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SECTION III.-THE SERMON ON THE MOUNT.
V. JESUS, seeing so great a confluence, repaired to a moun2 tain, and having sat down, his disciples came to him. Then breaking silence, he taught them, saying,
3 HAPPY the poor who repine not; for the kingdom of Lu. 6, 204 heaven is theirs! Happy they who mourn; for they shall re- Isa. 61, 3. 5 ceive consolation! Happy the meek; for they shall inherit Ps. 37, 11. 6 the land! Happy they who hunger and thirst for righteous- Isa. 65, 13. 7 ness; for they shall be satisfied! Happy the merciful; for Ps. 24, 3. 8 they shall obtain mercy! Happy the clean in heart; for they 1 Pet. 3, 14. 9 shall see God! Happy the peacemakers; for they shall be 10 called sons of God! Happy they who suffer persecution on
account of righteousness; for the kingdom of heaven is theirs! 11 Happy shall ye be, when men shall revile and persecute you, 1 Pet. 4, 14. and, on my account, accuse you falsely of every evil thing! 12 Rejoice and exult; for great is your reward in heaven; for thus the Prophets were persecuted who were before you.
Lu. 14, 34.
YE are the salt of the earth. If the salt become insipid, Mar. 9, 49 how shall its saltness be restored? It is thenceforth fit only 14 to be cast out and trodden by men. Ye are the light of the
- 11, 33.
world. A city situate on a mountain must be conspicuous. Mar. 4, 21. 15 A lamp is lighted to be put, not under a corn-measure, but Lu. 8,16. 16 on a stand, that it may shine to all the family. Thus let 1 Pet. 2, 12. your light shine before men, that they, seeing your good actions, may glorify your Father who is in heaven.
Think not that I am come to subvert the Law or the Pro
18 phets. I am come not to subvert, but to ratify. For verily Lu. 16, 17. I say unto you, Heaven and earth shall sooner perish, than one iota or one tittle of the law shall perish without attaining its 19 end. Whosoever therefore shall violate, or teach others to Ja. 2, 10. violate, were it the least of these commandments, shall be in no esteem in the reign of heaven; but whosoever shall practise and teach them, shall be highly esteemed in the reign of 20 heaven. For I warn you, that unless your righteousness excel the righteousness of the Scribes and Pharisees, ye shall never enter the kingdom of heaven.
YE have heard that it was said to the ancients, "Thou Ex. 20, 13. shalt not commit murder: for whosoever committeth murder Deut. 5, 17. 22 shall be obnoxious to the judges." But I say unto you,
'Whosoever is angry with his brother unjustly, shall be obnoxious to the judges; whoever shall call him fool, shall be obnoxious to the council; but whosoever shall call him mis23 creant, shall be obnoxious to hell-fire.' Therefore, if thou bring thy gift to the altar, and there recollect that thy brother hath ground to complain of thee; leave there thy gift before 24 the altar: first go and procure reconciliation with thy brother, 25 then come, and offer thy gift. Compound betimes with thy Lu. 12, 58 creditor, while ye are on the road together; lest the creditor
consign thee to the judge; and the judge consign thee to the 26 officer, and thou be thrown into prison. Verily I say unto thee, thou wilt not be released until thou hast discharged the last farthing.
Ex. 20, 14. 27 Ye have heard that it was said, "Thou shalt not commit Deut. 5, 18. 28 adultery." But I say unto you, 'Whosoever looketh on another man's wife, in order to cherish impure desire, hath 29 already committed adultery with her in his heart.' Therefore, if thy right eye insnare thee, pluck it out, and throw it away it is better for thee to lose one of thy members, than 30 that thy whole body be cast into hell. And if thy right hand insnare thee, cut it off, and throw it away: it is better for thee to lose one of thy members, than that thy whole body be cast into hell.
ch. 18, 8. Mar. 9, 43.
Deut. 24, 1. 31
1 Cor. 7, 10.
It hath been said, "Whosoever would dismiss his wife, 32 let him give her a writ of divorce." But I say unto you,
'Whosoever shall dismiss his wife, except for whoredom, is the occasion of her becoming an adulteress; and whosoever marrieth her that is dismissed, committeth adultery.'
Again, ye have heard that it was said to the ancients, "Thou shalt not forswear thyself, but shalt perform thy oaths 34 to the Lord." But I say unto you, 'Swear not at all; 35 neither by heaven, for it is God's throne; nor by the earth, for it is his footstool; neither shalt thou swear by Jerusalem, 36 for it is the city of the great king; nor by thy head, because 37 thou canst not make one hair white or black.' But let your yes be yes, your no, no; for whatever exceedeth these, proceedeth from evil.
