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ings with respect to the following (3) Quarters of canned clingstone styles of canned clingstone peaches: peaches in which the weight of any

(1) Halves, quarters, and whole. The quarter is less than three-tenths oz units may vary in size, thickness, and shall not be graded above U.S. Grade symmetry and the weight of the larg- D and are also “Below Standard in est full-size unit may be not more than Quality-Small Quarters.” twice the weight of the smallest full- (4) Slices and dice canned clingstone size unit; the weight of each half is peaches shall not be graded above U.S. not less than three-fifths oz; the Grade D. weight of each quarter is not less than three-tenths oz; and not more than 40

(50 FR 26968, July 1, 1985) percent, by count, of the units in the

8 52.2574 Absence of defects. style of halves or quarters may possess off-suture cuts or partially detached

(a) General. The factor of absence of or detached pieces, or any combina

defects refers to the degree of freedom tion thereof: Provided, That the pres

from harmless extraneous material ence of such units does not give the

(such as stems or leaves and portions appearance of canned peaches of thereof), from pit material, from units "Mixed Pieces of Irregular Sizes and

that are crushed or broken for the apShapes" or canned peaches that are

plicable style, and from any other de"Unevenly Trimmed."

fects which detract from the appear(2) Slices. Not more than a total of ance or edibility of the product. 20 percent, by count, of the units may

(a) Blemished. "Blemished" or be partial slices, slivers, and slabs: Pro- "blemished units" means units that vided, That not more than 10 percent, are blemished with scab, hail injury, by count, are slabs, and excluding par

discoloration, or other abnormality tial slices, slivers, and slabs that may

which affects materially the appearbe present, the balance of slices may ance or edibility, or both, of the unit. vary noticeably in size, thickness and (2) Crushed or broken. "Crushed or symmetry.

broken” means that: (3) Dice. Not more than 20 percent, (i) A unit in halves, quarters, or by weight, of the drained clingstone whole style of canned clingstone peaches may be units that are more peaches is "crushed” if the unit has than three-quarters inch in their definitely lost its normal shape and greatest edge dimension or are of such bears marks of crushing or is othersize as to pass through a five-sixteenth wise crushed not due to ripeness; and inch square opening.

(ii) A unit in halves, quarters, or (j) “Dand SStdClassification. whole style of canned clingstone Canned clingstone peaches of the ap- peaches is "broken" if severed into plicable styles which fail to meet para- definite parts; halves of canned clinggraph (i) of this section may be given stone peaches that are slightly or para score of 0 to 13 points and shall not tially split from the edge to the pit be graded above the following stated cavity are not considered broken. Porgrade, regardless of the total score for tions equivalent to a full-size unit that the product (this is a limiting rule): has been broken are considered as one

(1) Halves, quarters, or whole unit in determining the percentage by canned clingstone peaches in which count. the weight of the largest full-size unit (3) Pit material. "Pit material" is more than twice the weight of the means any whole pit in all styles other smallest full-size unit shall not be than whole style or any portion of a graded above U.S. Grade D and are peach pit, regardless of size, except also “Below Standard in Quality- when whole peach pits or peach kerMixed Sizes."

nels are permitted as seasoning ingre(2) Halves of canned clingstone dients in other than whole style. peaches in which the weight of any (b) “Aclassification. Halves, quarhalf is less than three-fifths oz shall ters, slices, dice, whole, or mixed not be graded above U.S. Grade D and pieces of irregular sizes and shapes of are also “Below Standard in Quality- canned clingstone peaches that are Small Halves."

practically free from defects may be

given a score of 27 to 30 points. Mixed pieces of irregular sizes and shapes of canned clingstone peaches that score 27 to 30 points shall not be graded above U.S. Grade B regardless of the total score for the product (this is a partial limiting rule). “Practically free from defects" means that the canned clingstone peaches are practically free from pit material, from harmless extraneous material, and from any defects not specifically mentioned that affect the appearance or edibility of the product, and in addition, has the following meanings with respect to the following styles of canned clingstone peaches:

(1) Halves, quarters; and whole. Not more than an average of one-eighth square inch of peel for each pound of total contents may be present; not more than 5 percent, by count, of the units may be crushed, or broken; and not more than 5 percent, by count, of the units may be blemished. One unit in a container is permitted to be crushed or broken and one unit in a container is permitted to be blemished if any of such units exceeds the respective allowances of 5 percent by count; Provided, That in all containers comprising the sample such crushed or broken units do not exceed an average of 5 percent of the total number of units and such blemished units do not exceed an average of 5 percent of the total number of units.

