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The Bromley Record.

To Correspondents.

jurious effects of the American war is OLD INHABITANT.-We must obtain additional particu- now being generally felt throughout lars of the circumstance, before calling public attention to the encroachments complained of.

England and France. Some political ENQUIRER.—The Bromley Record is registered for transDission abroad, and can be sent to any part of the kingdom, economists, by way of consolation, inor the British Colonies for one postage stamp.

form us that this distress would have Our numerous correspondents will, no doubt, be disappointed at not seeing their Mercurial observations and cal- come without the aid of the war, inascalations in print. We can assure them such kindness is always welcome to us ; but to publish it in such quantities much as all markets were overstocked as have poured in on us this month would be tiresome to our with cotton goods, and a diminution readers, who will be pleased to know that our sale has not diminished.

of labour must have been the conseSeveral applications for an Index of the “Bromley Record” have been received ; should there be a sufficient number quence for some time to come. to cover the expenses of printing, we shall be happy to comply with their wishes to comprise the two volumes,

Another wide spread calamity, which now complete, which may be bound in one, in cloth at

we regret to have to record, is the erA brief sketch of the Life of Bishop Warner in our next. ruption of the sea near King's Lynn,

Norfolk, on Sunday the 4th ult. The MOON'S CHANGES-JUNE. First Quarter

5th day, at 2.43 morn.

tidal water having undermined the Full Moon

.12th day, at 6.17 after works of the outfall Sluice at St. Ger. Last Quarter

19th day, at 3.12 after. mains, on the west bank of the Ouse, New Moon 27th day, at 6.54 after.

it soon made an extensive breach in the strong barrier, placed there by the skill of some of our most eminent

engineers, and by the inhabitants conSUNDAY, JUNE 1, 1862.

sidered almost impregnable, so long

had it withstood the unwearied attacks NOTES OF THE MONTH.

of the impetuous waves without showAMERICAN affairs as far as have been ing any signs of giving way. known to us, have shown a succession ing being made of about 50 feet wide, of victories on the Federal side, but the the water at the following tides, rushed

, probability of the south becoming again about 8000 acres of rich and highly

in and ultimately took possession of a portion of the United States, appears cultivated land. The inhabitants had as remote as ever. The South complains of the great Powers, for looking to fly for their lives, taking as much on without interfering, whilst the

Nortń live stock as possible, but in many inoffer up thanksgiving for the same.

stances leaving all their furniture beAt home, the opening of the Inter- hind, which, with their farmsteads and national Exhibition was the all engross. and probably are now, for several miles

cottages, growing crops, &c., have since ing topic for several days in the early inland, covered by the sea, and steam part of the month. In Parliament, the annual vote on forts are being made to repair the dam

packets plying over them. Great efthe Church Rate question was taken on the 14th ult., when the numbers were, age, so far as stopping the breach, but, the 14th ult., when the numbers were, however successful these attempts may for the abolition 286, against 287, giv- be, the crops are destroyed for this ing a majority of 1 in favour of matters

An as they stand. On the last occasion, year and perhaps for the next. when this question was before the appeal to the nation will no doubt be house, the numbers happened to be made to alleviate their sufferings, as equal, and it fell to the speaker's lot well as that in the manufacturing disto give the casting vote.

tricts, and we would recommend our Distress in the manufacturing dis readers who are uncharitable, if there tricts, we are sorry to learn, is con

are any such, to call to mind the “Good

Fellow of Knockholt." siderably on the increase, and the in

VOL. III

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Rentish Tulorthics. and won her, and as the ancient edifice is still in existence, a brief account of

ber ANNE BOLEYN.

birth place will not be uninteresting to the The county of Kent bas furnished two reader. pative celebrities to whom England is in- Heyer CASTLE is very pleasantly situadebted for the two most important events ted on the banks of the river Eden, which recorded in her annals. Caxton, whose meanders with a gentle ripple through the biography we have already given, was the broad meadows and leafy vales of the first to introduce the art of Printing; Weald of Kent. It stands too,-does this

“And Gospel light first shone from Boleyn's eyes." time-honoured old mansion,-on classio Now although we cannot agree to this ground, for within a morning's walk lies extent with the Poet, as the change in the the Penshurst of the immortal Sidneys,National Religion was the inevitable result the ancient castle of Tunbridge,-and of causes long at work, though quickened Somerhill, once the residence of President in their development by the impetuous Bradshaw, who condemned Charles I. to passions of an arbitrary monarch, still as the block. The splendid pile of Knole, is Anne Boleyn became the wife of Henry also within the limit of a day's moderate VII., the downfall of Wolsey, and the rise ramble. The present mạnsion was built of Cromwell and Cranmer, were consequent by William de Hevre,-probably on the upon her elevation to the throne. She was site of an earlier Norman fortress,-in the also the mother of Queen Elizabeth, who reign of Edward III.; and still remains ultimately completed the Reformation com- pretty nearly in the same form and characmenced by her father, and thus perfected ter of that period. It is built of stone in one of the most signal revolutions which a quadrangular shape, enclosing a large a nation has ever undergone. But in writ- court yard, and surrounded by a deep Moat ing the life of Anne Boleyn we shall con- which still derives its waters from the fine ourselves strictly within the confines adjacent river. The principal front was of personal biography without trespassing the fortified part, consisting of a large and upon the domains of political history; lofty gate-house, flanked by two square marking all the points of chief interest in towers. Over the gateway impend bold the eventful career of this ill-fated beauty, machicolations or parapets, from which - not less disastrous in her fortunes than missiles could be hurled on the heads of that other frail and fuir sovereign, Mary assailants, and the chambers above the of Scotland, -the rival of Elizabeth.

