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later on the foundation of its views was confirmed by the experience of their execution, and in this sense it has decided to substitute for the preventive regimen of 1880 another, in which, the provisions of said law of the United States being adopted, the control and watchfulness which guarantee the imperious duty of looking after public health are not neglected on the part of Spanish administration. Said system is contained in the following rules:

First. Pork meats proceeding from the United States are exempted from microscopic examination and payment of corresponding duties established in rule 2 of the royal order of November 8, 1887, provided that the boxes containing said merchandise shall come accompanied with the certificates of origin and inspection issued in accordance with the law passed in that nation on March 3, 1891, and it is certified in the same certificate that the above-mentioned meats are free from trichinæ or other causes of danger for the health of the consumers.

Second. The pork meats of the above-stated place of origin which shall not come accompanied with the certificate already mentioned, shall continue subject to the provisions of said rule 2 of the royal order of November 9, 1887. The maritime health officers and the individuals authorized to make that survey in the custom-houses of the frontiers must report every month to the direction general of charity and health of the number of boxes which have been examined, the nature of their contents, place of origin, the name of the vessel which brought them, that of the consignee, and the result of the survey.

Third. The prohibition established by royal orders of February 28 and July 10, 1880, on the importation into the Peninsula and adjacent islands of greases proceeding from the United States of America which have not been obtained through pression continues in force. The greases so prepared and bacon without muscular part continue to be exempted from examination and the obligation to carry a certificate of examination from the place of origin.

Fourth. Through the charity and health direction general the proper officers shall be informed of the law and regulations for its execution issued by the United States Government, and which is referred to.

I avail myself, etc.,


Mr. Foster to Mr. MacNutt.

No. 251.]

SIR: I have to inform you that the commanding officer of the U. S. S. Bennington has been ordered to proceed with that vessel from Montevideo to Palos, Spain, and to arrive there by the 1st of August next, to take part in the celebration in honor of the sailing of Columbus from that port.

You will acquaint the minister of foreign affairs with this information.

I am, etc.,

Washington, July 12, 1892.


Mr. MacNutt to Mr. Foster.

No. 285.]

UNITED STATES LEGATION, Madrid, August 8, 1892. (Received August 22, 1892.) SIR: I have the honor to report to you that I arrived in Madrid yesterday morning, returning from the centenary celebrations at Huelva. The length of my stay in Huelva was much greater than I had designed it or supposed it necessary to be in company with the ministers of Haiti and Mexico and the Spanish gentleman forming the representative commission of the central junta. I left Madrid on July 29, arriving in Huelva the night of the 30th, the inconvenient train service obliging a day's stop in Seville, both going and returning.

At the boundary of the province of Huelva we were met by representatives of the centenary commission, consisting of the arch-priest and two citizens of Huelva, and formally welcomed to the province.

At the station in Huelva were the civil governor, the alcalde, several gentlemen of the commission, and the officers of the Mexican man-ofwar Zaragoza lying in the harbor to welcome us. I am glad to express my satisfaction with the elaborate and careful arrangements for our comfort made by the authorities of Huelva. We lodged in the best fashion, and were treated with every consideration possible. On the 31st the minister of the marine arrived from Cadiz, escorted by several Spanish and foreign ships and with the Sta. Maria.

The Sta. Maria lay over night in the bay, and the next day went to Palos.

The first two days were occupied in an expedition to Sta. Maria de la Rabida, and the making and receiving official visits of the local and foreign personages assisting at the celebration on the 2d of August. A mass was appointed to be said in the village church of Palos, where Columbus on that day in 1492 heard mass. On the morning of August 3 the Santa Maria weighed anchor, and, the wind being contrary, was towed out to sea by a Spanish man-of-war, and escorted by some seventeen vessels, Spanish, Mexican, Dutch, Austrian, English, and French. Passing outside the bar a long detour was made, and the procession of ships passed between the lines of the great men-of-war ranged outside the harbor.

The Sta. Maria fired from her little falconets a salute, which was at once responded to by a thundering cannonade from all along the line that lasted half an hour, and covered the sea with such a smoke the silhouette of the little nav. was barely distinguishable.

The weather, which had at first been cold and gray, cleared, and the sun came out.

I was on board the Pelay, a Spanish vessel placed at our disposi tion by the minister of the marine, and which followed a little distance from the Sta. Maria.