(2) Sliced. Not more than an average of one-eighth square inch of peel for each pound of total contents may be present; and not more than 3 percent, by count, of the units may be blemished. One unit in a container is permitted to be blemished if such unit exceeds the allowance of 3 percent by count: Provided, That in all containers comprising the sample such blemished units do not exceed an average of 3 percent of the total number of units.

(3) Dice. Not more than an average of one-eighth square inch of peel for each pound of total contents may be present; and not more than 3 percent, by weight, of drained clingstone peaches may consist of units that are blemished.

(4) Mixed pieces of irregular sizes and shapes. Not more than an average of one-eighth square inch of peel for

each pound of total contents may be present; and not more than 1 blemished unit for each 32 oz of total contents may be present.

(c) “Bclassification. Halves, quarters, slices, dice, whole, or mixed pieces of irregular sizes and shapes of canned clingstone peaches that are reasonably free from defects may be given a score of 24 to 26 points. Canned clingstone peaches that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U.S. Grade B regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). “Reasonably free from defects” means that the canned clingstone peaches are practically free from pit material, are reasonably free from harmless extraneous material and from any defects not specifically mentioned that affect the appearance or edibility of the product, and in addition, has the following meanings with respect to the following styles of canned clingstone peaches:

(1) Halves, quarters, and whole. Not more than an average of one-half square inch of peel for each pound of total contents may be present; not more than 5 percent, by count, of the units may be crushed, or broken; and not more than 10 percent, by count, of the units may be blemished. One unit in a container is permitted to be crushed or broken and one unit in a container is permitted to be blemished if any of such units exceed the respective allowances of 5 percent and 10 percent, by count: Provided, That in all containers comprising the sample such crushed or broken units do not exceed an average of 5 percent of the total number of units and such blemished units do not exceed an average of 10 percent of the total number of units.

(2) Sliced. Not more than an average on one-half square inch of peel for each pound of total contents may be present; and not more than 6 percent by count, of the units may be blem. ished. One unit in a single container is permitted to be blemished if such unit exceeds the allowance of 6 percent, by count: Provided, That in all containers comprising the sample such blemished units do not exceed an average of 6 percent of the total number of units.

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(3) Dice. Not more than an average may be present; and not more than 20 of one-half square inch of peel for percent, by count, of the units may be each pound of total contents may be blemished. present; and not more than 6 percent, (e) "D" classification. Canned clingby weight, of drained clingstone stone peaches of any style which fail peaches may consist of units that are to met the requirements of paragraph blemished.

(d) of this section but which meet the (4) Mized pieces of irregular sizes requirements of this paragraph may and shapes. Not more than an average be given a score of 0 to 20 points and of one-half square inch of peel for shall not be graded above U.S. Grade each pound of total contents may be D, regardless of the total score for the present; and not more than 1 blem- product (this is a limiting rule). ished unit for each pound of total con- Halves, quarters, or whole canned tents may be present.

clingstone peaches that are thereby (d) "C" classification. Halves, quar- U.S. Grade D may also be "Below ters, slices, dice, whole, or mixed Standard in Quality-Blemished" or pieces of irregular sizes and shapes of “Partly Crushed or Broken” or “Uncanned clingstone peaches that are evenly Trimmed”, combinations fairly free from defects may be given a thereof. Canned clingstone peaches of score of 21 to 23 points. Canned cling- U.S. Grade D with respect to "absence stone peaches that fall into this classi- of defects" are practically free from fication shall not be graded above U.S. pit material, are fairly free from Grade C regardless of the total score harmless extraneous material and for the product (this is a limiting from any defects not specifically menrule). “Fairly free from defects" tioned that affect materially the apmeans that the canned clingstone pearance or edibility of the product, peaches are practically free from pit and in addition: material; are fairly free from harmless (1) Not more than an average of one extraneous material and from any de- square inch of peel for each pound of fects not specifically mentioned that total contents may be present; affect the appearance or edibility of (2) In the style of halves, quarters, the product; and in addition, has the or whole, any amount of crushed or following meanings with respect to the broken units may be present; and following styles of canned clingstone (3) Not more than 20 percent, by peaches:

