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the question about the translator lies, can nowise affect the credibility of the fact that it is a translation. Who ever doubted that the Syriac New Testament, and the Old Italic, are translations? Yet the translators are equally unknown with the Greek interpreter of Matthew's Hebrew Gospel. This is oftenest the case with ancient versions; and we have reason to believe that the present is very ancient, it having been made before those freedoms were taken with the original, which have justly brought dishonour on the Nazarene and the Ebionite copies.

28. That Matthew's Gospel was the first published, is another opinion, as was hinted already, which rests on the concurrent voice of antiquity-the same foundation with that on which our belief is built that Matthew was the author, and that the language in which he wrote his Gospel was that kind of Hebrew which was spoken at that time in Judea. Notice was taken of Matthew's Gospel, and of Mark's, very early in the church, and before we find any direct mention of Luke's and of John's. The first who expressly mentions all the four evangelists is Ireneus, who mentions them as having written in the same order wherein they appear to have been arranged in the Bible in his time, and wherein they have continued ever since. Some transcribers have, indeed, affected to arrange them differently, putting the two apostles before the other two, who were only evangelists. But they seem to have done this from an opinion of the comparative rank of the writers, without controverting the order in which the Gospels were written. In the Cambridge manuscript, which is followed by some other manuscripts less considerable, the order is Matthew, John, Luke, Mark. But Matthew's title to the first place does not appear, in any view of the matter, ever to have been questioned among the ancients. Some, of late, have thought themselves warranted to assign the priority in point of time to the evangelist Luke. Their reasons for this opinion I shall consider in the Preface to that Gospel.





25, 24. 29,

I. THE lineage of Jesus Christ son of David, son of Abra- Lu. 3, 232 ham. Abraham begat Isaac. Isaac begat Jacob. Jacob begat Gen. 21, 2 3 Judah and his brothers. Judah had Pharez and Zarah by 35; 38, 27 4 Tamar. Pharez begat Hezron. Hezron begat Ram. Ram Ruth 4, 18° 5 begat Aminadab. Aminadab begat Nahshon. Nahshon begat

Salmon. Salmon had Boaz by Rahab. Boaz had Obed by 6 Ruth. Obed begat Jesse. Jesse begat David the king. David 1 Sam. 16, 1 7 the king had Solomon, by her who had been the wife of Uriah. Sa. 12.5

17, 12.


1 Ch. 3, 10

Solomon begat Rehoboam. Rehoboam begat Abia. Abia begat 8 Asa. Asa begat Jehoshaphat. Jehoshaphat begat Joram. 9 Joram begat Uzziah. Uzziah begat Jotham. Jotham begat 10 Ahaz. Ahaz begat Hezekiah. Hezekiah begat Manasseh. 11 Manasseh begat Amon. Amon begat Josiah. Josiah had Jeconiah and his brothers, about the time of the migration into 12 Babylon. After the migration into Babylon, Jeconiah begat 13 Salathiel. Salathiel begat Zerubbabel. Zerubbabel begat 14 Abiud. Abiud begat Eliakim. Eliakim begat Azor. Azor begat Zadoc. Zadoc begat Achim. Achim begat Eliud. 15 Eliud begat Eleazar. Eleazar begat Matthan. Matthan 16 begat Jacob. Jacob begat Joseph, the husband of Mary, of 17 whom was born Jesus, who is called Messiah.* So all the

generations from Abraham to David are fourteen; from David till the migration into Babylon fourteen; and from the migration into Babylon to the Messiah† fourteen.


Lu. 1, 26

NOW the birth of Jesus Christ happened thus: Mary his mother had been espoused to Joseph; but before they came 19 together, she proved to be with child by the Holy Spirit. Joseph her husband being a worthy man, and unwilling to expose 20 her, intended to divorce her privately. But while he was thinking upon this, a messenger of the Lord appearing to him in a dream, said, Joseph, son of David, scruple not to take home Mary thy wife; for her pregnancy is from the Holy Spirit. 21 And she shall bear a son, whom thou shalt call Jesus; for he Acts 4, 1. 22 will save his people from their sins. In all this, what the 23 Lord had spoken by the Prophet was verified, "Behold the 11. 7, 14. Virgin shall conceive and bear a son, who shall be called Im24 manuel;" which signifies God with us. When Joseph awoke, he did as the messenger of the Lord had commanded him, and

* Or Christ.

