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vi. 13. And according to the inspired language | world (or age) but also in that which is to of Isaiah, there seems to have been the nature come." And the Father “put all things un. of a covenant between the Father and the Son, der his feet, and gave him to be the head over which appears in his being given for a cove- all things to the church.” Ephes. i. 21, 22 nant to the people, chap. xlii. 6; xlix. 8, and Our Lord is gone to heaven, and is on the right the words in chap. liii. 10, 11, are fairly ca- hand of God, angels and authorities, and pow. pable of being rendered in such a manner as ers being made subject unto him.” i Peter to make a mutual agreement evident. If he iii. 22. shall make his soul a sin offering, he shall see Thus all things were put under him in the his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the divine purpose, without exception, but all pleasure of Jehovah shall prosper in his hand. things are not yet put under him in the sense He shall see of the travail of his soul, and of these words in 1 Cor. xv. 25, because it is shall be satisfied, &c.

said that he must reign till he hath put all en. And the words of Christ himself in St. John emies under his feet: which plainly shews vi. 37, 40, seem very plainly to imply that he that it is not yet ihe case. And the words of came down from heaven upon an errand of the apostle in this epistle to the Hebrews, great importance, and which he had engaged Heb.ii. 8, expresses the same idea,“Thou hast to execute, nor can he leave any part of his put all things in subjection under his feet. work unfinished.

For in that he put all in subjection under him, God the Father having given him all things he left nothing that is not put under him; but without exception, according to those texts now we see not yet all things put under him.”. more than once already quoted in this work Here it is evident, that in the purpose of God (St. John iii. 35; xiii. 3 ; xvii. 2, compared all things are put under Christ, and subjected with St. Matthew xi. 27, and St. Luke x. 22) to him in so universal a manner, as there is expects that the Son of his love will put a not the least exception; yet it is equally evifinal and total end to all rebellion, and bring dent that all things are not yet actually put all the rightful subjects of the Almighty under him: the divine connsels, respecting Sovereign back again to their allegiance. this important matter, are not fulfilled before And Jesus evidently considers himself under the eyes of creatures : but they must be. All obligations to perform this great work before the enemies of our Lord must come to be subhe delivers up the kingdom to the Father. ject to him in a sense far different from what And I cannot but think that he is fully quali- ever hath yet taken place; and Christ must fied for the performance of all that he hath reign until this grand purpose shall be fully engaged to do, and that he will certainly ac- accomplished. God says, “I have sworn by complish it

mysell, the word is gone out of my mouth For he must reign till he hath put all enemies in righteousness, and shall not return, That under his feet.

unto me every knee shall bow and every It is of absolute necessity that his reign tongue shall swear.” Isai. xlv. 23. And the shall endure until there is no more opposition, I apostle St. Paul, after speaking of our dear no more rebellion, or disobedience, to be found | Saviour's amazing humiliation even to the in the wide creation. “Jehovah saith unto death of the cross, says, “Wherefore God my Adonai, or Lord, Sit thou at my right also hath highly exalted him, and given him hand until I make thine enemies thy foot- a name which is above every name; that in stool.” Psal. cx. 1. This the modern Jews the name of Jesus every knee should how, of apply to David, but it is certain that in our things in heaven, and things in earth, and Saviour's time they understood it to relate to things under the earth; and that every tongue Christ, or the Messiah, the Son of David, al- should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to though they were puzzled at our Lord's ques- the glory of God the Father.” Phil. ii. 9–11. tion, and were not able to resolve him how When this comes to be actually fulfilled, the Messiah could be born the Son, and Lord then it may be truly said, that all our Lord's of David at the same time. See St. Matth. enemies are in the strictest sense -put under xxii. 42–45; St. Mark xii. 35-37; St. Luke his feet, but not before; and this is spoken of XX. 41-44.

by the Apostle as something future, and far And St. Peter applies those words of remote. David directly to Jesus, saying: “ For Da- The last enemy that shall be destroyed is vid is not ascended into the heavens; but he Death ; or more properly, Death, the last enemy saith himself: The Lord said unto my Lord, shall be destroyed. sit thou on my right hand, until I make thy There are some who would wish to confine foes thy footstool. Therefore let all the this destruction to the death of the body, or house of Israel know assuredly, that God that which is called the natural death ; but to hath made that same Jesus, whom ye have me it appears, that every thing that bears the crucified, both Lord and Christ.” Acts ii. name of death in the sacred Scriptures, must 34–36.

be included, and is really intended here. When our blessed Saviour was exalted at Death and misery of every kind shall be the Father's right hand according to the Scrip- abolished, done away, swallowed up in victotures, then this promise began to be fulfilled. ry, &c., and nothing but life and happiness He was then set “ Far above all principality shall remain. I cannot help considering this as and power, and might, and dominion, and the genuine sense and meaning of the follow

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death in victory; and Adonia Jehovah wills and they cried before him, Bow the knee ; wipe away tears from off all faces,” &c. and he made him ruler over all the land of Isaiah xxv. 8.