The scene was a most imposing one. Above the roar of the cannon could be heard the cheers of the sailors who manued the rigging, and strains of music. The enthusiasm left nothing to be desired.

As the Sta. Maria passed the United States cruiser Newark, the Mexican cruiser coming immediately astern swinging around the Newark, the sailors gave three rousing cheers for the United States Navy.

Next beyond the Newark lay four Italian vessels, the last in the line, and the ships that from their immense size and splendid appearance attracted most attention.

The numbers of the ships present were as follows: England, three, and two torpedo boats; Italy, four; France, two; Argentine Republic, two; Mexico, Austria, Portugal, and Holland, each, one; the United States, one; of Spanish ships, I think there were seven. The United States cruiser Bennington arrived two days after the function was


It is to be regretted that our naval representation was not more numerous; the more so, as the Newark was too large to get over the bar, and consequently the Sta. Maria was escorted out by only a Mexican vessel, and no American flag was seen in the harbor of Huelva during their celebrations.

The remaining days of the festivities were occupied by a bullfight, a civic procession, grand illumination of the town and bay, a high mass, sung by the Bishop of Lyssa, Vicar-Apostolic of Gibralter, a public -32

FR 92

meeting of the Columbina Society, and the banquet given by the minister of the marine and followed by a ball. At this banquet the speeches were made by the minister, who toasted the King and Queen Regent and the foreign sovereigns and heads of states there represented. The Mexican minister toasted the Spanish navy and the foreign navies represented.

The Italian admiral toasted Spain; the captain-general of Andalusia toasted the union of the army and navy. Our departure on the morning of the 6th was attended by the same friendly demonstrations as our arrival had been.

The Spanish Government and the authorities of Huelva may be congratulated upon the successful issue of these celebrations.

I have, etc.

FRANCIS MACNUTT, Chargé d'Affaires ad interim.

Mr. Foster to Mr. Snowden.


No. 6.1

SIR: The Congress of the United States, at its recent session, adopted a.esolution, a copy of which is herewith inclosed, authorizing and requesting the President to convey to Don Cristoval Colon de la Cerda, the Duke of Veragua, the Marquis de Barboles, his brother, and Don Cristoval de Larreategui y Aguilar, his son, with their families, to attend, as the guests of the Government and people of the United States, the opening ceremonies of the World's Columbian Exposition, by which it is intended to commemorate the four hundredth anniversary of the discovery of America, at the city of Chicago, in the State of Illinois, on the 1st day of May, 1893.

It was deemed especially appropriate that the living descendants of Christopher Columbus should participate in such commemoration, and share the honors that the nations of the world will there assemble to pay to the man and event which stand preeminent in American history. You will, therefore, at your early convenience, present in person to the gentlemen named copies of this letter and the resolution adopted by Congress, and express to them the earnest desire of the Government and people of the United States that it may be their pleasure to accept this cordial invitation.

I am, &c.,

Washington, September 7, 1892.

Mr. Foster to Mr. Snowden.


No. 7.]

SIR: The Congress of the United States at its recent session adopted a resolution, of which a copy is herewith inclosed, authorizing and requesting the President to convey to Her Majesty the Queen Regent of Spain and His Majesty the King, Don Alfonso XIII, an invitation to attend the opening ceremonies of the World's Columbian Exposition at Chicago, Ill., on the 1st day of May, 1893.

In pursuance thereof, I inclose the letter of the President, with an office copy, the former of which you will present to Her Majesty the


Washington, September 7, 1892.

Queen Regent, in person if agreeable to Her Majesty, with the expres
sion of the earnest desire of the Government and people of the United
States that it may be accepted.
I am, etc.,



Queen Regent of Spain.

GREAT AND GOOD FRIEND: The Senate and House of Representatives of the United States in Congress assembled, on the 5th of August last, expressed by public resolution the earnest and universal wish of the Government and the people that Your Majesty and His Majesty the King, Don Alfonso XIII, should honor them by attending, as the guests of this nation, the opening ceremonies of the World's Columbian Exposition, by which they intend to commemorate the four hundredth anniversary of the discovery of America, at the city of Chicago, in the State of Illinois, on the 1st day of May, 1893.