+ Or Christ.



Lu. 2, 4.

Mic. 5, 2.
Jo. 7, 42.

Ps. 72, 9.

25 took home his wife; but knew her not, until she had brought forth her first-born son, whom he named Jesus.*


AFTER the birth of Jesus, at Bethlehem of Judea, ir the reign of King Herod, certain eastern magianst came to 2 Jerusalem, and inquired, Where is the new-born king of the Jews; for we have seen his star in the east country, and 3 are come to do him homage? King Herod hearing this was 4 alarmed, and all Jerusalem with him. And having assembled

all the chief priests and the scribes of the people, he demanded 5 of them where the Messiah should be born? They answered Ät Bethlehem of Judea; for thus it is written by the Pro6 phet, "And thou Bethlehem, in the canton of Judah, art not the least illustrious among the cities of Judah; for out of thee shall come a ruler, who will govern my people Israel.”


Then Herod, having secretly called the magians, procured from them exact information concerning the star's appearing. 8 And sending them to Bethlehem, he said, Go, make an exact

inquiry about the child; and when ye have found him, bring 9 me word, that I may also go and pay him homage. Having

heard the king, they departed: and lo! the star which had appeared to them in the east country moved before them, till it 10 came and stood over the place where the child was. When 11 they again saw the star, they rejoiced exceedingly. And being come into the house, they found the child with Mary his mother; and, prostrating themselves, did him homage. Then opening their caskets, they offered, as presents, gold, frankin12 cense, and myrrh. And being warned in a dream not to return to Herod, they went home another way.

13. WHEN they were gone, a messenger of the Lord appearing to Joseph in a dream, said, Arise, take the child, with his mother, and flee into Egypt; and remain there till I acquaint 14 thee for Herod will seek the child to destroy him. Accordingly he arose, took the child, with his mother, and withdrew by night into Egypt, where he continued until the death of Nu. 23, 22. 15 Herod: so that what the Lord had spoken by the Prophet was verified, "Out of Egypt I recalled my son.'


Hos. 11, 1.


Then Herod, finding that he had been deceived by the magians, was highly incensed, and despatched emissaries, who slew, by his order, all the male children in Bethlehem, and all its territory, from those entering the second year, down to the time whereof he had procured exact information from the 17 magians. Then was the word of Jeremiah the prophet veriJer. 31, 15. 18 fied, “A cry was heard in Ramah, lamentation, and weeping,

and bitter complaint, Rachel bewailing her children, and refusing to be comforted, because they are not."


When Herod was dead, a messenger of the Lord appearing 20 in a dream to Joseph in Egypt, said, Arise, take the child, + A sect of Philosophers in Asia.

* That is, Saviour.

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with his mother, and go into the land of Israel; for they are 21 dead who sought his life. Accordingly he arose, took the 22 child, with his mother, and went to the land of Israel; but hearing that Archelaus had succeeded his father Herod in the throne of Judea, he was afraid to return thither; and being 23 warned in a dream, retired into the district of Galilee, and resided in a city named Nazareth, thereby verifying the declaration of the Prophet [concerning Jesus], that he should be called a Nazarene.


Lu. 3, 1



III. IN those days appeared John the Baptist, who cried in the Mar. 1, 2 2 wilderness of Judea, saying, Reform, for the reign of heaven Jo. 1, 6 3 approacheth. For this is he of whom the Prophet Isaiah ch.4.17. speaketh in these words, "The voice of one proclaiming in the Isa. 40, 3. wilderness, Prepare a way for the Lord,* make for him a 4 straight passage." Now John wore raiment of camel's hair, with a leathern girdle about his waist; and his food was locusts 5 and wild honey. Then Jerusalem and all Judea, and all the 6 country along the Jordan, resorted to him, and were baptized by him in Jordan, confessing their sins.



But he seeing many Pharisees and Sadducees coming to him to receive baptism, said to them, Offspring of vipers, who hath 8 prompted you to flee from the impending vengeance? Pro9 duce then the proper fruit of reformation; and presume not to say within yourselves, We have Abraham for our father; Jo. 8, 39. for I assure you that of these stones God can raise children 10 to Abraham. And even now the axe lieth at the root of the


Lu. 3, 16

trees: every tree, therefore, which produceth not good fruit, ch. 7, 19. 11 is felled, and turned into fuel. I indeed baptize you in water, Mar. 1, s. that ye may reform; but he who cometh after me is mightier Jo. 1, 26 than I, whose shoes I am not worthy to carry. He will bap12 tize you in the Holy Spirit and fire. His winnowing shovel

Acts 1, 5.

is in his hand; and he will thoroughly cleanse his grain: he
will gather his wheat into the granary, and consume the chaff
in unquenchable fire.

