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ourselves : To discretion in dispensing religious benefits: To assiduity
pursuing spiritual good: To humanity and equity in oer beberior to all.
Caution against the seducing influence of the multitude, cosmosis = the
wrong. Warning against false teachers, who are best know of the spoons
The wisdom of adding practice to knowledge. The insgaiacases or the
latter without the former

Page 317

Section IV. Several Miracles.-Ch. in is. 1–34.

The cure of a leper; of a centurion's servant; of Peter's wife's mother; é some

demoniacs and others. Those who follow Jesus must do it at all hazards, and

without delay. The stilling of a tempest on the sea. The care of two farious

demoniacs; of a paralytic carried on a bed. Matthew called. The reason why

Jesus associated with sinners. Why his disciples did not fast A concured

of a bloody issue. A ruler's daughter restored to life. The care of two bland

men, and of a dumb demoniac

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Section XII. The Character of the Pharisees.-Ch. xxii, 15, &c. xxü.

Jesus eludes the artifices of the Pharisees in his manner of teaching that tribute

ought to be paid to their rulers. Vindicates the doctrine of the resurrection
against the Sadducees. Answers the lawyer who questioned him about what is
most essential in the law. Puzzles the Pharisees with a passage of Scripture
which they applied to the Messiah. Admonishes the people to follow the good
instructions, not the evil example, of their teachers, who are reproached with
obstructing the access to the kingdom of heaven ; with making religion a mask
to rapacity; with their false zeal in making proselytes, whom, far from re-
forming, they corrupted; with the encouragement their traditions gave to per-

jury; with their exactness in things of no moment, whilst they neglected things

of the highest ; with their care about the cleanness of the outside, whilst they

left the inside full of pollution

544

Section XIII. The Prophecy on Mount Olivet.-Ch. xxiv. xxv.

The destruction of the temple foretold. The calamities by which it will be pre-

ceded. The signs that the Judge is at hand. The time of the judgment known
only to God. Men will be surprised by it as formerly by the flood. The
necessity of activity and vigilance illustrated-by the example of servants who

expect their master's return ; by the parable of the ten virgins ; by the parable

of the talents. Account of the procedure at the last judgment

Page 547

SECTION XIV. The last Supper.-Ch. xxvi, 1–56.

The rulers consult together about the method of apprehending Jesus. A female

disciple anoints his head. Judas bargains with the chief priests to deliver him

into their bands. Jesus eats the passover with his disciples. Acquaints them

of the treachery of one of them. Institutes the commemoration of his death.

Foretells their deserting, and Peter's disowning him. His deep distress in the

garden. He is seized by an armed multitude conducted by Judas. Rebukes

an apostle for having recourse to the sword

551

SECTION XV, The Crucifixion.-Ch. xxvi. 57, &c. xxvii, 1–56.

Jesus is brought before the Sanhedrim. Accused of blasphemy, and con-

demned. Is denied by Peter. Judas, finding that he is condemned, repents

his perfidy. Restores the price; and in despair kills himself. Jesus is de-

livered bound to the Roman procurator. Before whom he is accused by the

chief priests and elders. Pilate, perceiving that the accusation proceeded from

envy, and being warned by his wife not to do aught against Jesus, tries in

vain to save him, by the artifice of granting him to the prayer of the multitude,

who were wont to obtain the release of a prisoner at the passover. The multi-

tude, instigated by their rulers, demand the release of Barabbas, and the cruci-

fixion of Jesus. Pilate, after washing his hands, to testify he was guiltless of

this blood, consents to gratify them. Jesus is scourged, and mocked, and

crucified between two malefactors. Is insulted on the cross by persons of all

ranks, fellow-sufferers not excepted. His death attended with a preternatural

darkness, and other prodigies, which strike the Roman centurion and guards

with terror

553

SECTION XVI. The Resurrection.-Ch. xxvii. 57, &c. xxvii.

The body of Jesus given to Joseph of Arimathea, who deposits it in his own

sepulchre. The sepulchre secured and watched. His resurrection announced

at the sepulchre to some pious women by an angel. Jesus afterwards appears

to them. The guard bribed by the Jewish rulers to say that the body was stolen

when they were asleep. Jesus appears to the disciples in Galilee. And com-

missions them to teach all nations

556

PREFACE.

In compliance with a custom, which is not without its advantages, I purpose, in this place, to lay before the reader some account of the following Work, its rise and progress, nature and design. To do so will perhaps be thought the more necessary, as there have been in this and the preceding century many publications on the Gospels, both abroad and at home, in some or other of which, it may be supposed, that all the observations of any consequence which can be offered here must have been anticipated, and the subject in a manner exhausted. I am not of opinion that the subject can be so easily exhausted as some may suppose: I do not even think it possible for the richest imagination to preclude all scope for further remark, or for the greatest acuteness to supersede all future criticism. On the other hand, it must be owned possible, that a man may write copiously on a subject, without adding to the stock of knowledge provided by those who wrote before him, or saying anything which has not been already as well, or perhaps better said by others. How far this is applicable to the present publication, must be submitted to the judicious and intelligent reader. In the meantime it may be hoped, that it will not be judged an unfair attempt at bespeaking his favour, to give him a brief account of the origin and preparation of the Work now offered to his examination.

As far back as the year 1750, soon after I had gotten the charge of a country parish, I first formed the design of collecting such useful criticisms on the text of the New Testament, as should either occur to my own observation, or as I should meet with in the course of my reading ; particularly, to take notice of such proposed alterations on the manner of translating the words of the original, as appeared not only defensible in themselves, but to yield a better meaning, or at least to express the meaning with more perspicuity or energy. Having for this purpose provided a folio paper book, which I divided, into pages and columns, corresponding to the pages and columns of the Greek New Testament which I commonly used, I wrote down there in the proper place, as they occurred, such alterations on the translation as in my judgment tended to improve it, and could be rationally supported. And having divided the pages in the middle, I allotted the upper part of each for the version, and the lower for scholia, or notes containing the reasons (wherever it appeared

VOL. I.

B

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