Ex. 21, 24.
Ye have heard that it was said, "Eye for eye, and tooth Lev. 24, 20. 39 for tooth." But I say unto you, Resist not the injurious.
Deut. 19, 21.
1 Cor. 6, 7.
But if any one strike thee on the right cheek, turn to him 40 also the left. Whoever will sue thee for thy coat, let him 41 have thy mantle likewise. And if a man constrain thee to go Deut. 15, 7 42 one mile with him, go two. Give to him that asketh thee; and him that would borrow from thee, put not away.
Lev. 19, 18. 43 Ye have heard that it was said, "Thou shalt love thy Rom. 12, 20 44 neighbour, and hate thine enemy." But I say unto you, Love your enemies; bless them who curse you; do good to them who hate you; and pray for them who arraign and prosecute 45 you; that ye may be children of your Father in heaven,
who maketh his sun arise on bad and good, and sendeth rain 46 on just and unjust. For if ye love them only who love you, 47 what reward can ye expect? Do not even the publicans so? And if ye show courtesy to your friends only, wherein do ye 48 excel? Do not even the Pagans as much? Be ye therefore perfect, as your Father who is in heaven is perfect.
TAKE heed that ye perform not your religious duties before men, in order to be observed by them; otherwise ye will obtain no reward from your Father who is in heaven.
Ex. 20, 7.
Eph. 5, 1.
When, therefore, thou givest alms, do not proclaim it by sound of trumpet, as the hypocrites do, in the assemblies and in the streets, that they may be extolled by men. Verily I 3 say unto you, they have received their reward. But thou, when thou givest alms, let not thy left hand know what thy 4 right hand doth, that thine alms may be in secret; and thy Father, to whom nothing is secret, will himself recompense thee.
And when thou prayest, be not like the hypocrites, who affect to pray standing in the assemblies, and at the corners of the streets, that men may observe them. Verily I say unto 6 you, they have received their reward. But thou, when thou
wouldst pray, retire to thy closet; and, having shut the door, pray to thy Father; and thy Father, to whom, though he is 7 unseen himself, nothing is secret, will recompense thee. And Eccles. 5, 2. in prayer talk not at random, as the Pagans, who think that Ecclus.7, 14. 8 using many words will procure them acceptance. Imitate
them not; for your Father knoweth what things ye want, 9 before ye ask him. Thus, therefore, pray ye: "Our Father, Lu. 11, 2 10 who art in heaven, thy name be hallowed; thy reign come; 11 thy will be done upon the earth, as it is in heaven; give us to-day our daily bread; forgive us our debts as we forgive 12 our debtors; and abandon us not to temptation, but preserve 13 us from evil. [For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and 14 the glory, for ever. Amen.]" For, if ye forgive others their Ecclus. 28,1. 15 trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you: but ch. 18, 35. if ye forgive not others their trespasses, neither will your Ja. 2, 13. Father forgive your trespasses.
Mar. 1, 25
Moreover, when ye fast, look not dismal, as the hypocrites, who disfigure their faces, that men may observe that they fast. 17 Verily I say unto you, they have received their reward. But
thou, when thou fastest, anoint thy head, and wash thy face; 18 that thy fasting may not appear to men, but to thy Father and thy Father, to whom, though he is unseen himself, nothing is secret, will recompense thee.
AMASS not for yourselves treasure upon the earth, where Lu. 12, 33. moths or rust may consume it, or thieves breaking in may 1 Tim. 6.10. 20 steal it. But provide for yourselves treasure in heaven,
where are neither moths nor rust to consume it, nor thieves 21 to break in and steal it. For where your treasure is, your Lu. 11, 3422 heart will also be. The lamp of the body is the eye. If, therefore, thine eye be sound, thy whole body will be en23 lightened: but if thine eye be distempered, thy whole body will be dark. And if even the light which is in thee be darkness, how great will the darkness be!
A man cannot serve two masters; for either he will hate Lu. 16, 13. one, and love the other; or at least will attend one, and
Ps. 55, 22.
1 Pet. 5, 7.
Lu. 6, 37°
neglect the other.