This desire of the Government and people of the United States that the successor of the Queen whose gracious patronage made the memorable voyage of Christopher Columbus possible should participate in the intended celebration in honor of the man and the event is especially appropriate; and it would afford me deep gratification should it be the pleasure of Your Majesty and His Majesty the King to accept the cordial invitation thus tendered.

By the President:


Availing myself of this gratifying occasion to renew the best wishes of this Government for the peace and prosperity of Spain, I pray that God may ever have Your Majesty in His wise keeping.

Written at Washington this the 5th day of September, in the year 1892.

Your good friend,

Secretary of State.

Mr. Foster to Mr. MacNutt.

[Inclosure in No. 272.] Commodore Ramsey to Mr. Foster.


No. 272.]


Washington, September 26, 1892.

SIR: I inclose herewith, for your information, a translation of a note of the 15th instant from the minister of Spain at this capital, and a copy of the reply of the Acting Secretary of the Navy of the 23d instant, in relation to the participation of a vessel of the United States in the ceremonies attending the trip of the Queen Regent from Cadiz to Huelva, on the 8th of October next, to dedicate the Columbus monu

ment at that city,cated

I have communicated this information to the Spanish minister.

I am, etc.,


NAVY DEPARTMENT, Washington, September 23, 1892.

SIR: Replying to your letter of the 16th instant, I have the honor to inform you that Rear-Admiral A. E. K. Benham, U. S. Navy, has been ordered to proceed to Cadiz, Spain, with the United States flagship Newark, by the 8th of October next, and to accompany the Queen Regent of Spain when she leaves that port for Huelva to dedicate the Columbus monument at that city.

Very respectfully, etc.,


Mr. Snowden to Mr. Foster.

Madrid, October 7, 1892.

No. 3.]

SIR: In reply to your instruction, No. 6, of the 7th of September, concerning the delivery of the President's invitation to the Duke of Veragua, chief of the house of Columbus, and to his brother, the Marquis of Bárboles, and to his son, Don Christopher Columbus of Aguilara, I have the honor to inform you that this has been done. I beg to inclose herewith a copy of my letter to his grace fixing the hour of 5 o'clock on the 6th of October for the formal delivery of the invitation, and also a copy of his reply to this. At the appointed hour I proceeded to the palace of the duke, accompanied by Mr. Francis MacNutt, the secretary of legation, and Lieut. McCarty Little, the naval attaché. I had deemed it proper and becoming to invite Rear-Admiral Luce, U. S. Navy, the commissioner-general; Lieut. Calwell, his chief of staff; Mr. Wm. E. Curtis, Prof. Wilson, Dr. Fewkes, Mr. Hough, and Mr. Culin, of the commission, to be present at this ceremony.

All these gentlemen were in the uniform of their respective grades or in full dress. We were received with ceremony at the palace, the salons of which were well decorated and brilliantly illuminated. The Duke of Veragua wore the full uniform of grand admiral of Spain, with the cordon of Charles III; the Marquis of Bárboles, the uniform of a commander in the Spanish navy. Absence from Madrid prevented the Duchess of Veragua and Don Christopher Columbus y Aguilera from being present.

After the formalities of reception, I read a speech, of which I inclose a copy, and delivered copies of the President's invitation and the act of Congress. The duke, who appeared profoundly touched by the terms in which he was addressed, opened the letters and read them aloud, in English; an English translation of his speech in reply is herewith inclosed.

During the moments of cordial and informal conversation which followed both gentlemen expressed very warmly their appreciation of this act of the Government of the United States, and assured me that no effort would be spared to overcome all obstacles to their coming to America at the date indicated.

We withdrew from the palace with the same ceremonies that attended our reception.

I have, etc.,


[Inclosure No. 1 in No. 3.]

Mr. Snowden to Duke of Veragua.

Madrid, Spain, October 3, 1892.

SIR: The Congress of the United States at its recent session unanimously adopted a resolution extending to yourself, your brother, the Marquis de Barboles, and your son, with your families, a most cordial invitation to attend the opening ceremonies of the World's Columbian Exposition at the city of Chicago, in the State of Illinois, on the 1st of May, 1893. The Secretary of State of the United States has honored me with instructions to present this invitation and copies of the resolution of Congress to yourself and the members of your family, which it will be my privilege to do as soon as I am formally presented to Her Majesty the Queen.

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