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John told them, also, that he himself did not know the Messiah till he saw the divine sign fulfilled, for which he had been previously instructed to watch, viz. the heavenly dove—the Holy Spirit-coming down and remaining on him.
The day after this, as John was with two of his disciples (one of them being Andrew, the brother of Peter), he instructed them as to the exalted spiritụal rank of Jesus, who had just passed by. On which they left John, and went after the Messiah, saluting him as Rabbi, and asking him where he lived. On Jesus inviting them to go home with him, they did so, and remained for the day.
But first, Andrew went to seek his brother Simon, and brought him also to Jesus, telling him what a discovery had been made, viz. of Jesus being their King, even the long-promised Messiah.
Jesus looked on Simon, and told him that, though his name
now Simon, he should hereafter be called Cephas—that is, a rock (Peter) (John i. 42).
The next day Jesus wished to go to Galilee, and finding a fellow-townsman of Andrew and Peter, named Philip (all three being of Bethsaida, on the Galilean lake), he desired Philip to accompany him.
Philip did so, and began to spread the news that the Messiah, predicted by Moses and by the prophets, had appeared in the person of Jesus of Nazareth, the Son of Joseph (John i. 45). Nathanael, to whom he made this announcement, was at first incredulous (since Nazareth was not mentioned in any of the
prophets, as designed to contribute to the glory of the Messiah's kingdom, much less to be the cradle of the Messiah himself), and asked, “Can any good thing come out of Nazareth ?” Philip advised him to see Jesus, and judge for himself. He came, and Jesus pronounced him a true Israelite, free from guile. Jesus knows me, then, Nathanael thought; how can this be? and did not forbear expressing his astonishment. Then said Jesus, "Before Philip called thee, when thou wast under the fig tree, I saw thee” (John i. 48). All doubt now vanished from Nathanael's mind, and he said emphatically, “Rabbi, thou art the Son of God; thou art King of Israel ” (John i. 49).
Jesus told Nathanael that henceforth he should be an eye-witness of the intercourse he, the Son of man, had with heaven, by seeing the angels coming to him from thence and returning (John i. 51).
On the third day Jesus performed his first miracle at a marriage-feast at Cana, in Galilee, by turning water into wine. His mother was there, and his disciples had been also invited. It appears that Jesus' mother expected her Son to do some marvellous thing, for she had charged the servants to act according to all his instructions; therefore, when he desired them to fill six large stone pots with water, they readily obeyed. The wine was pronounced of the first quality, and this proof of Jesus' power confirmed the faith of his disciples in his Messiahship.
After this, Jesus, with his mother, brothers, and disciples, went to Capernaum ; but they did not stay many days, it being near the time of the Passover feast. So Jesus went to Jerusalem, and being shocked at the sight presented by the temple yard, and the noisy chaffering of those engaged in buying and selling the animals for sacrifice, he made a whip with some cord; and drove them all out, overturning the tables, money and all. But his disciples remembered that it was spoken of the Messiah (Ps. lxix. 9) that he was consumed by zeal for the house of God; and when the Jews asked for some miraculous proof of his right to act thus, he said, speaking of his own body, though they naturally misunderstood him, “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.”
At this feast Jesus worked many miracles, and many believed on him, one of the chief Pharisees, named Nicodemus, going to him by night, and admitting that his miracles proved him to be “a teacher come from God.” Jesus replied, that no man could see the kingdom of God unless he was born from above, born of water and Spirit. Jesus also said, amongst other things, that no one had gone to heaven, except he that came down from heaven, the Son of man, that is in heaven; and that the Son of man should be lifted up, as the serpent was in the desert, so that whoever believed on him should have eternal life.
Jesus and his disciples now left Jerusalem, but still remained in Judæa, and the disciples baptized; John being still baptizing, though now on the western side of the river, at a place where there was plenty of water.
John's disciples tell their master that Jesus, to whom he bare witness beyond the Jordan, was now baptizing, and that all were flocking to him. John tells them this should be so : “He must increase, but I must decrease." I am but the earthly herald of the Christ; Jesus is the Christ from heaven. “ He that cometh from heaven is above all” (John iii. 22-32).
The Pharisees, too, had had information that the baptized disciples of Jesus were more numerous even than those of John (John iv. 1), and Jesus, knowing that they had heard it, left Judæa, and again went to Galilee. “And he must needs pass through Samaria" (John iv. 4). And coming near a Samaritan city named Sychar, he sat on the edge of Jacob's wellwhile his disciples went in to the city to buy foodand conversed with a woman who came for water, revealing to her the fact of his Messiahship. He also told her it mattered not where God was worshipped, but only how, for “God is a Spirit : and they that worship him must worship in spirit and truth.”
This woman, on learning that Jesus was the Anointed, went into the city and told what had transpired. And many of the Samaritans believed on him, and returned with her, and pressed him to come into the city among them. He did so, and stayed there two days. And many more believed on him, and said to the woman (John iv. 42), “Now we believe, not because of thy speaking : for we have heard for
ourselves, and know that this is indeed the Saviour of the world.”
After the two days, Jesus went on to Galilee, and was received by those Galileans who had seen what he had done in Jerusalem. And coming to Cana, where he had effected the transformation of the water, he was applied to by a nobleman to cure his son, who was ill of a fever at Capernaum, and near death. Jesus
a said, “Except ye see signs and wonders, ye will in no wise believe.” But without going, he spoke the word, “ Thy son liveth ;” and the father found, on inquiry, that the fever left his son at the precise time the words were spoken. He therefore, with all his family, believed on Jesus (i.e. in his Messiahship). This was the second Galilean miracle.
After this, Jesus went again to Jerusalem to another feast, and the Jews persecuted him because he had miraculously cured on the sabbath day a man who had been ill—palsied—for thirty-eight years. But Jesus replied, "My Father worketh even until now, and I work.” Then they wished to kill him, because he had not only broken the sabbath, but had represented himself as equal to God by calling God his own father.
Not that he meant to do so, but such was their misapprehension of his meaning. Jesus showed them that equality with God was not implied in the idea of Sonship, for all the power the Son had was bestowed on him by the Father-power to work miracles, and to judge mankind, yea, and to raise the dead; for “the hour cometh, and now is, when the