Ye cannot serve God and Mammon.*
25 Therefore I charge you; be not anxious about your life, what ye shall eat, or what ye shall drink; nor about your body, what ye shall wear. Is not life a greater gift than 26 food; and the body than raiment? Observe the fowls of heaven. They neither sow nor reap. They have no storehouse but your heavenly Father feedeth them. Are ye not 27 much more valuable than they? Besides, which of you can 28 by his anxiety prolong his life one hour? And why are ye anxious about raiment? Mark the lilies of the field. How 29 do they grow? They toil not: they spin not. Yet I affirm
that even Solomon, in all his glory, was not equally adorn30 ed with one of these. If then God so array the herbage,
Lu. 6, 31.
which to-day is in the field, and to-morrow will be cast into the oven; will he not much more array you, O ye dis31 trustful! Therefore say not anxiously, as the heathens do, What shall we eat; or what shall we drink; or wherewith 32 shall we be clothed? For your heavenly Father knoweth that 33 ye need all these things. But seek first the kingdom of God,
and the righteousness required by him; and all these things 34 shall be superadded to you. Be not then anxious about the morrow; the morrow will be anxious about itself. Sufficient for every day is its own trouble.
VII. JUDGE not, that ye be not judged; for as ye judge, ye shall be judged; and with the measure wherewith ye give, ye 3 shall receive. And why observest thou the mote in thy brother's eye, but art insensible of the thorn in thine own 4 eye? Or how darest thou say to thy brother, 'Let me take the mote out of thine eye;' thou who hast a thorn in thine 5 own? Hypocrite, first take the thorn out of thine own eye; then thou wilt see to take the mote out of thy brother's eye.
Give not things holy to dogs, and cast not your pearls, before swine; lest they trample them under foot, or turn upon you and tear you.
ch. 21, 22.
7 Ask, and ye shall obtain; seek, and ye shall find; knock, Mar. 11, 24. 8 and the door shall be opened to you. For whosoever asketh,
Lu. 11, 9°
obtaineth; whosoever seeketh, findeth; and to every one who
narrow the way leading thither; and how few are they who find it!
15 Beware of false teachers, who come to you in the garb of 16 sheep, while inwardly they are ravenous wolves. By their fruits ye shall discover them. Are grapes gathered from Lu. 6, 4317 thorns; or figs from thistles? Every good tree yieldeth good 18 fruit; and every evil tree evil fruit. A good tree cannot 19 yield evil fruit, nor an evil tree good fruit. Every tree which ch. 3, 10. 20 yieldeth not good fruit is felled, and turned into fuel. Wherefore, by their fruits ye shall discover them.
Nor every one who saith unto me, Master, master, shall enter the kingdom of heaven; but he that doth the will of ch. 25, 1122 my Father who is in heaven. Many will say to me on that
Lu. 6, 46.
Acts 19, 13.
day, 'Master, master, have we not taught in thy name; and Ro. 2, 13. in thy name expelled demons; and in thy name performed Ja. 1, 22. 23 many miracles? To whom I will declare, 'I never knew Lu. 13, 27. you. Depart from me, ye who practise iniquity.'
Therefore, whosoever heareth these my precepts, and doth -6, 47them, I will compare to a prudent man, who built his house 25 upon the rock. For although the rain descended, and the
rivers overflowed, and the winds blew and beat upon that 26 house, it fell not, because it was founded upon the rock. But whosoever heareth these my precepts, and doth them not, shall be compared to a fool, who built his house upon the 27 sand. For when the rain descended, and the rivers overflowed, and the winds blew and dashed against that house, it fell, and great was its ruin.
28 WHEN Jesus had ended this discourse, the people were Mar. 1.22. 29 astonished at his manner of teaching: for he taught as one who had authority, and not as the scribes.
SECTION IV.-SEVERAL MIRACLES.
VIII. JESUS being come down from the mountain, followed by 2 a great multitude, a leper came, who prostrating himself be3 fore him said, Sir, if thou wilt, thou canst cleanse me.
stretched out his hand, and touched him, saying, I will; be Lu. 5, 124 thou cleansed. Immediately he was cured of his leprosy.
Then Jesus said to him, See thou tell nobody; but go, show Lev. 14, 2 thyself to the priest, and make the oblation prescribed by Moses, for notifying [the cure] to the people.
5 Having entered Capernaum, a centurion* accosted him with Lu. 7, 1′ 6 this request, Sir, my man-servant lieth sick at home, exceed7ingly afflicted with a palsy. Jesus answered, I will go and 8 cure him. The centurion replying, said, Sir, I have not de
served that thou shouldst come under my roof; only say the 9 word, and my servant will be healed. For even I, who am under command myself, having soldiers under me, say to one, 'Go,' and he goeth; to another, Come,' and he cometh;
* A Roman officer, who had the command of 100 soldiers.
Jesus Mar. 1, 40′