Egypt. And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, I am I will ransom them (even such who perish Pharaoh, and without thee shall no man lift in their iniquity and sin, as is evident from up his hand or foot in all the land of Egypt.” the context) from the power of the grave: (or Gen. xli. 39–44. bell) I will redeem them from death: O death The whole of this transaction was a wonI will be thy plagues: O grave (or hell) I derful type, and a most beautful illustration will be thy destruction: repentence shall be of the subject now upon. bid from mine eyes.” Hosea xiii. 14.

Pharaoh set up Joseph over the land of "And God shall wipe away all tears from Egypt because there was none so discreet and their eyes; and there shall be no more death, wise as he was, that understood the matter so neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there well, was so competent to every part of the be any more pain: for the former things are business, and that would be so faithful and passed away." Rev. xxi. 4.

diligent in the discharge of the same. PhaThen shall the song of triumph be sung, raoh in choosing Joseph, and placing him "Death is swallowed up in victory !" And over all the land, shewed his own wisdom and the great and mighty challenge shall be pro- discernment to be great. Even so the wisdom claimed through all the empire of Jehovah, and goodness of God shone conspicuously in "O death, where is thy sting? O grave (or placing his dear Son in so glorious and imhell) where is thy victory ?" 1 Cor. xv. 54, portant a situation. For where is there one 55. But surely while sin, which is the sting in heaven or earth worthy to be named in of death, is found inexistence, and while pain, comparison with Jesus? so prudent, so wise, sorrow, crying, &c., continue in the universe, so faithful, so just, so competent to every part it can hardly be said, that death is swallowed of his work? The Father hath therefore enup in victory; and while the second death trusted him with all the concerns of the wide lasts, which is certainly the most terrible kind extended universe, as Pharaoh did Joseph of death, how can it be said, O death where with the land of Egypt, and all things therein. is thy sting? and, O grave (or hell) where is Pharaoh gave Joseph full power, and unthy victory? But to me, scarce any thing ap- limited and absolute authority over all his pears more plain, than the certain annihilation people, but excepted himself, in the same manor total destruction of all that ever bore the ner as the apostle declares the Father to be name of death. Then it may be truly said, excepted. It is manifest that he is excepted who "Where sin abounded, grace did much more did put all things under him. abound; that as sin hath reigned unto death, But this exception being expressly made even so hath grace reigned through righteous- (though it was evidently implied in the nature ness unlo eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord." of the thing) plainly shews that none else can Rom. v. 20 21.

possibly be excepted, whether things in hea. But prior to the total destruction of death, ven, things on earth, or things under the all other enemies, that is, all rebellious crea earth. Christ is truly and really over all, tures, shall be humbled, and shall willingly (the Father only excepted) God blessed forever. submit to Jesus, and be his enemies no long. Rom. ix. 5. er : for certainly at the time when the last And when all things shall be subdued unto enemy shall be destroyed, no enemies can re him, then shall the Son also himself be subject main in the universe.

unto him that put all things under him, that For he hath put all things under his feet: but God may be all in all. when he saith, All things are put under him, it The time, the glorious time will come, when is manifest that he is excepted who did put all all things shall be willingly subject to the things under him.

Son of God, and shall submit to his control. This reasoning of the apostle seems almost When this event takes place, and there is not self evident: for nothing can be more man- an enemy remaining in all the universe, then isest, than that he (the eternal Father) who shall the Son of God deliver up the kingdom pot all things under Christ the Son, is him to the Father, in the most grand, glorious, and self excepted. Even as Pharaoh said to Jo- honourable manner, and be himself, also subseph, when he made him governor or ruler ject to him that put all things under him, that over all the land of Egypt.

God may be all in all. ** Forasmuch as God hath shewed thee all I have ventured far already, but cannot feel this, there is none so discreet and wise as myself willing to quit the subject, without thou art! Thou shalt be over my house, and once more endeavouring to represent its beauaccording to thy word shall all my people be ties in the form of a speech, which I trust ruled ; only in the throne will I be greater will not be altogether unworthy of the Son of than thoa.' And Pharaoh saith unto Joseph, God to utter in the presence of his Father, and See I have set thee over all the land of Egypt. all the heavenly host on that resplendent And Pharaoh took off his ring from his hand, day. and put it upon Joseph's hand, and arrayed Speech of the King of kings and Lord of him in vestures of fine linen, and put a lords, upon his resigning his Imperial dignity gold chain about his neck; and he made him to God 'the Father, having forever put down bride in the second chariot which he had : all rule, and authority, and power.

