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in the market-place, to whom their play-fellows complain, 17 saying, “We have played to you upon the pipe, but ye have

not danced; we have sung mournful songs to you, but you 18 have not lamented.' For John came abstaining from meat 19 and drink, and they say, 'He hath a demon;' the Son of

Man came using meat and drink, and they say, 'He is a
lover of banquets and wine, a companion of publicans and

sinners.' But wisdom is justified by her children. 20 Then he began to reproach the cities wherein most of his Lu. 10,13 21 miracles had been performed, because they repented not. Woe

unto thee, Chorazin, woe unto thee, Bethsaida; for if the
miracles which have been performed in you had been per-

formed in Tyre and Sidon, they had repented long ago in 22 sackcloth and ashes. Know, therefore, that the condition of

Tyre and Sidon, on the day of judgment, shall be more tole23 rable than yours. And thou Capernaum, which hast been

exalted to heaven, shalt be brought down to hades ; for if the

miracles which have been performed in thee had been per24 formed in Sodom, it had remained until now. Know, there

fure, that the condition of Sodom, on the day of judgment,

shall be more tolerable than thine. 25 On that occasion, Jesus said, I adore thee, O Father, Lord Lu. 10, 21

of heaven and earth; because thou hast hidden these things

from sages and the learned, thou hast revealed them to babes : 26 Yes, Father, because such is thy pleasure. My Father hath J9: 2, 36. 27 imparted every thing to me; and none knoweth the Son, & 10, 15.

except the Father; neither knoweth any one the Father,

except the Son, and he to whom the Son will reveal him. 28 Come unto me all ye who toil and are burdened; and I Jer. 6, 16. 29 will relieve you. Take my yoke upon you, and be taught

by me, for I am meek and condescending; and your souls 30 shall find relief. For my yoke is easy, and my burden is 1 Jo. 5, 3.

light. XII. AT that time, as Jesus was walking through the corn on Mar. 2, 23

the Sabbath,* his disciples, being hungry, began to pluck the 2 ears of corn, and eat them. The Pharisees observing this, said

to him, Lo! thy disciples are doing what it is not lawful to do 3 on the Sabbath. He answered, Have ye not read what Davd 1 Sam. 21, 1: 4 did, and his attendants, when they were hungry? how he en

tered the tabernacle of God, and ate the loaves of the pre

sence, which it was not lawful for him or his attendants to 5 eat, but solely for the priests? Or have ye not learnt from Lev. 24, 5

the Law, that the priests in the temple violate the rest to be 6 observed on Sabbaths, and are nevertheless blameless ? Now 7 I affirm that something greater than the temple is here. But

had ye known what this meaneth, “I require humanity and Hos, 6, 6.

With us Saturday, or rather from Friday at sun-set to Saturday at sun-set, for so the Jews reckoned.

Lu. 6, 1:

Num. 28,9

ch. 9, 13. Mar. 3, 10 Lu, 6, 6.

Isa. 42, 1:


not sacrifice," ye would not have condemned the guiltless : 8 For the Son of Man is master of the Sabbath. 9. Leaving that place, he went into their synagogue, and found

a man there whose hand was blasted. They asked Jesus, with

a design to accuse him, Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath? 11 He answered, What man is there amongst you, who having

one sheep, if it fall into a pit on the Sabbath, will not lay 12 hold on it, and lift it out? And doth not a man greatly excel

a sheep? It is lawful, therefore, to do good on the Sabbath. 13 Then he said to the man, Stretch out thy hand. And as he 14 stretched it out, it became sound like the other. But the Pha

risees went out, and concerted against Jesus to destroy him. 15 Jesus knowing this departed, and being followed by a vast

multitude, healed all their sick, enjoining them not to discover 16. him. Thus the word of the Prophet Isaiah was verified, 18 Behold my servant whom I have chosen, my beloved in whom

my soul delighteth: I will cause my Spirit to abide upon him, 19 and he shall give laws to the nations; he will not contend, nor 20 clamour, nor make his voice be heard in the streets. A bruised

reed he will not break; and a dimly burning taper he will not 21 quench, till he render his laws victorious. Nations also shall trust in his name.'

Then was brought to him a demoniac dumb and blind; and 23 he cured him, insomuch that he both spake and saw. And all

the people said with amazement, Is this the son of David ? Mar. 3, 22• 24 But the Pharisees hearing them said, This man expelleth Lu. 11, 16. 25 demons only by Beelzebub, prince of the demons. But Jesus

knowing their surmises, said to them, By civil dissensions any

kingdom may be desolated ; and no city or family, where 26 such dissensions are, can subsist. Now if Satan expel Satan,

his kingdom is torn by civil dissensions; how can it then sub27 sist? Besides, if I expel demons by Beelzebub; by whom do

your sons expel them? Wherefore they shall be your judges.