guard rooms were supplied with furnaces Anne Boleyn was the eldest daughter of for melting lead and pitch, to be poured Sir Thomas Boleyn and the Lady Elizabeth upon them for the like purpose,

The Floward, but much uncertainty prevails towers are pierced with loopholes, through both as to the date and place of her birth. which arrows might aleo be discharged Some historians state that she was born in without fear of reprisal. Three stout 1501, others in 1507; some assert that the gates, and as many portcullises are arranged place of her nativity was Blickling Hall, one behind the other within the gateway. whilst others,--and they are in the majority One room in the Gatehouse has been re-are in favour of Hever Castle, Weigh-cently fitted up. The rest of the build. ing these contradictory authorities dispas- ing is occupied as a farm residence, but sionately, we come to the conclusion that the arrangements are still those which she was born at Hever in 1501.

Here, it existed three centuries ago. The dark oak is certain, that her early years were spent panelling remains within, just as the quaint with her sister M and her brother gables remain without. There is a grand George, afterwards the unfortunate Vis- staircase, such as would put to shame its count Rochford, as well as with another flimsy and modern prototypes in Belgravia ; companion, a youth who, in later life, as and a long gallery, echoing every footstep, Sir Thomas Wyatt, exercised so fatal an with a recess once used, it is said, as the influence upon her destiny. Morcover as council chamber of “ bluff Harry," as well it was at Hever where her Royal lover sued as a trap door which opens into dark,

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damp dungeons; and into a subterranean the VI., 1459, by Mr. Geoffrey Boleyn, a passage leading to the Moat. There is wealthy mercer, and Lord Mayor of Lonalso a chamber in which Anne of Cleves don. His grandson was also a worshipful died, besides a picturesque boudoir connec- Knight, Sir Thomas Boleyn, the father of ted with a bedroom, once tenanted by the Queen Anne, and afterwards, Earl of ill-fated Anne herself. - In this long gal. Wiltshire. On the attainder of him and lery has Henry held many a splendid revel, his son, the Viscount Rochford, Henry the

- in its recesses has he drawn aside the VIII. seized upon the domain, and afterbeautiful daughter of his host, and whis- wards conferred it upon Anne, of Cleves, pered in her ear those soft nothings which his fourth wife, who died here in 1556, led her to a throne and a scaffold. In one when it again reverted to the Crown, and recess there is a bay window,-a famous, was granted by Queen Mary to the Walever to be noted oriel,—where Anne was degrave family, from whom it was purwont to sit in silent expectation of the chased in 1745 by Mr. Thomas Waldo, coming of her royal lover, whilst watchmen and in whose descendants, the Sibthorpes, were stationed on the hills between Hever it still remains. and Chiddingstone, who, when the monarch Such is the historical record of Hever came "galloping from Eltham or Green Castle, where the Childhood of Anne wich,” sounded their bugles in token of his Boleyn was spent, and here after she had approach-and in this recess, as tradition attained the age of eleven, her mother, tells us, was their favourite seat, where she the Lady Elizabeth, expired in the year prattled to his eager ears, of state affairs 1512, after which Anne was placed under and theological mysteries, of laces, silks, the guidance of a French governess, named lutes, and love.

Simonette, and instructed by competent There is another tradition, a strange teachers in needlework, music, and danstory, at Hever, when the King's fickle cing; she learned to write legibly, and to affections passed from Anne Boleyn to Jane express herself clearly, both in French and Seymour, he became desirous, as all his. English, accomplishments sufficiently rare torians tell us, of getting rid of the obnox- in those days, and which recommended her ious wife; but as he had already one divorced at the early age of 14 to the post of Maid Queen living in the person of Katharine of Honor to Henry's youngest sister, Mary of Arragon, two divorced Queens might Tudor.

