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COMMITTEE ON SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

KF22
S 396

1976h

OLIN E. TEAGUE, Texas, Chairman KEN HECHLER, West Virginia

CHARLES A. MOSHER, Ohio THOMAS N. DOWNING, Virginia

ALPHONZO BELL, California DON FUQUA, Florida

JOHN JARMAN, Oklahoma JAMES W. SYMINGTON, Missouri

JOHN W. WYDLER, New York WALTER FLOWERS, Alabama

LARRY WINN, JR., Kansas ROBERT A. ROE, New Jersey

LOUIS FREY, JR., Florida MIKE MCCORMACK, Washington

BARRY M. GOLDWATER, JR., California GEORGE E. BROWN, JR., California

MARVIN L. ESCH, Michigan DALE MILFORD, Texas

JOHN B. CONLAN, Arizona RAY THORNTON, Arkansas

GARY A. MYERS, Pennsylvania JAMES H. SCHEUER, New York

DAVID F. EMERY, Maine
RICHARD L. OTTINGER, New York

LARRY PRESSLER, South Dakota
HENRY A. WAXMAN, California
PHILIP H. HAYES, Indiana
TOM HARKIN, Iowa
JIM LLOYD, California
JEROME A. AMBRO, New York
CHRISTOPHER J. DODD, Connecticut
MICHAEL T. BLOUIN, Iowa
TIM L. HALL, Illinois
ROBERT (BOB) KRUEGER, Texas
MARILYN LLOYD, Tennessee
JAMES J. BLANCHARD, Michigan
TIMOTHY E. WIRTH, Colorado

John L. SWIGERT, Jr., Exeoutive Director
HAROLD A. GOULD, Deputy Director

PHILIP B. YEAGER, Counsel
FRANK R. HAMMILL, Jr., Counsel
JAMES E. Wilson, Technical Consultant
J. THOMAS RATCHFORD, Science Consultant
JOHN D. HOLMFELD, Science Consultant
RALPH N. READ, Teohnical Consultant

ROBERT C. KETCHAM, Counsel

REGINA A. DAVIS, Chief Clerk
MICHAEL A. SUPERATA, Minority Counsel

SUBCOMMITTEE ON THE ENVIRONMENT AND THE ATMOSPHERE

GEORGE E. BROWN, JR., California, Chairman KEN HECHLER, West Virginia

MARVIN L. ESCH, Michigan MIKE MCCORMACK, Washington

LARRY WINN, JR., Kansas DALE MILFORD, Texas

GARY A. MYERS, Pennsylvania
RICHARD L. OTTINGER, New York

DAVID F. EMERY, Maine
PHILIP H. HAYES, Indiana
JEROME A. AMBRO, New York
JAMES J. BLANCHARD, Michigan
JAMES H. SCHEUER, New York

CONTENTS

اد

WITNESSES

June 15, 1976:

Hon. Frank E. Evans, Congressman, U.S. House of Representatives. Page

from Colorado.-

52

Hon. B. F. Sisk, Congressman, U.S. House of Representatives from

California...

62

June 16, 1976:

Dr. Edward P. Todd, Deputy Assistant Director for Astronomy,

Atmosphere, Earth and Ocean Sciences, National Science Founda-

tion; accompanied by Mr. Hugh Albers, Executive Secretary,

Interdepartmental Committee for Atmospheric Sciences

116

Dr. Alfred J. Eggers, Jr., Assistant Director for Research Applica-

tions, National Science Foundation --

144

Dr. John W. Townsend, Jr., Associate Administrator, National

Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; accompanied by Dr.

Ronald L. Lavoie, Director, Environmental Modification Office,

NOAA.

173

Dr. Donald Giampaoli, Assistant Commissioner for Resource Devel-

opment, Bureau of Reclamation, Department of the Interior; accom-

panied by Dr. Archie M. Karan, Chief, Division of Atmospheric

Water Resources Management.--

180

Dr. Harold D. Orville, department of meteorology, South Dakota
School of Mines and Technology-

220

Ray J. Davis, College of Law, University of Arizona..

253

June 17, 1976:

Lindsey Grant, Acting Deputy Assistant Secretary, Bureau of Oceans

and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs, Department

of State.

259

Dr. Barbara C. Farhar, human ecology research services, University

of Colorado, Boulder, Colo...

266

Robert D. Elliott, president of North American Weather Consultants,

Santa Barbara, Calif-

274

Prof. Lewis O. Grant, Department of Atmospheric Science, Colorado

State University, Fort Collins, Colo..--

282

June 18, 1976:

Dr. Louis Battan, director, Institute of Physics, University of Arizona. 313

Vern W. Butler, North American Interstate Weather Modification

Council, Pierre, S. Dak.

327

Stanley A. Changnon, Jr., Weather Modification Association, Urbana,

Ill.

348

Dr. Edmund R. Hill, assistant professor of earth sciences and geog-

raphy, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, Pa..

368

APPENDIX

Additional material submitted for the record..

383

WEATHER MODIFICATION

TUESDAY, JUNE 15, 1976

U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,

COMMITTEE ON SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, SUBCOMMITTEE ON THE ENVIRONMENT AND THE ATMOSPHERE,

Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met, pursuant to notice, at 9:30 a.m., in room 2318, Rayburn House Office Building, Hon. Philip Hayes presiding.

Mr. Hayes. The committee will come to order.

This morning we begin 4 days of hearings on the general subject of weather modification. Within this context, the subcommittee is considering two bills: H.R. 10039, a bill to provide for research and development in weather modification, to establish a comprehensive system and means for the orderly, safe, and scientific development of weather modification activities, and for other purposes; we are also considering S. 3383, a bill to authorize and direct the Secretary of Commerce to develop a national policy on weather modification, and for other purposes. This latter measure has already passed the Senate.

The main thrust of the House bill is Federal regulation of weather modification activities. The purpose of the Senate bill is to authorize a year-long study on all aspects of weather modification, followed by a report to the President and the Congress on the desirability of a national weather modification research and development program.

Without objection, H.R. 10039 and S. 3383 with its Senate committee report will be included in the record at this point, together with reports from executive agencies.

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94TH CONGRESS

1st SESSION

H. R. 10039

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

OCTOBER 6, 1975 Mr. Evans of Colorado (for himself, Mr. FRASER, Mr. Gude, Mr. Flood, and

Mr. Hawkins) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Science and Technology

A BILL

To provide for research and development in weather modifica

tion, to establish a comprehensive system and means for the orderly, safe, and scientific development of weather modifi

cation activities, and for other purposes. 1 Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa2 tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

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4

SECTION 1. This Act may be cited as the "Weather

5 Modification Research, Development, and Control Act of

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(1) it is important to develop weather modification

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