Mercury Contaminated Sites: Characterization, Risk Assessment and Remediation

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Ralf Ebinghaus, Ralph R. Turner, Luiz D. de Lacerda, O. Vasiliev, Wim Salomons
Springer Science & Business Media, 11 nov. 2013 - 539 pagini
Mercury is outstanding among the global environmental pollutants of continuing th concern. Especially in the last decade of the 20 century, environmental scientists, legislators, politicians, and the public have become more aware of mercury pollu tion in the global environment. It has often been suggested that anthropogenic emissions are leading to a general increase in mercury on local, regional, and glo bal scales. Numerous industrial activities, including the mining of gold, silver, and mercury itself, have caused mercury contamination of terrestrial and aquatic eco systems. Mercury-contaminated sites are abundant worldwide. Mercury has been accumulated as an "industrial legacy" in the rocks, soils, and sediments at, and adjacent to, industrial sites and now may pose significant risks to human and eco logical health. Direct inputs of mercury into the environment by industrial activi ties have generally decreased significantly in the Western world over the past three decades. However, sources such as coal combustion and the use of mercury in gold and silver mining continue to be of importance on a global scale. The same is true for diffuse sources such as terrestrial landscapes that have been impacted by mer cury inputs from the atmosphere in the past. Soils (and vegetation) located close to large atmospheric mercury sources have clearly been sinks while these sources were active in the past. In the long run, however, these soils may have become important diffuse area sources after the original emissions were discontinued.
 

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Cuprins

Natural and Anthropogenic Mercury Sources and Their Impact on
3
St Petersburg State University Oak Ridge National Laboratory
7
1ooo Ljubljana Slovenia Z Spirić M
29
T Sano Biochemistry Environmental Research
39
Assessment of Emissions and Environmental
51
Mercury Contamination from New World Gold and Silver Mine Tailings
73
Dr R C Villas Boas 24441 Kavlinge Sweden
85
Remediation Techniques for HgContaminated Sites
113
Vegetation on Contaminated Sites near an Hg Mine and Smelter
321
Modern Mercury Contamination from Historic Amalgamation Milling
336
Gold Mining in Siberia as a Source of Mercury Contamination
357
Inverse
376
Removal of Mercury from Gases by Modified Zeolites in a Stationary
393
Mercury Speciation of MSWI Flue Gas on Pilot and Industrial Scales
401
Mercury Saturation Profile Across the SulphurImpregnated Activated
409
Wallschläger of Science
414

Advanced Technology Available for the Abatement of Mercury
131
Chemical Interactions Between Mercurial Species and Surface
159
Distribution Bioavailability and Speciation of Mercury in Contaminated
180
Relative Importance of NonPoint Sources of Mercury to
207
Monitoring and Assessment of Mercury Pollution in the Vicinity
221
Mercury in Gas and Oil Deposits
237
Tokyo 169 Japan 1ool Ljubljana Slovenia
248
Mercury in the Town of Idrija Slovenia After 5oo Years of Mining
259
Evaluation of Internal Doses of Mercury at Intermittent Exposure
270
Mercury in Terrestrial Food Webs of the Idrija Mining Area
281
Basic Study on the Remediation Technology of Mercury Compound
421
a Mobile Cleanup Process for Mercury Contaminated
441
Mercury Decontamination of a Chloralkali Plant in Alexandria Egypt
456
a Diagnostic
465
Concentration of Mercury and Other Heavy Metals in Central India
487
Fluvial Transports of Mercury Pollution in the III River Basin North
501
Distribution of Total and Methyl Mercury in a Creek Ecosystem
521
Subject Index 531
530
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