on the emperor that have survived the Napoleon craze, which raged a few years ago; and the fact that numerous reprints have been called for since its first appearance in 1893 demonstrates not only the great favor with which the work is regarded, but also its intrinsic value. While most books on Napoleon treat primarily of his military career and political achievements, the one before us shows in a series of fascinating pictures the human side of this towering genius of history; and deals not so much with Napoleon the conqueror, the leader of men, the erstwhile ruler of the world, as with Napoleon the man, with all the emotions of ordinary humanity, who was not indifferent to the charms and influence of woman. This is the characteristic that brings him nearer to our understanding, and makes M. Masson's work not only valuable to the student of sociology, but also sympathetic lightful sense of humor and a keen eye for droll and attractive to the general reader. The situations. A flavor of Mark Twain penetrates opening chapter tells us of the friends of Na- the volume, and in some of the stories there is poleon's youth. Though he was of a somewhat a reminder of Robert Hinchin and Bill Nye. stern and studious disposition and not much « The Belle of the Dinner» is one of the best of given to idle flirtations, there were still a few the sketches, and the situation it portrays is young demoiselles who entered and left their highly ludicrous, with a touch of the romantic. impress on his early life. Among them was a In these days of serious reading the mind, certain Caroline du Colombier, at Valence, with seeking holiday amusement, will find in the whom he may have entertained some vague book much healthy fun and some odd aspects ideas of marriage, though he was then barely of character-drawing in amusing situations seventeen and she considerably his senior. which will enliven an odd hour, refresh the He admired her, but his attentions to her were spirits of the reader, and bring a hearty laugh chaste, deferential, and boyish. It was not alike into eyes and voice. Nor will the reader long, however, before she married an officer, complain of the range and variety of the themes M. de Bressieux, and left Valence.

treated of by the author, or of the occasional

interludes of a light bantering philosophy. To « Nearly twenty years later, when Napoleon was in camp at Boulogne, he received a letter from her recom

the volume the author has appended some mending her brother to his notice, and although he had specimens of light verse originally contributed not seen the object of his boyish admiration since her to «Life,» « Truth,«Judge, and other humarriage, he answered by return of post, assuring her

morous weeklies, while James Whitcomb Riley that he would seize the first occasion to be useful to M. du Colombier, and saying:

prefixes an introductory poem in the fluent vein «« The memory of your mother and yourself has of the writers of vers de société. G. M. A. always been dear to me. I see by your letter that you live near Lyons, and I must reproach you for not calling while I was there, as it would have given me great pleasure to have seen you.'

Dumas' Interest in the story of the hap« This advice was not lost, and when, on April 12, 1806, Mary Stuart” less Mary, Queen of Scots, it may Napoleon passed through Lyons on his way to the coronation at Milan, Mme. de Bressieux was among the

be safely hazarded, will never cease. Of recent first to request an interview. She was terribly changed, years there has been an accession rather than a aged, and no longer the pretty Caroline of bygone days,

diminution of popular interest in her life and nevertheless she obtained all she asked for,—the erasure of certain names on the list of émigrés, a position for

career, while history seems at length to be her husband, and a lieutenancy for her brother. On doing her justice and relieving her memory of New Year's Day of 1807 Mme, de Bressieux recalled her. the harsh judgments that have for long been self to the Emperor's memory by a letter asking for news of his health. Napoleon responded promptly, and

passed upon the unfortunate Stuart Queen. in 1808 he made her lady-in-waiting upon Madame

Though not a few of the secrets of Mary Stuart's Mère, called her husband to preside over the electoral history, with many of the events of her tragic college of Isière, and in 1810 created him a baron of the

time, are buried in her grave, we now know, Empire. « Such was the grateful memory Napoleon cherished

with almost the conviction of certainty, that for all who had been kind to him in his youth ; there the case against her has been far more darkly were none whose fortunes he did not assure, as there painted than truth would justify. This is the were none whom he forgot to mention during his cap

case with regard to Mary's alleged complicity tivity; women, if possible, received the greater share of his gratitude, and even when he had reason to feel in the Babington plot against the life of Queen some bitterness toward them it was enough that they Elizabeth, and especially with regard to the had once shown him kindness.”

revelations of the famous Casket Letters, which In the subsequent chapters, the author con

are now known to be in part wicked forgeries. tinues to relate in a most entertaining manner

Those, of course, who take Mr. Froude as their Napoleon's relations with women who played a

authority on the facts of Mary Stuart's life, more or less important part in his eventful

will not be convinced of her innocence; but career, presenting us with a volume full of

there has been too great an accumulation of

evidence, particularly in regard to Mary's supromance and human interest, that holds the reader's attention throughout. The present

posed share in the murder of her husbard new edition, translated by Miss J. M. Howell,

Darnley, for any sane mind now to believe in will, we doubt not, be welcomed and appre

the Queen's complicity in that hideous plot, ciated as a valuable addition to the many works

even though her woman's weakness led her to that deal with this masterful figure in history.

marry the man who was really Henry DarnIt is a book that deserves the heartiest com

ley's murderer. Nor can we credit the English mendation.

