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types, not more than 50 percent, by count, of the units may be tough

(3) Bottom cuts or cuts-tips removed. With respect to green and green tipped types not more than 25 percent, and with respect to green tipped and white and white types not more than 50 percent, by count, of the units may be tough.

(d) (SStd) classification. Canned asparagus that fails to meet the requirements of paragraph (c) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 27 points and shall not be graded above substandard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule).

DEFINITIONS AND EXPLANATIONS

: developed, and with respect to green and green tipped types not more than 10 percent, and with respect to green tipped and white and white types not more than 20 percent, by count, of the units, or one unit in a container if such unit exceeds the allowances provided for the respective type, may be tough.

(2) Cut spears and mixed. Not less than 50 percent, by count, of the heads are well developed, and the remainder are at least fairly well developed, and with respect to green and green tipped types not more than 10 percent, and with respect to green tipped and white and white types not more than 20 percent, by count, of the units may be tough.

(3) Bottom cuts or cuts-tips removed. With respect to green and green tipped types not more than 10 percent, and with respect to green tipped and white and white types not more than 3343 percent, by count, of the units may be tough.

(c) (C) classification. If the canned asparagus possesses a fairly good character, a score of 28 to 33 points may be given. Canned asparagus that falls into this classification shall not be graded above U.S. Grade C or U.S. Standard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). "Fairly good character” has the following meanings with respect to the following styles and types of canned asparagus:

(1) Spears, tips, and points. Not less than 90 percent, by count, of the heads are at least fairly well developed, and the remaining units may fail to meet the requirements for fairly well developed heads, and with respect to green and green tipped types not more than 25 percent, and with respect to green tipped and white and white types not more than 50 percent, by count, of the units may be tough.

(2) Cut spears and mixed. Not less than 90 percent, by count, of all the heads are at least fairly well developed, and the remainder may fail to meet the requirements for fairly well developed heads, and with respect to green and green tipped types not more than 25 percent, and with respect to green tipped and white and white

8 52.2556 Definitions and explanations of

terms. (a) Head. Head in cut spears means the tip end which has been cut from an asparagus shoot which is 5 inch or more in length with respect to the green type and which is 3 inch or more in length with respect to green tipped and white and white types, or the upper portion of a spear which possesses a substantial amount of head material which has been cut from near the tip end and which is approximately the same length as the other cut units.

(b) Unit. Unit means any individual portion of an asparagus shoot % inch or more in length in canned asparagus.

(c) Percent, by count, of heads. Percent, by count, of heads means the percent determined by averaging the percent, by count, of heads in all of the containers comprising the sample.

(d) Tough unit-(1) Spears, tips, and points. Tough unit means a unit which is not cut through in 5 seconds or less when tested by means of the fiberometer and which possesses fibrous material which is materially objectionable upon eating. When tested by means of the fiberometer the test is made at a point 1 inch from the cut end with respect to the green type and at a point 142 inches from the cut end with respect to the green tipped type, and at the mid-point of the unit with respect to the green tipped and white and white types.

93-008 0-8717

1 Indicates limiting rule.

Subpart-United States Standards for

Grades of Canned Clingstone
Peaches 1

(2) Cut spears, bottom cuts or cutstips removed, and mixed; containing cut spears and bottom cuts or cutstips removed. Tough unit means a unit which possesses fibrous material which is materially objectionable upon eating.

(e) Asparagus fiberometer. The cutting wire of the fiberometer shall be 0.031 in diameter stainless steel wire and is mounted in a metal frame having an overall weight of 3 lb avoirdupois. The slots in the block supporting the asparagus unit to be tested shall be not less than 0.039 in nor more than 0.042 in in width.

SOURCE: 43 FR 20957, May 16, 1978, unless otherwise noted. Redesignated at 46 FR 63203, Dec. 31, 1981.

LOT INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION

8 52.2557 Ascertaining the grade of a lot.

The grade of a lot of canned asparagus covered by these standards is determined by the procedures set forth in the Regulations Governing Inspection and Certification of Processed Fruits and Vegetables, Processed Products Thereof, and Certain Other Processed Food Products (7 CFR 52.1 through 52.87).

8 52.2561 Product description.

Canned clingstone peaches is the product represented as defined in the Standards of Identity for canned peaches (21 CFR 145.170(a) and 145.171) issued under the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act. For the purposes of the standards in this subpart, and unless the text indicates otherwise, the terms, “canned peaches" or "canned clingstone peaches" include "canned yellow clingstone peaches," "canned spiced yellow clingstone peaches," "canned ‘solid-pack' yellow clingstone peaches" and "canned artificially sweetened yellow clingstone peaches” as defined in the Standards of Identity.

SCORE SHEET

8 52.2558 Score sheet.

OT

Number, size, and kind of container.
Label.
Container mark or identification..
Net weight (ounces).
Vacuum (inches)...
Drained weight (ounces).
Туре....
Style..
Size or sizes (Spears, tips, and points).
Length of cut....
Heads (cut) (percent, by count)..

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8 52.2562 Styles.