count, of the units may be blemished. (1) Halves, quarters, and whole. Not One unit in a container is permitted to more than an average of one square be blemished if such unit exceeds the inch of peel for each pound of total allowance of 20 percent, by count: Procontents may be present; not more vided, That in all containers compristhan 5 percent, by count, of the units ing the sample such blemished units may be crushed or broken; and not do not exceed an average of 20 percent more than 20 percent, by count, of the of the total number of units. units may be blemished. One unit in a (f) "SStdclassification. Canned container is permitted to be crushed or clingstone peaches that fail to meet broken and one unit in a container is the applicable requirements of parapermitted to be blemished if any of graph (e) of this section may be given such units exceed the respective allow- a score of 0 to 20 points and shall not ances of 5 percent and 20 percent, by be graded above the following stated count: Provided, That in all containers grades, as applicable, regardless of the comprising the sample such crushed or total score for the product (this is a broken units do not exceed an average limiting rule). of 5 percent of the total number of (1) Halves, quarters, whole units and such blemished units do not canned clingstone peaches shall not be exceed an average of 20 percent of the graded above Substandard and may total number of units.

also be "Below Standard in Quality" (2) Slices, dice, and mixed pieces of for the applicable reasons: irregular sizes and shapes. Not more (i) Not well peeled; than an average of one square inch of (ii) Partly crushed or broken; peel for each pound of total contents (iii) Unevenly trimmed;

or

(iv) Blemished.

of irregular sizes and shapes of canned (2) Slices, dice, or mixed pieces of ir- clingstone peaches that score 27 to 30 regular sizes and shapes of canned points shall not be graded above U.S. clingstone peaches shall not be graded Grade B regardless of the total score above Substandard and may also be for the product (this is a partial limit"Below Standard in Quality" for the ing rule). “Good character" has the applicable reasons:

following meanings with respect to the (i) Not well peeled;

various styles of canned clingstone (ii) Blemished.

peaches: (g) “C-SPclassification. Halves, (1) Halves, quarters, slices, and quarters, slices, dice, or mixed pieces mixed pieces of irregular sizes and of irregular sizes and shapes of canned shapes. The units are pliable and pos"solid-pack" clingstone peaches that sess a tender, fleshy texture typical of are fairly free from defects for canned

mature, well-ripened, properly pre"solid-pack" clingstone peaches may pared, and properly processed canned be given a score of 21 to 23 points.

clingstone peaches; the units are Canned "solid-pack" clingstone peach- intact and possess reasonably well-dees that fall into this classification

fined edges; and not more than 10 pershall not be graded above U.S. Grade

cent, by count, of the units may posC Solid-Pack, regardless of the total sess a "reasonably good character". score for the product (this is a limiting

One unit in a container is permitted to rule). “Fairly free from defects for

possess a “reasonably good character" canned 'solid-pack' clingstone peach

if such unit exceeds the allowance of es" means that the canned "solid

10 percent, by count: Provided, That pack” clingstone peaches are practical

the appearance or eating quality, or ly free from pit material, are fairly

both, is not more than slightly affectfree from harmless extraneous materi

ed by the character of such unit. al and from any defects not specifical

(2) Dice. The product generally posly mentioned that affect the appear

sesses a texture typical of mature, ance or edibility of the product, and in

well-ripened, properly prepared, and addition, there may be present: (1) Not more than an average of one

properly processed canned clingstone

peaches; not more than 3 percent, by square inch of peel for each pound of

weight, of the drained clingstone total contents; and

peaches may be excessively frayed or (2) Not more than 2 blemished units

mushy, and the product is otherwise for each pound of total contents.

reasonably free from crushed units. (h) "SStd-SP" classification. Halves,

(3) Whole. The units possess a tender quarters, slices, dice, or mixed pieces of irregular sizes and shapes of canned

texture typical of mature, well-rip

ened, properly prepared, and properly “solid-pack" clingstone peaches that fail to meet the requirements of para

processed canned clingstone peaches;

the units are uniformly intact and graph (g) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 20 points and shall not

firm; and not more than 10 percent, by be graded above Substandard Solid

count, of the units may possess a "rea

sonably good character”. Pack, regardless of the total score for

One unit in a container is permitted to the product (this is a limiting rule).