28 But if I expel demons by the Spirit of God, the reign of Isa. 49, 24. 29 God hath overtaken you. For how can one enter the strong

one's house, and plunder his goods, unless he first overpower

the strong one? Then indeed he may plunder his house. 30 He who is not for me, is against me: and he who gathereth not with me,

scattereth. Mar. 3,78 31 Wherefore I say unto you, though every other sin and

detraction in men is pardonable, their detraction from the 32 Spirit is unpardonable: for whosoever shall inveigh against

the Son of Man may obtain pardon; but whosoever shall

speak against the Holy Spirit shall never be pardoned, either 33 in the present state or in the future. Either call the tree

good, and its fruit good; or call the tree bad, and its fruit 34 bad: for we distinguish the tree by the fruit. Offspring of

vipers, how can ye that are evil speak good things, since it is

ch. 9, 34.

Lu. 12, 10.
I Jo. 5. 16.

ch. 16, 1.

ch. 16, 4,

2 Chr. 9, 1:

35 out of the fulness of the heart that the mouth speaketh ? The Lu. 6, 46.

good man out of his good treasure produceth good things ;

the bad man out of his bad treasure produceth bad things. 1 Cor. 1, 22. 36 Be assured, however, that of every pernicious word which men

shall utter, they shall give an account on the day of judg37 ment. For by thy words thou shalt be acquitted ; and by thy

words thou shalt be condemned. 38

Then some of the Scribes and Pharisees interposed, saying, Lu. II, 2939 Rabbi, we desire to see a sign from thee. He answering,

said unto them, An evil and adulterous race demandeth a

sign; but no sign shall be given them, save the sign of the 40 Prophet Jonah. For as Jonah was three days and three Jon. 1, 17.

nights in the stomach of the great fish, the Son of Man will

be three days and three nights in the bosom of the earth. Jon. 3, 641 The Ninevites will stand up in the judgment against this

race, and cause it to be condemned, because they repented

when they were warned by Jonah ; and behold here some42 thing greater than Jonah. The queen of the south country* : Kin. 10,!:

will arise in the judgment against this race, and cause it to be condemned; because she came from the extremities of the earth to hear the wise discourses of Solomon; and behold here

something greater than Solomon. 43 An unclean spirit, when he is gone out of a man, wan- Lu. 11, 24

dereth over parched deserts in search of a resting-place : 44 And not finding any, he saith, “I will return to my house

whence I came;' and being come, he findeth it empty, swept, 45 and furnished. Whereupon he goeth, and bringeth with

him seven other spirits more wicked than himself: and hav- 2 Pet. 2, 20. ing entered, they dwell there; and the last state of that man & 10, 26becometh worse than the first : thus will it also fare with this

evil race. 46 While he discoursed to the people, his mother and brothers Mar. 3, 3147 were without, desiring to speak with him. And one said to

him, Thy mother and thy brothers are without, desiring to 48 speak with thee. He answering, said to him that told him, 49 Who is my mother? and who are my brothers ? Then

stretching out his hand towards his disciples, he said, Behold 50 my mother and my brothers. For whosoever doth the will of

my Father who is in heaven, is my brother, and sister, and mother.

Lu. 8, 19


XIII. THE same day, Jesus having gone out of the house, sat Mar. 4, 1. 2 by the sea-side ; but so great a multitude flocked about him,

that he went into a bark, and sat down there, while all the 3 people stood on the shore. Then he discoursed to them of many things in parables.

• In the Old Testament, Sheba

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Mar. 4. 3 Lu 8,40

Lu. 8, 9:

Mar. 4. 25.
Lu. 8, 18.
Isa. 6, 9.

Jo. 12, 39
Acts 28, 25.
Ro. 1, 8.