(a) Halves" or "Halved” canned peaches are peeled and pitted peaches, cut approximately in half along the suture from stem to apex.

(b) "Quarters" "Quarteredcanned peaches are halved peaches cut into two approximately equal parts.

(c) "Slices" "Slicedcanned peaches are peeled and pitted peaches cut into sectors smaller than quarters.

(d) "Dice" or "Diced” canned peaches are peeled and pitted peaches cut into approximate cubes.

(e) “Whole" canned peaches are peeled, unpitted, whole peaches with or without stems removed.

(f) "Mixed pieces of irregular sizes and shapes" are peeled, pitted, and cut units of canned peaches that are predominantly irregular in size and shape which do not conform to a single style

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Compliance with the provisions of these standards shall not excuse failure to comply with the provisions of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, or with applicable State Laws and regulations.

as

of halves, quarters, slices, or dice and which may consist of:

(1) Units (commonly called "salad cuts" or "salad pieces”) which may have been prepared originally peach halves but which are irregular in size and shape in that more than one-fourth of the unit appears to have been removed at the outer curved surface and which have been cut further into pieces;

(2) Units which may have been prepared originally as peach slices but which are irregular in size and shape in that they have been cut further into pieces; or

(3) Mixtures of two or more of the following styles which may or may not be of normal shape: Halves, quarters, slices, or diced. (50 FR 26966, July 1, 1985)

852.2563 Grades.

(a) “U.S. Grade A” is the quality of halves, quarters, slices, dice, or whole canned clingstone peaches that possess similar varietal characteristics, that possess a normal flavor and odor; that possess a good color; that are practically uniform in size and symmetry for the applicable style; that are practically free from defects; that possess a good character; and that for those factors which are scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart the total score is not less than 90 points: Provided, That halves, quarters, slices, dice, or whole canned clingstone peaches may possess a reasonably good color; may be reasonably uniform in size and symmetry; and may possess a reasonably good character, if the total score is not less than 90 points.

(b) “U.S. Grade B" is the quality of halves, quarters, slices, dice, whole, or mixed pieces of irregular sizes and shapes of canned clingstone peaches that possess similar varietal characteristics; that possess a normal flavor and odor; that possess a reasonably good color; that are reasonably uniform in size and symmetry for the applicable style; that are reasonably free from defects; that possess a reasonably good charcter; and that for those factors which are scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart the total score is not less than

80 points: Provided, That halves, quarters, slices, dice, or whole canned clingstone peaches may be fairly uniform in size and symmetry if the total score is not less than 80 points.

(c) U.S. Grade C” is the quality of halves, quarters, slices, diced, whole, or mixed pieces of irregular sizes and shapes of canned clingstone peaches that possess similar varietal characteristics; that possess a normal flavor and odor; that possess a fairly good color; that are fairly uniform in size and symmetry for the applicable style; that are fairly free from defects; that possess a fairly good character; and that for those factors which are scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart the total score is not less than 70 points.

(d) “U.S. Grade D" is the quality of halves, quarters, slices, diced, whole, or mixed pieces of irregular sizes and shapes of canned clingstone peaches that may possess dissimilar varietal characteristics; that possess a normal flavor odor; that possess a fairly good color; that may vary in size and symmetry for the applicable style; that are fairly free from defects except for crushed and broken units in the styles of halves, quarters, or whole style; that possess a noticeable variability in character; and that for those factors which are scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart the total score is not less than 60 points. Canned clingstone peaches of this grade may or may not meet the minimum standards of quality for canned peaches issued pursuant to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.

(e) "Substandardis the quality of canned clingstone peaches that fails to meet the applicable requirements of U.S. Grade C or of U.S. Grade D and is the quality of canned clingstone peaches that may or may not meet the minimum standards of quality for canned peaches issued pursuant to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.

(50 FR 26966, July 1, 1985)

8 52.2564 Grades of canned “solid-pack"

clingstone peaches. (a) U.S. Grade C Solid-Pack” is the quality of halves, quarters, slices, dice, or mixed pieces of irregular sizes and which can be sealed in the container and processed by heat to prevent spoilage, without crushing or breaking such ingredient. Canned clingstone peaches that do not meet this requirement are “Below Standard in Fill."

shapes of canned "solid-pack” clingstone peaches that possess a normal flavor and odor; that possess a fairly good color; that are fairly free from defects for canned “solid-pack" clingstone peaches; that possess a fairly good character for "solid-pack" clingstone peaches; and that for those factors which are scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart the total score is not less than 70 points.

(b) "Substandard Solid-pack” is the quality of halves, quarters, slices, dice, or mixed pieces of irregular sizes and shapes of canned "solid-pack" clingstone peaches that fail to meet the requirements of “U.S. Grade C SolidPack." (50 FR 26967, July 1, 1985)

8 52.2567 Recommended fill of container

for canned "solid-pack” clingstone

peaches. The recommended fill of container for canned “solid-pack" clingstone peaches is not incorporated in the grades of the finished product since fill of container, as such, is not a factor of quality for the purposes of these grades. It is recommended that each container of “solid-pack" clingstone peaches be as full of peaches as practicable without impairment of quality and that the product (including liquid, if any) occupy not less that 90 perceant of the volume of the container.