Lu. 3, 21

13 THEN came Jesus from Galilee to Jordan to be baptized Mar. 1, 9 14 by John. But John excused himself, saying, It is I who need 15 to be baptized by thee; and thou comest to me! Jesus answering said unto him, Permit this at present; for thus ought 16 we to ratify every institution. Then John acquiesced. Jesus

ch. 5.

being baptized, no sooner arose out of the water, than heaven was opened to him; and the Spirit of God appeared, descend- Jo. 1.37. ing like a dove, and lighting upon him; while a voice from Luke 9, 35. 17 heaven proclaimed, This is my beloved Son in whom I de- 2 Pet. 1, 17


* In the Hebrew of Isaiah, Jehovah.

Mar. 1, 12. IV.

Lu. 4, 1'

Deut. 8, 3.

Ps. 91, 11.

Deut. 6, 16.

It is written, "Thou shalt not put the Lord thy God to the 8 proof." Again the devil took him up a very high mountain, whence he showed him all the kingdoms of the world in their 9 glory, and said to him, All these will I give thee, if thou wilt Deut. 6, 13. 10 prostrate thyself and worship me. Jesus answered, Satan,§ begone; for it is written, "Thou shalt worship the Lord || 11 thy God, and shalt serve him only." Then the devil leaving him, angels came and ministered to him.

10, 20.

1 Sam. 7, 3.

Mar. 1, 14 12

Lu. 4, 14. Jo. 4, 43.

Isa. 9, 1

ch. 3, 2.
ch. 10, 7.
Mar. 1. 16
Lu. 5, 1.
Jo. 1, 35.

THEN was Jesus conducted by the Spirit into the wilder2 ness, to be tempted by the devil.* And after fasting forty 3 days and forty nights, he was hungry. Whereupon the tempter, accosting him, said, If thou be a Son of God, command 4 that these stones become loaves. Jesus answering said, It is written, "Man liveth not by bread only, but by every thing 5 which God is pleased to appoint." Then the devil conveyed him into the holy city, and having placed him upon the battle6 ments of the temple, said to him, If thou be a Son of God, throw thyself down; for it is written, " He will give his angelst the charge of thee: they shall uphold thee in their arms, lest 7 thou dash thy foot against a stone." Jesus again answered,

Mar. 3, 7.
Lu. 6, 17.

NOW Jesus hearing that John was imprisoned, retired into 13 Galilee; and having left Nazareth, resided at Capernaum, a 14 seaport in the confines of Zebulun and Naphtali ; thereby ve15 rifying the words of Isaiah the Prophet, "The canton of Ze


Then walking by the sea of Galilee, he saw two brothers, Simon named Peter, and Andrew his brother, casting a drag 19 into the sea, for they were fishers. And he said to them, Come 20 with me, and I will make you fishers of men. Immediately 21 they left the nets, and followed him. Passing on he saw other two brothers, James son of Zebedee, and John his brother, in the bark with their father Zebedee, mending their nets, and he 22 called them. They immediately, leaving the bark and their father, followed him.


ch. 9, 35. Mar. 1, 39. Lu. 4. 15, 44.

Then Jesus went over all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues, and proclaiming the glad tidings of the reign, and curMar. 1, 34. 24 ing every sort of disease and malady among the people. And his fame spread through all Syria, and they brought to him all their sick, seized and tormented with various distempers, demo25 niacs, and lunatics, and paralytics, and he healed them. And vast multitudes followed him from Galilee, from Decapolis,¶ from Jerusalem, from Judea, and from the banks of the Jordan.


bulun and the canton of Naphtali, situate on the Jordan near 16 the sea, Galilee of the nations; the people who abode in dark

ness saw a great light, and on those who inhabited a region of 17 the shades of death, light hath arisen." From that time Jesus began to proclaim, saying, Reform, for the reign of heaven approacheth.

*Traducer. + Messengers. Jehovah. § Adversary.
¶A district of ten cities.

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