possess a “reasonably good character" (50 FR 26969, July 1, 1985)

if such unit exceeds the allowance of

10 percent, by count: Provided, That 8 52.2575 Character.

the appearance or eating quality, or (a) General. The factor of character both, is not more than slightly affectrefers to the degree of ripeness, the ed by the character of such unit. texture, and tenderness of the prod- (c) Bclassification. Halves, quaruct.

ters, slices, dice, whole, or mixed (b) “Aclassification. Halves, quar- pieces of irregular sizes and shapes of ters, slices, dice, whole, or mixed canned clingstone peaches that pospieces of irregular sizes and shapes of sess a reasonably good character may canned clingstone peaches that pos- be given a score of 24 to 26 points. sess a good character may be given a Mixed pieces of irregular sizes and score of 27 to 30 points. Mixed pieces shapes of canned clingstone peaches that fall into this classification shall (d) “Cclassification. Halves, quarnot be graded above U.S. Grade B, re- ters, slices, dice, whole, or mixed gardless of the total score for the pieces of irregular sizes and shapes of product (this is a partial limiting rule). canned clingstone peaches that pos“Reasonably good character" has the sess a fairly good character may be following meanings with respect to the given a score of 21 to 23 points. following styles of canned clingstone Canned clingstone peaches that fall peaches:

into this classification shall not be (1) Halves, quarters, slices, and graded above U.S. Grade C regardless mized pieces of irregular sizes and of the total score for the product (this shapes. The units possess a texture is a limiting rule). “Fairly good charactypical of mature, properly ripened, ter" has the following meanings with properly prepared, and properly proc- respect to the following styles of essed canned clingstone peaches; the canned clingstone peaches: texture is reasonably fleshy, and the (1) Halves, quarters, slices, and units are reasonably tender or the ten- mixed pieces of irregular sizes and derness may be variable within the shapes. The units possess a texture unit; the units are reasonably intact typical of mature, properly prepared, with not more than slightly frayed and properly processed canned clingedges and may be slightly firm or stone peaches which may be variable slightly soft but are not mushy; and in fleshiness but the texture is fairly not more than 10 percent, by count, of fleshy; the units may be lacking unithe units may possess a fairly good formity of tenderness; the units may character. One unit in a container is be frayed but not excessively frayed or permitted to possess such fairly good may be soft; and not more than 10 percharacter if such unit exceeds the al- cent, by weight, of the drained clinglowance of 10 percent, by count: Pro- stone peaches may be mushy or units vided, That the appearance or eating that are so firm as to be "not tender." quality, or both, is not affected materi- (2) Dice. The product generally posally by the character of such unit. sesses a texture typical of mature,

(2) Dice. The product generally pos- properly prepared, and properly procsesses a texture typical of mature, essed canned clingstone peaches; not properly ripened, properly prepared, more than 10 percent, by weight, of and properly processed canned cling- the drained clingstone peaches may be stone peaches; not more than 5 per- excessively frayed or mushy or are so cent by weight, of the drained cling- firm as to be "not tender;" and the stone peaches may be excessively product is otherwise fairly free from frayed or mushy; and the product is crushed units. otherwise reasonably free from (3) Whole. The units possess a texcrushed units.

ture typical of mature, properly pre(3) Whole. The units possess a tex- pared, and properly processed canned ture typical of mature, properly rip- clingstone peaches which may be variened, properly prepared, and properly able; the units may be lacking uniprocessed canned clingstone peaches; formity of tenderness; the units may the units are reasonably tender or the be markedly firm or markedly ragged tenderness may be variable within the or soft; and not more than 10 percent, unit; the units may be slightly firm or by count, of the units may be mushy slightly soft but are not mushy; and or so firm as to be "not tender." One not more than 10 percent by count of unit in a container is permitted to be the units may possess a fairly good mushy or “not tender" if such unit excharacter, except for mushy or “not ceeds the allowance of 10 percent, by tender" units. One unit in a container count: Provided, That in all containers is permitted to possess such fairly comprising the sample, such units do good character if such unit exceeds not exceed an average of 10 percent of the allowance of 10 percent, by count: the total number of units. Provided, That the appearance or (e) "D" classification. Canned clingeating quality, or both, is not affected stone peaches of any style that meet materially by the character of such the requirements of paragraph (d) of unit.

this section with respect to units that

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