4 The sower, said he, went out to sow; and in sowing some

seeds fell by the way-side, and the birds came and picked 5 them up. Some fell on rocky ground, where they had little

earth; these sprang up the sooner, because the soil had no 6 depth; but after the sun had beaten upon them, they were 7 scorched, and having no root withered away. Some fell

among thorns, and the thorns grew up and choked them. 8 Others fell into good ground, and yielded increase : some a 9 hundred, some sixty, some thirty fold. Whoever hath ears to

hear, let him hear. Mar. 4, 10. 10 Then the disciples accosted him, saying, Why speakest thou

11 to them in parables? He answering, said unto them, Because

it is your privilege, and not theirs, to know the secrets of the ch. 2:, 29. 12 reign of heaven. For to him that hath, more shall be given,

and he shall abound; but from him that hath not, even that

13 which he hath shall be taken. For this reason I speak to Nars, 16.2 14 them in parables; because they seeing, see not; and hearing,

hear not, nor regard; insomuch that this prophecy of Isaiah

is fulfilled in them: “Yè may indeed listen, but will not un15 derstand: ye may look, but will not perceive. For this peo

ple's understanding is stupified, their ears are deafened, and their eyes they have closed ; lest seeing with their eyes, hear

ing with their ears, and apprehending with their understandLu. 1c, 23. 16 ing, they should repent, and I should reclaim them.” But

blessed are your eyes, because they see, and your ears, be17 cause they hear. For verily I say unto you, that many pro

phets and righteous men have desired to see the things which ye see, but have not seen them; and to hear the things which

ye hear, but have not heard them. Mar. 4, 4: 18

Understand ye, therefore, the parable of the sower. 19 When one heareth the doctrine of the reign, but mindeth it

not, the evil one cometh, and snatcheth away that which was

sown in his heart. This explaineth what fell by the way20 side. That which fell on rocky ground, denoteth him who, 21 hearing the word, receiveth it at first with pleasure; yet not having it rooted in his '

mind, retaineth it but a while ; for when trouble or persecution cometh, because of the word, 22 instantly he relapseth. That which fell among thorns, de

noteth that hearer in whom worldly cares and deceitful riches 23 stifle the word, and render it unfruitful. But that which fell

into good soil, and bore fruit, some a hundred, some sixty, some thirty fold, denoteth him who not only heareth and

mindeth, but obeyeth the word. 24 Another parable he proposed to them, saying, The kingdom

of heaven may be compared to a field in which the proprietor 25 had sown good grain : but while people were asleep, his ene

my came, and sowed darnel among the wheat, and went off. 26 When the blade was up, and putting forth the ear, then ap

Lu. I, ll:

27 peared also the darnel. And the servants came and said to

their master, 'Sir, thou sowedst good grain in the field; 28 whence, then, hath it darnel ?" He answered, 'An enemy 29 hath done this. They said, 'Wilt thou then, that we

weed them out?' He replied, No; lest in weeding out the 30 darnel, ye tear up also the wheat. Let both grow together

until the harvest; and in the time of harvest I will say to the reapers, First gather the darnel, and make them into

bundles for burning ; then carry the wheat into my barn.' ' 31 Another similitude he proposed to them, saying, The king- Mar. 4. 31.

dom of heaven is like a grain of mustard-seed, which a man Lu. 13, 1932 set in his field; for though it is the smallest of all seeds, it is,

when grown, larger than any herb, and becometh a tree, so

that the birds of the air take shelter in its branches. 33 Another similitude he gave them: The kingdom of heaven Lu. 13, 21.

is like leaven which a woman mingled in three measures of

meal until the whole was leavened. 34 All these similitudes Jesus spoke to the people ; for he taught 35 them only by similitudes; herein verifying the words of the pro

phet: I will discourse in parables ; I will utter things where- Ps. 78, 2.

of all antiquity hath been silent.36 Then Jesus, leaving the multitude, retired to the house,

where his disciples accosted him, saying, Explain to us the 37 parable of the darnel in the field, Jesus answering, said unto 38 them, He who sowed the good seed is the Son of Man. The

field is the world: the good seed are the sons of the king39 dom; and the darnel are the sons of the evil one. The

enemy who sowed them is the devil; the harvest is the con40 clusion of this state; and the reapers are the angels. As

therefore, the darnel is gathered and burnt, so shall it be at 41 the conclusion of this state. The Son of Man will send his

angels, who shall gather out of his kingdom all seducers and 42 iniquitous persons, and throw them into the burning fur43 nace: weeping and gnashing of teeth shall be there. Then Dan. 12, 3.

shall the righteous shine like the sun in the kingdom of their Father. Whoever hath ears to hear, let him hear.

Again, the kingdom of heaven is like treasure hid in a field, which, when a man hath discovered, he concealeth the discovery and for joy thereof selleth all that he hath, and buyeth that field.

Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a pearl extremely pre46 cious, which a merchant, who was in quest of fine pearls,

having met with, sold all that he had and purchased it. 47 Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a sweep-net cast into 48 the sea, which encloseth fishes of every kind. When it is

full, they draw it ashore, and gather the good into vessels, 49 but throw the useless away. So shall it be at the conclusion

of this state. The angels will come and sever the wicked from

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