E. A.

charges against the fair Scottish queen, of conspiring to kill Elizabeth, in the face of her own

passionate denial of all complicity - save in Leon Mead': In «The Bow-Legged Ghost desiring to effect her freedom — in the Babing

and other Stories » (Akron, O.: ton affair, which brought her to the block. In Stories

The Werner Company), Mr. this as well as in other matters in her troubled Leon Mead has given the reader a collection of life Mary was the victim of the Catholic conbrightly written sketches of an amusing and spiracies of the time and of the calumnies of entertaining character. The author has a de- the flatterers of Elizabeth. Her very charms

Collected

proved often her own undoing, since in those who came under the influence of her beauty and culture it inspired a zeal in her cause fatal to her wellbeing and happiness. For these acts of admiring enthusiasts Mary can hardly be held responsible, while she is to be acquitted of much that is charged against her in the way of declensions from the path of virtue, which are the tales either of detractors among the rigid Reformers at her Scottish court or of libellors in the pay of her jealous virgin cousin on the English throne.

Like Lamartine and Mignet, Alexandre Dumas writes of Mary Stuart's career with French sympathies; but the corrective of that, if needed, can readily be had in Froude's History of England,” which, however brilliant, should be taken with a good pinch of salt. Much the same view is taken by Burton in his « History of Scotland,” for in regard to Mary that eminent Scottish writer takes his cue from Froude's fascinating though not unimpeachable narrative. The disposition, happily, to-day, is to take a more dispassionate and even favorable view of the peccant queen, founded upon the researches of such writers as Hosack (vide «Mary, Queen of Scots and her Accusers »). The reader who is interested in the controversy should also make himself acquainted with Swinburne's essay on Mary, in his «Miscellanies, and with the pungent refutation of Froude's strictures on Mary Stuart from a Catholic standpoint, by J. F. Meline. For those interested chiefly in the main outlines of Mary's life, the new edition of Miss J. M. Howell's translation of M. Dumas' work ( Akron, O.: The Werner Company) will be found excellent as well as entertaining and instructive reading. The fascination of the story is always great, despite the controversies that have for centuries raged about the luckless but winning woman and queen. G. M. A.

Henry Thompson, has just appeared from the publishing house of F. Warne & Co., London and New York. The edition, Sir Henry affirms in a new preface, is to be his final one, and to it he has made some important additions, embodying his views on the subject of «Slow Cookery” – that is, 'the cooking of food, especially that derived from the animal kingdom, at low temperatures and for a lengthened time, since the slow cooking renders the meats more digestible and nutritious as well as more agreeable to the palate. The author has also made a more simple and natural classification of the various processes employed in cookery and its staple products, and sought to explain more fully the principles, on which they are employed, the objects aimed at, and the rationale of each procedure."

Not a little of the work is necessarily addressed to an English audience, especially where the author deals with the overconsumption, so prevalent in England, of flesh foods, rich in fat and proteids, and causing dyspepsia and other ailments, besides inducing premature corpulency. Among the English the evil of this is minimized by the passion for out-ofdoor sports, walking wheeling, and varied muscular exercise. The bulk of the work, however, will be found of great interest on this side of the Atlantic, where our cooking, especially in rural towns and country districts, is crude and unpalatable, and where almost entire ignorance prevails on the subject of wholesome and appetizing food and feeding, not to speak of the light and dainty dishes which tempt the appetite of the fastidious invalid and epicure. As an example of the author's soundness of judgment in advocating the method of slow cooking, the housewife ought to read Sir Henry Thompson's views on the subject of stewing and braising, and the importance of these simple and inexpensive methods of cooking meats and presenting at table a savory and appetizing dish. On other topics the author is well worthy of reading, where improvement is desired in the culinary arts, and where civilized and not barbarian methods of cooking are intelligently sought.

G. M. A.

Sir H. Thomp A new edition, the ninth, of the

son on Food valuable treatise on dieting and

and Feeding matters relating to «Food and Feeding,” from the pen of the distinguished English surgeon, pathologist, and chemist, Sir

BOOKS RECEIVED

Bernstein, Herman: “ The Flight of Time, and Other Poems," with Portrait. 12mo. London and New York: F. Tennyson Neely.

De Amicis, Edmondo: «The Heart of a Boy (Cuore): A Schoolboy's Journal.» Translated from the 224th Italian edition by Prof. G. Mantellini. Illus. Chicago: Laird & Lee.

Fraser, Mrs. Hugh: "Letters from Japan: A Record of Modern Life in the Island Empire,” with 250 Illustrations. New York: The Macmillan Co.

Levisee, A. B.: «Christianity versus Orthodoxy; or, The Deception Unmasked.” Akron, O. : Geo. C. Jackson.

McClure, President James G. K.: « The Great Appeal.» 18mo. Chicago, Toronto, and New York: Fleming H. Revell Co.

Morris, Charles: “Our Island Empire: A Handbook of Cuba, Porto Rico, Hawaii, and the Philippine Islands, with maps. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Co.

Otis, James: «The Telegraph Series, 3 vols. 12mo. Illus, (i) « Telegraph Tom's Venture,” (2) “Messenger No. 48, (3) « Down the Slope.» Entertaining books for boys. Akron, O., New York, and Chicago: The Werner Company.

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