prove exceeding troublesome. He there she followed this Princess to Franco, fore decided, says the Hever tradition, upou on the occasion of her espousals with Louis starving poor Anne to death; so he dis- the XII. in 1514, and at that Court she patched her to Hever and cast her into a

soon became a pivot of attraction to the dungeon, where she lay until the gaoler gay French gallants, where her fresh and thought all life must be extinct: then he blooming English loveliness was duly apwent to remove the body, but to his horror, preciated. A French chronicler of that Queen Anne revived. He had not the period describes the costume which enheart to repeat the cruel experiment, so he hanced her natural charms. sent her back to London, where the king, bourrolet or cape of blue velvet, trimmed as we all know, got rid of her by another with points, and at the end of each hung a method. True it is that history tells a little bell of gold. She wore a vest of different tale, still as a faithful Biographer blue velvet, starred with silver, and a surwe are bound to record the fable. How- coat of watered silk, lined with miniver, to ever as we have made a digression from which were attached large hangiog sleeves Hever and its owners, we will now retraco that hid her hands from the too prying cuour steps.

riosity of lovers and courtiers; her little feet After William de Hevre’s death, the Castle were covered with blue velvet brodequins, and Manor passed, by his daughter's mar- each of the insteps being adorned with a riage, into the hands of Lord Cobham, of diamond star; on her head she wore a Starborough, from whose grandson it was golden-colored Aureole of some kind of pucbased in the 37th year of King Henry plaited gauze, and her hair fell in ringlets,"

6 She had a

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Such was the dress of the youthful Anne sports, athletic exercises, and pastimes of Boleyn.

the people—a project lately resuscitated by To be continued.

Lord Brougham, not unwisely. Yet, after Buomley UNION WORKHOUSE CHAPEL. all, there is nothing so pleasant as footpaths, This excellent and necessary work has, leading on from village to village, through we learn, been commenced, and will all the fair variety of fields ; in spring, shortly be roofed in. It is a plain unpre- through scenes wrought as by enchantment, tending structure, but has all the appears to the most tender, vivid, delicious greenance of a building set apart for divine wor

ness and floweriness ; in summer, through ship. The neighbourhood has in general hayfields, with their picturesque groups of responded handsomely to the appeal made haymakers and merry makers ; in autumn, to it by the committee, but Bromley seems

to the golden corn fields, where the parto form an exception to this rule. "Only a tridge “chirrs” in the twilight, and the few, and those chiefly the wealthiest resi- rook is seen duskily winging its flight to dents, have as yet subscribed.

As forty

the distant woods. Over breezy hills do or fifty pounds will in all probability still you pass, with the fairest of prospects; be needed, we hope that one, two, and through woodlands, with their cool shades, three pound subscribers will be induced in the sound of rippling brooks; over rustic to forward their contributions (which may bridges; in pleasant glooms, where the be paid to any member of the committee), solitude; and on by old farm houses, brim

“ chil-chal's " notes make felt the soothing to assist a work, which, in respect of solitude; and on by old farm houses, brimutility and importance, is second to none

ful of health, wealth, and quiet. A stile that has been undertaken of late in this seems to me the key of fairy land—the enneighbourhood.

trance to “ that unsubstantial fairy place,' CRICKET.-BROMLEY 0. HAYES.--This match

the home of the cuckoo and the nightincame off at Hayes on the 30th. Bromley went gale; and no less the home of all those in first and scored 47, twenty of which were got whose senses are awake, who have their by C. B. Griffith, and sixteen by F. A. Raynes. eyes and their hearts open to participate in Hayes then made their appearance at the wickets its delights. You enter, and, if cares go and scored 141; Mr. F. A. Norman making a not with you, the town, with its sights and score of 66 runs, The morning being unfa- sounds, is soon forgotten, or brought back vourable delayed the commencement of the only for the pleasant contrast. You there game, so that one innings terminated the

proceedings. Last year a match was played with meet your own infancy, there your youth a similar result in tavour of Bromley. The is restored to you—more especially if you return match will be played on the 10th of this were born and brought up in the country. month. We intend giving the scores of the The dryness as of dust which seems in the future matches.

very heart, the thirst for something long Field Patas. Burke complained that delayed or undefined, the unsatisfied feeling the age of chivalry was gone; and the book of those whose golden age has passed bysellers say that the age of poetry has fol- is, for the time, soothed or intermitted. lowed it. And truly it seems so. Those You feel that the scent and aspect of flowers brown old lines of rural liberty, the field died not upon the senses, that they entered paths—those outlets to the poetry of the your soul, and, woven with your being, becountry, almost by association poetry them- came a part of your being. O delightful selves—are fast disappearing. And it is field-paths; sacred to memory and to love, now more than ever requisite that they to health, and to hope! “Stopped by an should not disappear, with an enormously order of sessions !"-verdict, “died of appoincreasing population, when many a plea- plexy.” Awful are sudden deaths. These sant village green has been appropriated, veins of the public health are closed at once. moor and commons enclosed, and even the Would man suffer nature to record “ ancient forests contracted to the narrowest tural death,” it were better. Did they miss dimensions, Sir Thomas Moore, in his the accustomed tread to human feet, it were “ Utopia," describes a plot of land, in his well that nature should erase the traces imaginary region, in the neighbourhood of of past intercourse, all remembrance of towns, set apart solely for the healthful plcasant communion. Oh, for an act of

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