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“ My Father and my God, behold me,and the day resign them to thee. Now they are all numerous children which thou hast given me, one, as thou Father and I are one ; one spirit as the reward of my labour, and the fruit of rules in them all; they have all the same de my pain. I have at length subdued all my signs, even to glorify thy name, and promote enemies, and brough: them freely and heartily the happiness of each other. to submit to my sceptre. Long and severe “ Thou art now ALL IN ALL, and let all thy was the struggle, and many that loved me works praise thee. doubted whether I should ever so far prevail Thy glory shall endure for ever; thou as to bring my greatest enemies to be my shalt rejoice in all thy works. This is the friends ; but I have succeeded according to scene which completes that joy which was thy will, and they glorious purposes. Thou set before me, for which I endured the cross, didst create all to glorify thy name, to enjoy despising the shame. thy love, and to be happy in beholding the "To this bright and glorious day I directed light of thy countenance, and when some of my view ; I beheld all things put under me, I thy creatures fell from their first estate, thou saw, beyond the darkness and obscurity of didst appoint me to reclaim and restore them. sin, pain, and death, the glorious day of light

" Father, the long expected time is at last arise on all thy creatures. arrived, when thy Son having accomplished “ It is come, it is come, this is the day I thy designs, approaches thy throne to resign looked for. The night is forever past, and his kingdom to thee. Thou didst give him eternal day is risen upon all creation, to set power over all, and he hath given eternal life no more. Shout, O Heavens, it is done, it to all which thou gavest him. All that thou, is done. Let all creatures adore thee, for this O Father, gavest me, have at length willingly is the display of thy glorious, wise and grareturned unto me,and behold I present them be- cious designs. fore thee this day, reconciled to thee, to me,and “Thou didst entrust me with the execution to each other. See, my Father, and behold of thy wonderous plan, and this I have comthroughout this mighty throng, there is not pleted. Henceforth I resign the kingdom to one knee but what bows in the most cordial ihee; be thou thyself the Lord over all. manner, not a tongue but is ready to shout thy

“In my whole process I have always been praise, nor an heart that doth not overflow an example to all my flock, of which I am with love to thee. All are thy willing and still, and shall remain, the Shepherd and obedient subjects, reclaimed from all their evit head; I will therefore shew an example to all ways, and forever confirmed in the purest thy creatures that shall never be forgotten, habits of goodness. Look, my Father, through which shall forever confirm thy authority the wide extended universe, for thou behold- over them; behold, I lay my sceptre and my est all thy works in every situation with the crown at thy feet, and profess before all the utmost ease, see, there is not one rebellious hosts of heaven, and the numerous armies creature to be found! Where sin once reign- that acknowledge my sway, that great and ed and abounded, grace now reigns and mighty as I am, I am subject unto thee. I abounds much more. All confusion and bow myself before thine awful throne : I subdisorder now destroyed, the whole creation mit to thee as all thy creatures have volun. exhibits one great scene of peace, har- tarily submitted to me.

Behold me as the mony, and divine order. All creatures are head of all principality and power, and with now wholly delivered from the bondage of me behold all thy creatures submit and bow corruption, into the glorious liberty of the to thy sovereign sway.” children of God. All things in the universe Here the scene of divine revelation closes, are gathered together in one, are reconciled to GOD IS ALL IN ALL. I can go no further. The thy government, and conformed to thine image astonishing subject drinks up all my spirits ! and shall never more go astray. Sin, sorrow, I am lost and swallowed up in the vast uncrying, pain, and death shall never more be bounded ocean of love! known in thy extensive empire. Thou shalt be all, and in all. Thy subjects no longer need a

O let my soul absorbed be, Mediator, they are all righteous and holy, and

While God doth me surround ! capable of beholding thy face with joy. I As a small drop in the vast sea have seen the travail of my soul, and am for

Is lost and can't be found ! ever satisfied. Thou hast fulfilled all thy promises to me in the completest manner, I " Alleluia, for the Lord God Omnipotent have also performed my words to all my people, reigneth;" and he shall reign forever and whom I have redeemed to thee, and from this J ever. Amen.

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"God our Saviour will have all men to be saved, and to come unto the knowledge of the

truth.” 2 Tim. ii. 4.






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