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Extra heavy sirup or extra 22° or more but not more

heavily sweetened fruit than 35°
juice(s) and water or extra
heavily sweetened

fruit juice(s). Heavy sirup or heavily sweet- 18° or more but less than ened fruit juice(s) and water

22" or heavily sweetened fruit

juice(s). Light sirup or lightly sweetened 14" or more but less than

fruit juice(s) and water or 18°. lightly sweetened fruit

juice(s). Slightly sweetened water or 10° or more but less than extra light sirup or slightly

14'. sweetened fruit juice(s) and water or slightly sweetened

fruit juice(s). In water.

Not applicable. In fruit juice(s) and water.

Do. In fruit juice(s)

Do. Artificially sweetened.

Do.

8 52.2568 Recommended drained weights.

(a) General (1) The minimum drained weight recommendations for the various applicable styles in Table I of this subpart are not incorporated in the grades of the finished product since drained weight, as such, is not factor of quality for the purposes of these grades.

(2) The recommended minimum drained weights are based on equalization of the product 30 days or more after the product has been canned.

(b) Method for determining drained weight. The drained weight of canned clingstone peaches and canned "solidpack” clingstone peaches is determined by emptying the contents of the container, turning the pit cavities down in halves, upon a U.S. Standard No. 8 circular sieve of proper diameter containing 8 meshes to the inch (0.0937-in 3 percent, square openings) so as to distribute the product evenly, inclining the sieve slightly to facilitate drainage, and allowing to drain for 2 minutes. The drained weight is the weight of the sieve and peaches less the weight of the dry sieve. A sieve 8 inches in diameter is used for the equivalent of No. 3 size cans (404x414) and smaller, and a sieve 12 inches in diameter is used for con

8 52.2566 Fill of container.

The standard of fill of container for canned clingstone peaches is the maximum quantity of the peach units

tainers larger than the equivalent of the No. 3 size can.

(c) Definitions of symbols. (1) XaThe average drained weight of all the sample units in the sample.

(2) LL-Lower limit for drained weights of individual sample units.

(d) Compliance with recommended drained weights. A lot of canned clingstone peaches and canned unsweetened “solid-pack" clingstone peaches is considered as meeting the minimum drained weight recommendations if the following criteria are met:

(1) The average of the drained weights from all the sample units in the sample meets the recommended average drained weight (designated as X in Table I);

(2) The number of sample units which fail to meet the recommended minimum drained weight for individuals (designated as LL in Table I) does not exceed the applicable acceptance number specified in the single sampling plan of Table II. (43 FR 20957, May 16, 1978; 43 FR 25417, June 13, 1978. Redesignated at 46 FR 63203, Dec. 31, 1981) 8 52.2569 Recommended fill weights.

(a) General. The minimum fill weight recommendations for the vari. ous styles in Table III of this subpart are not incorporated in the grades of the finished product since fill weight, as such, is not a factor of quality for the purpose of these grades.

(b) Method for determining fill weight. The fill weight of canned clingstone peaches is determined in accordance with the U.S. Standards for

Inspection by Variables and the U.S. Standards for Determination of Fill Weights.

(c) Definitions of terms and symbols. “Subgroup” means a group of sample units representing a portion of a sample. Xmin means the minimum lot average fill

weight. LWL means the lower warning limit for

subgroup averages. LRL means the lower reject limit for group

averages. LWL means the lower warning limit for in

dividual fill weight measurements. LRL means the lower reject limit for indi

vidual fill weight measurements. R means a specified average range value. Rmo means a specified maximum range for a

subgroup. "Sampling allowance code” means a letter on the sampling allowance chart of the U.S. Standards for Inspection by Variables. This letter identifies the appropriate line which gives the amount of sampling allowance to be applied to the specification average for fill weights in order to determine compliance with requirements for fill weight averages for a sample.

(d) Subgroup size. The subgroup size for determination of fill weights shall be 5 sample units.

(e) Compliance with recommended fill weights. Compliance with the recommended fill weights for canned clingstone peaches shall be in accordance with the acceptance criteria specified in the U.S. Standards for Inspection by Variables and the U.S. Standards for Determination

of Fill Weights.

TABLE I-RECOMMENDED MINIMUM DRAINED WEIGHTS FOR CANNED CLINGSTONE PEACHES

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2.8 3.0 3.4 4.0 4.9 8.9 9.9 9.9 12.0

2.2 2.4 2.8 3.4 4.3 8.2 9.1 9.1 11.1

3.0 3.2 3.6 4.2 5.1 9.1 10.1 10.1 12.3

2.4 2.6 3.0 3.6 4.5 8.4 9.3 9.3 11.4

3.1 3.3 3.7 4.3 5.2 9.3 10.3 10.3 12.6

2.5 2.7 3.1 3.7 4.6 8.6 9.5 9.5 11.7

2.9 3.2 3.7 4.3 5.2 9.5 10.5 10.5 12.7

2.6 2.9 3.4 4.0 4.7 8.9 9.8 9.8 11.9

17.0

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